click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

G vs E

G vs E is an American supernatural comedy-drama television series that had its first season air on USA Network during the summer and autumn of 1999. For the second season the series switched to Sci-Fi Channel in early 2000; the series stars Richard Brooks and Marshall Bell. G vs E pitted a group of agents who are assigned to "the Corps", a secret agency under the command of Heaven, against the "Morlocks", a group of evildoers from Hell; the series has a 1970s retro-hip style, similar to Quentin Tarantino's Pulp Fiction. The show is harkens back to the blaxploitation films of the 1970s, it mixes spy-fi elements with the end of the millennium Zeitgeist of the late 1990s. Chandler Smythe is murdered on his 35th birthday, he is recruited as an agent of the Corps and becomes a partner to Henry McNeil. Henry was killed in the 1970s and still dresses like Shaft; the Corps, best described as God's police force on Earth, has the mission of locating citizens who have made a Faustian-style bargain with the agents of evil.

When the Corps find a lost soul, they must decide whether to rehabilitate them or eliminate them from existence if they are beyond redemption. Overseeing their patrols are Decker and Ford, who give the weekly assignments. Deacon Jones acts as series narrator and appears on screen as "the Deacon"; the Deacon is the representation of the Old Testament version of God. He is strict, bad tempered and unforgiving. Chandler's teenage son Ben, played by Tony Denman appears. Chandler guides him in subtle ways; the Corps itself functions much like any police force does, with various departments and a city-based structure. Paramedics, supply officers, intelligence agents, forensic specialists and munitions experts are all on hand to help with cases, they operate throughout the world in various cities. Chandler and Henry work out of the Hollywood station, they are based at Ravenswood, a high-rise art-deco establishment, which doubles as purgatory. All the agents of the Corps have gone through a violent, mortal death, but being alive again does not render them immortal.

They can "die" again, they face immediate judgement upon dying, which may be a problem for those who have not completed their redemption. Injury can happen to them. Corps agents have no magical powers to give them an advantage over the opposition. Another limitation is that agents of the Corps are not allowed to have sexual relations with others, due to the fact that sleeping with a Morlock will turn an agent into one, they cannot overtly contact their friends and family from before they died. The Corps battle with two types of foes: Faustians and Morlocks; the Faustians are ordinary people who have made a deal with the forces of evil and bask in the fortunes that such a deal allows them on Earth. The Morlocks are Faustians who have died their mortal death and are now the ground troops for the dark side, evil's equivalent to the Corps, they are identifiable as people who have become sarcastic and courageous to extreme degrees. In addition, mirrors reveal the true nature of Morlocks. Unlike Corps agents, Morlocks have superhuman resilience, they cannot be killed.

Both Morlocks and the Corps have double agents planted in each other's ranks. G vs E on IMDb Good vs. Evil at TV.com

The Second Coming (The Sopranos)

"The Second Coming" is the 84th episode of the HBO television series The Sopranos, the seventh episode of the second half of the show's sixth season, the 19th episode of the season overall. Written by Terence Winter and directed by Tim Van Patten, it aired in the United States on May 20, 2007. James Gandolfini as Tony Soprano Lorraine Bracco as Dr. Jennifer Melfi Edie Falco as Carmela Soprano Michael Imperioli as Christopher Moltisanti** Dominic Chianese as Corrado Soprano, Jr.* Steven Van Zandt as Silvio Dante Tony Sirico as Paulie Gualtieri Robert Iler as Anthony Soprano, Jr. Jamie-Lynn Sigler as Meadow Soprano Aida Turturro as Janice Soprano Baccalieri* Steven R. Schirripa as Bobby Baccalieri Frank Vincent as Phil Leotardo Ray Abruzzo as Little Carmine Lupertazzi Dan Grimaldi as Patsy Parisi Arthur Nascarella as Carlo Gervasi* = credit only ** = photo only Tony is accompanied by Silvio and Bobby as he goes to a sitdown with Phil in New York, he offers a compromise about the asbestos removal.

