The Tomb of Dracula
The Tomb of Dracula is a horror comic book series published by Marvel Comics from April 1972 to August 1979. The 70-issue series featured a group of vampire hunters who fought Count Dracula and other supernatural menaces. On rare occasions, Dracula would work with these vampire hunters against a common threat or battle other supernatural threats on his own, but more than not, he was the antagonist rather than protagonist. In addition to his supernatural battles in this series, Marvel's Dracula served as a supervillain to other characters in the Marvel Universe, battling the likes of Blade, Spider-Man, Werewolf by Night, the X-Men, Howard the Duck, the licensed Robert E. Howard character Solomon Kane. In 1971, the Comics Code Authority relaxed some of its longstanding rules regarding horror comics, such as a virtual ban on vampires. Marvel had tested the waters with a "quasi-vampire" character, the Living Vampire, but the company was now prepared to launch a regular vampire title as part of its new line of horror books.
After some discussion, it was decided to use the Dracula character, in large part because it was the most famous vampire to the general public, because Bram Stoker's creation and secondary characters were by that time in the public domain. The series suffered from lack of direction for its first year. Though Gerry Conway is credited as sole writer of issue #1, the plot was written by Roy Thomas and editor Stan Lee, Conway had no input into the issue until it had been drawn. Conway was allowed to plot issue #2 by himself, wrote a story influenced by the British Hammer Films - a striking departure from the first issue, derivative of Universal's monster movies. Conway quit the book due to an overabundance of writing assignments, was replaced by Archie Goodwin with issue #3. Goodwin quit after only two issues, but made major changes to the series's direction, including the introduction of cast members Rachel Van Helsing and Taj Nital. New writer Gardner Fox took the series in yet another direction, introduced a romance between Frank Drake and Rachel Van Helsing, which would remain a subplot for the rest of the series.
However, Thomas felt that Fox's take did not work, took him off the book after only two issues. The title gained stability and hit its stride when Marv Wolfman became scripter with the seventh issue, though Wolfman himself has contended that he was floundering on the series until the story arc in issues #12-14, remarking, "This storyline is when I figured out what this book was about." The entire run of The Tomb of Dracula was penciled by Gene Colan, with Tom Palmer inking all but #1, 2, 8-11. Gil Kane drew many of the covers for the first few years. Colan based the visual appearance of Marvel's Dracula not on Bela Lugosi, Christopher Lee, or any other actor who had played the vampire on film, but rather on actor Jack Palance. Palance would play Dracula in a television production of Stoker's novel the year after The Tomb of Dracula debuted. Colan one of Marvel's most well-established and prominent artists, said he had lobbied for the assignment; when I heard Marvel was putting out a Dracula book, I confronted Stan about it and asked him to let me do it.
He didn't give me too much trouble but, as it turned out, he took that promise away, saying he had promised it to Bill Everett. Well and there I auditioned for it. Stan didn't know what I was up to, but I spent a day at home and worked up a sample, using Jack Palance as my inspiration and sent it to Stan. I got a call that day: "It's yours." Wolfman and Colan developed a bond while working on the series. Colan recalled, "He'd give me a written plot, but he'd discuss it with me over the phone. I tended to ask questions, rather than to have him assume I got the idea."Dracula encountered the Werewolf by Night in a crossover story beginning in The Tomb of Dracula #18 and continuing the same month in Werewolf by Night #15 with both chapters written by Wolfman. A brief meeting between Dracula and Spider-Man occurred in the first issue of Giant-Size Spider-Man; the Tomb of Dracula #44 featured a crossover story with Doctor Strange #14, another series, being drawn by Colan at the time. The Tomb of Dracula ran for 70 issues, until August 1979.
Comics historian Les Daniels noted that "With an unbroken run of seventy issues over the course of more than seven years, Marvel's The Tomb of Dracula was the most successful comic book series to feature a villain as its title character." As cancellation loomed, Wolfman made to wrap up the storyline and lingering threads by issue #72. But Jim Shooter the editor-in-chief, retroactively cut two issues after the artwork had been completed for three; as Wolfman recalled, I think I realized we were doing a finite story and to continue that storyline would have pushed it into repetition.... I wrote the final three issues and they were drawn. Jim was someone that when he liked you there was nothing he wouldn't do for you, when he didn't, there was nothing he would do, he and I had butted heads since I had been editor-in-chief before him... and I was the editor of TOD, which rankled him as I didn't have to listen to his ideas. Anyway, I said the stories were done and I needed the room, he gave me a double-sized last issue, I needed a triple-sized book.
