The Manchester Giants are a British professional basketball team based in Manchester, England. The franchise was established in 2011, admitted to the top-tier British Basketball League in 2012; the team's formation was led by Jeff Jones, a former player and coach of the previous team of the same name that folded in 2001 due to financial difficulties. As of 2019, the team play their home games at the George H. Carnall Centre in the Urmston area of Greater Manchester. Plans for a new Manchester-based British Basketball League franchise were first reported in spring 2011 with the city's English Basketball League outfit, Manchester Magic, mooted as a possible candidate. However, after no formal bid was made, Magic's head coach Jeff Jones put together a consortium to start a new professional basketball franchise and revive the Giants brand. A formal application to join the top-tier British Basketball League was made in January 2012, accepted and announced on 19 June, joining fellow new franchise East London Royals for the 2012–13 season.
It was announced that the new team would use the 900-seat capacity Wright Robinson College'M18 Leisure' facility, in Gorton, as its venue for home fixtures, with a long-term plan to move to a 2,500-seat purpose-built venue as part of the redevelopment of the city's Eastlands area. On 17 July, it was revealed via a link posted on Giants' Twitter account regarding team merchandise that the team would be wearing a purple and green themed kit, manufactured by Irish-based sportswear brand O'Neill's. On 19 August, media reports confirmed that the first player to sign for the new-look Giants was Nottinghamshire-born forward David Watts, who had played for Worcester Wolves. More signings were unveiled with Manchester-born players Nathan Schall and Stefan Gill joining ex-Mersey Tigers star David Aliu and brothers Callum and James Jones in the line-up, whilst Great Britain international Nick George was rumoured to be a transfer target. Former Giants star Mike Bernard was confirmed as a new recruit along with young prospect Devan Bailey, just days before the start of the new campaign.
The new-look Giants played their first competitive game against London Lions on 21 September 2012, at their home venue at Wright Robinson College. A sell-out crowd witnessed a tight one-point victory in favour of the Giants, winning 85–84, with James Jones posting 29 points for the home team; the following week, a convincing 99–87 victory at home to Sheffield Sharks meant Giants had opened the season with a 100% record, however their form soon dipped as the new team recorded only one win in the subsequent 12 games. Former Great Britain Under-23 international Ben Eaves was signed at the end of October in a bid to improve Giants' fledgling squad, whilst a deal to sign long-term target Nick George was agreed in December; the team's form started to improve throughout the winter with victories against Durham Wildcats, local rivals Cheshire Phoenix and Mersey Tigers, as well as back-to-back home wins over title-chasing Surrey Heat in January and February 2013. It was announced on 19 February that Nick George had departed the club after making only six appearances.
Giants continued with their resurgent form in a bid for a top-eight finish and a place in the end-of-season Play-offs, taking it down to the penultimate game of the regular season. However an 85–87 home defeat to fellow Play-off chasers London Lions – despite a heroic comeback from the Giants who were down 19 points at the start of the fourth quarter – saw Lions take eighth-place and the final Play-off spot, consigning Giants to a ninth-place finish in their rookie season. Throughout the 2013 off-season the club announced several new partnerships and projects in the Manchester area, including the launch of a basketball academy with The Manchester College and a development partnership with Stockport Falcons basketball club; the team continued its policy of signing locally-produced players with the unveiling of Keith Page as the teams first new signing for the 2013–14 season, replacing Devan Bailey. The roster was bolstered with the signing of veteran Yorick Williams, a stalwart of the previous Giants franchise, as well as Robert Marsden from Leeds Carnegie, Spanish forward Iker Amutxastegui and French swingman Papis Sambe.
