The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
United Bank for Africa
United Bank for Africa Plc, is a leading pan-African financial services group headquartered in Nigeria. It is one of Africa's best and most resilient banking Groups with operations in 20 African countries and offices in three global financial centers: London and New York. United Bank for Africa Plc is one of Africa’s largest financial institutions with operations in 20 African countries and 3 global financial centers: New York and Paris. UBA has more than fourteen million customers and over 1,000 business offices and customer touch points globally. UBA has been operating in Africa since 1949, referred to as the British and French Bank Limited, it took over the assets and liabilities of BFB and was incorporated as a limited liability company on 23 February 1961 under the Compliance Ordinance 1922. In 2005, it completed one of the biggest mergers in the history of Nigeria’s capital markets with the business combination with Standard Trust Bank Plc. From it continued to expand to Ghana, Benin Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Chad, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Sierra-Leone, Senegal, Congo DR, Congo Brazzaville and Mali.
Followed by its pioneer Initial Public Offer in the Nigerian banking industry in 1970, UBA got listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange, where it is publicly traded under the symbol "UBA" and it is the first Nigerian-headquartered bank to launch Global Depository Receipts, which are unlisted. In 2006, the bank pioneered the interconnection of its 428 African branches making it the largest online real time branch network in Africa. Africans are able to withdraw or deposit money in any of these branches regardless of where their accounts are domiciled. Since the bank has remained in the forefront of technology innovation in the African banking space, launching the first artificial intelligence Virtual Banking Robot in the African market early 2018. United States UBA New York – Regulated by the Office of the Controller of the Currency, is a member of the United States Federal Reserve System, its balance sheet size is in excess of US$1 billion. United Kingdom UBA United Kingdom UBA UK Limited called UBA Capital Europe was established as UK regulated investment banking operation in January 2008 but got the authorization of the Prudential Regulation Authority as a wholesale bank, regulated by the PRA and the Financial Conduct Authority.
France UBA France – the Bank maintains a representative office in Paris for global account management and coordination of its business in the Francophone African markets and broader Europe. Africa UBA Benin - Carrefour des trois Banques, Avenue Pape Jean-Paul II, Benin Republic UBA Burkina – 1340, Avenue Dimdolobsom, Burkina Faso UBA Cameroon S. A. – Cameroon represents UBA's first operational base in Central Africa, commencing operations in December 2007 with head office at Boulevard de la liberte Akwa Douala, Cameroon UBA Chad – Avenue Charles de Gaulle, N’djamena, BP 1148 N’Djamena- Tchad Chad UBA Congo Brazzaville – Started Operations In July 2011. and current has head office at 37 Avenue William Guynet, Face Rond Point City Center, Centre ville, Brazzaville UBA RDC, commenced operations in 2011, is located at 1853, Avenue de la libération, Commune de la Gombe. Kinshasa. UBA Côte d'Ivoire – UBA CDI commenced business in June 2008 with head office at Boulevard Botreau-Roussel, Immeuble Kharrat, Abidjan UBA Gabon has its head office at 282 Avenue Marquis de Compiegne, BP 12035, Gabon UBA Ghana Limited – commenced operations in 2004 and now operates from 28 branches.
Its head office is at Ambassadorial Enclave, off Liberia Road Ridge Accra, Ghana. UBA Guinea-Cky has its head office at Rue du Chateau d'eau ‑ Marche Niger, Commune de Kaloum, Guinea UBA Kenya has its head office at Apollo Centre, Vale Close, Ring Road, Nairobi, Kenya. UBA Liberia – It began operations in July 2008; the Corporate Head Office is on Broad & Nelson Street, Liberia. UBA Mali – located at Hamdallaye ACI 2000, Rue 360, Lot 2511, Face Bibliotheque Nationale, Bamako-Mali. UBA Mozambique – 16 de Junho Square, INCM Building 312, Mozambique. UBA Senegal has its head office at Zone 12, Lot D, Route des Almadies, Senegal. UBA Sierra Leone – Commenced active operations in July 2008 in Sierra Leone, with head office at 15 Charlotte Street, Freetown. UBA Tanzania is one of the Bank’s operations in East Africa and has its head office at 30C/30D Julius Nyerere Road, Po. Box 80514 Dar es Salaam, Tanzania UBA Uganda Limited – Represents UBA's pioneer country activities in the Eastern and Southern African sub-regions.