I had to find a way to cut 14 pages from the printed book. Thank God I hadn't dialogued them all yet, so I cut pages, rearranged stuff dialogued it so it read smooth
Doctor Stephen Vincent Strange is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by artist Steve Ditko and writer Stan Lee, the character first appeared in Strange Tales #110. Doctor Strange serves as the Sorcerer Supreme, the primary protector of Earth against magical and mystical threats. Inspired by stories of black magic and Chandu the Magician, Strange was created during the Silver Age of Comic Books to bring a different kind of character and themes of mysticism to Marvel Comics; the character's origin story indicates. After a car accident damages his hands and hinders his ability to perform surgery, he searches the globe for a way to repair them and encounters the Ancient One. After becoming one of the old Sorcerer Supreme's students, he becomes a practitioner of both the mystical arts and the martial arts, he has a suit consisting of two main relics, the Cloak of Levitation and the Eye of Agamotto, which give him added powers. Strange is aided along the way by his friend and valet, a large assortment of mystical objects.
He takes up residence in a mansion called the Sanctum Sanctorum, located in New York City. Strange takes the title of Sorcerer Supreme to help to defend the world against future threats. In 2008, Doctor Strange was ranked 83rd in Wizard's "200 Greatest Comic Book Characters of All Time" list, in 2012 was ranked 33rd in IGN's list of "The Top 50 Avengers", he was ranked 38th on IGN's list of "Top 100 Comic Book Heroes". The character was first portrayed in live-action by Peter Hooten in the 1978 television film Dr. Strange. Benedict Cumberbatch stars as the character in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, first appearing in the role in the 2016 film Doctor Strange, he reprised the role in the 2017 film Thor: Ragnarok, the 2018 film Avengers: Infinity War, will return in Avengers: Endgame in 2019. Artist Steve Ditko and writer Stan Lee have described the character as having been the idea of Ditko, who wrote in 2008, "On my own, I brought in to Lee a five-page, penciled story with a page/panel script of my idea of a new, different kind of character for variety in Marvel Comics.
My character wound up being named Dr. Strange because he would appear in Strange Tales." In a 1963 letter to Jerry Bails, Lee called the character Ditko's idea, saying: Well, we have a new character in the works for Strange Tales Steve Ditko is gonna draw him. It has sort of a black magic theme; the first story is nothing great, but we can make something of him--'twas Steve's idea and I figured we'd give it a chance, although again, we had to rush the first one too much. Little sidelight: Originally decided to call him Mr. Strange, but thought the "Mr." bit too similar to Mr. Fantastic -- now, however, I remember we had a villain called Dr. Strange just in one of our mags, hope it won't be too confusing! Doctor Strange debuted in Strange Tales #110, a split book shared with the feature "The Human Torch". Doctor Strange appeared in issues #110–111 and #114 before the character's eight-page origin story in #115. Scripter Lee's take on the character was inspired by the Chandu the Magician radio program that aired on the Mutual Broadcasting System in the 1930s.
He had Doctor Strange accompany spells with elaborate artifacts, such as the "Eye of Agamotto", the "Wand of Watoomb", "Hoary Hosts of Hoggoth". Ditko showcased surrealistic mystical landscapes and vivid visuals that helped make the feature a favorite of college students at the time. Comics historian Mike Benton wrote: The Dr. Strange stories of the 1960s constructed a cohesive cosmology that would have thrilled any self-respecting theosophist. College students, minds freshly opened by psychedelic experiences and Eastern mysticism, read Ditko and Lee's Dr. Strange stories with the belief of a recent Hare Krishna convert. Meaning was everywhere, readers analyzed the Dr. Strange stories for their relationship to Egyptian myths, Sumerian gods, Jungian archetypes. "People who read Doctor Strange thought people at Marvel must be heads," recalled then-associate editor and former Doctor Strange writer Roy Thomas in 1971, "because they had had similar experiences high on mushrooms. But I don't use hallucinogens, nor do I think any artists do."Originating in the early 1960s, the character was a predictor of counter-cultural trends in art prior to them becoming more established in the 1960s.
