click links in text for more info

Coconut Island

Coconut Island, or Moku o Loʻe, is a 28-acre island in Kāne'ohe Bay off the island of Oahu in the state of Hawaii, United States. It is a marine research facility of the Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology of the University of Hawaii. In 1934–1936, Chris Holmes II, an heir to the Fleischmann yeast fortune, doubled the original 12-acre island with coral rubble and earthen landfill, he established a residence with aquaria and aviaries for his many pets. The island was converted to a rest and relaxation station for United States Navy flyers during World War II. In 1946 a group of five Los Angeles businessmen, including Edwin W. Pauley, bought the island from the estate of Chris Holmes II with the idea of converting it to the exclusive Coconut Island Club International, 1946-7, hired architects Paul Williams, A. Quincy Jones, C. W. Lemmon of Belt Lemmon and Lo, Architects of Honolulu to design a community of cottages, tennis courts, a yacht club and other recreational facilities including remodeling the Holmes mansion and barracks.

The Pauley group wanted to develop the island into a private, membership only resort. In 1949 this idea was dropped and a scaled-back Coconut Island Hotel with accommodation for 32 guests opened in February 1950. In 1948, Pauley donated a portion of the island to the University of Hawaii to be used as a marine research facility. From the 1950s to the 1980s, the Pauley family used the island for summer get-aways and hosted many notable guests. From the mid-80s to mid-90s Japanese real estate investor Katsuhiro Kawaguchi owned the island and permitted the University of Hawaii to use some of its areas for research. In 1995, the Edwin Pauley Foundation granted a gift of $9.6 million to the University of Hawaii Foundation to purchase the private half of the island and build new laboratories on it. The island is now owned by the state and is the facility for the Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, part of the University of Hawaii, it is the only U. S. laboratory built on a coral reef. Coconut Island was used for the opening sequence of the television program Gilligan's Island.

Whitlow Au, researcher who works on Coconut Island Klieger, P. Christiaan. Moku o Lo'e: A History of Coconut Island, Hawaii: Bishop Museum Press, ISBN 978-1-58178-072-7, archived from the original on 2008-01-08, retrieved 2008-01-24. 2008 Institute bonds Field Study More on School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology Decomposition patterns in terrestrial and intertidal habitats on Oahu Island and Coconut Island, Hawaii Monthly Tide Calendar for Coconut Island

Edwin Jackson Kyle

Edwin Jackson Kyle was the U. S. Ambassador to Guatemala from 1945—1948, he was the first Texan to advocate agricultural teaching in state schools successfully. He is the namesake of Kyle Field, an American football stadium in College Station, TX, his parents are the namesake of the suburban town of Kyle, Texas located fifteen miles south of Austin. Kyle was born July 1876 in Kyle, Texas to Captain Fergus Kyle and Anna Moore, his father was a Texas state legislator. Kyle attended various public and private schools before enrolling at the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in 1896. A high achiever, Kyle became the highest-ranking cadet in his junior class. In his senior year he served as "senior captain," the highest rank in the Corps of Cadets, as well as class president and president of the YMCA. Due to an unexpected vacancy, Kyle became acting commandant for one month, becoming the only student to hold that position; this role gave him voting privileges in faculty matters, something no other A&M student has been granted.

Kyle graduated with honors in 1899 as class valedictorian before attending Cornell University, where he received a B. S. degree in agriculture in 1901 and an M. S. in 1902. During his time at Cornell, Kyle was a founding member of Cornell's Alpha Zeta fraternity, "was involved in the production of fruits and vegetables for the Pan-American Exposition of 1900." and an honorary doctorate in agriculture from the University of Arkansas in 1949. In 1902, Kyle returned to Texas A&M as an instructor in the horticulture department, he advanced to department head and was granted a full professorship in 1905. When the department became the School of Agriculture in 1911, Kyle was named its first dean. Committed to education as well as research, Kyle wrote prolifically about agriculture, his book, Fundamentals of Farming and Farm Life, was adopted by the state of Texas as a standard elementary textbook in 1912. Within 30 years this textbook had sold over half a million copies, "an enormous publication run for the era."In the fall of 1904, the director of the General Athletics Association, wanted to secure and develop an athletic field to promote the school's athletics.

