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Niels Bohr Institute

The Niels Bohr Institute is a research institute of the University of Copenhagen. The research of the institute spans astronomy, nanotechnology, particle physics, quantum mechanics and biophysics; the Institute was founded in 1921, as the Institute for Theoretical Physics of the University of Copenhagen, by the Danish theoretical physicist Niels Bohr, on the staff of the University of Copenhagen since 1914, and, lobbying for its creation since his appointment as professor in 1916. On the 80th anniversary of Niels Bohr's birth – October 7, 1965 – the Institute became the Niels Bohr Institute. Much of its original funding came from the charitable foundation of the Carlsberg brewery, from the Rockefeller Foundation. During the 1920s, 1930s, the Institute was the center of the developing disciplines of atomic physics and quantum physics. Physicists from across Europe visited the Institute to confer with Bohr on new theories and discoveries; the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics is named after work done at the Institute during this time.

On January 1, 1993 the institute was merged with the Astronomic Observatory, the Ørsted Laboratory and the Geophysical Institute. The new resulting institute retained the name Niels Bohr Institute. Research at the Niels Bohr Institute is organised in ten research sections covering a broad range of physics, i.e. astrophysics, solid state physics, particle physics and e-science. In 2010, the year of the 125th anniversary of the birth of Niels Bohr, the Institute established the Niels Bohr Institute Medal of Honour, it is an annual award for "a outstanding researcher, working in the spirit of Niels Bohr: International cooperation and the exchange of knowledge". The medal is made by Danish sculptor Rikke Raben for the Niels Bohr Institute. On the front is a portrait of the atom sign and stars; the illustration on the back is inspired by a quote from Bohr: What is it that we human beings depend on? We depend on our words. We are suspended in language. Our task is to communicate experience and ideas to others.

On the back of the medal: Unity of Knowledge – the title of a lecture given by Bohr at Columbia University in 1954. Nosce te ipsum is Latin and means "know thyself"; this quote originates in the Temple of Apollo in Greece. Recipients: 2010: Leo Kadanoff 2011: Andre Geim 2012: Juan Ignacio Cirac Sasturain 2013: Fabiola Gianotti 2014: Glaciologist Jérôme Chappellaz 2015: Astrophysicist Brian Schmidt 2016: Gerard't Hooft Niels Bohr Nano-Science Center List of physics awards Niels Bohr Institute Niels Bohr Institutet Dark Cosmology Centre Discovery Center

John Penington

Sir John Penington was an English admiral who served under Charles I of England. John Penington was the second cousin of Sir Isaac Penington or Pennington, the son of Robert Penington of Henham in Essex, described as a tanner, he is said to have been baptised at Henham on 30 January 1568. It is possible that he and his half-brother John, born in 1584, have been confused together; the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography speculates that on balance his date of birth was 1584. His name first appears as captain of his own ship, the Star, vice-admiral under Sir Walter Raleigh in the voyage to the Orinoco in 1617, he remained with Raleigh at the mouth of the river. In a petition to the council he stated that he had lost his whole property, in the voyage, he gave evidence, that Raleigh had'proposed the taking of the Mexico fleet if the mine failed'. Raleigh, writing from Saint Kitts on 21 March 1617–18, described him as'one of the sufficientest gentlemen for the sea that England hath', his imprisonment does not seem to have been long, during the latter months of 1618 and through 1619 he was applying to the East India Company for employment, with a recommendation from the Duke of Buckingham.

His applications were unsuccessful, in 1620 he was in the service of the crown as captain of the Zouch Phœnix, in the expedition against Algiers under Sir Robert Mansell. In December 1621 he was appointed to command the Victory, in which, in the following May, he carried Count Gondomar to Spain. In 1625 he was in command of the Vanguard, with seven hired merchant ships, the king and Buckingham had agreed to place at the disposal of the King of France for eighteen months,'against whomsoever except the King of Great Britain.' Buckingham had persuaded himself that this meant against the Genoese or Spaniards, was sorely mortified when he found that the king of France meant to use them against the rebellious Huguenots of Rochelle. The ships were ready on 11 April. On 8 May Penington, as admiral of the fleet, was ordered to deliver the ships, but at Dieppe he was plainly told by the French that he was to be employed against Rochelle: the two orders were directly contrary, he was glad to escape from the embarrassment by positively refusing to take on board the ships a large number of French soldiers, which would have been equivalent to giving up the command of the squadron.

