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Newton Heath

Newton Heath is an area of Manchester, England, 2.8 miles north-east of Manchester city centre and with a population of 9,883. Part of Lancashire, Newton Heath was a farming area, but adopted the factory system following the Industrial Revolution; the principal industry in the area was engineering, although many were employed in the mining and textiles industries in the thriving areas of Clayton Vale and Bradford. Newton Heath takes its name from Old English and means the "new town on the heath"; the heath in question stretched from Miles Platting to Failsworth, is bounded by brooks and rivers on all four sides — the River Medlock, Moston Brook, Newton Brook and Shooters Brook. Manchester United F. C. has strong links with the area, having been formed from the Newton Heath Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Football Club. French Huguenots settled in the area in the 16th century to avoid continental persecution, brought cotton and linen weaving and bleaching skills with them; the arrival of textile mills saw Newton Heath's cottage industry change forever into a mechanised mass production system – in 1825 Newton Silk Mill was built and the Monsall Silk Dye Works followed soon afterwards.

The Rochdale Canal finished products a practical reality. Came other industries, including a soap works, Elijah Dixon's match manufacturing factory, rope works as well as engineering and glass making works. Many small back-to-back low cost houses were built to house the new migrant work force, thus was Newton changed irrevocably from a farming area into an industrial one. The 18th century saw Oldham Road turnpiked and a toll bar installed at Lambs Lane. With the Industrial Revolution, by the beginning of the 19th century the Rochdale Canal had been constructed and this brought industry and creeping urbanisation to the district. During the 19th century the local population increased nearly 20 fold. From 10 February 1883 until the slum clearances of the 1970s there was a Salvation Army corps on Thorp Road. Newton Heath was home to a number of famous companies such as Mather & Platt, who established a vast engineering works producing pumps, electrical machinery and fire sprinkler systems; the aircraft manufacturer Avro was based in Newton Heath before relocating to sites at Chadderton and Woodford.

Another local engineering company was Heenan & Froude, who designed and manufactured the structural steelwork for Blackpool Tower. The Wilson's & Co brewery on Monsall Road was founded in 1834; the company merged with rival brewer Walker & Homfrays in 1949. Wilson's and its estate of tied houses were acquired by Watney Mann in 1960. Wilson's brewery closed in 1987 when production was moved to Halifax; the parish was the birthplace of the Newton Heath Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Football Club, established in 1878 and became Manchester United. It began life as a football team formed by Frederick Attock a Liverpudlian, a superintendent engineer of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway; the team played on a pitch at North Road, were outfitted in green and gold jerseys. By 1892, they had been admitted to the Football League; the club remained in the area until 1893, when it moved to new premises at Bank Street in nearby Clayton. The name was changed to Manchester United Football Club in 1902. Newton Heath FC's biggest successes were its election to the First Division on its expansion in 1892 and winning the Lancashire Cup in 1898.

Ten Acres Lane was the proposed site of a new five thousand capacity stadium for F. C. United of Manchester which the club intended to move into in time for the start of the 2012–13 season. Manchester City Council gave planning permission for the stadium on 25 November 2010. However, due to local government funding cuts, the project was halted at the planning stage. Manchester City Council were forced to review their offer and the existing Ten Acres Lane site is now to be developed for other purposes. F. C. United instead moved into a partnership arrangement with Moston Juniors Football Club, building a new stadium, Broadhurst Park, in nearby Moston in 2015. An exclave known as Kirkmanshulme was part of the district. Belle Vue stands on that land, now only remembered in Kirkmanshulme Lane which borders it; the district was incorporated into the city of Manchester in 1890. Newton Heath is in the parliamentary constituency of Manchester Central alongside Manchester city centre, Beswick, Clayton and Moss Side.