In response Tony takes Phil's men Coco and Butchie off the payroll from another construction project. They viciously steal his wallet when he tells them. A drunken Coco notices Meadow in a restaurant, he makes some lewd comments. She reluctantly tells her father. Enraged, Tony finds pistol-whips and curb stomps him; this assault opens a deep rift between the Lupertazzi families. Little Carmine tells Tony that he will once again broker a truce meeting with Phil, who has shut down one of their joint construction projects. Tony admits, "I lost it, bad timing." But though he has just been speaking to Little Carmine, Phil refuses to meet with them when they arrive at his home. FBI Agents Harris and Goddard ask Tony to look at some photos. Tony identifies Muhammad; when Dr. Melfi sees Dr. Kupferberg, he shares with her the results of a recent study which has shown that sociopaths are not helped by talk therapy but rather only further enabled by it even "sharpening their skills as con men" in the process.

Meadow reveals that her new boyfriend is Patrick Parisi, Patsy's eldest son and that, inspired by him, she has decided to enter law school. A. J. remains depressed, moved by W. B. Yeats' apocalyptic poem “The Second Coming”, he prepares to kill himself, he sits on the edge of the swimming-pool with a cinder-block tied by a rope to one leg. He jumps in, but the rope is too long to keep him submerged. He struggles: he can neither drown nor save himself. Tony happens to come home. Hearing shouts, he goes out, he jumps, wearing suit and tie, into the pool. He saves A. J. and hauls up the cinder-block. At first he is shocked and furious, but A. J. is sobbing. A. J. is admitted to a psychiatric ward. At a group session with his therapist and his parents, he speaks of resentments going back to 2nd grade, quotes his grandmother at the end of her life: "It's all a big nothing." This session occurs just after Tony's assault on Coco. Tony and Carmela both feel guilty about the attempted suicide, each blames the other.

Tony scornfully rejects Dr. Melfi's suggestion that A. J. at some level, knew the rope was too long. "He could just be a fucking idiot. That's been the case." He tells her about his insight on peyote: "I saw … that this and everything we experience is not all there is – there's something else." Arthur Nascarella is promoted to the main cast and billed in the opening credits but only for this episode. During their fight, Carmela angrily mentions the incident when Tony's father accidentally shot his mother through her beehive hairdo, as told to her by Janice in "Soprano Home Movies". A. J. recalls being affected by Livia's comments that life is a "big nothing" and, "in the end... you die in your own arms" when he visited her in the Season 2 episode "D-Girl." A. J. recalls Carmela calling him an "animal" for smoking marijuana at his confirmation, which occurred in the same episode. It is notable that in the season finale of Season 2, after waking up from the dream that he burns himself alive, says "It's all a big nothing...

Life." To Carmela. Tony appeals to Phil to negotiate and work together, in front of all the mobsters referring to the peace-making conversation they had in the hospital after he had suffered a heart attack, which happened in "Kaisha." Dr. Melfi had quoted from Yeats' The Second Coming in "Cold Cuts", reciting two lines of the poem not heard in this episode: "The centre cannot hold" and "The falcon cannot hear the falconer". Tony gives Carmela an engraved Mercier watch, as a present from his trip to Vegas; the jeweler FedExed the watch after engraving it. When Agent Harris asks Tony to look at some photos, Tony jokingly asks him if any of them are of Angelina Jolie. Dr. Vogel mentions the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. A. J. says he watches CNN and is seen reading the Al Jazeera website. Meadow mentions to A. J. How funny Borat is; as one reason to explain his constant interest in Dr. Melfi's mobster patient, Dr. Kupferberg says his father was a big Untouchables fan. After A. J. makes disparaging remarks about the cattle industry during a family dinner, Tony exclaims, "Twenty years he won't crack a book.

