Newton Diehl Baker Jr. was an American lawyer, Georgist and government official. He served as the 37th mayor of Cleveland, Ohio from 1912 to 1915; as U. S. Secretary of War from 1916 to 1921, Baker presided over the United States Army during World War I. Born in Martinsburg, West Virginia, Baker established a legal practice in Cleveland after graduating from Washington and Lee University School of Law, he became progressive Democratic ally of Mayor Tom L. Johnson. Baker served as city solicitor of Cleveland from 1901 to 1909 before taking office as mayor in 1912; as mayor, he sought public transit reform, hospital improvement, city beautification. Baker supported Woodrow Wilson at the 1912 Democratic National Convention, helping Wilson win the votes of the Ohio delegation. After leaving office, Baker accepted appointment as Secretary of War under President Wilson, he was one of several prominent Georgists appointed to positions in the Wilson Cabinet. Baker presided over the U. S. military's participation in World War I.
He selected General John J. Pershing to command the American Expeditionary Forces, which he insisted act as an independent unit, he returned to BakerHostetler, the legal practice he co-founded. He served as an attorney in Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty Co. a landmark case that established the constitutionality of zoning laws. He was a strong supporter of the League of Nations and continued to advocate American participation in the League during the 1920s. Beginning in 1928, he served as a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, he was a candidate for the presidential nomination at the 1932 Democratic National Convention, but the convention chose Franklin D. Roosevelt. Newton Diehl Baker was born on December 3, 1871, in Martinsburg, West Virginia, the son of Newton Diehl Baker Sr. and Mary Ann Baker. Baker's grandfather, Elias Baker, was a staunch unionist, his father, on the contrary, joined the Confederate Army, served as a cavalryman, was wounded and became a northern prisoner of war.
After returning home in 1865, he obtained a medical degree from the University of Maryland Medical School and worked as a physician in Martinsburg until his death in 1906. Baker attended the village schools in Martinsburg through his second year in high school and finished his preparatory training at Episcopal High School in Alexandria, Virginia. In 1892, Baker graduated with bachelor's degree from Johns Hopkins University, where he was a member of Phi Gamma Delta fraternity, he attended lectures of Woodrow Wilson, a visiting professor at the time. After receiving his law degree from Washington and Lee University School of Law in 1894, he tried for a year to establish law practice in Martinsburg, became private secretary to Postmaster General William L. Wilson, who served in the Confederate cavalry with Baker's father, he stayed in Washington, D. C. until June 1897 took a vacation in Europe, returned to Martinsburg. In January 1899, he became a junior partner at McTigne and Baker in Cleveland.
Baker was thin. He was rejected for military service in the Spanish–American War because of poor eyesight; when Baker moved to Cleveland, his political sympathies belonged to the Democratic Party. He became involved in local politics, he helped the Democratic candidate Tom L. Johnson to become the mayor of Cleveland, under his mentorship started his own public career. Johnson was a passionate advocate of Georgist political progressivism. Baker became exposed to Johnson's politics and became a Georgist, he assisted Johnson in his fights against city's utility monopolies, e.g. Cleveland Electric Railway Company owned by Mark Hanna, which made Baker popular among Clevelanders. After serving as city solicitor from 1901 to 1909, he became mayor of the city in 1911; as a city official, Baker's main interests were providing Cleveland with electricity, public transit reform, hospital improvement, city beautification. He was a strong backer of Cleveland College, now a part of Case Western Reserve University.
His crowning achievement as a mayor was the passage of the home rule amendment to the Ohio's constitution, approved by voters in 1912. It granted Cleveland a right to draw its own charter and conduct the city business without state interference; when Baker worked on Wilson's behalf at the Democratic National Convention in Baltimore in 1912, he was considered as a possible vice-presidential contender. He and Wilson had been acquaintances since they were both at Johns Hopkins in the 1890s, Baker played a vital role during Wilson's Democratic nomination for president at the convention by securing votes from Ohio delegates. Wilson wanted to bring him to Washington D. C. Though offered the post twice, Baker declined to serve as United States Secretary of the Interior during President Wilson's first term. In 1916, following his tenure as mayor of Cleveland and two other partners founded the law firm of Baker Hostetler; as the United States considered whether to enter World War I, President Woodrow Wilson named Baker Secretary of War, because Baker was acceptable to advocates and opponents of American participation in the conflict.
