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Al-Awamiyah spelled Awamia, is a town situated in the Al-Qatif region in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. As of 2009, it has a population of about 25,500 people. Al-Awamiyah is bordered by the Al-Ramis farms to the east and some other farms to the west and the south. To the north side, there is a dividing line between Al-Awamiyah and the neighboring Safwa city, so the town cannot expand any more and provide housing land for its growing population. Due to this limited land, the people move out of the town and settle in nearby neighborhoods, notably Al-Nasera, home to 2500 people living in 250 homes, it is an ancient town, overlooking the Persian Gulf, in the north end of the oasis of Al-Qatif. It is located about 1 km north of Al-Quddaih, it has a mangrove area. One of its neighborhoods is Al-Zara, which used to be a historic city and the capital of the historic province of Bahrain since the early Islamic times. Despite a ban on public demonstrations in Saudi Arabia, on 29 July 2006, a pro-Hezbollah march took place in Al-Awamiyah and al-Qatif, protesting against Israel’s military campaign against Lebanon.

Further protests took place on 3 August of the same year and on 28 April 2009. In March 2009, at least four people, including a minor, were arrested after taking part in rallies which were organized to protest the warrant for the arrest of Sheikh Nimr Baqir al-Nimr, a senior Shiite cleric and Imam of a mosque in Al-Awamiyah, he had criticised attacks against Shias traveling to the tomb of Muhammad. On 5 April 2015, a security officer was killed during a raid on suspected government opponents. According to the government, at least four citizens were detained and weapons seized. However, residents claimed, they accuse authorities of cracking down on pro-democracy anti-government protests and using it as an excuse for the raids. In January 2016, Saudi Arabia executed the prominent Shiite cleric Sheikh Nimr Baqir al-Nimr, who had called for pro-democracy demonstrations, along with forty-seven people accused of terrorism. In May 2017, Al-Awamiyah was put under full siege by the Saudi military after violence broke out due to evictions.

The government blamed the violence on terrorist activities. Reports indicate that between 10 and 25 people were killed from gunfire and shelling, including two infants. Residents reported soldiers shooting at homes and everyone in streets. During the crackdown the Saudi government demolished several historical sites and many other buildings and houses in Qatif.20,000 residents were forced to flee from their homes to survive. And the town was devastated by demolitions and fighting. Redevelopment Project Without consultation with local residents, a “redevelopment project” was launched in February 2018 by the Wahhabi governor of the Eastern Province; the main goal of the project is to enhance “security solution or the tracking of armed groups and sleeper cells”. Al-Awamiyah's economy is based on petroleum production and agriculture; the town is famous and known for its tomatoes as it is called Ramsi tomatoes after the name of the land it is grown in, Al Ramis. Oil pipelines surround the village from the west and north sides along with several oil wells of which some are old and others newly drilled as part of Qatif Project.

Over 2 million barrels of oil pass through the village each day on the way to the Ras Tanura terminal and refinery. The town is served by the nearby King Fahd International Airport, 25 minutes away with a distance of 30 km from the terminal to the town; the town can be accessed via either two exits from Dhahran-Jubail Highway. By March 2019, a new highway connecting the city with its neighbouring area is planned to be launched. Nearly all of the residents of Al-Awamiyah practice Twelver Shia Islam. Despite persecution by the Saudi regime, residents try to celebrate and commemorate Shia days of remembrance. Ayatollah Nimr al-Nimr was executed on January 2, 2016 by the Saudi regime for his calls for democratic change, his name is praised on Al-Awamiyah's walls and his portraits hang from billboards and balconies alongside those of Husayn ibn Ali. Ali Mohammed Baqir al-Nimr, the nephew of Sheikh Nimr, was run over and arrested by Saudi authorities in 2012, as of 15 February 2018, faces death for the same accusations.

Al-Awamiyah on the web Awam photo Alsalam club Shias are doing better in Saudi Arabia

Erynn Marshall

Erynn Marshall is a Canadian old-time fiddler, ethnomusicologist and author. She was from Victoria, British Columbia and lived in Gibsons, British Columbia. In 1998 she traveled to Toronto to pursue graduate studies at York University, graduating in 2003 with an M. A. degree in ethnomusicology. In 2006 she received an Appalachian Fellowship from Berea College in Kentucky, where studying Kentucky fiddle styles for three months, her fiddle instructors include Melvin Wine, Lester McCumbers, Leland Hall, Art Stamper. She has performed with The Haints Old Time Stringband since 2007. In addition to playing and writing about old-time music she composes tunes, she has recorded with Justin Rutledge. Marshall has lived in Galax, Virginia since 2009. Since 2009 she has served as concert coordinator for the Blue Ridge Music Center, she received a CBC Galaxie Rising Star Award in 2006 at the Edmonton Folk Music Festival. In 2008 she won the fiddle contest at the Clifftop festival in West Virginia, the first female and the first person from outside the United States to do so.