1,4-Benzoquinone

1,4-Benzoquinone known as para-quinone, is a chemical compound with the formula C6H4O2. In a pure state, it forms bright-yellow crystals with a characteristic irritating odor, resembling that of chlorine and hot plastic or formaldehyde; this six-membered ring compound is the oxidized derivative of 1,4-hydroquinone. The molecule is multifunctional: it exhibits properties of a ketone, forming an oxime. 1,4-Benzoquinone is sensitive toward both strong mineral acids and alkali, which cause condensation and decomposition of the compound. 1,4-Benzoquinone is prepared industrially by oxidation of hydroquinone, which can be obtained by several routes. One route involves oxidation of the Hock rearrangement; the net reaction can be represented as follows: C6H42 + 3 O2 → C6H4O2 + 2 OCMe2 + H2OThe reaction proceeds via the bis and the hydroquinone. Acetone is a coproduct. Another major process involves the direct hydroxylation of phenol by acidic hydrogen peroxide: C6H5OH + H2O2 → C6H42 + H2O Both hydroquinone and catechol are produced.

Subsequent oxidation of the hydroquinone gives the quinone. Quinone was prepared industrially by oxidation of aniline, for example by manganese dioxide; this method is practiced in PRC where environmental regulations are more relaxed. Oxidation of hydroquinone is facile. One such method makes use of hydrogen peroxide as the oxidizer and iodine or an iodine salt as a catalyst for the oxidation occurring in a polar solvent; when heated to near its melting point, 1,4-benzoquinone sublimes at atmospheric pressure, allowing for an effective purification. Impure samples are dark-colored due to the presence of quinhydrone, a dark green 1:1 charge-transfer complex of quinone with hydroquinone. Benzoquinone is a planar molecule with localized, alternating C=C, C=O, C–C bonds. Reduction gives the semiquinone anion C6H4O2−}, which adopts a more delocalized structure. Further reduction coupled to protonation gives the hydroquinone, wherein the C6 ring is delocalized. Quinone is used as a precursor to hydroquinone, used in photography and rubber manufacture as a reducing agent and antioxidant.

Benzoquinonium is a Skeletal muscle relaxant, ganglion blocking agent, made from benzoquinone. It is used as a hydrogen oxidant in organic synthesis. 1,4-Benzoquinone serves as a dehydrogenation reagent. It is used as a dienophile in Diels Alder reactions. Benzoquinone reacts with sulfuric acid to give the triacetate of hydroxyquinol; this reaction is called the Thiele reaction or Thiele–Winter reaction after Johannes Thiele, who first described it in 1898, after Ernst Winter, who further described its reaction mechanism in 1900. An application is found in this step of the total synthesis of Metachromin A: Benzoquinone is used to suppress double-bond migration during olefin metathesis reactions. An acidic potassium iodide solution reduces a solution of benzoquinone to hydroquinone, which can be reoxidized back to the quinone with a solution of silver nitrate. Due to its ability to function as an oxidizer, 1,4-benzoquinone can be found in methods using the Wacker-Tsuji oxidation, wherein a palladium salt catalyzes the conversion of an alkene to a ketone.

This reaction is carried out using pressurized oxygen as the oxidizer, but benzoquinone can sometimes preferred. It is used as a reagent in some variants on Wacker oxidations. 1,4-Benzoquinone is used in the synthesis of related analogs. 1,4-Benzoquinone is a toxic metabolite found in human blood and can be used to track exposure to benzene or mixtures containing benzene and benzene compounds, such as petrol. The compound can interfere with cellular respiration, kidney damage has been found in animals receiving severe exposure, it is excreted in its original form and as variations of its own metabolite, hydroquinone. Benzoquinone compounds are a metabolite of paracetamol. 1,4-Benzoquinone is able to stain skin dark brown, cause erythema and lead on to localized tissue necrosis. It is irritating to the eyes and respiratory system, its ability to sublime at encountered temperatures allows for a greater airborne exposure risk than might be expected for a room-temperature solid. IARC has found insufficient evidence to comment on the compound's carcinogenicity, but has noted that it can pass into the bloodstream and that it showed activity in depressing bone marrow production in mice and can inhibit protease enzymes involved in cellular apoptosis.1,4-Benzoquinone is a constituent of tobacco smoke.

