Nicomedia was an ancient Greek city in what is now Turkey. In 286 Nicomedia became the eastern and most senior capital city of the Roman Empire, a status which the city maintained during the Tetrarchy system; the Tetrarchy ended with the Battle of Chrysopolis in 324, when Constantine defeated Licinius and became the sole emperor. In 330 Constantine chose for himself the nearby Byzantium as the new capital of the Roman Empire, it was founded in 712/11 BC as a Megarian colony and was known as Astacus. After being destroyed by Lysimachus, it was rebuilt by Nicomedes I of Bithynia in 264 BC under the name of Nicomedia, has since been one of the most important cities in northwestern Asia Minor; the great military commander Hannibal Barca came to Nicomedia in his final years and committed suicide in nearby Libyssa. The historian Arrian was born there. Nicomedia was the capital of the Roman province of Bithynia under the Roman Empire, it is referenced in Pliny the Younger's Epistles to Trajan during his tenure as governor of Bithynia.

Pliny, in his letters, mentions several public buildings of the city such as a senate-house, an aqueduct, a forum, a temple of Cybele, others, speaks of a great fire, during which the place suffered much. Diocletian made it the eastern capital city of the Roman Empire in 286 when he introduced the Tetrarchy system. Nicomedia was at the center of the Diocletianic Persecution of Christians which occurred under Diocletian and his Caesar Galerius. On 23 February 303 AD, the pagan festival of the Terminalia, Diocletian ordered that the newly-built church at Nicomedia be razed, its scriptures burnt, its precious stones seized; the next day he issued his "First Edict Against the Christians," which ordered similar measures to be taken at churches across the Empire. The destruction of the Nicomedia church incited panic in the city, at the end of the month a fire destroyed part of Diocletian's palace, followed 16 days by another fire. Although an investigation was made into the cause of the fires, no party was charged, but Galerius placed the blame on the Christians.

He oversaw the execution of two palace eunuchs, who he claimed conspired with the Christians to start the fire, followed by six more executions through the end of April 303. Soon after Galerius declared Nicomedia to be unsafe and ostentatiously departed the city for Rome, followed soon after by Diocletian. Nicomedia remained as the eastern capital of the Roman Empire until co-emperor Licinius was defeated by Constantine the Great at the Battle of Chrysopolis in 324. Constantine resided in Nicomedia as his interim capital city for the next six years, until in 330 he declared the nearby Byzantium the new capital. Constantine died in a royal villa in the vicinity of Nicomedia in 337. Owing to its position at the convergence of the Asiatic roads leading to the new capital, Nicomedia retained its importance after the foundation of Constantinople. A major earthquake, however, on 24 August 358, caused extensive devastation to Nicomedia, was followed by a fire which completed the catastrophe. Nicomedia was on a smaller scale.

In the sixth century under Emperor Justinian I the city was extended with new public buildings. Situated on the roads leading to the capital, the city remained a major military center, playing an important role in the Byzantine campaigns against the Caliphate. From inscriptions we learn that in the period of the empire Nicomedia enjoyed the honour of a Roman colony. In 451, the local bishopric was promoted to a Metropolitan see under the jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople; the metropolis of Nicomedia was ranked 7th in the Notitiae Episcopatuum among the metropolises of the patriarchate. In the eighth century the Emperor Constantine V established his court there for a time, when plague broke out in Constantinople and drove him from his capital in 746–47. From the 840s on, Nicomedia was the capital of the thema of the Optimatoi. By that time, most of the old, seawards city had been abandoned and is described by the Persian geographer Ibn Khurdadhbih as lying in ruins, with settlement restricted to the hilltop citadel.