2005 - Calico 2007 - Meet Me in the Music 2007 - A Kinder Season 2009 - Shout Monah 2004 - No Never Alone 2006 - Music in the Air Somewhere: The Shifting Borders of West Virginia's Fiddle and Song Traditions. West Virginia University Press. Ill Fly Away Home The Clifftop Experience Erynn Marshall official site Erynn Marshall MySpace page Erynn Marshall biography The Haints Old Time Stringband site Clifftop documentary featuring Erynn Marshall

Darboux's theorem (analysis)

In mathematics, Darboux's theorem is a theorem in real analysis, named after Jean Gaston Darboux. It states that every function that results from the differentiation of other functions has the intermediate value property: the image of an interval is an interval; when ƒ is continuously differentiable, this is a consequence of the intermediate value theorem. But when ƒ′ is not continuous, Darboux's theorem places a severe restriction on what it can be. Let I be a closed interval, f: I → R a real-valued differentiable function. F ′ has the intermediate value property: If a and b are points in I with a < b for every y between f ′ and f ′, there exists an x in such that f ′ = y. Proof 1; the first proof is based on the extreme value theorem. If y equals f ′ or f ′ setting x equal to a or b gives the desired result. Now assume that y is between f ′ and f ′, in particular that f ′ > y > f ′. Let φ: I → R such that φ = f − y t. If it is the case that f ′ < y < f ′ we adjust our below proof, instead asserting that φ has its minimum on.

Since φ is continuous on the closed interval, the maximum value of φ on is attained at some point in, according to the extreme value theorem. Because φ ′ = f ′ − y > 0, we know φ cannot attain its maximum value at a. Because φ ′ = f ′ − y < 0, we know φ cannot attain its maximum value at b. Therefore, φ must attain its maximum value at some point x ∈. Hence, by Fermat's theorem, φ ′ = 0, i.e. f ′ = y. Proof 2; the second proof is based on combining the intermediate value theorem. Define c = 1 2. For a ≤ t ≤ c, define α = a and β = 2 t − a, and for c ≤ t ≤ b, define α = 2 t − b

Jonathan Malaya

Jonathan E. Malaya is a Filipino writer, author and public official, the Assistant Secretary for Capacity Development, Public Affairs and Communication, administrator of Federalism of Department of Interior and Local Government; as an additional, he manage PDP Laban Federalism Institute, as its Executive Director, the institute is a political think tank established by Senate President Koko Pimentel. He is a member of the Technical Working Group advising the House of Representatives on proposed amendments to the Constitution. In the past he served as Assistant Secretary in the Office of the President of the Philippines, Assistant Secretary for Special Projects and Legislative Liaison in the Department of Education of the Philippines. Malaya is a former writer of opinion column in Philippine newspapers Remate* and Remate Express, has edited several publications including Liberal Philippines magazine and Bagong Pasay Ngayon. Malaya was born on July 13, 1973 in Naga City, Camarines Sur, Philippines to Judge Angel S. Malaya of Iriga City and Dr. Corazon E. Malaya of Goa, Camarines Sur.

He grew up in Iriga City where he attended elementary and high school at La Consolacion Academy where he was an honor student, president of the student assembly, founding editor of the school paper. He pursued his undergraduate studies in the University of the Philippines, Quezon City where he was a founding member and president of the UP Debate Society, Philippine Collegian writer, member of the Alpha Phi Beta Fraternity, he won the championship of the annual UP Pi Sigma Open Debate Tournament in 1992. He took courses on Management Development from the Asian Institute of Management in Makati City, Philippines; as member of the UP Debating Team, he won as Best Debater in the 3rd National Collegiate Debate Finals in 1994 and was ranked the 2nd Best Asian Debater in the 15th World Universities Debating Championships in Princeton University, New Jersey in 1995. Malaya joined government service after college. In a career in public service spanning 20 years, he had stints in all three branches of the government first serving as a Legislative Staff Officer to Samar Congressman Antonio Eduardo B.