Nigeria international Jayson Obazuaye was brought in by Coach Jones, but his transfer fell through due to the club not receiving international clearance for the player. The team improved on their rookie season performance with a 14–19 record during the regular season and qualified for the post-season Play-offs for the first time; the seventh-seeded Giants were drawn in a two-game series against the second-seed Sheffield Sharks in the Quarter-finals. The first game saw the Giants edged out by the Sharks, 60–63, at the Wright Robinson College arena, whilst the second game in Sheffield finished in a rare stalemate between the two rivals, ending 78–78. Due to Sharks' three-point advantage in the first leg, they advanced from the series with an aggregate score of 141–138. There was some success for the team however, as three Giants players were recognised in the BBL's End of Season awards honours, with David Aliu, James Jones and rookie Robert Marsden all selected as part of the Molten British Team of the Year.
The Giants management announced in June 2014 that the team would be leaving Wright Robinson College and switching to a new home venue, the 1,100-seat Trafford Powerleague Arena, for the start of the 2014–15 season. Wright Robinson College Trafford Powerleague Arena (2014–present
Iowa State Cyclones men's basketball
The Iowa State Cyclones men's basketball team represents Iowa State University and competes in the Big 12 Conference of NCAA Division I. The team is coached by Steve Prohm, in his 4th year at Iowa State; the Cyclones play their home games at Hilton Coliseum on Iowa State's campus. From 1907 to 1928, the Cyclones played in the Missouri Valley Intercollegiate Athletic Association, managing a few winning records in-conference but no championships. In 1929, the Cyclones named Louis Menze as head coach. Over the next 19 years, Menze would lead the Cyclones to four conference championships. Two of these teams earned consideration for the eight-team NCAA Tournament. Three years the 1944 team beat Pepperdine to reach the semifinals in the tournament proper before losing its next game against eventual champion Utah, good for a spot in history as a Final Four participant. After Menze's last conference win in 1945 and subsequent resignation as coach in 1947, the Cyclones floated between the bottom and the middle of the conference for decades, their main claim to fame being two wins of the conference's annual "Holiday Tournament", played between Christmas and New Year's Day in Kansas City, in 1955 and 1959.
Neither these tournament wins, nor their regular season performances, qualified the Cyclones for postseason play in the 33 years between Menze's and Johnny Orr's stints in the head coaching position. However, the 1957 Cyclones were ranked #3 in the nation after handing Wilt Chamberlain's #1 Kansas its first loss. Gary Thompson outscored Chamberlain, while Don Medsker held Chamberlain to a career low in scoring and hit the game winner at the buzzer. No. 3 remains the school's highest-ever national ranking. From the introduction of the Big Eight's postseason tournament in 1977 until Johnny Orr's fifth season in 1985, the Cyclones did not advance past their first game. In 1971, Maury John left Drake University to move to Iowa State. John led Drake to the 1969 NCAA Final Four and the Elite Eight in 1970 NCAA Tournament and 1971 NCAA Tournament. John inherited an Iowa State team, 5-21 the previous season. John was excited about the new Hilton Coliseum and led Iowa State to a 12-14 record in 1971-1972 and a 16-10 record in 1972-1973, a 15 year best.
On Dec. 2, 1971, in the first game played at Hilton Coliseum, John led the Cyclones to a victory over Arizona 71-54. Said Cyclone announcer Eric Heft, a player for Coach John: "The place was sold out for the Arizona game and we doubled the capacity of season tickets from the season before. We didn't have all the fanfare you have today, it was my first game and Maury John's first game as the head Cyclone coach as well."In the 1973-74 season, Iowa State was off to a 4-1 start. But, John sat out the remainder of the 1973-74 season after a cancer diagnosis. Assistant Gus Guydon finished the season. In October 1973, John had seen a doctor after having health concerns. Two months on the day his Iowa State team lost at Drake, John was told he had an inoperable malignant tumor at the base of his esophagus. "It was a bolt out of the blue for someone who lived his life free of smoking or drinking," His son John said later. "There was high stress. But he was always healthy."John was optimistic about returning to Iowa State in 1974-75, but his health worsened and he resigned on July 30, 1974.