As historian Bradford W. Wright described: Steve Ditko contributed some of his most surrealistic work to the comic book and gave it a disorienting, hallucinogenic quality. Dr. Strange's adventures take place in bizarre worlds and twisting dimensions that resembled Salvador Dalí paintings. Inspired by the pulp-fiction magicians of Stan Lee's childhood as well as by contemporary Beat culture, Dr. Strange remarkably predicted the youth counterculture's fascination with Eastern mysticism and psychedelia. Never among Marvel's more popular or accessible characters, Dr. Strange still found a niche among an audience seeking a challenging alternative to more conventional superhero fare; as co-plotter and sole plotter in the Marvel Method, Ditko took Strange into ever-more-abstract realms. In a 17-issue story arc in Strange Tales #130-146, Ditko introduced the cosmic character Eternity, who personified the universe and was depicted as a silhouette filled with the cosmos. Golden Age artist/writer Bill Everett succeeded Ditko as artist with issues #147-152
Ron Garney is a comic book writer/artist, known for his work on books such as JLA,The Amazing Spider-Man, Silver Surfer, Hulk and Captain America. Garney has worked on JLA,The Amazing Spider-Man, Ghost Rider volume 3, Captain America, X-Men, Silver Surfer and Hulk, he has written for Hulk in collaboration with Jerry Ordway. Garney's late 2000s projects include Skaar: Son of Hulk and Wolverine: Weapon X. Garney worked as the Costume illustrator on the 2007 Will Smith film I Am Legend, the 2010 Nicolas Cage fantasy film, The Sorcerer's Apprentice. Garney is married to an elementary school art teacher in Orange, Connecticut; the Amazing Spider-Man #416-417. I. Joe: A Real American Hero #110 Ghost Rider vol. 3 #39-50, 52 Ghost Rider, Punisher: The Dark Design Hulk #1-4, 6-9, 11-20, Silver Surfer, vol. 3 #123, 125-129, 131 Ultimate Comics: Captain America, miniseries, #1-4 Uncanny X-Force, vol. 2 #1-present Uncanny X-Men #435-436 Fantastic Four #605 Wolverine: Weapon X vol. 1 #4, #5 Daken: Dark Wolverine vol. 1 #9.1 Wolverine vol. 2 #300, vol. 3 #62 New Avengers vol. 2 #29 Fantastic four vol. 1 #19, #605, #606 Incredible Hulk vol. 2 #13, #16, vol. 3 #13 The Amazing Spider-Man vol. 1 #416, 417, 530-540, What if?: Spider-Man Back in Black Uncanny X-Force #18, #19 Uncanny X-Men vol. 1 #401, 402, 410, 411, 443 Wolverine/X-Force vol. 1 #1, 12 Captain America vol. 3 #1, 454, 446, 447, 448, 452, 453 Wolverine vol. 3 #65 vol. 4 #19, 62 Silver Surfer #123 Ghost Rider vol. 3 #49 Captain America: Sentinel of Liberty #1-4 Hulk vol. 1 #9, #10 Ron Garney at the Comic Book DB Ron Garney at the Grand Comics Database
Cloning is the process of producing genetically identical individuals of an organism either or artificially. In nature, many organisms produce clones through asexual reproduction. Cloning in biotechnology refers to the process of creating clones of organisms or copies of cells or DNA fragments. Beyond biology, the term refers to the production of multiple copies of digital media or software; the term clone, invented by J. B. S. Haldane, is derived from the Ancient Greek word κλών klōn, "twig", referring to the process whereby a new plant can be created from a twig. In botany, the term lusus was traditionally used. In horticulture, the spelling clon was used until the twentieth century. Since the term entered the popular lexicon in a more general context, the spelling clone has been used exclusively. Cloning is a natural form of reproduction that has allowed life forms to spread for hundreds of millions of years, it is the reproduction method used by plants and bacteria, is the way that clonal colonies reproduce themselves.