It commenced operations in May 2008 and has its head office at Plot 2, Jinja Road, Uganda UBA Zambia has its head office at Stand 22768, Thabo Mbeki Road, Zambia. UBA Firsts 1. UBA was the first among international banks to be registered under Nigerian Law in 1961. 2. UBA is the only Sub-Saharan African bank, with a deposit taking license in the United States. 3. UBA is the only Nigerian-headquartered bank with full African footprint across all the sub-regions in Africa. 4. UBA is the first Nigerian-headquartered bank to offer an IPO following its listing on the Nigerian Stock Exchange in 1970. 5. UBA is the first Nigerian Bank to introduce a Cheque Guarantee Scheme – the first cheque guarantee card in the history of innovative banking services by any Bank in Nigeria, known as UBACARD in 1986. 6. First Nigerian-headquartered bank to hit the NGN1 trillion balance sheet size. 7. UBA is the first Nigerian bank to embark on a GDR programme in 1990. 8. UBA is the First bank in Nigeria to
Engineers, as practitioners of engineering, are professionals who invent, analyze and test machines, systems and materials to fulfill objectives and requirements while considering the limitations imposed by practicality, regulation and cost. The word engineer is derived from the Latin words ingenium; the foundational qualifications of an engineer include a four-year bachelor's degree in an engineering discipline, or in some jurisdictions, a master's degree in an engineering discipline plus four to six years of peer-reviewed professional practice and passage of engineering board examinations. The work of engineers forms the link between scientific discoveries and their subsequent applications to human and business needs and quality of life. In 1961, the Conference of Engineering Societies of Western Europe and the United States of America defined "professional engineer" as follows: A professional engineer is competent by virtue of his/her fundamental education and training to apply the scientific method and outlook to the analysis and solution of engineering problems.
He/she is able to assume personal responsibility for the development and application of engineering science and knowledge, notably in research, construction, superintending, managing and in the education of the engineer. His/her work is predominantly intellectual and varied and not of a routine mental or physical character, it requires the exercise of original thought and judgement and the ability to supervise the technical and administrative work of others. His/her education will have been such as to make him/her capable of and continuously following progress in his/her branch of engineering science by consulting newly published works on a worldwide basis, assimilating such information and applying it independently. He/she is thus placed in a position to make contributions to the development of engineering science or its applications. His/her education and training will have been such that he/she will have acquired a broad and general appreciation of the engineering sciences as well as thorough insight into the special features of his/her own branch.
In due time he/she will be able to give authoritative technical advice and to assume responsibility for the direction of important tasks in his/her branch. Engineers develop new technological solutions. During the engineering design process, the responsibilities of the engineer may include defining problems and narrowing research, analyzing criteria and analyzing solutions, making decisions. Much of an engineer's time is spent on researching, locating and transferring information. Indeed, research suggests engineers spend 56% of their time engaged in various information behaviours, including 14% searching for information. Engineers must weigh different design choices on their merits and choose the solution that best matches the requirements and needs, their crucial and unique task is to identify and interpret the constraints on a design in order to produce a successful result. Engineers apply techniques of engineering analysis in production, or maintenance. Analytical engineers may supervise production in factories and elsewhere, determine the causes of a process failure, test output to maintain quality.
They estimate the time and cost required to complete projects. Supervisory engineers are responsible for entire projects. Engineering analysis involves the application of scientific analytic principles and processes to reveal the properties and state of the system, device or mechanism under study. Engineering analysis proceeds by separating the engineering design into the mechanisms of operation or failure, analyzing or estimating each component of the operation or failure mechanism in isolation, recombining the components, they may analyze risk. Many engineers use computers to produce and analyze designs, to simulate and test how a machine, structure, or system operates, to generate specifications for parts, to monitor the quality of products, to control the efficiency of processes. Most engineers specialize in one or more engineering disciplines. Numerous specialties are recognized by professional societies, each of the major branches of engineering has numerous subdivisions. Civil engineering, for example, includes structural and transportation engineering and materials engineering include ceramic and polymer engineering.
