National Register of Historic Places listings in Franklin County, Massachusetts
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Franklin County, Massachusetts. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Franklin County, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register districts. There are 56 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county, including 1 National Historic Landmark; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019. List of National Historic Landmarks in Massachusetts National Register of Historic Places listings in Massachusetts
National Register of Historic Places listings in Worcester County, Massachusetts
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places designated in Worcester County, Massachusetts. The locations of NRHP properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in a map; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019. The following Worcester County cities and towns have large numbers of sites listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Lists of their sites are on separate pages, linked below
National Register of Historic Places listings in Barnstable, Massachusetts
Barnstable, has more than 75 entries on the National Register of Historic Places. For listings elsewhere in Barnstable County, see National Register of Historic Places listings in Barnstable County, Massachusetts; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019. National Register of Historic Places listings in Barnstable County, Massachusetts List of National Historic Landmarks in Massachusetts
National Register of Historic Places listings in Gloucester, Massachusetts
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Gloucester, Massachusetts. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Gloucester, United States; the locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in an online map. Essex County, of which Gloucester is a part, is the location of more than 450 properties and districts listed on the National Register. Gloucester itself is the location of 34 of these districts; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019. List of National Historic Landmarks in Massachusetts National Register of Historic Places listings in Massachusetts National Register of Historic Places listings in Essex County, Massachusetts
National Register of Historic Places listings in Massachusetts
This is a list of properties and districts in Massachusetts listed on the National Register of Historic Places. There are over 4,200 listings in the state, representing about 5% of all NRHP listings nationwide and the second-most of any U. S. state, behind only New York. Listings appear in all 14 Massachusetts counties; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019. List of bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in Massachusetts List of National Historic Landmarks in Massachusetts Massachusetts Cultural Resources Information System, the state's database of cultural inventory, including NRHP and state historic sites
The Charles River is an 80-mile-long long river in eastern Massachusetts. From its source in Hopkinton the river flows in a northeasterly direction, traveling through 23 cities and towns before reaching the Atlantic Ocean at Boston; the Native-American name for the Charles River was Quinobequin, meaning "meandering". The Charles River is fed by 80 streams and several major aquifers as it flows 80 miles, starting at Teresa Road just north of Echo Lake in Hopkinton, passing through 23 cities and towns in eastern Massachusetts before emptying into Boston Harbor. Thirty-three lakes and ponds and 35 municipalities are or part of the Charles River drainage basin. Despite the river's length and large drainage area, its source is only 26 miles from its mouth, the river drops only 350 feet from source to sea; the Charles River watershed contains more than 8,000 acres of protected wetlands, referred to as Natural Valley Storage. These areas are important in preventing downstream flooding and providing natural habitats to native species.
Harvard University, Boston University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology are located along the Charles River. Near its mouth, it forms the border between Cambridge and Charlestown; the river is lined by the parks of the Charles River Reservation. On the Charles River Esplanade stands the Hatch Shell, where concerts are given in summer evenings; the basin is known for its Independence Day celebration. The middle section of the river between the Watertown Dam and Wellesley is protected by the properties of the Upper Charles River Reservation and other state parks, including the Hemlock Gorge Reservation, Cutler Park, the Elm Bank Reservation. A detailed depth chart of the lower basin of the Charles River, from near the Watertown Dam to the New Charles River Dam, has been created by a partnership between the MIT Sea Grant College Program and the Charles River Alliance of Boaters. Online and hardcopy charts are available as a public service; the river is well known for its rowing, canoeing, paddleboarding and sailing, both recreational and competitive.
The river may be kayaked. The "Lower Basin" between the Longfellow and Harvard bridges is home to Community Boating, the Harvard University Sailing Center, the MIT Sailing Pavilion; the Head of the Charles Regatta is held here every October. In early June, the annual Hong Kong Boston Dragon boat Festival is held in Cambridge, near the Weeks Footbridge; the Charles River Bike Path runs 23 miles along the banks of the Charles, starting at the Museum of Science and passing the campuses of MIT, Harvard and Boston University. The path is popular with bikers. Many runners gauge their distance and speed by keeping track of the mileage between the bridges along the route. For several years, the Charles River Speedway operated along part of the river. On July 13, 2013, swimming for the general public was permitted for the first time in more than 50 years. Long before European settlers named and shaped the Charles, Native Americans living in New England made the river a central part of their lives; the native name for the Charles River was Quinobequin, meaning "meandering".
Captain John Smith explored and mapped the coast of New England, naming many features naming the Charles River the Massachusetts River, derived from the tribe living in the region. When Smith presented his map to King Charles I he suggested that the king should feel free to change any of the "barbarous names" for "English" ones; the King made many such changes, but only four survive today, one of, the Charles River which Charles named for himself. In portions of its length, the Charles drops in elevation and has little current. Despite this, early settlers in Dedham, found a way to use the Charles to power mills. In 1639, the town dug a canal from the Charles to a nearby brook. By this action, a portion of the Charles's flow was diverted, providing enough current for several mills; the new canal and the brook together are now called Mother Brook. The canal is regarded as the first industrial canal in North America, it remains in use for flood control. Waltham was the site of the first integrated textile factory in America, built by Francis Cabot Lowell in 1814, by the 19th century the Charles River was one of the most industrialized areas in the United States.