The post required legal expertise because of the War Department's role in administering the Philippines, the Panama Canal, Puerto Rico. The New York Times called him a "warm supporter" of the President. At 44, he was the youngest member of the Cabinet. One historian described his relationship to the military: A civilian's civilian, Baker saw the military as a necessity, but he had no awe of people in uniform, no romantic fe
Alfonso Rumazo González was an Ecuadorian writer, historian and literary critic. Alfonso Rumazo González was born in Latacunga, Ecuador in 1903, he lived in Venezuela since 1953, where he was a professor at the School of Humanities at the Central University of Venezuela and the Santa Maria University. He was an Honorary Professor of the Simon Rodriguez Experimental National University, he was a member of the National Academy of History of Ecuador, corresponding member of the National Academy of History of Venezuela, a member of Ecuadorian Academy of Language, a corresponding member of the Royal Spanish Academy, corresponding member of the Venezuelan Academy of Language. He was a member of UNESCO - Division of Human Rights, he was an active writer. He published more than 6,000 articles in European journals and magazines, he published more over 30 books in various fields. He did not win, he was awarded Ecuador's highest prize Premio Eugenio Espejo, in the Science category, by the President of Ecuador in 1997.
Biographical works Manuelita Sáenz, la libertadora del Libertador Bolívar Gobernantes del Ecuador O'Leary, edecán del Libertador Miranda, protolíder de la independencia americanaLiterary criticism Siluetas líricas de poetas ecuatorianos Orden del Libertador, Gran Cordón, Venezuela Orden Francisco de Miranda, Venezuela Orden Andrés Bello, Venezuela Orden Antonio José de Sucre, Venezuela Orden José de San Martín, Argentina Orden Nacional Al Mérito, Ecuador Orden Vicente Emilio Sojo, Venezuela Orden Cecilio Acosta, Venezuela Orden 27 de noviembre de 1820, Venezuela
A heteroreceptor is a receptor regulating the synthesis and/or the release of mediators other than its own ligand. Heteroreceptors respond to neurotransmitters, neuromodulators, or neurohormones released from adjacent neurons or cells. Norepinephrine can influence the release of acetylcholine from parasympathetic neurons by acting on α2 adrenergic heteroreceptors. Acetylcholine can influence the release of norepinephrine from sympathetic neurons by acting on muscarinic-2 and muscarinic-4 heteroreceptors. CB1 negatively modulates the release of GABA and glutamate, playing a crucial role in maintaining a homeostasis between excitatory and inhibitory transmission. Glutamate released from an excitatory neuron escapes from the synaptic cleft and preferentially affects mGluR III receptors on the presynaptic terminals of interneurons. Glutamate spillover leads to inhibition of GABA release. Autoreceptor
Radev Point is a point in the southeast extremity of Rugged Island off the west coast of Byers Peninsula of Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. It is situated 4.5 km east of Benson Point, 1.05 km southwest of Vund Point, 2.62 km west by south of Laager Point, Livingston Island. The point is named after the prominent Bulgarian historiographer and diplomat Simeon Radev. Radev Point is located at 62°38′24.9″S 61°12′06″W. British mapping in 1968, Spanish in 1992 and Bulgarian in 2005 and 2009. Península Byers, Isla Livingston. Mapa topográfico a escala 1:25000. Madrid: Servicio Geográfico del Ejército, 1992. L. L. Ivanov. Antarctica: Livingston Island and Greenwich, Robert and Smith Islands. Scale 1:120000 topographic map. Troyan: Manfred Wörner Foundation, 2009. ISBN 978-954-92032-6-4 Antarctic Digital Database. Scale 1:250000 topographic map of Antarctica. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research. Since 1993 upgraded and updated. L. L. Ivanov. Antarctica: Livingston Island and Smith Island.