John said "It's going to be hard for me not to be on that bench. I won't have to sweat out all those games down on the floor, but truthfully, I'd rather be down there sweating them out." John died on October 15, 1974 at the age of 55. During a 28‐year coaching career, John had a 528-214 record. Johnny Orr came to Iowa State from Michigan in 1980. Iowa State's athletics director had called Orr to inquire about Michigan assistant Bill Frieder; when Orr learned of the salary Iowa State would offer Frieder, he negotiated the Iowa State head coaching job for himself. Orr is credited with building "Hilton Magic" and laying the foundation for Iowa State's success in men's basketball. A number of Cyclone greats played for Orr, including Jeff Grayer, Barry Stevens, walk-on Jeff Hornacek, Lafester Rhodes, Justus Thigpen, Victor Alexander, Fred Hoiberg, Julius Michalik, Loren Meyer, many of whom would go on to success in the NBA. Orr's first team, led by junior forward Robert Estes produced a lackluster 9–18 record.
Freshman forward Ron Harris, whom Orr considered his first prominent Cyclone recruit, contributed per-game averages of 13.7 points and 5.9 rebounds. Led by sophomore Ron Harris and freshman recruit Barry Stevens of Flint, Orr's 1981–82 team finished the season with a 10–17 overall record and a 5–9 record in Big Eight play. Harris gave the Cyclones 13.3 points per game. Senior Robert Estes added 10.3 points per game. The Cyclones improved to a 13–15 overall record in the 1982–83 season, but again finished 5–9 in conference play. Many of the Cyclone faithful regard sophomore Barry Stevens' buzzer-beating shot against 10th-ranked Missouri during the 1982–83 season as the foundational example of "Hilton Magic." Stevens tallied per-game averages of 5.2 rebounds for the season. Ron Harris contributed 14.3 points per game. Orr's 1983–84 team recorded the first winning season of his tenure at Iowa State—and the first winning season for Cyclone basketball since Lynn Nance's 1977–78 team finished 14–13—with a 16–13 overall mark and a 6–8 record in conference play.
The Cyclones played in the 1984 National Invitation Tou
Canada men's national basketball team
The Canadian men's national basketball team is ranked 23rd by FIBA. Athletes for this team are selected by Canada Basketball; the team's head coach is Jay Triano and its general manager is Steve Nash, both former captains of the national team. In nine Olympic appearances, Canada has only won one medal in basketball – a silver at the 1936 Games in Berlin; the team finished fourth in 1976 and 1984. Canada has won six medals at the FIBA AmeriCup – two silver medals in 1980 and 1999, as well as four bronze medals in 1984, 1988, 2001, 2015; the team won its first medal at the Pan American Games, a silver medal, in 2015. Canada won its only gold medal at a university-level tournament, the 1983 Summer Universiade, which the country hosted in Edmonton, Alberta; as the country credited for bringing forth the inventor of the game, Canada's national team has been a major competitor at the global stage. Yet, it still waits for its first title at a major international tournament. In the 70s and 80s, Team Canada was placed among the top teams in the world.
The emergence of Steve Nash gave another boost to the team in the 90s. Yet, great performances became more scarce. In September 2009, Canada finished fourth in the 2009 FIBA Americas Championship; this guaranteed them a place in the 2010 FIBA World Championship held in Turkey. Canada finished last of the Group D, got ranked 22nd of the FIBA World Cup. Critics blamed the absence of Nash, Jamaal Magloire and Matt Bonner for Canada's disappointing performance at the 2010 FIBA World Championship. Ambitions to gather Canada's most outstanding basketball players for the 2010 squad failed as Nash retired from the national team in 2007, Bonner did not get his citizenship in time, Dalembert was cut from the team after issues with former head coach Rautins and Magloire opted not to play. On May 9, 2012, Steve Nash was named general manager of the national team of Canada; the Canadians made their debut at the 2018 Commonwealth Games on the Gold Coast, winning a silver medal. 2018: Silver 2000: 4th place 2007: 3rd place 2009: 3rd place 2011: 4th place 2013: 5th place 2015: Champions 1983: Gold 1985: Bronze 1991: Silver 1993: Silver 1995: Bronze 1997: Silver 2003: Bronze 2007: Bronze 2011: Silver The following is the 12-man roster for the 2019 FIBA World Cup qualifier matches against Chile and Venezuela on 21 and 24 February 2019.