As of 2012, the seat is held by the Labour Party Member of Lucy Powell. As of 2016, the local councillors are June Hitchen, John Flanagan and Carmine Grimshaw who are Labour Party members. Newton Heath is an urban area and is surrounded by Monsall, Failsworth, Miles Platting and Ancoats, it lies along the south as the main road between Oldham and Manchester city centre. The district of Clayton neighbours Newton Heath; the area between the two districts is called Clayton Vale. The town has several well-known businesses, although a number of companies have since relocated to other areas or disbanded. Princes Food & Drink Group has a soft drinks factory on Grimshaw Lane. Manchester Abattoir, on Riverpark Road, was the primary source of meat produce for the city but has downsized over recent years; the 50,000 sq ft. The town's main shopping area is on Church Street, where alongside small family run stores you can find Iceland, Asda and a Lidl store; the local market, once a local attraction, is no


UMPS CARE is a 501 nonprofit organization formed in 2006 by Major League Baseball umpires to provide comfort and support to ill children in hospitals and their families. Umpire crews visit hospitals and distribute gifts to children during the baseball season as well as the off-season, The charity's motto is "Helping People is an Easy Call"; as of 2017, the umpires have visited 131 hospitals for UMPS CARE events. The effort originated with umpires Marvin Hudson and Mike DiMuro, who began the "Blue For Kids" hospital visitation program in 2004. In recent years, UMPS CARE has expanded to include college scholarships for older adopted children and the participation of minor league umpires. UMPS CARE says its outreach "has given faces and personalities to the men we used to see as stern, cold officiators". Umpire Tripp Gibson, for example, has participated in bowling and golf tournaments, as well as visiting injured soldiers at Walter Reed Medical Center; the umpires' efforts include "BLUE For Kids", "Blue Crew Tickets", "All-Star Scholarships".

The "BLUE for Kids" program features Major League umpire crews making bedside visits to ill children in hospitals. Umpires Marvin Hudson and Mike DiMuro initiated the "Blue For Kids" hospital visitation program in 2004, which became part of UMPS CARE in 2006; each child receives a Build-A-Bear Workshop teddy bear or other stuffed animal, along with words of encouragement. Sometimes, the home team mascot accompanies the umpires for added fun. In 2017, for example, MASN televised an umpire crew of James Hoye, Jeff Kellogg, Will Little visiting patients at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, accompanied by the Baltimore Orioles Bird mascot. In covering the event, MASN reported: For once and his fellow umpires got to shed their stoic exteriors and act like kids again. On ESPN's Wednesday Night Baseball show, host Jon Sciambi showed umpires Mike Winters, Mark Wegner, Marty Foster, Mike Muchlinski at a St. Louis, children's hospital for a "BLUE For Kids" event; as of 2017, umpires have held events at 131 hospitals, distributing more than 12,500 Build-A-Bear stuffed animals since 2006.

The charity helps bring youngsters to Major League Baseball games they might not otherwise get to see. With the support of the UMPS CARE charity, umpire Tom Hallion and his crew hosted children at Citizens Bank Park for a Philadelphia Phillies game; the "Blue Crew Tickets" program offers ballgame tickets to underprivileged youth and on-field presentation of souvenirs. More than 6,000 children have been recipients of the outreach, as of 2018. Tickets are made available through such partners as Big Brothers Big Sisters of America; the umpires annually award a college scholarship to a high school senior, adopted over the age of ten and who might otherwise not be able to afford tuition. A total of $30,000 in scholarships was provided in 2018; the 501 organization conducts online auctions and golf tournaments to help underwrite its programs. At the 2009 All-Star Game U. S. President Barack Obama autographed baseballs for a charity auction held by UMPS CARE to benefit hospitalized children. In 2018, UMPS CARE participation was expanded to include Minor League Baseball umpires.

Umpires now reach out to military families attending baseball games

PSE Composite Index

The PSE Composite Index known as the PHISIX and presently as the PSEi, is a stock market index of the Philippine Stock Exchange consisting of 30 companies. As the PSE's only broad-base index, it is seen as an indicator of the general state of the Philippine business climate, although its reliability as an indicator of the state of the broader Philippine economy has been put into question; the stock exchange revises the list, at least twice a year. The PSE Composite Index is always composed of 30 stocks; the stock exchange maintains the following requirements for a stock to be included in the PSEi: Minimum free float level of 15%. This was increased from 12% before 2018. A company must meet the liquidity and capitalization criteria; the following table shows the annual development of the PSE Composite Index since 1980. These are current as of February 18, 2019: PSE All Shares Index, index of all shares traded in the PSE Reuters page for. PSI Bloomberg page for PCOMP:IND Detailed list of the PSE Composite Index companies with description and link to their websites on ASEAN UP Top 30 companies from the Philippines’ PSEi