Mechanical engineering cuts across just about every discipline since its core essence is applied physics. Engineers may specialize in one industry, such as motor vehicles, or in one type of technology, such as turbines or semiconductor materials. Several recent studies have investigated. Research suggests that there are several key themes present in engineers' work: technical work, social work, computer-based work and information behaviours. Among other more detailed findings, a recent work sampling study found that engineers spend 62.92% of their time engaged in technical work, 40.37% in social work, 49.66% in computer-based work. Furthermore, there was considerable overlap between these different types of work, with engineers spending 24.96% of their time engaged in technical and social work, 37.97% in technical and non-social, 15.42% in non-technical and social, 21.66% in non-technical and non-social. Engineering is an information-intensive field, with research finding that engineers spend 55
Algiers is the capital and largest city of Algeria. In 2011, the city's population was estimated to be around 3,500,000. An estimate puts the population of the larger metropolitan city to be around 5,000,000. Algiers is located in the north-central portion of Algeria. Algiers is situated on the west side of a bay of the Mediterranean Sea; the modern part of the city is built on the level ground by the seashore. The casbah and the two quays form a triangle; the city's name is derived via French and Catalan Alger from the Arabic name Al-Jazā’ir, "The Islands". This name refers to the four former islands which lay off the city's coast before becoming part of the mainland in 1525. Al-Jazā’ir is itself a truncated form of the city's older name Jaza'ir Bani Mazghana, "The Islands of the Sons of Mazghana", used by early medieval geographers such as al-Idrisi and Yaqut al-Hamawi. In antiquity, the Greeks knew the town as Ikosion, Latinized as Icosium under Roman rule; the Greeks explained the name as coming from their word for "twenty" because it had been founded by 20 companions of Hercules when he visited the Atlas Mountains during his labors.
In fact, the name transcribed the Punic name ʿWYKSM, "Seagull Island", again named after the site's former islands. Algiers is known as El-Behdja or "Algiers the White" for its whitewashed buildings, seen rising from the sea. A small Phoenician colony on Algiers's former islands was established and taken over by the Carthaginians sometime before the 3rd century BC. After the Punic Wars, the Romans took over administration of the town, which they called Icosium, its ruins now form part of the modern city's marine quarter, with the Rue de la Marine following a former Roman road. Roman cemeteries existed near Bab Azoun; the city was given Latin rights by the emperor Vespasian. The bishops of Icosium are mentioned as late as the 5th century, but the ancient town fell into obscurity during the Muslim conquest of North Africa; the present city was founded in 944 by Bologhine ibn Ziri, the founder of the Berber Zirid–Sanhaja dynasty. He had earlier built a Sanhaja center at Ashir, just south of Algiers.
Although his Zirid dynasty was overthrown by Roger II of Sicily in 1148, the Zirids had lost control of Algiers to their cousins the Hammadids in 1014. The city was wrested from the Hammadids by the Almohads in 1159, in the 13th century came under the dominion of the Ziyanid sultans of Tlemcen. Nominally part of the sultanate of Tlemcen, Algiers had a large measure of independence under amirs of its own due to Oran being the chief seaport of the Ziyanids; the Peñón of Algiers, an islet in front of Algiers harbour had been occupied by the Spaniards as early as 1302. Thereafter, a considerable amount of trade began to flow between Spain. However, Algiers continued to be of comparatively little importance until after the expulsion of the Moors from Spain, many of whom sought asylum in the city. In 1510, following their occupation of Oran and other towns on the coast of Africa, the Spaniards fortified the islet of Peñon and imposed a levy intended to suppress corsair activity. In 1516, the amir of Algiers, Selim b.