While the French were arguing the point with him, or writing to England to get Penington's orders altered, Penington discovered that he could not keep the ships lying there in an open roadstead, returned to Portsmouth. After a delay of more than two months, during which he received many perplexing and contradictory instructions, affairs took a more peaceful appearance as far as the Huguenots were concerned, on 28 July he received a formal order to deliver up the Vanguard and the other ships to the French, at the same time a private note of the king's certain knowledge that peace was made with the Huguenots, that war would be declared against Spain. On 3 August he arrived at Dieppe. On the impeachment of Buckingham, in the following year, it was stated that Penington, by firing on these other ships, had compelled them to surrender, his was appointed Rear-Admiral of the Narrow Seas from 1623 to 1626. On 3 December 1626 Penington, was next appointed Commander-in-Chief, the Downs, was ordered to seize French ships.

The determination of Richelieu to make France a maritime power was held to be an insult to the supremacy of England. These he was, if possible, to provoke into firing at him, but in any case to pick a quarrel with them, so to take, sink, or burn them. Penington put to sea prepared to obey, after looking into Havre and finding no ships there, he returned to Falmouth, wrote to Buckingham complaining that he had been sent out at the bad time of the year, with only three weeks' provisions on board, his ships in bad order, badly supplied and badly manned,'so that if we come to any service, it is impossible we can come off with honour or safety.' In the following spring he put to sea under more favourable circumstances, captured and sent in some twenty French ships at one time, swept the sea from Calais to Bordeaux. The prizes were sold, the sailors and soldiers, on the verge of mutiny, were paid, France, it was said, would provide the means for her own ruin. In 1631 Penington, with his flag in the Convertine, was appointed Admiral of the Narrow Seas for second time.'

He was employed on the s

Sioux Falls, South Dakota

Sioux Falls is the most populous city in the U. S. state of South Dakota and the 140th-most populous city in the United States. It is the county seat of Minnehaha County and extends into Lincoln County to the south, proximate with the Minnesota state line; as of 2018, Sioux Falls had an estimated population of 190,750. The metropolitan population of 265,653 accounts for 29% of South Dakota's population. Chartered in 1856 on the banks of the Big Sioux River, the city is situated in the rolling hills at the junction of Interstate 90 and Interstate 29; the history of Sioux Falls revolves around the cascades of the Big Sioux River. The falls were created about 14,000 years ago during the last ice age; the lure of the falls has been a powerful influence. Ho-Chunk, Otoe, Omaha, Kansa, Arikira and Cheyenne people inhabited and settled the region previous to Europeans and European descendants. Numerous burial mounds still exist on the high bluffs near the river and are spread throughout the general vicinity.

Indigenous people maintained an agricultural society with fortified villages, the arrivals rebuilt on many of the same sites that were settled. Lakota populate urban and reservation communities in the contemporary state and many Lakota and numerous other Indigenous Americans reside in Sioux Falls today. French voyagers/explorers visited the area in the early 18th century; the first documented visit by an American was by Philander Prescott, who camped overnight at the falls in December 1832. Captain James Allen led a military expedition out of Fort Des Moines in 1844. Jacob Ferris described the Falls in his 1856 book "The States and Territories of the Great West". Two separate groups, the Dakota Land Company of St. Paul and the Western Town Company of Dubuque, Iowa organized in 1856 to claim the land around the falls, considered a promising townsite for its beauty and water power; each worked together for mutual protection. They built a temporary barricade of turf which they dubbed "Fort Sod", in response to native tribes attempting to defend their land from the settlers.

Seventeen men spent "the first winter" in Sioux Falls. The following year the population grew to near 40. Although conflicts in Minnehaha County between Native Americans and white settlers were few, the Dakota War of 1862 engulfed nearby southwestern Minnesota; the town was evacuated in August of that year when two local settlers were killed as a result of the conflict. The settlers and soldiers stationed here traveled to Yankton in late August 1862; the abandoned townsite was burned. Fort Dakota, a military reservation established in present-day downtown, was established in May 1865. Many former settlers returned and a new wave of settlers arrived in the following years; the population grew to 593 by 1873, a building boom was underway in that year. The Village of Sioux Falls, consisting of 1,200 acres, was incorporated in 1876 and was granted a city charter by the Dakota Territorial legislature on March 3, 1883; the arrival of the railroads ushered in the great Dakota Boom decade of the 1880s. The population of Sioux Falls mushroomed from 2,164 in 1880 to 10,167 at the close of the decade.