Donald Angus MacKenzie

Donald Angus MacKenzie is a Professor of Sociology at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland. His work constitutes a crucial contribution to the field of technology studies, he has developed research in the field of social studies of finance. He has undertaken cited work on the history of statistics, nuclear weapons and finance, among other things. In August 2006, MacKenzie was awarded the Chancellor's Award from Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh and Chancellor of the University of Edinburgh, for his contributions to the field of science and technology studies, he is the winner of the 1993 Robert K. Merton Award of the American Sociological Association among many others. MacKenzie, Donald. Statistics in Britain, 1865-1930: The Social Construction of Scientific Knowledge. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 9780852243695. MacKenzie, Donald; the Social Shaping of Technology: How the Refrigerator Got Its Hum. Milton Keynes Philadelphia: Open University Press. ISBN 9780335150267. MacKenzie, Donald.

Inventing Accuracy: A Historical Sociology of Nuclear Missile Guidance. MIT Press. ISBN 978-0262132589. LCCN 90005915. OCLC 1068009953. OL 1854178M. Archived from the original on 22 November 2019. Retrieved 22 November 2019. MacKenzie, Donald. Knowing Machines: Essays on Technical Change. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. ISBN 9780262631884. MacKenzie, Donald. Mechanizing Proof: Computing and Trust. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. ISBN 9780585436739. MacKenzie, Donald. An Engine, Not a Camera: How Financial Models Shape Markets. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. ISBN 9781423774488. MacKenzie, Donald. Do Economists Make Markets?: On the Performativity of Economics. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691138497. MacKenzie, Donald. Material Markets: How Economic Agents are Constructed. Oxford New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199278152. Donald MacKenzie's faculty homepage at the University of Edinburgh Donald MacKenzie's contributions published in The London Review of Books

Scanning quantum dot microscopy

Scanning Quantum Dot Microscopy Scanning quantum dot microscopy is a scanning probe microscopy, used to image nanoscale electric potential distributions on surfaces. The method quantifies surface potential variations via their influence on the potential of a quantum dot attached to the apex of the scanned probe. SQDM allows, for example, the quantification of surface dipoles originating from individual adatoms, molecules, or nanostructures; this gives insights into surface and interface mechanisms such as reconstruction or relaxation, mechanical distortion, charge transfer and chemical interaction. Measuring electric potential distributions is relevant for characterizing organic and inorganic semiconductor devices which feature electric dipole layers at the relevant interfaces; the probe to surface distance in SQDM ranges from 2 nm to 10 nm and therefore allows imaging on non-planar surfaces or, e.g. of biomolecules with a distinct 3D structure. Related imaging techniques are Electrostatic Force Microscopy.

In SQDM, the relation between the potential at the QD and the surface potential is described by a boundary value problem of electrostatics. The boundary S is given by the surfaces of sample and probe assumed to be connected at infinity; the potential Φ QD = Φ of a point-like QD at r can be expressed using the Green's function formalism as a sum over volume and surface integrals, where V denotes the volume enclosed by S and n ′ is the surface normal. Φ QD = Φ = ∭ V G ρ e d 3 r ′ + ϵ 0 e ∮ S ⁡ d 2 r ′. In this expression, Φ QD depends on the charge density ρ inside V and on the potential Φ on S weighted by the Green's function G = e 4 π ϵ 0 | r − r ′ | + F, where F satisfies the Laplace equation. By specifying F and thus defining the boundary conditions, these equations can be used to obtain the relation between Φ QD and the surface potential Φ s, r ′ ∈ S for more specific measurement situations; the combination of a conductive probe and a conductive surface, a situation characterized by Dirichlet boundary conditions, has been described in detail.

Conceptually, the relation between Φ QD and Φ s links data in the imaging plane, obtained by reading out the QD potential, to data in the object surface - the surface potential. If the sample surface is approximated as locally flat and the relation between Φ QD and Φ s therefore translationally invariant, the recovery of the object surfa

Ryan Lochte

Ryan Steven Lochte is an American competitive swimmer and 12-time Olympic medalist. Along with Natalie Coughlin, Dara Torres, Jenny Thompson, he is the second-most decorated swimmer in Olympic history measured by total number of medals, behind only Michael Phelps. Lochte's seven individual Olympic medals rank second in history in men's swimming, tied for second among all Olympic swimmers, he holds the world records in the 200-meter individual medley. As part of the American teams, he holds the world record in the 4×200-meter freestyle and 4x100-meter freestyle relay. Lochte's success has earned him SwimSwam's Swammy Award for U. S. Male Swimmer of the Year in 2013, the World Swimmer of the Year Award and the American Swimmer of the Year Award twice, he has been named the FINA Swimmer of the Year three times. He has won a total of 90 medals in major international competition spanning the Olympics, the World Championships, Pan American Games, Pan Pacific Championships, including six Olympic gold medals and 39 world championship titles.