Examples of these organisms include blueberry plants, hazel trees, the Pando trees, the Kentucky coffeetree and the American sweetgum. Molecular cloning refers to the process of making multiple molecules. Cloning is used to amplify DNA fragments containing whole genes, but it can be used to amplify any DNA sequence such as promoters, non-coding sequences and randomly fragmented DNA, it is used in a wide array of biological experiments and practical applications ranging from genetic fingerprinting to large scale protein production. The term cloning is misleadingly used to refer to the identification of the chromosomal location of a gene associated with a particular phenotype of interest, such as in positional cloning. In practice, localization of the gene to a chromosome or genomic region does not enable one to isolate or amplify the relevant genomic sequence. To amplify any DNA sequence in a living organism, that sequence must be linked to an origin of replication, a sequence of DNA capable of directing the propagation of itself and any linked sequence.
However, a number of other features are needed, a variety of specialised cloning vectors exist that allow protein production, affinity tagging, single stranded RNA or DNA production and a host of other molecular biology tools. Cloning of any DNA fragment involves four steps fragmentation - breaking apart a strand of DNA ligation - gluing together pieces of DNA in a desired sequence transfection – inserting the newly formed pieces of DNA into cells screening/selection – selecting out the cells that were transfected with the new DNAAlthough these steps are invariable among cloning procedures a number of alternative routes can be selected; the DNA of interest needs to be isolated to provide a DNA segment of suitable size. Subsequently, a ligation procedure is used; the vector is linearised using restriction enzymes, incubated with the fragment of interest under appropriate conditions with an enzyme called DNA ligase. Following ligation the vector with the insert of interest is transfected into cells.
A number of alternative techniques are available, such as chemical sensitivation of cells, optical injection and biolistics. The transfected cells are cultured; as the aforementioned procedures are of low efficiency, there is a need to identify the cells that have been transfected with the vector construct containing the desired insertion sequence in the required orientation. Modern cloning vectors include selectable antibiotic resistance markers, which allow only cells in which the vector has been transfected, to grow. Additionally, the cloning vectors may contain colour selection markers, which provide blue/white screening on X-gal medium; these selection steps do not guarantee that the DNA insert is present in the cells obtained. Further investigation of the resulting colonies must be required to confirm that cloning was successful; this may be accomplished by means of PCR, restriction fragment analysis and/or DNA sequencing. Cloning a cell means to derive a population of cells from a single cell.
In the case of unicellular organisms such as bacteria and yeast, this process is remarkably simple and only requires the inoculation of the appropriate medium. However, in the case of cell cultures from multi-cellular organisms, cell cloning is an arduous task as these cells will not grow in standard media. A useful tissue culture technique used to clone distinct lineages of cell lines involves the use of cloning rings. In this technique a single-cell suspension of cells that have been exposed to a mutagenic agent or drug used to drive selection is plated at high dilution to create isolated colonies, each arising from a single and clonal distinct cell. At an early growth stage when colonies consist of only a few cells, sterile polystyrene rings, which have been dipped in grease, are placed over an individual colony and a small amount of trypsin is added. Cloned cells are transferred to a new vessel for further growth. Somatic-cell nuclear transfer, known as SCNT, can be used to create embryos for research or therapeutic purposes.
The most purpose for this is to produce embryos for use in stem cell research. This process is called "research cloning" or "therapeutic clonin
Hydra is a fictional terrorist organization appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The name "Hydra" is an allusion to the mythical Lernaean Hydra; the organization's motto references the myth of the Hydra, stating that "If a head is cut off, two more shall take its place", proclaiming their resilience and growing strength in the face of resistance. Hydra agents wear distinctive green garb featuring a serpent motif. Hydra has appeared in various media adaptations of television shows and films set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Hydra first appeared in Strange Tales #135. In its original continuity, it was headed by nondescript businessman Arnold Brown, killed as S. H. I. E. L. D. Crushed the organization. Hydra soon returned, headed by Baron Wolfgang von Strucker, with the support of the Nazi Red Skull. After its initial defeat, several of its branches, such as its scientific branch A. I. M. and the Secret Empire, became independent. Crypt of Shadows #3, published in 1973, reprinted a story from Menace #10, but with a change to a line of dialogue that erroneously implied that Hydra was first mentioned in the 1954 issue.