Texas A&M was unwilling to provide funds, so Kyle fenced off a section of the southeast corner of campus, assigned to him for agricultural use. Using $650 of his own money, he purchased the covered grandstand from the Bryan fairgrounds and built wooden bleachers to raise the seating capacity to 500 people; the students unofficially named the athletic field Kyle Field in his honor in 1908. Although Kyle resigned as head of the General Athletics Association when he became a dean, he remained involved with the improvements to the athletic field for many years. In 1941, Kyle toured Central and South America on behalf of the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs to study the agriculture economy; the following year the Texas Department of Agriculture appointed him as an official delegate to the second Inter-American Conference on Agriculture in Mexico. Kyle retired from Texas A&M in 1944. For a brief period following his retirement, he served as the Director of the Farm Credit Administration at Houston.

In January 1945 he was selected by U. S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt to be the American ambassador to Guatemala. Following his resignation in 1947, Guatemala awarded him the Order of the Quetzal, making him at the time the only American so honored. In 1948, Kyle returned to Bryan, where he lived for the rest of his life, he died at his home on December 26, 1963

The Soul-Mate

The Soul-Mate is a 2018 South Korean comedy-drama film directed by Jo Won-hee. The film stars Kim Young-kwang and Lee Yoo-young, it was released on September 26, 2018. A judo instructor named Jang-su, thinks only about taking care of his daughter after losing his wife, but his life turns upside down when he becomes haunted by a soul named Tae-jin, an over-enthusiastic police officer who gets into a coma during a case investigation. Tae-jin, who can't stand injustice convinces Jang-su to help him investigate his unsolved case. Ma Dong-seok as Jang-su Kim Young-kwang as Tae-jin Lee Yoo-young as Hyeon-ji Choi Gwi-hwa as Jong-sik Joo Jin-mo as Police inspector Yang Choi Yoo-ri as Do-kyung, Jang-su's daughter Bae Jung-hwa as Do-kyung's mother Kim Ara as So-yeong Yoon Hee-won as Chief Lee Ye Jung-hwa as Beautiful woman passing by Principal photography began on August 10, 2016, wrapped on October 10, 2016; the film was released in South Korea on September 2018, with age 12-rating. Due to a competitive week from late September to early October, the film failed to secure more screens and was released on V.

O. D on October 12, 2018, only 16 days after its theatrical release. On its opening day, the film finished fourth at the box office, attracting 163,647 moviegoers and grossing US$1.1 million. During its opening weekend, the film finished in fourth place, grossing US$1.4 million from 172,082 attendance. The film dropped to eighth place during its second weekend, grossed US$91,904 from 12,102 attendance, 95% lower gross compared to its debut weekend; as of October 7, 2018, the film earned US$3.3 million gross from 450,106 total attendance. The Soul-Mate on IMDb The Soul-Mate at HanCinema The Soul-Mate at Naver

Terry Hemmings

Terence Henry "Terry" Hemmings is a former Australian politician who represented the South Australian House of Assembly seat of Napier for the Labor Party from 1977 to 1993. Hemmings held the roles of Minister of Housing and Minister of Local Government from 10 November 1982 to 10 February 1984, he replaced these with Minister of Housing and Construction from 10 February 1984 and Minister of Public Works from 19 February 1984. He added Minister of Aboriginal Affairs on 20 April 1989, but lost all ministerial positions on 14 December 1989 following the Labor Party's defeat at the 1989 election, he had been the mayor of the City of Elizabeth from 1977 to 1979

