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Niall Quinn

Niall John Quinn, is an Irish former professional footballer and businessman, the ex-chairman of Sunderland. Quinn continued as Sunderland's director responsible for international development until he stepped down in February 2012, he played club football for English Premier League teams Arsenal, Manchester City and Sunderland during the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s. Quinn received 92 caps for the Republic of Ireland national football team, scoring 21 times, which makes him Ireland's second highest goalscorer of all time, he appeared with the Irish team at the UEFA European Football Championship of 1988 and two FIFA World Cups in 1990 and 2002. Niall Quinn played Gaelic football for the Robert Emmets club in Perrystown, Dublin 12, he played underage football and hurling for Dublin. In July 1983, Quinn captained a Dublin Colleges GAA party on a one-month tour of Australia. Aged 16, he played in the 1983 All-Ireland Minor Hurling Championship Final, was offered a contract to play professional Australian rules football before settling on a career in soccer.

He played Gaelic football for Co. Kildare club Eadestown after his retirement, winning a junior C county title in 2008. "I learned my trade at Arsenal, became a footballer at Manchester City, but Sunderland got under my skin. I love Sunderland." He played as a youth for Irish club Manortown United, based at Greentrees Park, adjacent to Robert Emmets GAC. After an unsuccessful trial at Fulham he signed professional forms with English club Arsenal in 1983, he was signed as a centre-forward, but had a brief spell as a centre-half for the Arsenal third team. After scoring 18 goals in 18 reserve matches in the first half of the 1985–86 season, Quinn was included in the first-team squad for a match against Liverpool. Quinn scored in the match as Arsenal recorded a 2–0 win, he made a further 11 league appearances for Arsenal that season, but failed to score as they finished seventh in the league. The end of the season brought Quinn his first call-up to the Republic of Ireland national team. Quinn found himself playing under a new manager for the following season, as George Graham was appointed in place of Don Howe.

Quinn had a regular place in the side that season, appearing in 35 league games and scoring eight goals. He collected a Football League Cup winner's medal as Arsenal triumphed 2–1 over Liverpool. However, after Arsenal signed another target man, Alan Smith, in the 1987 close season, Quinn struggled to get into the team. Over the next three seasons he managed a total of just 20 league appearances and five goals – his three appearances in 1988–89 not being enough for a title medal. Quinn's lack of opportunities led him to submit a written transfer request at the start of the 1989–90 season. In total he scored 20 goals in 94 appearances for Arsenal. Manchester City manager Howard Kendall signed Quinn for £800,000 in March 1990, shortly before the transfer deadline, he marked his debut in a 1 -- 1 draw against Chelsea at Maine Road. He scored 22 times in his first full season, he went on to spend six years at the club, scoring 78 goals in 245 appearances. Although he returned to the side the following season, he managed just eight goals from 35 games.

His most notable game for City was 20 April 1991 when he scored early on and saved a penalty as City beat Derby County 2–1, relegating Derby in the process. City goalkeeper Tony Coton had been sent off before half time for fouling Dean Saunders to concede the penalty. At this time teams named goalkeepers as substitutes, so Quinn replaced Coton in goal. Other notable games included the Manchester derby on 7 November 1993, in which he scored twice in the first half to put City 2–0 up against United by half time, although a remarkable United comeback saw City lose 3–2. In the 1993 close season, Everton made a bid to sign Quinn and a further bid was made early in the 1993–94 season, but both bids were rejected and Quinn remained at Maine Road for a further three seasons. A cruciate ligament injury sustained in a match against Sheffield Wednesday in November 1993 caused Quinn to miss the majority of the 1993–94 season, prevented him from playing in the 1994 FIFA World Cup, he returned at the start of the 1994–95 season, but the partnership forged by Uwe Rösler and Paul Walsh in his absence meant he was not always a starter.