In the reprint, an agent of an unspecified enemy government was changed to identify himself as working for Hydra when he paid off a scientist named Dr. Nostrum for information about a cobalt bomb that turned people into monsters. Dr. Nostrum shot all the other scientists on his team after they were turned into monsters shot himself after his son put an image from a monster magazine on his mirror. Before the evolution of mankind, a cabal of immortal hooded reptoids came to Earth, planning to start a legacy of evil. Millions of years they corrupted an Asian secret society of geniuses known as the Brotherhood of the Spear, which resulted in that group being called "the Beast" by the Brotherhood of the Shield; the corrupted Brotherhood of the Spear spread out, ingraining itself like a multi-headed serpent into all facets of human society, from science to magic and politics. As time wore on, the organization's name changed and it included the Cathari sect as well as the Thule Society; the Nazi sub group, funded by the Thule Society, was brought into the main Hydra fold after the end of World War II.
One of the Nazi members, Baron Wolfgang von Strucker seized control of the Hydra organization and restructured it to be dedicated to world domination through terrorist and subversive activities on various fronts, resulting in a global neo-fascist New Order. To this end, Baron von Strucker used his personal fortune, based on his recovered hoard of Nazi plunder from World War II, funds established by the original leaders of the Japanese secret society that became part of the old Hydra. However, after von Strucker's first death, Hydra broke into factions that each adopted its own reorganized modus operandi; this fragmentation would lead to a Hydra civil war after von Strucker's resurrection. According to the files discovered by Nick Fury, Hydra is split into four independent sectors: International Corporations Government Assets Global Criminal Groups Intelligence Gathering Hydra regards S. H. I. E. L. D. as their "most valuable proactive intelligence asset" while its government assets include the US Department of Treasury, the FBI, the NSA as well as the Canadian Security Intelligence Service and the GRU and SVR of Russia.
Nick Fury theorized that his previous successes against Hydra were either feints to make him believe that he was making headway against the group or manipulation by Hydra to eliminate any possible competition or possible rogue sub-organizations. In the aftermath of the Secret Invasion and Baron von Strucker's second death, there followed a series of power struggles which left Hydra without a formal leader; the splintering of Hydra accelerated, with various cells operating independently. The Red Skull, returning to his Nazi beliefs, started building a new Hydra from the ground up. However, this brought him into conflict with Baron Zemo, trying to control what was left of the old Hydra; the Red Skull convinced his now aware Cosmic Cube, Kobik, to cooperate with S. H. I. E. L. D. in creating Pleasant Hill and discovered that Kobik could alter people's memories to make them believe they had been members of the Hydra of which the Red Skull had told them stories. However, the Red Skull failed to realize that the Hydra he was building and the Hydra Kobik had created false memories of were two different things, with the now Hydra Captain America disobeying the Red Skull and planning something else.
Hydra's level of technology is as advanced as that of any on Earth, based in part on technology of the alien Gnobians discovered by Baron von Strucker in 1944. Hydra uses various advanced experimental vehicles and devices in its activities, various conventional military vehicles, aircraft and standard concussive force blasters, conventional communications equipment. Hydra personnel are issued cowled jumpsuits; the jumpsuits were green with a yellow H design, incorporated a red and brown color scheme, but in time were changed back to green with a serpent motif. Hydra's history as depicted in Marvel Universe
Ghost Rider (Danny Ketch)
Ghost Rider is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. He is the third Marvel character to don the identity of Ghost Rider, after Johnny Blaze and the Western hero known as the Phantom Rider, who used the name in 1967; the third Ghost Rider debuted in Ghost Rider vol. 3 #1. The series ended with a cliffhanger in vol. 3 #93. Marvel published the long-awaited final issue nine years as Ghost Rider Finale, which reprints vol. 3 #93 and the unpublished #94. Ketch appears in the current Ghost Rider series alongside Johnny Blaze. In support of the series, Ketch received his own miniseries titled Ghost Rider: Danny Ketch, written by Simon Spurrier. Daniel Ketch was born in New York. One night and his sister Barbara were attacked by gangsters. Upon touching the sigil, he was transformed into the Ghost Rider; this Ghost Rider was nearly identical to the previous, though his costume and bike had undergone a modernized tailoring. He beat the gangsters, but was unable to save Barbara, who had slipped into a coma as a result from her injury.