Society in the Joseon Dynasty

Society in the Joseon Dynasty was built upon Neo-Confucianist ideals, namely the three fundamental principles and five moral disciplines. There were four classes, the yangban nobility, the "middle class" chungin, sangmin, or the commoners and the cheonmin, the outcasts at the bottom. Society was ruled by the yangban, who had several privileges. Slaves were of the lowest standing. During this period clan structure became bloodline was of utmost importance. Family life was regulated by law enforcing Confucian rituals. Compared to Goryeo practices before, marriage rituals were aggravated. Noblemen could have only one wife and several concubines but their children born from commoner or slave concubines were considered illegitimate and denied any yangban rights; the roles and rights of women were reduced compared to previous eras in Korean history. Yangban women were hidden from the outer world and every woman had to conform to Confucian ideals of purity, obedience and faithfulness. Women were subjects of male dominance throughout their lives, obliged to listen to their fathers, fathers-in-law and firstborn sons.

Homes were divided into female quarters to separate the sexes. Korean society has always been hierarchical and the conscious, government-backed spreading of Neo-Confucianism reinforced this idea. Though the philosophy originates in China and Vietnam adopted it, Korea integrated Confucianism into daily life, transformed it to fit the nation's needs and developed it in a way that became specific to Korea. Korean society in Joseon was built upon the three fundamental principles and five moral disciplines: samgang: chung: loyalty to the king hyo: filial obedience to the parents yeol: differentiation between men and women oryun: ui: righteousness and justice: the relationship between monarch and the people chin: warmth and closeness between parents and children byeol: differentiation between husband and wife seo: order between seniors and juniors sin: trust between friendsThis means that Korean society placed utmost importance on hierarchy between classes and younger people, emphasized family values, the keeping of order and harmony and the inferior social status of women.

Rituals became important, paying respect to one's ancestors and the need for lifelong learning were valued. Neo-Confucians considered hard work, purity and refraining from improper behaviour as desirable and valuable human qualities, they could be regarded as prudish, since showing passionate emotions was something noble people were expected to avoid. It was important that everyone behaved accordingly; the Korean language reflects this notion today, by the use of honorifics, which signal whether the speaker addresses a senior person or someone of a higher social standing. Direct communication between the king and the common people was possible through the sangeon written petition system and the gyeokjaeng oral petition system. Through the gyeokjaeng oral petition system, commoners could strike a gong or drum in front of the palace or during the king's public processions in order to appeal their grievances or petition to the king directly; this allowed the illiterate members of Joseon society to make a petition to the king.

More than 1,300 gyeokjaeng-related accounts are recorded in the Ilseongnok. The basis of Joseon society was a system similar to caste systems. Historian Baek Ji-won considers the Korean system comparable to that of India. According to Michael Seth, the Korean system could, in principle, be compared to India's. In practice, classes may not have been as impenetrable and separated as in India. Bruce Cumings, on the other hand, thinks that the Korean structure cannot be called a true caste system but a system where certain castes existed. In theory, there were three social classes; the top class were the yangban, or "scholar-gentry", the commoners were called sangmin or yangmin, the lowest class was that of the cheonmin. Between the yangban and the commoners was a fourth class, the chungin, "middle people"; the ruling class and the recipient of privileges was the yangban class. This elite aristocracy was held most of the wealth, the slaves and the land, they were called sadaebu, "scholar-officials", because when compared to Goryeo aristocracy or the Japanese bushido, they were not landowners who engaged in military actions.

Yangban strove to do well at the royal examinations to obtain high positions in the government. They did not pay any form of taxes, they avoided manual labor and conscription; however they had to excel in calligraphy, classical Chinese texts, Confucian rites. In theory, commoners could apply for royal exams but in practice, from the 1600s, the family background of applicants was checked and had to provide evidence of yangban status on their father's side up to three generations and one generation on the mother's side. Nobles lived separately from commoners, in designated areas of a town or village and spent most of their free time at Confucian academies or gisaeng houses. Yangban families were rare in the northern and eastern parts of the country and on Jeju Island and were demoted yangban that were exiled there. High government positions were filled by yangban from Chungcheong provinces mainly; the scholar-aristocracy made up about 10% of Korea's population. Civilian offices, as well as military posts were occupied by yangban men, the latter were filled by provincial yangban, whose only w