Teumi, invited the corsair brothers Aruj and Hayreddin Barbarossa to expel the Spaniards. Aruj came to Algiers, ordered the assassination of Selim, seized the town and ousted the Spanish in the Capture of Algiers. Hayreddin, succeeding Aruj after the latter was killed in battle against the Spaniards in the Fall of Tlemcen, was the founder of the pashaluk, which subsequently became the beylik, of Algeria. Barbarossa lost Algiers in 1524 but regained it with the Capture of Algiers, formally invited the Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent to accept sovereignty over the territory and to annex Algiers to the Ottoman Empire. Algiers from this time became the chief seat of the Barbary pirates. In October 1541 in the Algiers expedition, the King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V sought to capture the city, but a storm destroyed a great number of his ships, his army of some 30,000, chiefly made up of Spaniards, was defeated by the Algerians under their Pasha, Hassan. Formally part of the Ottoman Empire but free from Ottoman control, starting in the 16th century Algiers turned to piracy and ransoming.
Due to its location on the periphery of both the Ottoman and European economic spheres, depending for its existence on a Mediterranean, controlled by European shipping, backed by European navies, piracy became the primary economic activity. Repeated attempts were made by various nations to subdue the pirates that disturbed shipping in the western Mediterranean and engaged in slave raids as far north as Iceland; the United States fought two wars over Algiers' attacks on shipping. Among the notable people held for ransom was the future Spanish novelist Miguel de Cervantes, captive in Algiers five years, who wrote two plays set in Algiers of the period; the primary source for knowledge of Algiers of this period, since there are no contemporary local sources, is the Topografía e historia general de Argel, published by Diego de Haedo, but whose authorship is disputed. This work describes in detail the city, the behavior of its inhabitants, its military defenses, with the unsuccessful hope of facilitating an attack by Spain so as to end the piracy.
Rosa salvaje (Spanish pronunciation:. The telenovela premiered on Canal de las Estrellas on July 6, 1987 and ran for 199 episodes until April 8, 1988; this telenovela was a huge success in Mexico, Latin America, Croatia, Serbia and Herzegovina, Estonia, China the United States, Indonesia. Verónica Castro and Guillermo Capetillo starred as the protagonists, while Laura Zapata, Liliana Abud and Edith González starred as the antagonists. Edith González was replaced by Felicia Mercado midway through the telenovela. Verónica Castro as Rosa García Guillermo Capetillo as Ricardo Linares / Rogelio Linares Liliana Abud as Cándida Linares Claudio Báez as Federico Robles Armando Calvo as Sebastián Josefina Escobedo as Felipa González Edith González as Leonela Villarreal 1 Felicia Mercado as Leonela Villarreal 2 Magda Guzmán as Tomasa Gonzalez Alexandro Landero as Rigoberto Camacho Sánchez Mariana Levy as Erlinda González Irma Lozano as Paulette Montero de Mendizábal Alberto Mayagoitia as Pablo Mendizábal Gloria Morell as Eduvigez Beatriz Ornellas as Caridad Patricia Pereyra as Norma Renata Flores as Leopoldina Gastón Tuset as Roque Mendizábal Antonio Valencia as Jaime Liliana Weimer as Vanessa de Reynoso Laura Zapata as Dulcina Linares Rossana Cesarman as Celia Eduardo Borja as Hilario Arturo Guízar as Rufino Ari Telch as Jorge Andueza Carmen Cortés as Doña Filomena Jorge Granillo as Palillo Tito Livio Baccarin as Tito Julio Andrés López as Périco Adrián Martínez as Adrián "El Muelas" The following is a list of episodes published by Blim.
In the list of episodes are available only 11 episodes. Rosa salvaje on IMDb Russian telenovela site
A terrestrial network is a group of radio stations, television stations, or other electronic media outlets, that form an agreement to air, or broadcast, content from a centralized source. For example, PBS and BBC are TV networks that provide programming for local terrestrial television station affiliates to air using signals that can be picked up by the home television sets of local viewers. Large networks are national, but there is a Global Television Network. Streaming media, Internet radio, webcasting are sometimes considered forms of broadcasting despite the lack of terrestrial stations. Following the introduction of radio broadcasting in the early 1920s, the American Telephone and Telegraph Company developed the first radio network, linking together individual stations with specially prepared long-distance telephone lines in what at the time was called a "chain"; the key station was AT&T's WEAF in New York City. The network featured a variety of scheduled programs which included sponsorships.