A variety of derivatives and analogues are known. Ubiquinone-1 is a occurring 1,4-benzoquinone, involved in respiration apparatus; the benzoquinone blattellaquinone is a sex pheromone in cockroaches. Illustrative examples of quinones and derivatives of benzoquinone that are useful in industry and organic chemistry include: 1,4-Naphthoquinone, derived by oxidation of naphthalene with chromium trioxide. 2,3-Dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone, a stronger oxidant and dehydrogenation agent than 1,4-benzoquinone. Chloro-p-benzoquinone, Chloranil, 1,4-C6Cl4O2, a stronger oxidant and dehydrogenation agent than 1,4-benzoquinone. Ambazone can be obtained in a two step synthetic method, reacting 1,4-benzoquinone with aminoguanidine and thiosemicarbazide. Mecarbinate is made by the reaction of ethyl N-methyl-β-aminocrotonate with para-benzoquinone. Amendol Oxyphemedol Phemedol all in FR5142 ― 1967-06-05. Note: These are all indoles made via the Nenitze

Sathrophyllia

Sathrophyllia is a genus of Asian bush crickets or katydids in the subfamily Pseudophyllinae and tribe Cymatomerini. They are found on the branches of bushes or trees where they sit close to a branch and spread out their forelegs and antennae along the branch and hold themselves close to the surface with their middle pair of legs; some species like S. rugosa have cryptic colouration that matches the bark making them hard to spot. Further east, the genus Olcinia bears a close resemblance, however Sathrophyllia has a smooth margin to the forewing unlike that of Olcinia; the Orthoptera Species file lists the following: Sathrophyllia arabica Krauss, 1902 Sathrophyllia cristata Beier, 1954 Sathrophyllia femorata Fabricius, 1787 Sathrophyllia fuliginosa Stål, 1874 Sathrophyllia rugosa Linnaeus, 1758Two new species "Sathrophyllia saeedi" and "Sathrophyllia irshadi" were named in 2014, but as they included "explicit fixation of holotype as required by ICZN Article 16.4.1.", the names were not validly described

Forum Novum

Forum Novum was a new Roman foundation which developed as a forum or market center during the Roman Republic period. By the early 1st century AD Forum Novum had been elevated to the status of municipium, appearing as such in Pliny's list of towns, it is located within today’s commune of Torri in Sabina in the province of Rieti. Knowledge of the history of the centre comes from literary sources and the rich epigraphic evidence. Forum Novum seems to have functioned throughout the imperial period and a market was still being held at the center in the fourth century. Although urban life underwent a decline around this period, Forum Novum Vescovio, continued to act as a local and regional focus with the establishment of a bishopric in the fifth century, a role it maintained throughout the early medieval and medieval periods. Little systematic archaeological work has been carried out on its valley. Excavations carried out by the Soprintendenza Archeologica per il Lazio in the late 1970s and early 80s revealed the basilica, a temple complex, part of the forum and various associated buildings of uncertain function.

The results have never been published. The current British School at Rome's project at Forum Novum began in 1997; the aim is to apply a series of approaches to the center in order to provide a detailed and systematic study. As such it provides a complement to the other urban studies being carried out as part of the Tiber Valley Project, in particular to the study of the larger scales of urban form being carried out by Simon Keay and Martin Millett; the survey results from geophysical survey techniques have shown that the site does not seem to have had a dense settlement or population, in fact the only buildings which seem to have been domestic were associated with the small tabernae. An urban villa was found close to the centre and cannot be ignored in discussion of the site; as well as these buildings, the survey located baths complex and Amphitheatre. Some areas could not be surveyed with geophysics and so ground-penetrating radar was used to fill in the gaps. Excavation was carried out alongside the survey to give a fuller picture of the site.

The site does not seem to have been populated and can be interpreted as a focus for the rural population, monumentalized by some local elites just the one family from the urban villa, trying to create a Roman settlement, but in order to understand the site more a survey of the hinterland of Forum Novum would be appropriate. Whether Forum Novum was the "norm" or an exception is only something which will be discovered with further surveying of the Tiber Valley