Other current players: Retired players: Rick Fox – Retired NBA player Stewart Granger – Retired NBA player Lars Hansen – Retired NBA player Todd MacCulloch – Retired NBA player Steve Nash – Retired NBA player, Basketball Hall of Famer Leo Rautins – Retired NBA player Mike Smrek – Retired NBA player Jay Triano – Retired professional player, NBA draft pick Bill Wennington – Retired NBA player Jim Zoet – Retired NBA player Jack Donohue: 1972–1988 Ken Shields: 1989–1994 Steve Konchalski: 1995–1998 Jay Triano: 1999–2004 Leo Rautins: 2005–2011 Jay Triano: 2012–present Scroll down to see more. 2015: Nike 2015: Bell Canada Basketball FIBA Americas Canada women's national basketball team Canada national under-19 basketball team Canada national under-17 basketball team Canada Basketball official website FIBA Profile USBasket.com – Canada Men National Team Archived records of Canada team participations
The Milwaukee Bucks are an American professional basketball team based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The Bucks compete in the National Basketball Association as a member club of the league's Eastern Conference Central Division; the team was founded in 1968 as an expansion team, play at the Fiserv Forum. Former U. S. Senator Herb Kohl was the long-time owner of the team, but on April 16, 2014, a group led by billionaire hedge fund managers Wes Edens and Marc Lasry agreed to purchase a majority interest in the team from Kohl, a sale, approved by the owners of the NBA and its Board of Governors one month on May 16; the team is managed by Jon Horst, the team's former director of basketball operations, who took over for John Hammond in May 2017. The Bucks have won one league title, two conference titles, 14 division titles, they have featured such notable players as Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Sidney Moncrief, Oscar Robertson, Bob Dandridge, Bob Lanier, Glenn Robinson, Ray Allen, Sam Cassell, Junior Bridgeman, Michael Redd, Terry Cummings, Vin Baker, Jon McGlocklin, Marques Johnson, Brian Winters.
On January 22, 1968, the NBA awarded a franchise to Milwaukee Professional Sports and Services, Inc. a group headed by Wesley Pavalon and Marvin Fishman. A fan contest was held to name the new team, with over 40,000 fans participating. While the most-voted fan entry was the Robins, named for Wisconsin's state bird, the contest judges went with the second-most popular choice, the Bucks, a reference to Wisconsin's official wild animal, the white-tailed deer. One fan, R. D. Trebilcox, was awarded a new car for his part in reasoning why the Bucks was a good nickname, saying that bucks were "spirited, good jumpers and agile." The Bucks marked a return of the NBA to Milwaukee after 13 years. In October, the Bucks played their first NBA regular-season game against the Chicago Bulls before a Milwaukee Arena crowd of 8,467; as is typical with expansion teams, the Bucks' first season was a struggle. Their first victory came in their sixth game as the Bucks beat the Detroit Pistons 134–118; the Bucks' record that year earned them a coin flip against their expansion cousins, the Phoenix Suns, to see who would get the first pick in the upcoming draft.
It was considered a foregone conclusion that the first pick in the draft would be Lew Alcindor of UCLA. The Bucks won the coin flip, but had to win a bidding war with the upstart American Basketball Association to secure him. Despite the Bucks' stroke of fortune in landing Alcindor, no one expected what happened in 1969–70, they finished with a 56–26 record – a nearly exact reversal of the previous year and good enough for the second-best record in the league, behind the New York Knicks. The 29-game improvement was the best in league history – a record which would stand for 10 years until the Boston Celtics jumped from 29 wins in 1978–79 to 61 in 1979–80; the Bucks defeated the Philadelphia 76ers in five games in the Eastern semifinals, only to be dispatched in five by the Knicks in the Eastern finals. Alcindor was a runaway selection for NBA Rookie of the Year; the following season, the Bucks got an unexpected gift when they acquired Oscar Robertson, known as the "Big O", in a trade with the Cincinnati Royals.