She was killed by Blackout, whom Ketch had acquired as a mortal enemy. Ketch learned the origin of Zarathos from the mystical dream lord Nightmare, who believed the entity to which Ketch was bound was Zarathos reborn and freed from the Soul Crystal. Ghost Rider denied this; when Ghost Rider becomes a part of the team the Midnight Sons, he dies twice. The first person who killed Ghost Rider was the vampire hunter Blade, at the time possessed by the mystical book the Darkhold, he was soon revived by the Darkhold Redeemers, along with everyone else killed by Blade. The second time Daniel Ketch was killed was by Zarathos, but, as was resurrected. Ketch and Johnny Blaze learned they were long-lost brothers and that their family was the inheritor of a mystical curse related to the Spirits of Vengeance. Danny Ketch seemed to die by the hand of Blackout, but the Spirit of Vengeance to which he had been bound through the bike's talisman lived on. During this time Ketch's only existence remained inside a void and he was only able to communicate with Ghost Rider via the spirit world.
In Peter Parker: Spider-Man #93, Ghost Rider is seen being summoned forth on the streets of New York, his powers out of control due to lacking a host. He encounters Spider-Man and Ketch, who tells him that he is Noble Kale, should be in Mephisto's realm; the trio contend with a bomb created by a group of terrorists. Although Ghost Rider takes possession of the bomb, he lacks the strength to contain the impending explosion, thus Ketch rejoins with him to become Ghost Rider once more, aids Spider-Man in neutralizing the threat; this Ketch/Kale hybrid version of Ghost Rider becomes the King of Hell in a brokered arrangement with then-ruler Blackheart. In return for Ghost Rider coming to Hell and marrying two hand-picked demon brides, Pao Fu and the Black Rose, Blackheart will free the Ketch line from the curse. Kale accepts. On the night after the dual wedding, Black Rose tries to kill him; when she fails, Blackheart revealed that the entire arrangement had been a plan to kill Kale and destroy his soul.
Black Rose is revealed to be Roxanne Simpson, the dead wife of Johnny Blaze. In response, Kale kills Blackheart, becomes King of Hell, learns he is in fact the angel of death. Ketch slipped into a coma in the mortal plane and was revived by his dead mother, Naomi Kale-Blaze, brother, Johnny Blaze, goes on to live a normal life. However, his longtime girlfriend Stacy Dolan learns she is pregnant with Ketch's child and runs away. In the 2008 miniseries Ghost Rider: Danny Ketch, Ketch is tormented that his life has fallen apart due to his family curse, thus has the Noble Kale Ghost Rider exorcised from his body by the technomancer Mary LeBow. Ketch falls into a deep alcoholic depression, he is approached by Mister Eleven, a talking crow who gives him "doses" of the Ghost Rider power and reveals to him the history of the Spirits of Vengeance and how some past Ghost Riders were unable to cope with the Rider's power, which drove them insane and burned out their souls. Mister Eleven explains that Verminus Rex, from Blackheart's old Spirit of Vengeance, is hunting other Spirits of Vengeance.
Ketch vanquishes Rex, absorbs the spirits Rex had taken in the past, but this drives Ketch insane. Zadkiel intervenes and absorbs the other Spirits of Vengeance from Ketch's soul, upon which Ketch becomes a knight in Zadkiel's service. In a 2014 story, Ketch is consulted by Otto Octavius regarding his old foe Blackout, who had just kidnapped May Parker. After informing Spider-Man of Blackout's abilities and weaknesses, Ketch tells him how evil and cruel the half-demon is, referencing Barbara's death at his hands, he advises Spider-Man to kill Blackout. The Ghost Rider is empowered as a result of the magical properties of a mysterious emblem affixed to a large and powerful motorcycle possessed by Daniel Ketch; this gives him the ability to transform into a mystic being which appears as a flaming skeleton dressed as a motorcyclist, provides him with superhuman strength, speed and durability. As the Ghost Rider, Ketch can use his Penance Stare—the ability to cause others to experience a level of emotional pain equivalent to that which they have caused others as a result of illegal, immoral or unjust activities.
When in close combat, he lock
Frank Lovece is an American journalist and author, a comic book writer for Marvel Comics, where he and artist Mike Okamoto created the miniseries Atomic Age. He was additionally one of the first professional Web journalists, becoming an editor of a Silicon Alley start-up in 1996, his longest affiliation has been with the New York metropolitan area newspaper Newsday, where he has served as a feature writer and film critic. For an Entertainment Weekly article on direct-to-video movies representing themselves as theatrical releases, he produced the first — and, after the article's publication, only — home video to obtain an MPAA rating. Born in Buenos Aires, the son of Italian immigrants, Frank Lovece moved to the U. S. as a toddler and was raised in Keyser and Morgantown, West Virginia. There his family ran Italian restaurants, he attended St. Francis High School and West Virginia University in Morgantown, graduating with a bachelor of arts degree in communication. At West Virginia University, Lovece was the arts/entertainment editor of the college newspaper, the Daily Athenaeum.