In the 1080s, the city served as the main military base for Alexios I Komnenos in his campaigns against the Seljuk Turks, the First and Second Crusades both encamped there. The city was held by the Latin Empire following the fall of Constantinople to the Fourth Crusade in 1204: in late 1206 the seneschal Thierry de Loos made it his base, converting the church of Saint Sophia into a fortress; the city remained in Byzantine control for over a century after that, but following the Byzantine defeat at the Battle of Bapheus in 1302, it was threatened by the rising Ottoman beylik. The city was twice sieged and blockaded by the Ottomans before succumbing in 1337. During the Empire, Nicomedia was a cosmopolitan and commercially prosperous city which received all the amenities appropriate for a major Roman city. Nicomedia was well known for having a bountiful water supply from two to three aqueducts, one of, built in Hellenistic times. Pliny the Younger complains in his epistulae to Trajan, written in 1


Foodora is an online food delivery brand based in Berlin, Germany which offers meals from over 9,000 selected restaurants in several countries worldwide. Using the Foodora app, website or the corporate platform, customers can browse local restaurants, place an order, track it as it’s prepared and delivered by a bike courier or delivery driver. Foodora was founded under the name Volo GmbH in Munich in February 2014, it relocated to Berlin when Rocket Internet acquired 100% of the company in April 2015. In June 2015, Foodora acquired food delivery services Hurrier and Heimschmecker, which now all operate under the Foodora brand. In September 2015, Delivery Hero acquired Foodora from Rocket Internet. Foodora was merged with Delivery Hero’s upscale food delivery brand, Urban Taste, under the name Foodora.. In December 2018, the Dutch group Takeaway purchased the German delivery operations of Delivery Hero, including Foodora Germany. On April 1 2019, the transaction was completed, with Foodora GmbH belonging to Lieferando, a part of the Dutch group Takeaway.

Delivery Hero continues to operate under the Foodora brand in other markets. Using Foodora's website or mobile app, customers can browse restaurants near them, place their order, pay; the order is prepared by the restaurant, picked up by one of Foodora's couriers, delivered to the customer “in about 30 minutes". Foodora provides both B2B food delivery services. In Germany, Foodora suffers from high costs of about €12–14 per driver hour. In January 2017, it was reported that Foodora made a loss of €5–6 million per month globally, though the company is trying to reduce costs and improve efficiency. Foodora operates in six countries worldwide: Austria, Finland, Norway and Philippines.. The company operated in Australia, Germany and the Netherlands. Foodora had expanded over the Australian market in Sydney and Brisbane. In September 2015, Foodora acquired a local delivery company Suppertime re-branding it to Foodora in May. On 1 August 2018, Foodora announced that it was closing operations in Australia on 20 August 2018.

In July 2015, Foodora entered the Canadian market by acquiring Toronto-based delivery company Hurrier. They expanded to Montreal in October 2015 and re-branded both cities to Foodora in January 2016. An expansion to Vancouver occurred in 2016, they expanded to Ottawa in early 2019. Foodora rolled out a partnership with the LCBO in September 2019 in Toronto. Foodora ended its operations in the Netherlands on 15 October 2018, it had been active in the country since May 2015. Foodora has been accused of "sham contracts" with its workers. In October 2016, Foodora workers in Turin responded to the proposed change from hourly work to piece work with an organised protest against the general reduction in quality of work. In 2017, Foodora workers protested working conditions in Berlin. Foodora workers in Australia have spoken out about the company. Workers have protested against the continuously falling rate of pay and policies that encourage dangerous behavior on the road. Of concern is workers' status as independent contractors despite their working conditions resembling that of employees.

Foodora has responded punitively against workers who have spoken out, leading at least two workers to pursue legal action against the company. On 16 November 2018, Foodora lost its unfair dismissal case, as the court ruled that its drivers were classed as employees rather than contractors, was ordered to pay a former delivery driver $16,000 in compensation. Official website Official website Canada Official tech blog


KSCO is a radio station broadcasting a news/talk format located in Santa Cruz, California. It can be heard over much of Central California during the day. Since 1991, it has been owned by the Zwerling family. Both son Michael and late mother Kay Zwerling take an active role in the station with the former hosting the call-in show Saturday Special and the latter writing and voicing politically conservative commentaries on a variety of topics politics and current events. On January 3, 2017 Kay Zwerling died at 95 years old. KSCO began life in 1947 in a distinctive art deco building, built for the station, still broadcasts there today; the founder was Vernon Berlin. Years he began KSCO-FM, which had a beautiful music format. In 1986, Vernon Berlin sold both KSCO-FM and AM to Fuller-Jeffrey Broadcasting which owned numerous stations around the country; the AM station went to an automated satellite format of adult standards and on March 10, 1987, KSCO-FM changed call letters and its format to KLRS with a first in the world new-age music format.