Subsequently, in only their third season, the Bucks finished 66–16 – the second-most wins in NBA history at the time, still the most in franchise history. During the regular season, the Bucks recorded, they steamrolled through the playoffs with a dominating 12–2 record, winning the NBA Championship on April 30, 1971, by sweeping the Baltimore Bullets in four games. By winning it all in only their third season, the Bucks became the fastest expansion team in the history of North American sports to win a championship; as of 2018, it remains the only title in team history. The Bucks remained a powerhouse for the first half of the 1970s. In 1972, they recorded their third consecutive 60-win season. During the year, Lew Alcindor changed his name to Kareem Abdul-Jabbar. Milwaukee beat the Warriors in the playoffs 4–1, but lost the conference finals to Los Angeles 4–2. Injuries resulted in an early 1973 playoff exit, but the Bucks were back in the 1974 NBA Finals against the Boston Celtics. In game six of the series, Abdul-Jabbar made his famous "sky hook" shot to end a classic double-overtime victory for the Bucks.
The Bucks lost the series to the Celtics. As the 1974–1975 season began, Abdul-Jabbar suffered a hand injury and the team got off to a 3–13 start. After his return, other injuries befell Milwaukee, sending them to the bottom of their division with 38 wins and 44 losses; when the season ended, Abdul-Jabbar made the stunning announcement that he no longer wished to play for the Bucks, stating that he needed the big city, requesting a trade to either Los Angeles or New York City. The front office was unable to convince him otherwise and on June 16, 1975, the Bucks pulled a mega-trade by sending Abdul-Jabbar to the Lakers for Elmore Smith, Junior Bridgeman, Brian Winters and David Meyers; the trade triggered a series of events. The Bucks' largest stockholder, cable television executive Jim Fitzgerald, opposed the trade and wanted to sell his stock. Although Fitzgerald was the largest stockholder, he did not own enough stock to control the team. After the deal, the Bucks
British Basketball League
The Basement Basketball League abbreviated to the BBL, is a men's professional basketball league in the basement of 33 palace court, the highest level of play in the world. The BBL is run by two individuals and George Mallouk, two outstanding players competing for the BBL Championship; the BBL is not to be confused with the English Basketball League or the Scottish Basketball Championship, which form the second tier of British basketball. There is no automatic promotion or relegation between the English and Scottish leagues and the BBL because of the franchise system in use in the BBL, although several clubs have been successful in making the step up from the EBL in recent years; the League consists of 12 teams with representation from both England and Scotland. Member franchises of the BBL jointly own the league, a chairman is elected by the teams to oversee league operations; the head offices are located in Leicester, where the country's oldest team, the Leicester Riders is based. In 2012 the BBL, along with several other basketball governing bodies including England Basketball and basketballscotland, united to form the British Basketball Union, an organisation created to promote the commercial development of basketball within Great Britain.
In partnership with England Basketball, the BBL launched a women's league in 2014, branded as the Women's British Basketball League. See: List of British Basketball League seasonsThe British Basketball League was formed in 1987 as clubs opted for a franchise-based competition without promotion or relegation. In 1988 Portsmouth won the inaugural BBL Championship title but the following year saw Kingston win the first of three back-to-back league crowns; the 1990s saw a growth in popularity and commercialism of the league. Games became televised and the league picked up sponsors such as Peugeot, Lego and Budweiser, while attendance at games increased; the Manchester Giants opened the 1995–96 season in front of a record 14,251 fans at the Nynex Arena against the London Leopards – a record crowd that stood for a basketball game until 2006 when the NBA started staging pre-season games at the O2. London Towers, Crystal Palace and the Greater London Leopards had success in the mid-1990s and in 1999 a Conference format was introduced, mirrored by the lower-tier NBL the following season.