In attempt to reduce the wage bill, Manchester City tried to sell Quinn in the 1995 close-season, but a proposed move to Lisbon club Sporting fell through after failure to agree contractual terms. He managed a total of 193 league appearances in over six years at Maine Road, scored a total of 64 goals for them. Quinn finished his career with a successful spell at Sunderland, joining the north-east club in August 1996 for a club record £1.3 million, although he missed six months of his first season due to a knee injury – similar to the one which ruined his World Cup chances three years earlier. Before his injury, he had got off to a fine start to his Sunderland career, finding the net twice on his debut in a 4–1 win at Nottingham Forest. In his absence from September to March, Sunderland struggled and although he was back in action by the end of the season, they were relegated, his partnership with striker Kevin Phillips, signed in the 1997 close season, was one of the most prolific in the Football League in the late 1990s/early 2000s and helped the club to regain promotion to the Premiership for the 1999–2000 season.

In March 1999 Quinn again had to play in goal, this time replacing the injured Thomas Sørensen in a game against

Buddhism and euthanasia

Buddhist views, although varying on a series of canons within the three branches of Buddhism, observe the concept of euthanasia, or "mercy killing", in a denunciatory manner. Such methods of euthanasia include voluntary and non-voluntary. In the past, as one school of Buddhism evolved into the next, their scriptures recorded through the oral messages of Buddha himself on Buddhist principles and values followed, guiding 500 million Buddhists spanning the globe on their path to nirvana. In the Monastic Rule, or Vinaya, a consensus is reached by the Buddha on euthanasia and assisted suicide that expresses a lack of fondness of its practice. Buddhism does not confirm that life should be conserved by implementing whatever is necessary to prolong death, but instead expresses that the intentional precipitation of death is ethically inadmissible in every condition one is presented in; the Vinaya Tripitaka is one of three Buddhist canonical sources that makes up the Tripitaka that most relates to euthanasia.

It was created to encompass a series of case laws in which Buddha provided judgement on various matters though the term "euthanasia" is not mentioned. Monks and nuns are meant to follow the decorum, relayed, which expresses what is considered to be wrongfully killing someone by the actions of another, conferred to follow holy orders and those who are not. Outside of Vinaya, there is no specific mention in early Buddhist texts on euthanasia. During the life of Buddha, instances occurred when monks who practiced medicine were put in situations where they had to make a decision to assist in another's suicide by physically taking their life, providing the instrument used to take their life, or allowing the person to suffer, as observed in cases written in Vinaya; the Buddha, included a precept in Vinaya against the termination of another human life following the discovery that monks either took their own life or requested that others kill them because they were unhappy with their body. Buddha stated that: Should any bhikkhu intentionally deprive a human being of life, or search for an assassin for him, or praise the advantages of death, or incite him to die: "My good man, what use is this evil, miserable life to you?

Death would be better for you than life," or with such an idea in mind, such a purpose in mind, should in various ways praise the advantages of death or incite him to die, he is defeated and no longer in affiliation. With this, Buddha expanded the precept in the third parajika, adding the punishment of excommunication for life from the Sangha after recognizing a number of monks provoking a patient to believe that he should choose death over life. In this instance, the monks praised the idea that death was beautiful to a sick monk, persuading him to take an unrevealed measure to end his life; because of the monk's expression of virtue, as he was informed by other monks, he would receive a good rebirth. As a result of these provocations, the monk stopped eating and died. Buddhists believe that life ends when the individual dies. Throughout the course of the individual's life, between life and death, they are to be respected with dignity, regardless of their state of mental capacity or psychometric functions.

What constitutes life in a body is usma and vinanna. Among Buddhists, there is much confusion as to when one is dead; some consider death to be. And there are those; when Buddha passed away, according to ancient texts, his 25-year personal attendant Ananda declared him as dead. However, Ananda was corrected by a monk senior to him, claiming that Buddha was only in a severe state of yogistic stupor. During this yogic trance, Buddha lacked any vital signs of life, making it unclear for future Buddhists to determine the point of death when such physiological states exist and are relayed in Buddhist literary texts. Although at death one loses all physical possessions, leaving their family, loved ones, achievements all behind, death does not destroy all that belongs to a person; the purification of their character through virtuous and meditative practices carries over into their next life and into their mental sequence of continuation. Buddhists hold the belief that upon death, they are reborn and will experience life through a series of lifetimes called samsara until they can cease to desire and nirvana is obtained.

In conjunction with a person's attained karma, their state of mind at the point of death holds great importance when the determining of what kind of rebirth is to take place. There are six realms of life in Buddhist cosmology: Hell realm, hungry ghost realm, animal realm, human realm, demi-god realm, god realm. Of all the realms that exist, the human realm is the most anticipated, yet the most difficult to obtain. Based on the level of karma one garners in their current lifetime, it is determined at which realm one diverges to next upon death; the first three realms are the most detested of the six and are meant to cause suffering, disallowing proper mental capabilities as a result of negative karma from negative acts performed during the previous life. And although more acceptable than the former, the asura and god realm remain unfavorable as they permit one ultimate happiness but prevents the opportunity for the spirit to progress. Only through good karma can one's spirit reach the human realm.

Euthanasia, although it can be considered a compassionate act, is not seen in Buddhism as an act of selflessness and benevolence, but rather an

West Hill Historic District (Muscatine, Iowa)

The West Hill Historic District in Muscatine, Iowa is a historic district, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2008. At that time, it included 258 contributing buildings, two contributing objects, two contributing sites, 67 non-contributing buildings; the city of Muscatine was established as Bloomington in 1836. The original town was built on land, flat along the Mississippi River. Residential areas were built on the surrounding hills, while commercial and industrial interests developed on the flatter land near the river; the West Hill Historic District is to the west of the Downtown Commercial Historic District. The period of significance for West Hill begins in 1839 and ends in 1958; some of the largest and oldest historic houses in Muscatine are located here, but it includes smaller residences of the working and middle class. By 1915, 180 of the historic houses had been built; the rest were built from 1916 to 1958. Another eight houses were built between 1960 and 1995. A majority of the houses are two stories in height.

Frame construction outnumbers brick construction. The architectural styles that were prominent across the country are found here and were built at the time they were popular; the following contributing properties are individually listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Clark-Blackwell House Alexander Clark House Pliny and Adelia Fay House J. C. B. Warde House

Burtscheid Abbey

Burtscheid Abbey was a house of the Benedictine Order, after 1220 a Cistercian nunnery, located at Burtscheid, near Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, in Germany. The abbey was founded in 997 under Emperor Otto III; the first abbot, who came to Burtscheid from Calabria, is sometimes said to have been the brother of Theophanu, Byzantine mother of the Emperor. He was buried beneath the altar after his death in 999, his date of death, 4 November, was kept as a feast day until the dissolution of the abbey. In 1018 the Emperor Henry II endowed it with the surrounding territory. At about this time the monastery was raised to the status of an abbey, the dedication was changed from Saints Nicholas and Apollinaris to Saints John the Baptist and Nicholas. In 1138, the abbey was made reichsfrei by Conrad III, being granted Imperial immediacy, the privilege of being subject only to the Holy Roman Emperor, rather than to an intermediate lord; the abbey was under the Vogtei of the Barony of Mérode until the abbey purchased its Vogtei from them, in 1649.