The growth transformed the city. A severe plague of grasshoppers and a national depression halted the boom by the early 1890s; the city grew by only 89 people from 1890 to 1900. But prosperity returned with the opening of the John Morrell meat packing plant in 1909, the establishment of an airbase and a military radio and communications training school in 1942, the completion of the interstate highways in the early 1960s. Much of the growth in the first part of the 20th century was fueled by agriculturally based industry, such as the Morrell plant and the nearby stockyards. In 1955 the city decided to consolidate the neighboring incorporated city of South Sioux Falls. At the time South Sioux Falls had a population of nearly 1,600 inhabitants, according to the 1950 census, it was third largest city in the county after Sioux Dell Rapids. By October 18, 1955 South Sioux Falls residents voted 704 in favor and 227 against to consolidate with Sioux Falls. On the same issue, Sioux Falls residents voted on November 15 by the vote 2,714 in favor and 450 against.

In 1981, to take advantage of relaxed state usury laws, Citibank relocated its primary credit card center from New York City to Sioux Falls. Some claim that this event was the primary impetus for the increased population and job growth rates that Sioux Falls has experienced over the past quarter century. Others point out that Citibank's relocation was only part of a more general transformation of the city's economy from an industrially based one to an economy centered on health care and retail trade. Sioux Falls has grown at a rapid pace since the late 1970s, with the city's population increasing from 81,000 in 1980 to 183,200 in 2018. 2019 Tornadoes On the night of September 10, 2019, the south side of Sioux Falls was hit by three EF-2 tornadoes damaging at least 37 buildings, including the Plaza 41 Shopping Center. One tornado hit the Avera Heart Hospital, damaging portions of the roof and windows, causing 7 minor injuries. Sioux Falls is located at 43°32'11" North, 96°43'54" West. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 73.47 square miles, of which 72.96 square miles is land and 0.51 square miles is water.

The city is in extreme eastern South Dakota, about 15 miles west of the Minnesota border. Sioux Falls has been assigned the ZIP Codes 5

Kingdoms (board game)

Kingdoms is a German-style board game for 2-4 players designed by Reiner Knizia and released in 2002 by Fantasy Flight. The game is based on Knizia's original German game Auf Heller und Pfennig, but has been given a Medieval Fantasy theme. In 2003, Kingdoms won the Origins Award for Best Abstract Board Game of 2002. Players take turns drawing tiles from a stack and laying them on an orthogonal grid, representing a kingdom being settled. Tiles can be either hazards; the sum of all tile values on a row or column determines the score for that column. A special case is the mountain tile, which splits the row and column it occupies into two, so that each section is scored separately. Players may play castle tiles, ranked 1 through 4. To score points from a row or column, a player must have a castle there; this score may be a negative number. A player has a limited number of castles. There are three special tiles, besides the mountain tile mentioned above: the dragon, the gold mine and the wizard; the dragon negates all resources in the column it occupies, leaving only the hazards.

The gold mine doubles the value of that column. And the Wizard raises the castle-level of any adjacent castles by 1; when the grid has been filled, the round ends and columns are scored and each player earns points. The board is emptied and play continues for three rounds. Players can not move tiles, they must play their castle tiles when there are still empty places on the board, else they risk not scoring the best rows and columns. This requires tactical thinking. Kingdoms at BoardGameGeek Kingdoms Walkthrough at I Play Red

