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Niels Henrik Abel

Niels Henrik Abel was a Norwegian mathematician who made pioneering contributions in a variety of fields. His most famous single result is the first complete proof demonstrating the impossibility of solving the general quintic equation in radicals; this question was one of the outstanding open problems of his day, had been unresolved for over 250 years. He was an innovator in the field of elliptic functions, discoverer of Abelian functions, he made his discoveries while died at the age of 26 from tuberculosis. Most of his work was done in seven years of his working life. Regarding Abel, the French mathematician Charles Hermite said: "Abel has left mathematicians enough to keep them busy for five hundred years." Another French mathematician, Adrien-Marie Legendre, said: "quelle tête celle du jeune Norvégien!". The Abel Prize in mathematics proposed in 1899 to complement the Nobel Prizes, is named in his honour. Niels Henrik Abel was born in Nedstrand, Norway, as the second child of the pastor Søren Georg Abel and Anne Marie Simonsen.

When Niels Henrik Abel was born, the family was living at a rectory on Finnøy. Much suggests that Niels Henrik was born in the neighboring parish, as his parents were guests of the bailiff in Nedstrand in July / August of his year of birth. Niels Henrik Abel's father, Søren Georg Abel, had a degree in theology and philosophy and served as pastor at Finnøy. Søren's father, Niels's grandfather, Hans Mathias Abel, was a pastor, at Gjerstad Church near the town of Risør. Søren had spent his childhood at Gjerstad, had served as chaplain there; the Abel family came to Norway in the 17th century. Anne Marie Simonsen was from Risør. Anne Marie had grown up with two stepmothers, in luxurious surroundings. At Gjerstad rectory, she enjoyed arranging social gatherings. Much suggests she was early on an alcoholic and took little interest in the upbringing of the children. Niels Henrik and his brothers were given their schooling by their father, with handwritten books to read. An addition table in a book of mathematics reads: 1+0=0.

With Norwegian independence and the first election held in Norway, in 1814, Søren Abel was elected as a representative to the Storting. Meetings of the Storting were held until 1866 in the main hall of the Cathedral School in Christiania; this is how he came into contact with the school, he decided that his eldest son, Hans Mathias, should start there the following year. However, when the time for his departure approached, Hans was so saddened and depressed over having to leave home that his father did not dare send him away, he decided to send Niels instead. In 1815, Niels Abel entered the Cathedral School at the age of 13, his elder brother Hans joined him there a year later. They had classes together. Hans got better grades than Niels, he gave the students mathematical tasks to do at home. He saw Niels Henrik's talent in mathematics, encouraged him to study the subject to an advanced level, he gave Niels private lessons after school. In 1818, Søren Abel had a public theological argument with the theologian Stener Johannes Stenersen regarding his catechism from 1806.

The argument was well covered in the press. Søren was given the nickname "Abel Treating". Niels' reaction to the quarrel was said to have been "excessive gaiety". At the same time, Søren almost faced impeachment after insulting Carsten Anker, the host of the Norwegian Constituent Assembly, he began drinking and died only two years in 1820, aged 48. Bernt Michael Holmboe supported Niels Henrik Abel with a scholarship to remain at the school and raised money from his friends to enable him to study at the Royal Frederick University; when Abel entered the university in 1821, he was the most knowledgeable mathematician in Norway. Holmboe had nothing more he could teach him and Abel had studied all the latest mathematical literature in the university library. During that time, Abel started working on the quintic equation in radicals. Mathematicians had been looking for a solution to this problem for over 250 years. In 1821, Abel thought; the two professors of mathematics in Christiania, Søren Rasmussen and Christopher Hansteen, found no errors in Abel's formulas, sent the work on to the leading mathematician in the Nordic countries, Carl Ferdinand Degen in Copenhagen.

He too found no faults but still doubted that the solution, which so many outstanding mathematicians had sought for so long, could have been found by an unknown student in far-off Christiania. Degen noted, Abel's unusually sharp mind, believed that such a talented young man should not waste his abilities on such a "sterile object" as the fifth degree equation, but rather on elliptic functions and transcendence. Degen asked Abel to give a numerical example of his method. While trying to provide an example, Abel found a mistake in his paper; this led to a discovery in 1823 that a solution to a fifth- or higher-degree equation was impossible. Abel graduated in 1822, his performance was exceptionally high in average in other matters. A

Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies

The Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies is a research organization created in 1978 by a cooperative agreement between the University of Oklahoma and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. CIMMS promotes collaborative research between NOAA and OU scientists on problems of mutual interest to improve basic understanding of mesoscale meteorological phenomena, weather radar, regional climate to help produce better forecasts and warnings that save lives and property. CIMMS research contributes to the NOAA mission through improvement of the observation, analysis and prediction of weather elements and systems and climate anomalies ranging in size from cloud nuclei to multi-state areas, it is one of 16 NOAA Cooperative Institutes. CIMMS concentrates its research and outreach efforts and resources on the following principal themes: Weather Radar Research and Development Stormscale and Mesoscale Modeling Research and Development Forecast Improvements Research and Development Impacts of Climate Change Related to Extreme Weather Events Social and Socioeconomic Impacts of High Impact Weather Systems CIMMS is part of the National Weather Center, a unique confederation of federal, OU organizations that work together in partnership to improve understanding of the Earth's atmosphere.

Recognized for its collective expertise in severe weather, many of the research and development activities of the Center have served society by improving weather observing and forecasting, thus have contributed to reductions in loss of life and property. Many entities of the National Weather Center played a key role in the decade-long, $2 billion modernization and restructuring of the National Weather Service. National Weather Center organizations employ 650 individuals and provide more than $45 million annually to the Oklahoma economy. Today, all organizations are collocated in the new National Weather Center facility, completed in 2006 at a cost of $69 million. CIMMS promotes cooperation and collaboration on problems of mutual interest among OU research scientists and students and the NOAA Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research National Severe Storms Laboratory, NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, National Weather Service Radar Operations Center for the WSR-88D Program, NWS National Centers for Environmental Prediction Storm Prediction Center, NWS Warning Decision Training Division, the NWS Forecast Office in Norman and the NWS Training Center located in Kansas City, Missouri.