The two conference champions met in a championship series at the end of the season for the next three years. A single-conference format for the BBL returned in 2002 and five different franchises won the Championship title in the five years after that; however the new millennium saw a series of drawbacks for the BBL. The collapse of ITV Digital cost the league financially, with many franchises struggling to recover from the lost revenue that the £21 million contract was providing. Long established franchises such as the Giants, the Leopards, Derby Storm, Thames Valley Tigers and Birmingham Bullets ceased to exist, though new teams have since been formed under the Giants and Leopards names; the membership crisis brought about the addition of new franchises such as Guildford Heat and elected teams from the lower-tier English Basketball League, like the Plymouth Raiders, both making a refreshing impact on the old boys, with the Heat qualifying for the Play-offs in their rookie season. During the same season Newcastle won 30 of their 40 regular season league fixtures to clinch the League Championship crown – the previous season saw the Eagles win 31 matches but lose out to Chester Jets in the final week, by just two points.
That title was one of four pieces of silverware won during the dubbed "clean-sweep" season of 2005–06, the Eagles marching on to claim the BBL Cup, BBL Trophy and Playoff's – the complete set. Guildford Heat, only in their second season in 2006–07, stole the headlines by storming to their first League title coupled with the BBL Cup, to mark a historic moment for the young club and its fans. Plymouth Raiders put themselves on the map by overcoming their underdog tags to beat Newcastle on their own court in the BBL Trophy final, their first silverware as a BBL team. Newcastle managed to redeem themselves at the end, after a poor season, by their standards, by claiming the Play-off title against rivals Scottish Rocks. Former league chairman and Newcastle managing director Paul Blake is marketing the game at home and abroad, after gaining representation in the ULEB Cup with Guildford Heat's appearance in 2007–08 the league is recovering from a low ebb. In February 2014, the league announced the 2015 BBL Play-Off Final would take place at The O2 Arena, following a string of sell-out attendances at Wembley Arena in 2012 and 2013.
The event saw a record breaking crowd of 14,700 in attendance. The British Basketball League and Basketball England announced in June 2014 the launch of the Women's British Basketball League, the top-level women's basketball league in Great Britain as a counterpart to the BBL; the league signed a 32-game broadcast deal with BBC which saw both British Basketball League and Women's British Basketball League games broadcast via the BBC Sport website. The three main finals would be broadcast on the BBC Red Button. In September 2016, the league agreed a six-year deal with Perform, the leading digital sports content and media group, for the distribution and sale of all global media-related rights; the deal saw every BBL game broadcast live via LiveBasketball. TV. On January 22, 2018, FreeSports announced they would be broadcasting 15 of the remaining games for the 2018 season; the British Basketball League is an independent company owned by its member clubs
National Basketball Association
The National Basketball Association is a men's professional basketball league in North America. It is considered to be the premier men's professional basketball league in the world; the NBA is an active member of USA Basketball, recognized by FIBA as the national governing body for basketball in the United States. The NBA is one of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. NBA players are the world's best paid athletes by average annual salary per player; the league was founded in New York City on June 1946, as the Basketball Association of America. The league adopted the name National Basketball Association on August 3, 1949, after merging with the competing National Basketball League; the league's several international as well as individual team offices are directed out of its head offices located in the Olympic Tower at 645 Fifth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan. NBA Entertainment and NBA TV studios are directed out of offices located in New Jersey; the Basketball Association of America was founded in 1946 by owners of the major ice hockey arenas in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States and Canada.
On November 1, 1946, in Toronto, Canada, the Toronto Huskies hosted the New York Knickerbockers at Maple Leaf Gardens, in a game the NBA now refers to as the first game played in NBA history. The first basket was made by Ossie Schectman of the Knickerbockers. Although there had been earlier attempts at professional basketball leagues, including the American Basketball League and the NBL, the BAA was the first league to attempt to play in large arenas in major cities. During its early years, the quality of play in the BAA was not better than in competing leagues or among leading independent clubs such as the Harlem Globetrotters. For instance, the 1948 ABL finalist Baltimore Bullets moved to the BAA and won that league's 1948 title, the 1948 NBL champion Minneapolis Lakers won the 1949 BAA title. Prior to the 1948–49 season, however, NBL teams from Fort Wayne, Indianapolis and Rochester jumped to the BAA, which established the BAA as the league of choice for collegians looking to turn professional.