From the beginning, AT&T planned to expand nationwide, so that national companies would be able reach large portions of the nation with their brand names and slogans in an efficient manner. At first the network's expansion was slow. In 1924, the Eveready Hour was broadcast over 12 stations located in the U. S. Northeast. Eveready Hour was the first commercially sponsored variety show in the history of broadcasting. By 1925, AT&T had linked together 26 stations in its network. AT&T decided to concentrate on its most profitable business, in 1926 sold its broadcasting interests to the Radio Corporation of America. RCA's purchase included an agreement to lease AT&T phone lines. In 1922 the Radio Corporation of America followed AT&T's network model lead, formed a small competing network centered on its New York City station, WJZ. However, conflict resulted as RCA had a limited ability to lease lines from AT&T, had to use telegraph lines to connect stations, which had inferior acoustical properties. After acquiring WEAF and AT&T's network assets in 1926, RCA created the National Broadcasting Company and reorganized the WEAF chain as the NBC Red network, the WJZ chain as the NBC Blue network.
On 23 December 1928, NBC instituted the first permanent transcontinental network. As of September 1938, when there were 154 NBC outlets. Supplementing these basic networks were 107 stations, of which one was available only to the basic Red network, six were available only to the basic Blue network, the remainder available to either. NBC had a chain of shortwave stations, called the "NBC White Network", in the 1930s. In 1941, the Federal Communication Commission's Report on Chain Broadcasting reviewed the alleged monopolistic practices of the radio networks; the FCC was concerned NBC NBC Blue were anti-competitive. Because the FCC did not have the power to directly regulate networks, it decided to enact regulations affecting the stations, adopted standards intended to force NBC to relinquish one of its networks. In 1943, the Supreme Court upheld the FCC's power to enforce its chain broadcasting regulations; as a consequence, NBC Blue was sold to Edward Noble who named it the American Broadcasting Company.
After NBC Blue was divested the remaining NBC Red network was renamed the NBC Radio Network. In 1927, United Independent Broadcasters, Inc. supported by the Columbia Phonograph Record Company, started a new network of 16 stations named the Columbia Phonographic Broadcasting System. In 1928 William S. Paley assumed control of the network, which under his leadership focused on entertainment programming and news affiliation, he turned the failing company around, named Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc. in 1929. By the end of 1938 there were 113 CBS outlets. Regional networks on CBS existed in various parts of the country. CBS hired Edward R. Murrow, credited with boosting ratings dramatically. Murrow and CBS covered the war in Europe. NBC and ABC withdrew from the war for safety reasons; as a result of taking the risk, CBS's ratings skyrocketed. In 1945, the NBC Blue network was sold to Edward John Noble, who renamed it American Broadcasting Company. By the mid-1940s broadcasting had become a big Three television networks battle.
ABC went bankrupt and in 1951 Leonard Goldenson and United Paramount Theaters bought the network for $25 million. In 1964, ABC won the ratings race in the fifty largest U. S. markets. In the 1970–71 season, ABC ranked #1 in the Nielsen ratings with a medical drama called Marcus Welby, M. D. the first ABC television show to top the list. In 1929, a group of four radio stations in the major markets of New York City, Chicago and Detroit organized into a loose confederation known as the Quality Network. In 1934 this was reorganized as the Mutual Broadcasting System
Casper the Friendly Ghost
Casper the Friendly Ghost is the protagonist of the Famous Studios theatrical animated cartoon series of the same name. He is a personable ghost. Casper was created in the late 1930s by Seymour Reit and Joe Oriolo, the former devising the idea for the character and the latter providing illustrations. Intended as the basis for a 1939 children's storybook, there was at first little interest in their idea; when Reit was away on military service during the Second World War before the book was released, Oriolo sold the rights to the book to Paramount Pictures' Famous Studios animation division. The Friendly Ghost, the first Noveltoon to feature Casper, was released by Paramount in 1945 with a few differences from the book. In the cartoon adaptation, Casper is a cute ghost-child with a New York accent who inhabits a haunted house along with a community of adult ghosts who delight in scaring the living. Casper, however, is a nonconformist among ghosts: he would prefer to make friends with people, he goes out into the world, hoping to find friends.
