The Nihon Shoki, sometimes translated as The Chronicles of Japan, is the second-oldest book of classical Japanese history. The book is called the Nihongi, it is more elaborate and detailed than the Kojiki, the oldest, has proven to be an important tool for historians and archaeologists as it includes the most complete extant historical record of ancient Japan. The Nihon Shoki was finished in 720 under the editorial supervision of Prince Toneri and with the assistance of Ō no Yasumaro dedicated to Empress Genshō; the Nihon Shoki begins with the Japanese creation myth, explaining the origin of the world and the first seven generations of divine beings, goes on with a number of myths as does the Kojiki, but continues its account through to events of the 8th century. It is believed to record the latter reigns of Emperor Tenji, Emperor Tenmu and Empress Jitō; the Nihon Shoki focuses on the merits of the virtuous rulers as well as the errors of the bad rulers. It describes diplomatic contacts with other countries.
The Nihon Shoki was written in classical Chinese. The Kojiki, on the other hand, is written in a combination of Chinese and phonetic transcription of Japanese; the Nihon Shoki contains numerous transliteration notes telling the reader how words were pronounced in Japanese. Collectively, the stories in this book and the Kojiki are referred to as the Kiki stories; the tale of Urashima Tarō is developed from the brief mention in Nihon Shoki that a certain child of Urashima visited Horaisan and saw wonders. The tale has plainly incorporated elements from the famous anecdote of "Luck of the Sea and Luck of the Mountains" found in Nihon Shoki; the developed Urashima tale contains the Rip Van Winkle motif, so some may consider it an early example of fictional time travel. The first translation done by William George Aston in 1896 and a one translated by Seyed Benyamin Keshavarz in 2019. Chapter 01: Kami no Yo no Kami no maki. Chapter 02: Kami no Yo no Shimo no maki. Chapter 03: Kan'yamato Iwarebiko no Sumeramikoto.
Chapter 04: Kamu Nunakawamimi no Sumeramikoto. Shikitsuhiko Tamatemi no Sumeramikoto. Ōyamato Hikosukitomo no Sumeramikoto. Mimatsuhiko Sukitomo no Sumeramikoto. Yamato Tarashihiko Kuni Oshihito no Sumeramikoto. Ōyamato Nekohiko Futoni no Sumeramikoto. Ōyamato Nekohiko Kunikuru no Sumeramikoto. Wakayamato Nekohiko Ōbibi no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 05: Mimaki Iribiko Iniye no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 06: Ikume Iribiko Isachi no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 07: Ōtarashihiko Oshirowake no Sumeramikoto. Waka Tarashihiko no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 08: Tarashi Nakatsuhiko no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 09: Okinaga Tarashihime no Mikoto. Chapter 10: Homuda no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 11: Ōsasagi no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 12: Izahowake no Sumeramikoto. Mitsuhawake no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 13: Oasazuma Wakugo no Sukune no Sumeramikoto. Anaho no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 14: Ōhatsuse no Waka Takeru no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 15: Shiraka no Take Hirokuni Oshi Waka Yamato Neko no Sumeramikoto. Woke no Sumeramikoto. Oke no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 16: Ohatsuse no Waka Sasagi no Sumeramikoto.
Chapter 17: Ōdo no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 18: Hirokuni Oshi Take Kanahi no Sumeramikoto. Take Ohirokuni Oshi Tate no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 19: Amekuni Oshiharaki Hironiwa no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 20: Nunakakura no Futo Tamashiki no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 21: Tachibana no Toyohi no Sumeramikoto. Hatsusebe no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 22: Toyomike Kashikiya Hime no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 23: Okinaga Tarashi Hihironuka no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 24: Ame Toyotakara Ikashi Hitarashi no Hime no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 25: Ame Yorozu Toyohi no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 26: Ame Toyotakara Ikashi Hitarashi no Hime no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 27: Ame Mikoto Hirakasuwake no Sumeramikoto. Chapter 28: Ama no Nunakahara Oki no Mahito no Sumeramikoto, Kami no maki. Chapter 29: Ama no Nunakahara Oki no Mahito no Sumeramikoto, Shimo no maki. Chapter 30: Takamanohara Hirono Hime no Sumeramikoto; the background of the compilation of the Nihon Shoki is that Emperor Tenmu ordered 12 people, including Prince Kawashima, to edit the old history of the empire.