Nachura in the House of Representatives of the Philippine Congress. He served as Chief Legislative Staff Officer to Senator Mar Roxas in the Philippine Senate. In 2005 he served in the Executive Branch as Chief of Staff to Education Secretary Florencio B. Abad. A year at age 32, he was appointed Assistant Secretary in the Office of the Chief Presidential Legal Counsel by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, he was seconded by Arroyo to the Office of the Solicitor General again as Chief of Staff. In 2007, he served as Judicial Staff Head to Associate Justice Antonio Eduardo B. Nachura in the Philippine Supreme Court before he returned to the Department of Education as Assistant Secretary during the term of Education Secretary Jesli A. Lapus. After his stint at the Department of Education, Malaya joined the Pasay City Government in 2011 as Spokesperson and Public Information Officer under Mayor Antonino G. Calixto. During that time he serve as Senior Technical Adviser on Education and Electoral Reform to the Foundation for Economic Freedom, The Asia Foundation, Legal Network for Truthful Elections.

He returned to the Senate in 2011 as Senior Adviser to Senator Francis "Chiz" Escudero. In 2017, he was appointed as Assistant Secretary for Capacity Development, Public Affairs and Communication in the Department of Interior and Local Government by President Rodrigo Roa Duterte, he was appointed as administrator of Federalism, on that same year. Due to his unrelenting passion for public service, natural charisma, DILG Officer in Charge Eduardo Año appointed him as the new DILG spokesperson. Malaya was a part-time lecturer at the College of Economics and Politics of the Polytechnic University of the Philippines and at the Assumption College Manila, he taught English literature. He served as Regent of the City University of Pasay and was instrumental in the establishment of the Imus City Polytechnic Institute, he is now on his second term as Board Member of the National Music Competition for Young Artists, a resident company of the Cultural Center of the Philippines. In the Department of Education, Malaya brought with him a wealth of experience in public sector reform and public administration that he acquired from extensive government experience.

He chaired both the Association of South East Asian Nations Senior Officials in Education Meeting and the South East Asian Ministers of Education High Officials Meeting in 2009-2010. He headed the Philippine Delegation to ASEAN + 3 Senior Officials Meeting on Education in 2010, he was a member of the Board of Trustees of the ASEAN Universities Network as well as the Governing Board member of the SEAMEO Regional Center QITEP-English based in Jogjakarta, Indonesia. As DepEd Legislative Liaison Officer, he secured Congressional support to upgrade the salary grade and salaries of all public school teachers through Congressional Joint Resolution No. 4 otherwise known as the Salary Standardization Law III. With the support of Gawad Kalinga and local government units, he spearheaded the construction of socialized housing projects for teachers in Camarines Norte and Davao City; as OIC-Superintendent of Baguio Teachers’ Camp, he implemented a Master Redevelopment Plan that transformed the once run-down facility into DepEd's premier training and

Peter Gorley

Peter Gorley is an English former professional rugby league footballer who played in the 1970s and 1980s. He played at representative level for Great Britain and Cumbria, at club level for Broughton Red Rose ARLFC, Workington Town, St. Helens and Whitehaven, as a second-row, i.e. number 11 or 12, during the era of contested scrums. Gorley was born in Maryport, England. Peter Gorley won caps for England while at St. Helens in 1980 against Wales, France, in 1981 against Wales, won caps for Great Britain while at St. Helens in 1980 against New Zealand, in 1981 against France, France. Peter Gorley represented Cumbria. Peter Gorley played as an interchange/substitute, i.e. number 14, in Workington Town's 11-16 defeat by Widnes in the 1976 Lancashire County Cup Final during the 1976–77 season at Central Park, Wigan on Saturday 30 October 1976, played right-second-row, i.e. number 12, in the 13-10 victory over Wigan in the 1977 Final during the 1977–78 season at Wilderspool Stadium, Warrington on Saturday 29 October 1977, played right-second-row, i.e. number 12, in the 13-15 defeat by Widnes in the 1978 Lancashire County Cup Final during the 1978–79 season at Central Park, Wigan on Saturday 7 October 1978, played right-second-row, i.e. number 12, in St. Helens 0-16 defeat by Warrington in the 1982 Lancashire County Cup Final during the 1982–83 season at Central Park, Wigan on Saturday 23 October 1982, played right-prop, i.e. number 10, in the 26-18 victory over Wigan in the 1984 Lancashire County Cup Final during the 1984–85 season at Central Park, Wigan on Sunday 28 October 1984.

Peter Gorley is the younger brother of Leslie "Les" Gorley. Statistics at Profile at » Legends Evening 70's Cumbrians lose Lancashire Cup Final