SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Niki Lauda

Andreas Nikolaus Lauda was an Austrian Formula One driver, a three-time F1 World Drivers' Champion, winning in 1975, 1977 and 1984, an aviation entrepreneur. He is the only driver in F1 history to have been champion for both Ferrari and McLaren, the sport's two most successful constructors, he is considered one of the greatest F1 drivers of all time. As an aviation entrepreneur, he founded and ran three airlines: Lauda Air and Lauda, he was a Bombardier Business Aircraft brand ambassador. He was a consultant for Scuderia Ferrari and team manager of the Jaguar Formula One racing team for two years. Afterwards, he worked as a pundit for German TV during Grand Prix weekends and acted as non-executive chairman of Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport, of which Lauda owned 10%. Having emerged as Formula One's star driver amid a 1975 title win and leading the 1976 championship battle, Lauda was injured in a crash at the 1976 German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring during which his Ferrari 312T2 burst into flames, he came close to death after inhaling hot toxic fumes and suffering severe burns.

However, he survived and recovered sufficiently to race again just six weeks at the Italian Grand Prix. Although he lost that year's title – by just one point – to James Hunt, he won his second championship the year after, during his final season at Ferrari. After a couple of years at Brabham and two years' hiatus, Lauda returned and raced four seasons for McLaren between 1982 and 1985 – during which he won the 1984 title by half a point over his teammate Alain Prost. Niki Lauda was born on 22 February 1949 in Austria, to a wealthy paper manufacturing family, his paternal grandfather was the Viennese-born industrialist Hans Lauda. Lauda became a racing driver despite his family's disapproval. After starting out with a Mini, Lauda moved on into Formula Vee, as was normal in Central Europe, but moved up to drive in private Porsche and Chevron sports cars. With his career stalled, he took out a £30,000 bank loan, secured by a life insurance policy, to buy his way into the fledgling March team as a Formula Two driver in 1971.

Because of his family's disapproval he had an ongoing feud with them over his racing ambitions and abandoned further contact. Lauda was promoted to the F1 team, but drove for March in F1 and F2 in 1972. Although the F2 cars were good, March's 1972 F1 season was catastrophic; the lowest point of the team's season came at the Canadian Grand Prix at Mosport Park, where both March cars were disqualified within 3 laps of each other after just past 3/4 race distance. Lauda took out another bank loan to buy his way into the BRM team in 1973. Lauda was quick, but the team was in decline. Regazzoni spoke so favourably of Lauda that Ferrari promptly signed him, paying him enough to clear his debts. After an unsuccessful start to the 1970s culminating in a disastrous start to the 1973 season, Ferrari regrouped under Luca di Montezemolo and were resurgent in 1974; the team's faith in the little-known Lauda was rewarded by a second-place finish in his debut race for the team, the season-opening Argentine Grand Prix.

His first Grand Prix victory – and the first for Ferrari since 1972 – followed only three races in the Spanish Grand Prix. Although Lauda became the season's pacesetter, achieving six consecutive pole positions, a mixture of inexperience and mechanical unreliability meant Lauda won only one more race that year, the Dutch GP, he finished fourth in the Drivers' Championship and demonstrated immense commitment to testing and improving the car. The 1975 F1 season started for Lauda, his first World Championship was confirmed with a third-place finish at the Italian Grand Prix at Monza. He became the first driver to lap the Nürburgring Nordschleife in under seven minutes, considered a huge feat as the Nordschleife section of the Nürburgring was two miles longer than it is today. Lauda was known for giving away any trophies he won to his local garage in exchange for his car to be washed and serviced. Unlike 1975 and despite tensions between Lauda and Montezemolo's successor, Daniele Audetto, Lauda dominated the start of the 1976 F1 season, winning four of the first six races and finishing second in the other two.

By the time of his fifth win of the year at the British GP, he had more than double the points of his closest challengers Jody Scheckter and James Hunt, a second consecutive World Championship appeared a formality. It would be a feat not achieved since Jack Brabham's victories in 1959 and 1960, he looked set to win the most races in a season, a record held by the late Jim Clark since 1963. A week before the 1976 German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring though he was the fastest driver on that circuit at the time, Lauda urged his fellow drivers to boycott the race because of the 23-kilometre circuit's safety arrangements, citing the organisers' lack of resources to properly manage such a huge circuit, including lack of fire marshals and safety equipment and safety vehicles. Formula One was quite dangerous at the time (three of the drivers that day would die in Formula One incidents: Tom Pryce in 1977.

Billy Fenton

William Hartas Fenton was an English footballer. He played as a left-winger in the immediate post-Second World War period; the highest level he played at was with Blackburn Rovers, but spent most of his professional career with York City. Born in Hartlepool, County Durham, Fenton started his career with Barnsley, whom he signed for in November 1944. After leaving Barnsley he returned to his native North-East. In December 1948 Fenton joined Blackburn Rovers in the Second Division, he was not a regular at the club, playing only 33 times in the next two and a half seasons. