The Nicaraguan Canal, formally the Nicaraguan Canal and Development Project was a proposed shipping route through Nicaragua to connect the Caribbean Sea with the Pacific Ocean. Scientists were concerned about the project's environmental impact, as Lake Nicaragua is Central America's key freshwater reservoir while the project's viability was questioned by shipping experts and engineers. Construction of a canal using the San Juan River as an access route to Lake Nicaragua was first proposed in the early colonial era; the United States abandoned plans to construct a waterway in Nicaragua in the early 20th century after it purchased the French interests in the Panama Canal. In June 2013, Nicaragua's National Assembly approved a bill to grant a 50-year concession to finance and manage the project to the private HK Nicaragua Canal Development Investment headed by Wang Jing, a Chinese billionaire; the concession could have been extended for another 50 years. In 2015, media reports suggested the project would be delayed and cancelled because Wang's personal wealth declined as a result of the 2015–16 Chinese stock market crash.
"Major works" such as dredging were to take place after the finishing of a Pacific Ocean wharf, whose construction was planned to start in late 2016. The Nicaraguan government failed to present reliable information about whether or not the project can be financed, thus casting doubt over whether it would be completed; the HKND Group stated that financing would come from debt and equity sales and a potential initial public offering. By May 2017, no concrete action had been taken constructing the canal and further doubts were expressed about its financing. In February 2018, analysts viewed the project as defunct, though the head of the project insisted work was on-going and HKND retained the legal rights to the concession for the canal as well as side projects. Despite HKND vanishing, the Nicaraguan government indicates that it will go ahead with the 908 km2 dry land expropriations anywhere within Nicaragua, under land expropriation Canal Law 840; the idea of constructing a man-made waterway through Central America has been thought about throughout history.
The colonial administration of New Spain conducted preliminary surveys. The routes suggested ran across Nicaragua, Panama, or the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico; the history of attempts to build a Nicaragua canal connecting the Caribbean Sea and thus the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean goes back at least to 1825 when the Federal Republic of Central America hired surveyors to study a route via Lake Nicaragua, 32.7 metres above sea level. Many other proposals have followed. Despite the operation of the Panama Canal, which opened in 1914, interest in a Nicaragua canal has continued. With emergence of globalization, an increase in commerce and the cost of fuel, the limitations of the Panama Canal, the concept of a second canal across the American land bridge became more attractive, in 2006 the president of Nicaragua, Enrique Bolaños, announced an intention to proceed with such a project. With the Panama Canal expansion project, which began commercial operation to modern New Panamax vessels on 26 June 2016, some ships would be too big for the Panama Canal.
On 26 September 2012, the Nicaraguan Government and the newly formed Hong Kong Nicaragua Canal Development Group signed a memorandum of understanding that committed HKND to financing and building the "Nicaraguan Canal and Development Project". HKND Group is a private enterprise; the Nicaraguan government subsequently approved the Master Concession Agreement with HKND on 13 June 2013 thereby granting "the sole rights to the HKND Group to plan, design and thereafter to operate and manage the Nicaragua Grand Canal and other related projects, including ports, a free trade zone, an international airport and other infrastructure development projects." The agreement was renewable for another 50 years. HKND would have paid the Government of Nicaragua US$10M annually for 10 years, thereafter a portion of the revenue starting at 1% and increasing later. Stratfor indicated that after 10 years, ownership shares would periodically be handed over to Nicaragua, so that after 50 years Nicaragua would be the majority shareholder.
HKND Group performed a preliminary study phase of development to assess the technological and economic feasibility of constructing a canal in Nicaragua, as well as the potential environmental and regional implications of various routes. The canal and other associated projects would be financed by investors throughout the world and would generate jobs for Nicaragua and other Central American countries. Initial findings of the commercial analysis conducted by HKND Group indicate that the combined effect of growth in east–west trade and in ship sizes could provide a compelling argument for the construction of a second canal larger than the expanded Panama Canal, across Central America. In the 2020s, growth in global maritime trade is expected to cause congestion and delays in transit through the Panama Canal without a complementary route through the isthmus, by 2030, the volume of trade that a Nicaragua Canal could serve would have grown by 240%. On 10 June 2013, The Associated Press reported that the National Assembly's Infrastructure Committee voted nearly unanimously in favor of the project, with four members abstaining.
On 13 June, Nicaragua's legislature passed the legislation granting the concession. On 15 June, Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega and the billionaire chairman of HKND Group, Wang Jing, signed the concession agree
Kungfu Cyborg is a 2009 Hong Kong action film directed by Jeffrey Lau. Officer De Ming is the pinnacle of modern law enforcement. Courteous. Courageous. Committed. Human. Designed to handle assignments too dangerous for traditional methods, De Ming is the first in the TN Research Bureau’s "K Series"—a revolutionary cybernetic organism programmed with a sophisticated social conscience. Sent to a remote town as part of a covert training operation, De Ming is placed under the supervision of the local police captain, Xu Dachun. Xu’s mission: facilitate De Ming’s integration into the community while protecting the secret of his young protégé’s true identity. Charmed with a talent for delivering both justice and compassion, De Ming is quick to win the hearts of the town residents—though none more than that of Su Mei, a fellow officer who happens to be the object of the captain’s secret affection. Nothing in De Ming’s programming has prepared him for this, but affairs of the heart are put on hold when word arrives that one of De Ming’s cybernetic siblings, the K-88, has disappeared after suffering a critical neural meltdown.
Together, the two men hunt down and confront the malfunctioning cyborg in a spectacular clash of artificial wills that leaves the captain scarred, De Ming confused and conflicted about his role in human society. Mission completed, the consequences of De Ming’s actions continue to haunt the young cyborg; the captain’s behavior has become strange and erratic since the battle with the K-88, a fact that De Ming feels compelled to hide from co-workers and superiors. Su Mei’s behavior is no less troubling as she seems incapable of understanding that as a machine he is unable to love her in the way she so desires. Torn between his bond to humanity and the knowledge that he will never be a part of it, De Ming must find within himself the strength to defeat the group of cyborg assassins that has descended on the town to avenge his betrayal of cyborg. Hu Jun as Xu Dachun Betty Sun as Zhou Sumei Alex Fong as K-1 Stephy Tang as Su Mei Gan Wei as Zhou Suqing Ronald Cheng as Jiang Wu Jing as K-88 Eric Tsang as Lin Xiang Law Kar-ying as Ying Ming Chin Kar Lok as Xu Dachun 29th Hong Kong Film Awards Nominated: Best Visual Effects Kungfu Cyborg on IMDb
The Jhargram Raj Palace is the current residence of the Malla Deb Royal family. Situated in Jhargram district, West Bengal. About 10 rooms plus three dormitories on the ground floor have been converted into a Heritage Hotel run by the family. Jhargram Raj was founded around 1592 AD by Sarveshwar Singh who along with his elder brother who were Generals under Man Singh of Amer and came to conquer Bengal when Emperor Akbar granted Subehdari of Bengal and Orissa to Raja Man Singh. Sarveshwar Singh belonged to the Chauhan clan of Rajputs from Fatehpur Sikri, he defeated and vanquished the local Mal tribal kings who were ruling the region known as Junglekhand today in order to commemorate this victory, every year an idol of Mal Raja is made and slain on Vijayadashami day. As a reward, Raja Man Singh, granted mansabdari of the entire region of Junglekhand to his victorious generals Sarveshwar Singh Chauhan and his elder brother, under suzerainty and subordination as a tributary vassal state to the Mughal Emperor Akbar.
He named his capital Jhargram which means'a village surrounded by deep forests', hence the rulers of Jhargram assumed the title "Malla Deb". In 1799, the ruler of Jhargram, revolted against the East India Company along with rulers of Bishnupur and others and the revolt was termed as Chuar Mutiny; the ruler was forced to surrender and the status Jhargram kingdom made to a Zamindari estate under the British authority. The kingdom had one Sub Zamindar of Beliaberah; the royal family ruled their estates from Jhargram Palace. The kingdom had its golden era during the reign of Raja Narasingha Malla Deb, under the guidance of his mentor and Dewan Rai Bahadur Debendra Mohan Bhattacharya, he developed Jhargram town into a modern planned township and commissioned the new Palace in 1931, one of the finest example of Indo Saracenic architecture in Eastern India and spread over 30 acres; the Main Building is impressive. The Jhargram Raj Palace is an opulent Italianate structure, set in laid lawns and gardens.
The Palace was restructured in 1931 CE, by the Calcutta Improvement Trust during the reign of Raja Narasingha Malla Deb Bahadur. In the Palace campus, so evocative of a regal lifestyle, the past comes alive; the Palatial Guest House is a part of the Jhargram Raj Palace it has been a host to several dignitaries right from its inception some of the dignitaries who have stayed in this building as per the records are: Lord Willingdon,the British Viceroy of India. The heritage resort will comprise fifteen twin cottages. There will be thirty rooms in all, a central dining hall-cum-cafeteria, conference room, open lawns, a lily pool; the equal venture will be called Jhargram Palace Heritage Tourism Project and intends to become expertise to develop tourism infrastructure in the state. The work will do a complete hand holding and implementation of the project in three phases. Jhargram lies on AH46, a part of the Asian Highway Network. For local transportation bus, minibus, cycle-rikshaws, autos are available.
Jhargram is connected by train to nearest big city like Kolkata and Ranchi. The nearest airport is Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport of Kolkata 155 km and 169 km. Sonari Airport of Jamshedpur is located at a distance 96 km by train. Birsa Munda Airport of Ranchi is located at a distance of 258 km. Jhargram Raj Narasingha Malla Deb Jhargram Raj College
Pehr Louis Sparre af Söfdeborg was a Swedish painter and draughtsman, most noted for his early work in the Finnish national romanticism and jugend styles. He competed in the individual and team épée fencing events at the 1912 Summer Olympics. Born in Gravellona Lomellina, Italy, he was the son of Teresita Adèle Josefa Gaetana Barbavara. His father had served as head of the banknote printing company for the Sveriges Riksbank, he spent his early childhood with the mother at Villa Teresita in Gravellona while his father was on business trips. After having suffered an accident, her mother died, he moved with his father in Paris prior to being sent to Sweden for school studies. He attended the Royal Swedish Academy of Fine Arts prior to re-locating to Paris. Sparre was a student at Académie Julian in Paris from 1887–1890, he studied with Akseli Gallen-Kallela, Eero Järnefelt and Emil Wikström and took part in painting trips in Karelia with Kallela and Wikström. Sparre is mentioned as a founder of the Karelianism movement, along with Akseli Gallen-Kallela.
He moved to Finland in 1889, living there for two decades. In 1893, Sparre married an artist and the sister of Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim. In 1891, two of his works were exhibited at the Paris Salon. After the mid-1890s, Sparre reduced his work as a painter and instead worked on developing the industrial art and graphics industry in Finland. In 1897, he founded the Iris furniture and ceramics factory in Porvoo. Impressed by the pottery of the English-Belgian ceramist and painter Alfred William Finch, Sparre invited him to manage the ceramics department. By the request of his friend, Karl Emil Ståhlberg, Sparre worked as the director for the first Finnish fictional film, the 20-minute-long Salaviinanpolttajat in 1907. In 1908, Sparre moved back to Sweden and continued his painting career, concentrating on portraiture and painting landscapes. By the time of his death in 1964 in Stockholm, aged 101, Sparre had completed over 500 portraits. Louis Sparre biography at the Amos Anderson art museum Louis Sparre on IMDb
Urban Zakapa is a South Korean R&B singer-songwriter group formed in 2009 by Fluxus Music. A 9-member group, in 2012 they became a trio, consisting of Park Yong-in, Jo Hyunah and Kwon Soon-il; the group's name is an abbreviation for Urban+Zappy+Kaleidoscopic+Passionate. In 2004, Park Yong-in met Jo Hyun-a at practical music academy, he asked her to form a singing duo. At first Jo Hyun-a's parents opposed that idea, but Hyun-a showed passion to music and was awarded'MBC 별밤뽐내기'. Hyun-a's parents decided to support their daughter. Kwon Sun-il dreamed of being a musician, his alumnus, Yong-in, suggested. Although the group debuted in 2009 as a nine-piece with four vocalists and five instrumentalists with the song "Café Latte", there are only three vocalists due to artistic differences. Kwon Sun-il and his childhood friends, Jo Hyun-a and Park Yong-in write and produce all of their own music. Kwon won 1st place at S. M. Entertainment's first SM Youth Best contest and was a former SM Entertainment trainee with Super Junior and TVXQ.
Park was part of the Korean R&B/Soul group Bluewind Soul with Han Won-jong, SG Wannabe's Lee Suk-hoon and others. Jo, the only female member of the group, was the vocalist of the hip-hop crew Overclass. After releasing their first two EPs in 2009, the group released their first studio album titled 01 in 2011. In the same year, they released the single "Just A Feeling" which debuted at #59 on the Gaon Digital Chart and on December 6, they released "Snowing" which debuted at #32, their third EP, Beautiful Day was released on April 3, 2012, marks as the group's first album as a trio. "Beautiful Day" debuted at #41 on the Gaon Digital Chart. Months the group released their second studio album on October 30, titled 02. "I Hate You" was released on September 5 as a single and debuted at #9 on the Gaon Digital Chart, but was re-released with the album as its lead single. The album had two other pre-released tracks, "River" and "All the Same". Both songs charted. 02 topped the Gaon Album Chart in its first week, in January 2013, the album was nominated for Best R&B and Soul album at the 10th Korean Music Awards.
"I Hate You" earned the group two nominations at the 2012 Mnet Asian Music Awards, one for Song of the Year and another for Best Vocal Performance by a Group. On February 12, 2013, Park and Kwon sang "Love Afternoon" for the soundtrack of the KBS2 drama, Ad Genius Lee Tae-baek. In April, the group released "Just a Little Bit" for the soundtrack of the tvN drama, Nine: Nine Time Travels. On December 3, the group released their 3rd studio album, 03; the album debuted at #11 on the Gaon Album Chart while its lead single, "Walk Backwards" debuted at #8 on the Gaon Digital Chart when it was released on October 23. In 2014, Urban Zakapa made a comeback with the single "Like a Bird" on May 18. Park and Kwon collaborated with SISTAR's Soyou for the single "The Space Between"; the song was released on September 26. It debuted at #3 on the Gaon Singles Chart. On November 4, the group released their fourth album, 04, with the lead single, "Consolation" which had its music video uploaded on the same day of the album's release.
Urban Zakapa held their concert tour, Winter from November 22 until the end of 2014 in Seoul, Daegu, Kwangju, Changwon and Suwon. On May 12, 2015, the group released the song "A Different You" for the OST of Let's Eat. On May 18, it was announced, their fourth extended play overall, UZ was released on May 28 with 5 tracks, including two singles, "Two One Two" and "Get", pre-released on May 22. "Get" debuted at #56 on the Gaon Singles Chart. On Feb 19, 2016, it was announced that Urban Zakapa had signed on to Makeus Entertainment since September 2015 and will be continuing their promotions for their upcoming album under the new company. On May 12, 2016, the group announced that they will be making their comeback on May 27, 2016 with their mini album'Still'. Urban Zakapa made their comeback through a special live party, made available through online broadcasting service Naver V App; the event scheduled for May 26 took place at Banyan Tree Seoul and was attended by special guests Suzy, Lee Sung Kyung, Im Seulong, Block B's P.
O. and some of their other close friends. On May 27, 2016, Urban Zakapa released their mini album with title track, "I Don't Love You"; the music video starring actor Yoo Seung-ho and model Lee Ho Jung was uploaded on the same day. The title track was received by the public and managed to clinch 1st place on all 8 Korean music charts, achieving a perfect all-kill. Urban Zakapa held 3 Guerrilla Concerts at Myeongdong, Han River Yeouido and Dong-A University in Busan to thank their fans for supporting them, these were broadcast through Naver V App and their Facebook Page; the guerrilla concert held at Han River on June 5, 2016 had an estimated attendance of 4000 people. The group held a commemorative mini album release concert on June 18 and June 19, 2016 at Seoul Olympic Park Stadium. In April 2017, the band were announced as one of the groups recruited by Seo Taiji for his Time:Traveler project, celebrating the 25th anniversary of his career. On July 11, they released their cover of the Seo song "Moai" from Atomos.
German submarine U-193 was a Type IXC/40 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine built during World War II for service in the Atlantic Ocean. The submarine was laid down on 22 December 1941 at the AG Weser yard in Bremen as yard number 1039, she was launched on 24 August 1942 and commissioned on 10 December under the command of Korvettenkapitän Hans Paukstadt. She was a member of two wolfpacks and carried out four war patrols in which she sank one ship, before being lost herself in the Bay of Biscay in April 1944. German Type IXC/40 submarines were larger than the original Type IXCs. U-193 had a displacement of 1,144 tonnes when at 1,257 tonnes while submerged; the U-boat had a total length of 76.76 m, a pressure hull length of 58.75 m, a beam of 6.86 m, a height of 9.60 m, a draught of 4.67 m. The submarine was powered by two MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged four-stroke, nine-cylinder diesel engines producing a total of 4,400 metric horsepower for use while surfaced, two Siemens-Schuckert 2 GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 1,000 shaft horsepower for use while submerged.
She had two 1.92 m propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres; the submarine had a maximum submerged speed of 7.3 knots. When submerged, the boat could operate for 63 nautical miles at 4 knots. U-193 was fitted with six 53.3 cm torpedo tubes, 22 torpedoes, one 10.5 cm SK C/32 naval gun, 180 rounds, a 3.7 cm SK C/30 as well as a 2 cm C/30 anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of forty-eight; the boat's first patrol was preceded by a short trip from Kiel in Germany to Bergen in Norway in May 1943. She left the Nordic port on 22 May, heading west, she entered the Atlantic Ocean. She did not encounter any Allied shipping, failed to find her first victory. An unidentified aircraft attacked U-193 south of the Canary Islands on 6 July, wounding two men and destroying the Metox radar detection equipment; the submarine entered Bordeaux in occupied France, on 23 July. U-193's second foray began with her departure from La Pallice, on 12 October 1943. Moving to the Gulf of Mexico, she sank the independently sailing 10,000-ton American oil tanker SS Touchet west of Florida with the loss of ten of her crew.
The remainder of the patrol was a failure, however, as a combination of dud torpedoes, well-organized convoys and effective counter-measures combined to prevent the boat gaining a single hit. As the second patrol came to an end in February 1944 after five frustrating months at sea, U-193 caused an international incident following an attack by Allied aircraft and convoy escorts off the Spanish coast. In her desperate attempts to escape, she dived straight into the seabed, causing serious damage to the boat. Knowing a journey to a German-held port was now impossible, her captain, Hans Pauckstadt, decided to intern his boat in Ferrol, Spain. Under international law, if U-193 remained in the neutral harbour for more than 24 hours the Spanish authorities were obliged to detain the submarine for the remainder of hostilities; this did not occur, U-193 stayed in Ferrol for ten days whilst Spanish workmen performed superficial repairs to the U-boat. U-193 left the port despite Allied protests and returned to La Pallice in France, where more extensive repairs were completed and Paukstadt was replaced by Kptlt.
Dr. Ulrich Abel. Abel had served as Watch Officer on U-154 under the command of de:Oskar Kusch. Abel denounced Kusch, which led to Kusch's court execution for defeatism; this six-day passage is listed as U-193's'third' patrol, although there was no intention of operating against Allied shipping. Following repairs, U-193 was never heard from again, her loss remains a mystery. A post-war assessment states that on the 28 April 1944, she was seen and attacked by a British Royal Air Force Vickers Wellington bomber of No. 612 Squadron RAF, whose depth charges sank the boat with all 59 hands not far from Nantes. This attack was against U-802, inflicting no damage. Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type IXC/40 boat U-193". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 7 December 2014. Hofmann, Markus. "U 193". Deutsche U-Boote 1935–1945 - u-boot-archiv.de. Retrieved 7 December 2014