C. the USDA Cooperative Extension Service. He became a stringer for the New York City / Long Island newspaper Newsday in the late 1980s, producing feature articles and movie reviews, becoming a weekly TV columnist there in 2003. Lovece's book Hailing Taxi: The Official Book of the Show, was published in 1988, the first of several books he would write on topics including the TV series The Brady Bunch and The X-Files, the Godzilla movie series. By the 1990s, Lovece was a weekly syndicated columnist for United Media / NEA, a writer for periodicals including the Los Angeles Times, the New York Post, Penthouse and Entertainment Weekly, where he wrote features and reviewed home video releases and comic books. For an Entertainment Weekly article on direct-to-video movies representing themselves as theatrical releases, he produced the first – and, after the article's publication, only – home video to obtain an MPAA rating. Lovece and artist Mike Okamoto created the four-issue miniseries Atomic Age for Marvel Comics' creator-owned Epic Comics imprint.
The series was among the items featured in the Bowling Green State University exhibition "The Atomic Age Opens: Selections from the Popular Culture Library". Collaborator Al Williamson won the 1991 Eisner Award for Best Inker for his work on that and other series that awards-year, with Okamoto winning The Russ Manning Most Promising Newcomer Award. Lovece went on to write stories for Epic's anthology series Clive Barker's Hellraiser, wrote the nine-issue run of Hokum & Hex for Marvel's Razorline imprint, created by novelist Barker. Other work includes such children's comics as the licensed series Mighty Morphin Power Rangers, VR Troopers and Masked Rider; the Hellraiser story "For My Son", by Lovece and artist Bill Koeb published in Clive Barker's Hellraiser Summer Special No. 1, appears in Checker Publishing's Clive Barker's Hellraiser: Collected Best, Volume 1, though with the last page inexplicably missing. For Marvel, Lovece wrote for the series Nightstalkers and for The Incredible Hulk and Ghost Rider annuals, as well as an inventory story for Alpha Flight.
His three-part child-abuse drama "Egg" ran in Dark Horse Comics' Dark Horse Presents #110–112, where editor Bob Schreck opined, "Frank is the most under-exploited, most sensitive writer this field has to offer". Lovece wrote an educational comic book about the American banking system for the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, he returned to comics in 2012. In 2016, he became editor of the comics company Shatner Singularity, beginning with the graphic novel Stan Lee's'God Woke', written by Stan Lee and Fabian Nicieza; that work won the 2017 Independent Publisher Book Awards' Outstanding Books of the Year Independent Voice Award. Beginning in 1996, Lovece served as a Web editor and streaming video producer at the Silicon Alley startup Gist TV, he became a Web editor at Hachette Filipacchi, creating sites for Sound & Vision and Popular Photography magazines, from 2001 to 2004, at the Sci-Fi Channel television network, creating sites for Battlestar Galactica, Stargate SG-1, Stargate Atlantis, The X-Files, The Incredible Hulk, Legend of Earthsea and other television shows and miniseries.
In 2002, he began a longtime association with Habitat magazine, writing about New York City real estate. From 2001–2003, Lovece was a member of the New York City improv comedy troupe Wingnuts, his humor writing has appeared in Entertainment Weekly, Yahoo!/MSN, elsewhere. In 2005, Lovece and photographer Matthew Jordan Smith collaborated on the book Lost and Found, a photojournalistic record of families of abducted children and the work of The National Center for Missing & Exploited Children. In addition to his Newsday column and film reviews, Lovece has been a movie critic for Film Journal International, the TV Guide website and the northern New Jersey newspaper The Record. Lovece, Frank. TV Trivia: Thirty Years of Television New York: Beekman House / Publications International. ISBN 0-517-46367-9 Lovece, with Jules Franco. Hailing Taxi: The Official Book of the Show New York: Prentice Hall Press ISBN 0-13-372103-5, ISBN 978-0-13-372103-4 Reissued and updated: Taxi: The Official Fan's Guide New York: Citadel Press ISBN 0-8065-1801-4