Local government in Georgia (country)

Local government in Georgia is administered at the level of the subdivisions of Georgia, which are known as the units of self-government or municipalities. The Georgian Law on Self Government defines a municipality as a settlement or a unity of settlement with defined boundaries, administrative center, as well as representative and executive bodies of government, possesses their own assets and income; the self-government in Georgia is organized according to the Constitution of Georgia, the European Charter of Local Self-Government, the Organic Law of Georgia on Local Self-Government, the latest version of, adopted in 2014. In the Autonomous Republic of Adjara, it further regulated by the Constitutional Law of Georgia on the Status of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara; the Georgian law defines the breakaway entities of Abkhazia and South Ossetia as occupied territories, where the question of self-government should be resolved after the restoration of Georgian sovereignty. The bodies of local self-government have no jurisdiction over the free industrial zones.

The Government of Georgia can create, merge, or dissolve municipality as well as change their boundaries with the approval of the Parliament after the prior consultation with or at the request of the respective municipalities. The municipalities have their own symbols such as flag and coat of arms, the designs of which are consulted with and approved by the State Council of Heraldry at the Parliament of Georgia; the official language in all municipalities is Georgian. The municipalities possess the rights of administer their own budgets, natural resources, local taxes, manage local infrastructure; the bodies of self-government at the level of municipalities are a representative council, directly elected for a four-year term, an executive branch, headed by a mayor, directly elected for a four-year term. Tbilisi is a self-governing city, further, enjoys a special legal status of the national capital, it is further subdivided into districts, headed by gamgebeli, who are appointed by the Mayor of Tbilisi with the approval of the city council, sakrebulo.

A total of six elections of local self-government have been held in post-Soviet Georgia, first on 25 June 1998. Administrative divisions of Georgia Municipalities of Georgia

Lanzante Limited

Lanzante Limited is a British automotive company specializing in service and restoration of classic cars, while participating in auto racing in both modern and historic guises under the Lanzante Motorsport title. Founded by Paul Lanzante in the 1970s, the company is now led by his son Dean Lanzante out of their workshops in Petersfield, England. Lanzante Motorsport won the 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans with a McLaren F1 GTR for McLaren Automotive, leading to Lanzante becoming a service center for road and race McLarens. Following years of participation in historic motorsport, Lanzante moved to modern racing by entering the BPR Global GT Series in 1995 with a Porsche 911 Turbo competing in the GT3 category with drivers Paul Burdell, Wido Rössler, Soames Langton. In the same year, the McLaren F1 GTR was debuting in BPR, as well as entering the 24 Hours of Le Mans. McLaren's developmental car was loaned to an entry backed by sponsors Kokusai Kaihatsu UK, while Lanzante was chosen to organize and run the team, which incorporated a small number of McLaren employees, other McLaren associates and experienced endurance engineers.

Drivers for the effort were JJ Lehto, Masanori Sekiya, Yannick Dalmas. Lanzante's McLaren was the fastest from the manufacturer in qualifying, inherited the race lead after other McLarens suffered woes; the Kokusai Kaihatsu McLaren went on to win the 24 Hours of Le Mans by a one lap margin, making the McLaren the first car and Lanzante the first team to win on debut at Le Mans. In addition Lehto and Sekiya's involvement meant it was the first Le Mans win for a Finnish driver and a Japanese driver. Following Lanzante's Le Mans victory, their McLaren was returned and the team remained with Porsche throughout the rest of 1995. In 1996 Lanzante purchased their own McLaren GTR for use in the British GT Championship, as well as a Porsche 911 GT2 for BPR; the Porsche was entered for Le Mans, but an invitation to partake in the race was not granted. Langton and Burdell remained in the Porsche, joined by Stanley Dickens and earned several podiums over the season, but Soames Langton suffered life-threatening injuries at the Nogaro round when the Lanzante Porsche crashed.

In British GT the team's McLaren was driven by Ian Flux and James Ulrich, won a race at Donington Park. Although Flux and Ulrich lost the overall championship title to the drivers from Marcos, they did secure the title in the GT1 category. Lanzante did not return to modern motorsport again until 2003 when the company developed a Lotus Elise for British GT, with Dean Lanzante taking over driving duties; the Elise was developed for the Britcar series, with Formula 1 designer Adrian Newey sharing driving duties. Since 2015, Lanzante has been responsible for the road conversions of the McLaren P1 GTR a track-only car. With the production run of Mclaren P1 GTRs having been built and sold, prompted by their efforts in converting track-only spec P1 GTRs to road-legal spec variants, Lanzante Motorsport commissioned Mclaren Special Operations' Bespoke division to build a further 6 new P1 GTRs for them to develop into road-legal P1 LM variants. Of this production run, five P1 LMs have been sold and the other P1 LM, the prototype, designated XP1 LM, has been retained and is being used for development and testing.

To make them into P1 LM spec, Lanzante Motorsport developed these P1 GTRs by, amongst other modifications, making changes to the drivetrain hardware, by employing a modified rear wing and larger front splitter and dive planes and by removing the air-jack system and using Inconel catalytic converter pipes and exhaust headers, lightweight fabricated charge coolers, Lexan windows, lighter seats and titanium exhausts and fixings. At the 2016 Goodwood Festival of Speed, the prototype P1 LM, XP1 LM, set the fastest time for a road car up the Goodwood hillclimb, with a time of 47.07 seconds, driven by Kenny Bräck. On 27 April 2017, the prototype P1 LM, XP1 LM, continued its success on track, beating the road car lap record time at the Nürburgring Nordschleife, with a time of 6:43.22 using road legal Pirelli P Zero Trofeo R tyres but without front number plate required to be road legal. This time was once again set by Kenny Bräck, announced on 26 May 2017. Official website^ "McLaren F1 - The Specialist: Dean Lanzante". Octane. October 2008. Retrieved 22 April 2012. ^ a b Meaden, Richard. "McLaren F1 at the Le Mans 24 hours". Evo. Retrieved 5 May 2016. ^ "McLaren F1 - Le Mans authority: Brian Laban". Octane. October 2008. Retrieved 22 April 2012. ^ "Motor racing Lanzante Motorsport have had entry refused for this year's Le Mans". The Independent. 22 March 1996. Retrieved 22 April 2012. ^ "Meet McLaren's £3,000,000 Ultra‑Limited P1 LM". Goodwood. 24 June 2016. Retrieved 24 June 2016. ^ "McLaren P1 LM is the world's most extreme, exclusive supercar". Autoblog. 22 June 2016. Retrieved 22 June 2016