Lochte specializes in the backstroke and individual medley, but is a freestyle and butterfly swimmer. He is noted for the distance he attains while kicking underwater. Lochte is known for his dominance in the short course format. Lochte swam the 100-meter individual medley in 50.71 seconds on December 15, 2012, at the FINA World Championships in Istanbul, Turkey. At this same event, he is credited with swimming the fastest 200-meter individual medley, finishing in 1 minute 49.63 seconds. In 2016, Lochte generated international controversy when he claimed that he and three other American swimmers had been pulled over and robbed by armed men with police badges while in Rio de Janeiro, for the 2016 Summer Olympics. Brazilian authorities denied Lochte's version of events and shed light on misdeeds by Lochte and the other athletes that precipitated the events of the night. Lochte was criticized following the incident and was suspended from competition by USA Swimming; some subsequent reports suggested that certain claims by the authorities might have been untrue and that Lochte's version of events might have been the result of language barrier and miscommunication.

On July 23, 2018, the U. S. Anti-Doping Agency imposed a 14-month suspension from competition on Lochte because he had received a "prohibited intravenous infusion." Lochte was born in New York, the son of Ileana "Ike" and Steven R. Lochte, his mother is Cuban and was born and raised in Havana, while his father is of Dutch and German descent. He has two older sisters and Megan, two younger brothers and Brandon. During his early childhood, his family lived in Bristol, New York where he attended Bloomfield Central Schools; the family moved to Florida. Lochte was taught to swim at the age of five by both of his parents, he was kicked out of his father's swimming classes for misbehaving, which included pulling other children's legs, blowing bubbles, hiding at the other end of the pool. Lochte only began taking swimming when he was in junior high school, his father said, "I would send him to go shower. He spent more time in the showers than he did in the pool." At 14 years old, his loss at the Junior Olympics changed his attitude.

He commented: "I said,'I'm sick of losing'. After that I trained hard and I never lost there again." Lochte graduated in 2007, majoring in sport management. As a member of the Florida Gators swimming and diving team, he swam for coach Gregg Troy in National Collegiate Athletic Association and Southeastern Conference competition from 2004 to 2007. At Florida, Lochte was the NCAA Swimmer of the Year twice, a seven-time NCAA champion, a seven-time SEC champion, a 24-time All-American. At the 2006 NCAA Men's Swimming and Diving Championships, during his senior year, Lochte won national titles in all three of his individual events, setting U. S. Open and American records in 200-yard backstroke, he broke Tom Dolan's nearly decade-old NCAA record in the 400-yard individual medley. Lochte qualified for his first Olympics after finishing second to Michael Phelps in the 200-meter individual medley at the 2004 U. S. Olympic Team Trials, he qualified for the 4×200-meter freestyle relay team after finishing 4th in the 200-meter freestyle final.

At the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Lochte swam with Phelps, Klete Keller, Peter Vanderkaay to upset the Australian team and capture the gold medal in the 4×200-meter freestyle relay. It was the first loss for the Australian team in six years, he narrowly edged out George Bovell and László Cseh in the 200-meter individual medley to win the silver medal behind Phelps. That year at the 2004 FINA Short Course World Championships in Indianapolis, Lochte won the silver medal in the 200-meter individual medley and the bronze in the 200-meter freestyle, he won the gold medal in the 4×200-meter freestyle relay with Chad Carvin, Dan Ketchum, Justin Mortimer. At the 2005 World Aquatics Championships in Montreal, Lochte won the bronze medals in both the 200-meter backstroke and 200-meter individual medley. In the 4×200-meter freestyle relay, Lochte teamed with Phelps and Keller to win gold ahead of Canada and Australia. At the 2006 FINA Short Course World Championships in Shanghai, held just two weeks after the 2006 NCAA Championships, Lochte won three individual titles, one silver, one bronze.