Its hydropower soon fueled many factories. By the century's end, 20 dams had been built across the river to generate power for industry. An 1875 government report listed 43 mills along the 9 1⁄2-mile tidal estuary from Watertown Dam to Boston Harbor. From 1816 to 1968, the U. S. Army operated a gun and ammunition storage and production facility known as the Watertown Arsenal. While it was key to many of the nation's war efforts over its several decades in operation, not the least of which being the American Civil War and World War I, its location in Watertown so near the Charles did great environmental harm; the arsenal was declared a Super Fund site, after its closure by the government it had to be cleaned at significant expense before it could be safely used again for other purposes. The many factories and mills along the banks of the Charles supported a buoyant economy in their time but
Wellesley is a town in Norfolk County, United States. Wellesley is part of Greater Boston; the population was 27,982 at the time of the 2010 census. In 2008, Wellesley had family incomes in all of Massachusetts. In 2018, data from the American Community Survey revealed that Wellesley was the 7th wealthiest city in the United States, it is best known as the home of Wellesley College, Babson College, a campus of Massachusetts Bay Community College. Wellesley was settled in the 1630s as part of Massachusetts, it was subsequently a part of Needham, Massachusetts called Massachusetts. On October 23, 1880, West Needham residents voted to secede from Needham, the town of Wellesley was christened by the Massachusetts legislature on April 6, 1881; the town was named after the estate of local benefactor Horatio Hollis Hunnewell. Wellesley's population grew by over 80 percent during the 1920s; the town designated Cottage Street and its nearby alleys as the historic district in its zoning plan. Most houses in this district were built around the 1860s and qualify as protected buildings certified by the town's historic commission.
Wellesley is located in eastern Massachusetts. It is bordered on the east by Newton, on the north by Weston, on the south by Needham and Dover and on the west by Natick. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 10.49 square miles, of which 10.18 square miles is land and 0.32 square miles is water. The town's historic 19th century inn was demolished to make way for condominiums and mixed-use development in 2006; the Wellesley Country Club clubhouse, the building where the town was founded, was demolished in 2008, a new clubhouse was built. The town's pre-World War II high school building was torn down & replaced, with a brand new high school finished in 2012; the entire 1960s-style Linden Street strip-mall has been replaced by "Linden Square" – a shopping district that includes a flagship Roche Bros. supermarket, cafes, clothing stores, along with a mixture of national chains and local shops. The Census Bureau has defined the town as a census-designated place with an area equivalent to the town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 26,613 people, 8,594 households, 6,540 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,614.1 people per square mile. There were 8,861 housing units at an average density of 870.4 per square mile. According to a 2007 Census Bureau estimate, the racial makeup of the town was 84.6% White, 10.0% Asian, 2.2% Black, 0.01% Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.4% from other races, 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.4% of the population. There were 8,594 households out of which 39.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.2% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.9% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.14. In the town, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 13.9% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 77.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.1 males. The median income for a household was $159,167, the median income for a family was $186,518; the per capita income in the town was $72,046. About 2.4% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 2.1% of those age 65 or over. According to Boston Magazine's yearly "Best Places To Live", Wellesley ranks first in the United States in percentage of adults who hold at least one college degree. Over 66% of the households have at least one individual holding an advanced degree beyond a bachelor's degree. In 2009, Wellesley ranked #2 in "America's Most Educated Small Towns" according to Forbes.com. Wellesley was ranked number 31 on the Bloomberg list of America's 100 Richest Places with an average household income of $264,145 in 2016; the town government has been run by town meeting since the town's founding.
Since Proposition 2½ limited property tax increases to 2.5% per year in 1980, the town has had to ask residents for a number of overrides to maintain funding for certain programs. Although the main 2005 override passed, a simultaneous supplemental override to preserve certain specific programs and services failed by 17 votes; the 2006 override passed with a large majority. Wellesley receives funding from the state government. Local roads have been repaved several times in the 2000s. Wellesley opened its new Free Library building in 2003, part of the Minuteman Library Network. Due to the structure of budget override votes and the size of the new main branch of the library, the two branch libraries—one in Wellesley Hills, purpose-built to be a branch library in the 1920s, another in Wellesley Fells—closed in the summer of 2006; the branch libraries reopened in September 2008. On December 18, 2014, Wellesley College and the Town of Wellesley announced that the College's Board of Trustees had chosen the Town's $35M bid for the purchase of 46 acres of land adjacent to its campus.
Under this agreement, at least 50% of the North 40 property will be preserved in perpetuity as open space. A special town meeting in January 2015 resulted in a near-unanimous vote in favor of the purchase, in March 2015, 80 percent of residents that cast votes at the Town election, voted to approve the purchase. Wellesley is serviced by the Wel