In 1220, under Emperor Frederick II and his chancellor, Archbishop Engelbert of Cologne, the Benedictines were evicted and replaced by Cistercian nuns, living at the Salvatorberg in Aachen, to whom the abbey's possessions were transferred. At the same time the abbey's reichsfreiheit was confirmed; the abbey church was rebuilt in the mid-14th century, again between 1735 and 1754 by the architect J. J. Couven. In 1779, despite the refusal of permission by the council of Aachen, who by that time were responsible for local government in Burtscheid, the abbess introduced a gambling house, the street is still known today as Krugenofen Kasinostrasse. Burtscheid was occupied by French troops in December 1792, from September 1794 until 1804, they used the abbey church for the manufacture of balloons. In August 1802 the nunnery was dissolved; the remaining abbey buildings are now used by a school and for residential and administrative purposes. Official website of the town of Burtscheid Gesellschaft Burtscheid für Geschichte und Gegenwart

Thenmavin Kombath

Thenmavin Kombath is a 1994 Indian Malayalam-language romantic comedy film written and directed by Priyadarshan. It was edited by N. Gopalakrishnan; the film stars Mohanlal and Nedumudi Venu, with Kaviyoor Ponnamma, K. P. A. C. Lalitha, Kuthiravattam Pappu, Sreenivasan and Sharat Saxena in supporting roles; the background score was composed by S. P. Venkatesh, while the Berny-Ignatius duo composed the songs. K. V. Anand was the cinematographer; the film performed well at the box office and became the highest-grossing Malayalam film of the year. The film won two National Film Awards—Best Cinematography for Anand and Best Production Design for Sabu Cyril, five Kerala State Film Awards. Thenmavin Kombath is now considered by audiences and critics to be among the best comedy films in Malayalam cinema; the film was remade in Tamil as Muthu, in Hindi as Saat Rang Ke Sapne by Priyadarshan himself, in Kannada as Sahukara. The story revolves around Manikyan and Karthumbi and the love triangle between them.

Manikyan and Karthumbi don't get along and get into intense arguments. But they fall in love. Manikyan works for Sreekrishnan and Sreekrishnan sees him as a brother. Once when they both are returning from a fair after shopping, Sreekrishnan sees Karthumbi and gets attracted, but a fight erupts there and they all have to flee. Sreekrishnan flees alone. At night, he so loses his way. Karthumbi knows the way back. Manikyan has to struggle to get out of that place. Manikyan says crude words to a shop owner, an old lady and peeked into a room with two married spouses without consent, he was tied to a tree but untied. It was Karthumbi who caused Manikyan to land in trouble because he didn't understand what the word meant. Karthumbi revealed that she has no house and her sister was murdered by a Mallikettu Policeman. During that time, they fall in love. Once they are back in Manikyan's village, Sreekrishnan proposes to her and plans to get married to her. Manikyan can not resist, but Karthumbi opposes it. When Sreekrishnan gets to know about this, he gets angry, Manikyan becomes his enemy and he tries to take revenge.

One day, The Mallikettu Policeman attacked Sreekrishnan. But Manikyan beats him in a fight; the Mallikettu Policeman fainted and Manikyan would chop his limbs off next time. One other day Appakala spreads rumors about Manikyan murdering Sreekrishnan when his slipper and towel was in the pond. Manikyan had to prove his innocence to his mother. Karthumbi feels sympathetic to Manikyan. Manikyan runs into Appakala and is furious with Appakala spreading the rumors slapped him hard. Another fight erupted the townspeople chased Manikyan and Karthumbi through the woods and the water and through the dusty road. Sreekrishnan appeared and everyone stopped chasing. Everyone in town realized, he is punished by doing sit ups in front of everyone. Sreekrishnan realized his mistakes and married the woman who loved him for so long while Manikyan unites with Karthumbi. Mohanlal as Manikyan, a cattle farmer Shobhana as Karthumbi, Manikyan's love interest Nedumudi Venu as Sreekrishnan Thampuran Kaviyoor Ponnamma as Yeshodhamma, Sreekrishnan's elder widowed sister KPAC Lalitha as Karthu, Sreekrishnan's lover Sukumari as Ginjimooda Gandhari, Yeshodhamma's sister-in law Sreenivasan as Appakala, a jealous servant of Thampuran Sankaradi as Kannayyan, Manikyan's father Kuthiravattom Pappu as Chakkutty, Karthumbi's annoying uncle Geetha Vijayan as Chinnu, Manikyan's younger sister Nandhu as Thimmayan, the village astrologer Sonia as Kuyilu Khadeeja as Aadivasi Sharat Saxena as Mallikkettu, a ruthless policeman and murderer of his wife R. D. Burman was signed in as the music composer for the film, as revealed by Burman himself in an interview to journalists in Cochin, during his visit to the city, just a few weeks before his death.