Shoku Nihongi notes that "先是一品舍人親王奉勅修日本紀。至是功成奏上。紀卅卷系圖一卷" in the part of May, 720. It means "Up to that time, Prince Toneri had been compiling Nihongi on the orders of the emperor; the process of compilation is studied by stylistic analysis of each chapter. Although written in Literary Kanji, some sections use styles characteristic of Japanese editors; the Nihon Shoki is a synthesis of older documents on the records, continuously kept in the Yamato court since the sixth century. It includes documents and folklore submitted by clans serving the court. Prior to Nihon Shoki, there were Tennōki and Kokki compiled by Prince Shōtoku and Soga no Umako, but as they wer
Manfred Maurus was a German scientist, assistant professor at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich and head of the Department of Behavioral Physiology at the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry. Maurus was a pioneer in neuroethology, starting his work with Dr. Detlev Ploog, he specialized in investigating the neural basis of behavior in behaving squirrel monkeys, using radio-controlled electrical brain stimulation. Among his coworkers were Helmut Pruscha, Birgit Kühlmorgen, Paul Müller-Preuss, Uwe Jürgens, he retired to Canada and died January 15, 2008. Maurus M, Streit KM, Barclay D, Wiesner E, Kuehlmorgen B. Interrelations between structure and function in the vocal repertoire of Saimiri. Asking the monkeys themselves where to split and where to lump. Eur Arch Psychiatry Neurol Sci. 1986. PMID 3743584 Muller-Preuss P, Maurus M. Coding of call components essential for intraspecific communication through auditory neurons in the squirrel monkey. Naturwissenschaften. 1985 Aug. PMID 4047174 Maurus M, Geissler B, Kuhlmorgen B, Weisner E.
The effects of brain stimulation. Behav Neural Biol. 1981 Aug. PMID 7283932 Maurus M, Kuhlmorgen B, Hartmann-Wiesner E, Pruscha H. An approach to the interpretation of the communicative meaning of visual signals in agonistic behavior of squirrel monkeys. Folia Primatol. 1975. PMID 805764 Hupfer K, Maurus M. Operant conditioning of the squirrel monkey with social reinforcement. Naturwissenschaften. 1975 Jan. PMID 806027 Hohne A, Maurus M. Semiautomatic conversion of behavioral data from film to paper tape for computer analysis. Physiol Behav. 1974 Aug. PMID 4415718 Maurus M, Kuhlmorgen B, Hartmann E. Concerning the influence of experimental conditions on social interactions initiated by telestimulation in squirrel monkey groups. Brain Res. 1973 Dec 21. PMID 4205548 Pruscha H, Maurus M. A statistical method for the classification of behavior units occurring in primate communication. Behav Biol. 1973 Oct. PMID 4200736 Maurus M, Hohne A, Peetz H, Wanke J. Technical requirements for the recording of significant social signals in squirrel monkey groups.
Physiol Behav. 1972 May. PMID 4625708 Maurus M, Pruscha H. Quantitative analyses of behavioral sequences elicited by automated telestimulation in squirrel monkeys. Exp Brain Res. 1972. PMID 4626487 Maurus M, Ploog D. Social signals in squirrel monkeys: analysis by cerebral radio stimulation. Exp Brain Res. 1971 Feb 25. PMID 4995377 Maurus M. Investigation of social behaviour in primates by means of telestimulation technique. Brain Res. 1970 Dec 18. PMID 4992852 Maurus M, Peetz HG, Jurgens U. Electronic sound recognition switch for automatic control of remote stimulus studies on Saimiri sciureus. Naturwissenschaften. 1970 Mar. German. PMID 4986169 Jurgens U, Maurus M, Ploog D, Winter P. Vocalization in the squirrel monkey elicited by brain stimulation. Exp Brain Res. 1967. PMID 4970751 Castell R, Maurus M; the so-called marking with urine in squirrel monkeys in relation to environmental and emotional factors. Folia Primatol. 1967. German. PMID 4965009 Maurus M. New long-range stimulus apparatus for small primates.
"Singles" is a compilation album released by the Sheffield band The Long Blondes on October 8, 2008 via Angular Records. The 12-track album collates all of the songs from the band's singles prior to their signing to Rough Trade Records in April 2006, released by various independent record labels; the compilation was released on the same day that the band broke up, with the album's inlay breaking the news of their decision to split. "Singles" was named the 25th best album of 2008 by Artrocker magazine. The compilation features the unreleased song "Peterborough" and an alternate version of "Separated By Motorways"; this version of "Separated By Motorways" differs from the single release, with the group opting to include Alan Smyth's demo version instead. The compilation features rare information and early interviews with the band."New Idols" and "Long Blonde" were released by Thee Sheffield Phonographic Corporation on bubblegum pink vinyl as a double A-side. The latter was featured on a split 7" with The Boyfriends on Filthy Little Angels.
These were followed by two singles on Angular Records. "Giddy Stratospheres" was released in the US on 12" by What's Your Rupture?, featuring the three tracks included on the UK version, plus'"Autonomy Boy". The band's final release before signing to Rough Trade was "Separated By Motorways", which came out on Paul Epworth's Good & Evil Records backed by "Big Infatuation"; the album's artwork is a painting by lead singer Kate Jackson. "New Idols" – 3:05 "Long Blonde" – 3:29 "Autonomy Boy" – 3:31 "Giddy Stratospheres" – 4:48 "Polly" – 2:47 "Darts" – 1:27 "Appropriation" – 3:01 "My Heart Is Out Of Bounds" – 2:23 "Lust In The Movies" – 3:00 "Separated By Motorways" – 2:14 "Big Infatuation" – 2:31 "Peterborough" – 2:20 The Long BlondesEmma Chaplin – guitars, vocals Dorian Cox – guitars, vocals, lyrics except on tracks 6, 8, 10, 11 and 12 Reenie Hollis – bass guitar, vocals Kate Jackson – lead vocals, lyrics on tracks 6, 8, 10, 11 and 12, artwork Screech Louder – drums