Scale 1:100000 topographic map. Manfred Wörner Foundation, 2017. ISBN 978-619-90008-3-0 List of Antarctic and subantarctic islands Islands of Antarctica Radev Point. SCAR Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica. Radev Point. Copernix satellite imageThis article includes information from the Antarctic Place-names Commission of Bulgaria, used with permission
Christmas Duets is a 2008 album released by RCA Records, consisting of archival Elvis Presley vocal recordings mixed with re-recorded instrumentation and new vocals by contemporary country and gospel singers. Three tracks on the album do not have duet vocals: "The First Noel", "If I Get Home On Christmas Day", "Winter Wonderland". However, the instrumental tracks for these songs were re-recorded by contemporary musicians, just like on all other songs; the Martina McBride and Carrie Underwood duets have both charted on the Billboard country charts, with the former reaching the Top 40. A second version of "Blue Christmas" was recorded with Martina McBride using acoustic instrumentation in order to obtain a similar arrangement to the one used in the informal segments of Presley's'68 Comeback Special. Shots of McBride performing the song were digitally inserted into footage, taken from the original special, of Presley performing the same song, to use as a promotional music video for the album; the second version of "Blue Christmas" was never released outside the video.
On March 8, 2018, the album was awarded a Gold certification by the RIAA for selling in excess of 500,000 copies. Unless otherwise indicated, Information is based on Liner NotesNotesTracks 1-6 & 8: Originally recorded on September 5–7, 1957 for Elvis' Christmas Album Tracks 7 & 9-13: Originally recorded on May 15–16, 1971 for Elvis sings The Wonderful World of Christmas The Canadian edition of the album has a duet of "On A Snowy Christmas Night", performed with Renée Martel at track 11 right before the bonus tracks as the rest of the album is in order. Elvis Presley – sampled lead vocals Chuck Ainlay - record producer, audio mixing, recording engineer Eric Bates - additional vocal recording engineer Eddie Bayers – drums Brian Beatty - Palmetto State group member Kerry Beatty - Palmetto State group member Richard Bennett – acoustic guitar Michael Black - Jordanaires group member Jeremy Calloway - Palmetto State group member Jim Cooley - audio mixing assistant, assistant recording engineer Eric Darken – percussion Steve Gibson – guitar Carl Gorodetzky - string contractor Mike Griffith - production coordinator Larry Hamby - record producer Chris Henry - additional vocal recording engineer Ginger Holliday – background vocals David Hungate – bass guitar The Imperials – background vocals John Jarvis – piano, Hammond organ The Jordanaires – background vocals Millie Kirkham – background vocals Jim Long – electric guitar Ann Mincieli - additional vocal recording engineer Gordon Mote – Hammond organ Nashville String Machine – strings Ryan Nelson - assistant recording engineer Louis Nunley - Jordanaires group member Palmetto State Quartet – background vocals Bart Pursley - additional vocal recording engineer Temple Riser – background vocals Hargus "Pig" Robbins – piano Gordon Stoker - Jordanaires group member Larry Strickland - Palmetto State group member Ray Walker - Jordanaires group member Bergen White – string arrangements Jeff Wolpert - additional vocal recording engineer Glenn Worf – bass guitar Curtis Young - Jordanaires group member Albums Singles
The Kaiser Bräu in Neuhaus an der Pegnitz is the largest brewery in the district of Nürnberger Land, Germany. The private brewery was founded in 1929; the annual output rose from 900 hectoliters to 100,000 hl and 200.000 hl. The new modern brewery built in 1991 has a capacity of 500,000 hl. Large customers are German discounter and food markets, but they have starting exporting to other EU countries and the US; the company has expanded its product base to include the "Frucade" brand lemonade. In addition to Pils and wheat, the company offers the dark Veldensteiner Landbier; the brewery offers a Kellerbier and commercial Zwickelbier. The name Veldensteiner with a logo of the castle Veldenstein in Neuhaus an der Pegnitz is featured prominently on the top of the label; the brand uses "Veldensteiner" on most traditional bottles, while reserving the "Kaiser-Bräu" beers for slim NRW bottles. In 2017 the Saphirbock a gold medal from the Meininger Award Craft Beer Award. Official website "Willkommen - Veldensteiner Bier - Brautradition im Zeichen der Burg".
Veldensteiner.de. Retrieved 2017-08-03