But he died before he could complete the compositions of the film and was replaced. Berny-Ignatius was accused for plagiarism for at least three of the songs in the film; the song "Ente Manasinoru Naanam" is said to be an adaptation of the popular Hindi classic "Piya Milanko Jaana", sung by Pankaj Mullick. Another song in the film, "Nila Pongal" is accused to be an imitation of a Bengali song, "Sun Mere Bandhu Re"; the "Manam Thelinje vanne" song is a copy of the Ilayaraja song "Aasai athigam vechu" from the tamil movie "Marupadiyum". Berny-Ignatius were awarded the Kerala State Film Award for Best Music Director despite the allegations, which created a controversy. Veteran music director G. Devarajan returned three of the four state awards he had won claiming that the government was honouring pirates in film music. All lyrics are written by Girish Puthenchery; the film ran for more than 250 days in theatres and was the highest-grossing Malayalam film of the year. The film is remembered as one of the best comedy films in the history of Malayalam cinema.

National Film AwardsBest Production Design- Sabu Cyril Best Cinematographer- K. V. AnandFilmfare Awards SouthFilmfare Award for Best Actress – Malayalam – ShobhanaKerala State Film AwardsBest Popular Film Best Art Director – Sabu Cyril Best Music Director- Berny-Ignatius Second Best ActorNedumudi Venu Second Best ActressKaviyoor Ponnamma The film was remade in Tamil as Muthu (199


IMeet was a cloud-based video conferencing platform built in HTML 5 and Adobe Flash. IMeet allows up to 125 participants to communicate using traditional landline audio or VoIP audio and to video conference through webcams. IMeet was launched in general release in January 2011. End of product lifecycle 1 April 2019. IMeet is browser-based, supporting Internet Explorer 7.0 and newer, Mozilla Firefox 4 and newer, Google Chrome 11 and newer, Safari 5 and newer. Native iMeet apps are available for Android smartphones. Many Android tablets can access iMeet through their web browser interface. Additional features include: Persistent meeting room URL Up to 125 participants Traditional or VoIP audio HD quality webcam video through H.264 encoding File storage File sharing Screen sharing Pass control on screen share and file sharing Support of HD audio using G.722 Meeting minutes Cloud Controls, an admin console that lets businesses provision and manage large numbers of accounts Public and private chat Note taking integrated with Evernote Customizable meeting room backgrounds Freely changeable profile pictures Integration with Facebook, LinkedIn, YouTube and Flickr In March 2012, PGi announced a strategic alliance with Deutsche Telekom, positioning Deutsche Telekom as the exclusive reseller of iMeet in Germany.

In July 2012, Deutsche Telekom launched its Business Marketplace with iMeet as a featured product. In April 2012 PGi announced a strategic alliance with Irish telecommunications provider eircom to offer its video and audio conferencing solutions, including iMeet and GlobalMeet, to its business customers in Ireland. In April 2013 PGi announced a strategic allicance with TeliaSonera in the Nordic and Baltic countries. In June 2014 Telia in Sweden launched iMeet April 2012 - Awarded silver in the Best New Product category of the Edison Awards. February 2012 – PGi awarded Frost & Sullivan’s 2011 Product Line Strategy Award, which includes iMeet. November 2011 - Named the gold winner in the Best New Product category of the Best in Biz Awards. June 2011 – Awarded a People’s Choice Stevie Award in the Favorite New Computer Service category. June 2011 – Named “Best Low-Cost Videoconferencing” by Inc. Magazine. Videoconferencing Collaborative software iMeet Web site