However, the animals that he meets take one horrified look at him, scream: "A Ghost!" and run off in the other direction. Distraught, Casper unsuccessfully attempts to commit suicide by lying down on a railway track before an oncoming train, before he meets two children named Bonnie and Johnny who become his friends; the children's mother widowed and impoverished, at first is frightened of Casper, but welcomes him into the family after he unintentionally frightens off a greedy landlord, unwilling to own a "haunted" house, tears up the mortgage and gives her the house outright. The short ends with the mother kissing Bonnie and Casper as she sends them off to school, with Casper wearing clothing as if he were a living child. Casper appeared in two more subsequent cartoons, There's Good Boos To-Night and A Haunting We Will Go. There's Good Boos To-Night differs wildly from Casper cartoons: although the theme of Casper trying to find a friend and failing in these attempts before succeeding occurs in cartoons, the tone of this short turns remarkably dark when a hunter and his dogs appear, chasing the little fox cub named Ferdie that Casper has befriended.
Although Casper scares the hunter and dogs away, Casper discovers Ferdie dead after a harrowing chase scene. However, Ferdie returns as a ghost to join his friend Casper in the afterlife; these were adapted into Noveltoons before Paramount started a Casper the Friendly Ghost series in 1950, ran the theatrical releases until the summer of 1959. Nearly every entry in the series was the same: Casper escapes from the afterlife of a regular ghost because he finds that scaring people can be tiresome year after year, tries to find friends but inadvertently scares everyone, finds a friend, whom he saves from some sort of fate, leading to his acceptance by those scared of him. In 1955, composer Winston Sharples composed an instrumental theme for Casper's cartoons. Casper went on to become one of the most famous properties from Famous Studios. Casper was first published in comics form in 1949 by St. John Publications. After Harvey bought the rights to Casper and many other Famous properties in 1959, they began broadcasting the post-September 1950 theatrical Famous shorts on a television show sponsored by Mattel Toys titled Matty's Funday Funnies on ABC in 1959 which introduced the Barbie doll to the public.
The other Famous produced Casper cartoons had been acquired by television distributor U. M. & M. TV Corporation in 1956. U. M. & M. retitled just "A Haunting We Will Go", but credited "Featuring Casper The Friendly Ghost" as "Featuring Casper's Friendly Ghost". New cartoons were created for The New Casper Cartoon Show in 1963 on ABC; the original Casper cartoons were syndicated under the title Harveytoons in 1963 and ran continually until the mid-90s. Casper has remained popular in reruns and merchandising, Hanna-Barbera produced two holiday specials, Casper's First Christmas and Casper's Halloween Special, the Saturday morning cartoon series Casper and the Angels in the autumn of 1979, all on NBC. Featured on the NBC version was a big ghost named Hairy Scary. None of Casper's original co-stars appeared in the show; the Famous Studios version of Casper was scheduled to appear as a cameo in the deleted scene "Acme's Funeral" from the 1988 film Who Framed Roger Rabbit. Numerous Casper cartoons were released on home video by Universal Studios, which adapted the friendly ghost into a live-action feature film titled Casper in 1995, where he and his wicked uncles, the Ghostly Trio, were rendered via computer animation, which created the first CGI lead character in a film.
The film constructed a back-story for the character and is the only time in the series that the question of his death has been addressed. According to the film, Casper was a twelve-year-old boy living in Whipstaff Manor with his inventor father J. T. McFadden until he died from pneumonia after playing out in the cold until it