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Our Little Sister

Our Little Sister is a 2015 Japanese drama film edited and directed by Hirokazu Kore-eda, starring Haruka Ayase, Masami Nagasawa and Suzu Hirose. It tells the story of three sisters in their 20s who live together in Kamakura, are joined by their 14-year-old half sister after their father dies; the film is based on the manga series Umimachi Diary by Akimi Yoshida. It was selected to compete for the Palme d'Or at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival. There are three sisters: 29-year-old Sachi Kouda, 22-year-old Yoshino Kouda and 19-year-old Chika Kouda, they live in the house of their grandparents in Kamakura, where they grew up after their parents had separated and left them. One day, they receive news of the death of their father. At the funeral, they meet their 14 year old half-sister Suzu Asano. Suzu is living with her father's wife and son. Observing the behaviour of the wife at the funeral Sachi guesses that Suzu looked after their father as he died, not the wife. At the train station Sachi spontaneously invites Suzu to live with them.

Suzu moves in. She becomes popular as the older sisters lives develop. Haruka Ayase as Sachi Kōda Masami Nagasawa as Yoshino Kōda Kaho as Chika Kōda Suzu Hirose as Suzu Asano Ryo Kase as Sakashita Kentaro Sakaguchi as Tomoaki Fujii Kirin Kiki as Fumiyo Kikuchi Lily Franky as Sen-ichi Fukuda Jun Fubuki as Sachiko Ninomiya Shinichi Tsutsumi as Kazuya Shiina Shinobu Otake as Miyako Sasaki The film was produced by Fuji Television, Shogakukan and Gaga Corporation. Principal photography began in July 2014; the film premiered at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival. The film was released in Japan on June 13, 2015, it premiered in London, England on October 14, 2015 as part of the BFI London Film Festival The film has grossed ¥1.55 billion in Japan. Rotten Tomatoes reports a 94% approval rating for Our Little Sister, based on 112 critics, with an average score of 7.7/10. The film holds a 75/100 average rating on Metacritic, based on 31 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Our Little Sister received the most nominations at the 39th Japan Academy Prize, winning four of them including Picture of the Year and Director of the Year.

The four actresses who portrayed the sisters were all nominated for the acting awards. The film won Audience Award at San Sebastián International Film Festival. Official website 海街diary at allcinema 海街diary at KINENOTE Sony Pictures Classics official site Our Little Sister on IMDb Our Little Sister at AllMovie Our Little Sister at Box Office Mojo Our Little Sister at Metacritic Our Little Sister at Rotten Tomatoes

Bevilo tutto

Bevilo tutto is an Italian drinking song. A version is documented in I Nuovi Goliardi - Periodico mensuale di storia Trieste, in the 1880s; the song was featured in the movie The Hitman's Bodyguard with Samuel L Jackson singing with some nuns in a bus. Apart from the line "Se l'è bevuto tutto, E non gli ha fatto male" the rest of the text has various versions; the version as written in I Nuovi Goliardi Trieste 1881: Different versions of the song and different associated drinking games exist. In some versions when the song is sung the drink must be drunk during the first 3 lines since the fourth line is'he has drunk it!'. A version of Bevilo tutto was recorded by the organetto players Andrea and Riccardo, I Ragazzi della Quadriglia on the Album of Teramo region folk songs Il giro del mondo


Enargite is a copper arsenic sulfosalt mineral with formula: Cu3AsS4. It takes its name from the Greek word enarge, "distinct." Enargite is a steel gray, blackish gray. It forms slender orthorhombic prisms as well as massive aggregates, it has a hardness of 3 and a specific gravity of 4.45. Enargite is dimorph of the tetragonal luzonite, it is a medium to low temperature hydrothermal mineral occurring with quartz, sphalerite, bornite, tetrahedrite–tennantite, chalcocite and baryte. It occurs in the mineral deposits at Butte, San Juan Mountains, Colorado and at both Bingham Canyon and Tintic, Utah, it is found in the copper mines of Canada, Argentina, Chile and the Philippines. Enargite was described as a new species from the copper mines of the San Francisco vein, Junin Department, Peru; the name is from Greek έναργής in reference to its distinct cleavage. Enargite is related to lazarevicite, which has the same chemical formula, but cubic crystalline structure. Media related to Enargite at Wikimedia Commons Crystal structure of enargite

Bob Bercich

Robert Edward Bercich is a former American football safety in the National Football League for the Dallas Cowboys. He played college football at Michigan State University. Bercich attended Argo Community High School, before moving on to Michigan State University; as a sophomore, he was moved between fullback. He became a starter at fullback as a split time with Park Baker; the New York Giants selected Bercich in the fifteenth round of the 1959 NFL Draft with a future draft pick, which allowed the team to draft him before his college eligibility was over. He was drafted by the Los Angeles Chargers in the second round of the 1960 AFL Draft, he was released on September 5, 1960. On September 8, 1960, he was claimed off waivers by the Dallas Cowboys, he became the first starter at strong safety in franchise history, while splitting time with Gary Wisener and Fred Doelling. He finished with 2 interceptions and 11 passes defensed. In 1961, he suffered a concussion during the seventh game against the New York Giants and did not play another contest in the season.

The next year, he missed the pre-season with a knee injury and was released before the start of the 1962 season. His son Pete Bercich played and coached in the NFL for the Minnesota Vikings