On August 3, 1949, the remaining NBL teams–Syracuse, Tri-Cities, Sheboygan and Waterloo–merged into the BAA. In deference to the merger and to avoid possible legal complications, the league name was changed to the present National Basketball Association though the merged league retained the BAA's governing body, including Podoloff. To this day, the NBA claims the BAA's history as its own, it now reckons the arrival of the NBL teams as an expansion, not a merger, does not recognize NBL records and statistics. The new league had seventeen franchises located in a mix of large and small cities, as well as large arenas and smaller gymnasiums and armories. In 1950, the NBA consolidated to eleven franchises, a process that continued until 1953–54, when the league reached its smallest size of eight franchises: the New York Knicks, Boston Celtics, Philadelphia Warriors, Minneapolis Lakers, Rochester Royals, Fort Wayne Pistons, Tri-Cities Blackhawks, Syracuse Nationals, all of which remain in the league today.
The process of contraction saw. The Hawks shifted from the Tri-Cities to Milwaukee in 1951, to St. Louis in 1955; the Rochester Royals moved from Rochester, New York, to Cincinnati in 1957 and the Pistons relocated from Fort Wayne, Indiana, to Detroit in 1957. Japanese-American Wataru Misaka broke the NBA color barrier in the 1947–48 season when he played for the New York Knicks, he remained the only non-white player in league history prior to the first African-American, Harold Hunter, signing with the Washington Capitols in 1950. Hunter was cut from the team during training camp, but several African-American players did play in the league that year, including Chuck Cooper with the Celtics, Nathaniel "Sweetwater" Clifton with the Knicks, Earl Lloyd with the Washington Capitols. During this period, the Minneapolis Lakers, led by center George Mikan, won five NBA Championships and established themselves as the league's first dynasty. To encourage shooting and discourage stalling, the league introduced the 24-second shot clock in 1954.
If a team does not attempt to score a field goal within 24 seconds of obtaining the ball, play is stopped and the ball given to its opponent. In 1957, rookie center Bill Russell joined the Boston Celtics, which featured guard Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, went on to lead the club to eleven NBA titles in thirteen seasons. Center Wilt Chamberlain entered the league with the Warriors in 1959 and became a dominant individual star of the 1960s, setting new single game records in scoring and rebounding. Russell's rivalry with Chamberlain became one of the greatest rivalries in the history of American team sports; the 1960s were dominated by the Celtics. Led by Russell, Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, Boston won eight straight championships in the NBA from 1959 to 1966; this championship streak is the longest in NBA history. They did not win the title in 1966–67, but regained it in the 1967–68 season and repeated in 1969; the domination totaled nine of the ten championship banners of the 1960s.
Through this period, the NBA continued to evolve with the shift of the Minneapolis Lakers to Los Angeles, the Philadelphia Warriors to San Francisco, the Syracuse Nationals to Philadelphia to become the Philadelphia 76ers, the St. Louis Hawks moving to Atlanta, as well as the addition of its first expansion franchises; the Chicago Packers (now Wa
The Birmingham Bullets were a basketball team from Birmingham, who competed in the British Basketball League. The club resigned from the BBL league in the summer of 2006 and soon after went into liquidation, ceasing to exist as a basketball franchise. Birmingham Bullets came to an end in 2006. Team Birmingham did not claim to be the successor side. Worcester Wolves replaced the Birmingham franchise in the BBL in 2006. On 23 March 2007 the BBL announced that a new franchise had been awarded to Birmingham, for the 2007–08 season, called Birmingham Panthers; the Panthers only lasted for one season before folding due to a lack of success. Five years for the 2013–14 season the BBL once again announced a new franchise being awarded to Birmingham, the new entity this time being the Birmingham Knights. British Basketball League Birmingham Bullets at Represent Sports Birmingham Bullets news archive from icBirmingham