The Zwerlings acquired the AM station in 1991, acquired another local AM station, KOMY. On September 25, 2006, KSCO and KOMY received an envelope containing white powder; the envelope, which had no return address and contained no letter, was addressed to "AUNTIE KSCO" in handwriting described by Program Director Rosemary Chalmers as "chicken-scratch." Emergency response teams arrived on scene, all KSCO personnel in the building were evacuated by a HazMat crew. By the evening of Tuesday, September 26, an FBI lab had determined that the powder was inert, KSCO/KOMY's broadcast studios were deemed safe. Regular broadcasting resumed at 8:00 PST that evening. None of the four people who came in contact with the envelope have experienced symptoms of any illness; the station programming is a mix of local and brokered programming. A host can either pay for the hour out of his or her own pocket or find local businesses to sponsor the show in exchange for advertising; the programming is a mix of national shows.

The morning hours feature a locally produced news-and-comment program with Rosemary Chalmers. This is followed by nationally syndicated Rush Limbaugh local host Charley Freedman, afternoon drive-time with Dave Michaels. In addition to historical commentary, Freedman serves up vintage jazz from'30s, and'40s; the night includes national programs with Alex Coast to Coast. Station owner Michael Zwerling does not subscribe to rating services, so listenership is unreported. KSCO solicits donations from listeners to keep it on the air on its web page. KSCO sells programming hours to augment advertising income. Brokered programing includes that of Dr. Joel D. Wallach, a veterinarian and self-described naturopath who claims most diseases are the result of mineral deficiencies and promotes the sale of "colloidal minerals" throughout his programming; the station broadcasts commentaries by the owner's mother on topics such as whether Obama is an American, supporting torture of Guantanamo Bay prisoners, calling for a military draft.

Kay Zwerling sells Dr. Wallach's supplements; the commissions that come from the sale of Wallach's products are, by KSCO's own admission, the station's primary revenue stream, without it, the station would be unprofitable, as the station is unable to support itself through advertising alone. Ethan Bearman broadcasts his nationally syndicated show from KSCO. Bearman received attention for discussions on his show of needle exchange programs in Santa Cruz. A fill-in host for Bearman generated controversy when station chief engineer Bill Graff threatened to turn the station off over comments the host made during a segment parodying Duck Dynasty following the controversy surrounding Phil Robertson’s GQ Interview. In the early-to-mid 1990s, KSCO's local programs were hosted by Daryl Alan Gault, Rob Roberts, Brian Maloney and others. Current local hosts include Vernon Bohr, as well as Rosemary Chalmers, with engineer and co-host Rick O'Shea, King of the Hill traffic reports, local news with Jason Strubbe, Tavia Avila, Susan Simon.

The station carries a mix of syndicated programs and hosts, including Rush Limbaugh, Alex Jones and Coast to Coast AM. On August 3, 2015, KSCO launched an FM simulcast on 104.1 MHz with translator K281CA from the Mt. Madonna Tower, it uses a directional antenna with most of the signal directed to the west. On May 11, 2017 KSCO was granted a license for translator K300DD on 107.9 MHz from the Mt. Madonna Tower, it uses a directional antenna with most of the signal directed to the north northeast. On June 8, 2017 KSCO was granted a license for translator K239CN on 95.7 MHz from the Mt. Madonna tower, it uses a directional antenna with most of the signal directed to the east southeast. KSCO 1080 AM Website Query the FCC's AM station database for KSCO Radio-Locator Information on KSCO Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for KSCOQuery the FCC's FM station database for K281CA Radio-Locator information on K281CA Query the FCC's FM station database for K300DD Radio-Locator information on K300DD Query the FCC's FM station database for K239CN Radio-Locator information on K239CN