Tailwind Airlines

Tailwind Airlines is a Turkish charter airline based in Istanbul which operates flights from its bases at Antalya Airport. The airline was founded as a joint Turkish-British project, with the first commercial flight taking place in May 2009. Founded by Kadri Muhiddin, Safi Ergin and Mehmet Demir Uz in 2006, the low-cost airline operated five Boeing 737-400 as of August 2013; as of August 2013, Tailwind Airlines flies to various destinations in Europe and Asia: Belgium BrusselsBrussels Airport Bosnia and Herzegovina SarajevoSarajevo International Airport Croatia ZagrebZagreb Airport Czech Republic PragueRuzyne Airport Brno - Brno–Tuřany Airport Germany BerlinSchönefeld Airport BremenBremen Airport CologneCologne/Bonn Airport DortmundDortmund Airport DüsseldorfDüsseldorf Airport DresdenDresden Airport Erfurt/Weimar – Erfurt-Weimar Airport Hahn – Frankfurt-Hahn Airport HamburgHamburg Airport HannoverHannover Airport KasselKassel Airport LeipzigLeipzig/Halle Airport MunichMunich Airport NurembergNuremberg Airport StuttgartStuttgart Airport Hungary BudapestFerihegy Airport DebrecenDebrecen Airport Israel Tel Aviv - Ben Gurion Airport Italy Bologna – Gugliemo Marconi airport MilanMalpensa Airport RomeFiumicino Airport VeronaVillafranca Airport Jordan AmmanQueen Alia International Airport North Cyprus North NicosiaErcan Airport Norway OsloGardermoen Airport StavangerSola Airport ÅlesundVigra Airport Slovakia BratislavaM. R. Štefánik Airport Sweden Kristianstad - Kristianstad Airport Switzerland ZürichKloten Airport Turkey AdanaAdana Airport AnkaraEsenboğa Airport AlanyaAntalya Gazipasa Airport Antalya – Antalya Airport BodrumMilas-Bodrum Airport Dalaman – Dalaman Airport Eskişehir - Anadolu Airport Istanbul – Sabiha Gökçen Airport IzmirAdnan Menderes Airport The Tailwind Airlines fleet comprises the following aircraft: Media related to Tailwind Airlines at Wikimedia Commons Official website

Lasha Bugadze

Lasha Bugadze is a Georgian novelist and playwright. Among his noteworthy plays are Shocked Tatyana, which satirizes war heroism, Soldier, Bodyguard and... the President. Lasha Bugadze, born in Tbilisi on 16 November 1977, he graduated from I. Nikoladze Art College and Shota Rustaveli Theatre and Film Georgian State University, the Faculty of Drama and Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, the Faculty of Art. Bugadze is the author of numerous novels and of plays that have been performed in many European cities, his works have been translated into English. Bugadze focuses his critical and ironic attention on inter-generational relationships and describes situations in which people fall victim to their prejudices, rigid ideas or stereotypes. In 2002, his satirical short-story The First Russian, focused on a frustrated wedding night of the medieval Georgian queen Tamar and her Rus' husband Giorgi, outraged many conservatives and triggered a nationwide controversy, including heated discussions in the media, the Parliament of Georgia and the Patriarchate of the Georgian Orthodox Church.

He won the Russia and Caucasus Region category of the BBC International Radio Playwriting Competition in 2007 and one of the two top prizes in 2011 for his play The Navigator. Bughadze is a writer and presenter of literary programmes broadcast on radio and TV by the Georgian public broadcaster, he is a gifted cartoonist. He works in Tbilisi, his works are translated and published on Georgian, Armenian, German and Polish languages. Lasha Bughadze's personal exhibition of caricatures and graphic works was held in Tbilisi, he hosts radio programmes on different channels. In addition, he has his own column "Comments about Moon" in the newspaper "24 Hours" and weekly literary-public columns in the journals "Tabula" and "Liberal". Last Bell Gold Era Caricaturist The Literature Express "LUCRECIA515" Box The Murder of a Century The Third Floor Otar That Chair and This Bed" La Comédie Française Political Play Caprichio Tatiana’s Indignation Nugzar and Mephisto President and a Security Boy Animate Beings, Animate Processes + Inanimate Objects Mothball The Navigator - The winner of the BBC International Radio Playwriting Competition 2011 Seven Small Plays Tsitsino’s World While the Main Character was Sleeping 25 Small Plays While the Main Character was Sleeping Mothball Otar and Other Plays Head Daily TV soap opera "Before Sleeping" Caricaturists’ Festival in Gabrov Literary Award "Tsinandali" for the Best Play of the Year "Otar" Literary Award "Saba" for the Best Play of the Year "Nugzar and Mephisto" The book-shop chain "Parnassus" prize "The Bestseller of the Year" for the novel "The Last Bell" Literary Award "Saba" for the novel "The Golden Era" The book-shop chain "Parnassus" prize "The Bestseller of the Year" for the novel "Golden Era" Russian Theatrical Prize "Triumph" in dramaturgy Award of British Radio BBC for the play "When Taxi Drivers are Attacked" The Second Prize at the Competition of Bakur Sulakauri Publishing "Top Fifteen Short-Stories Theatrical Award "Duruji" for the best contemporary Georgian play of 2011 The winner of the BBC International Radio Playwriting Competition 2011 for the play The Navigator * BBC Video-Interview with Lasha Bugadze in Zurich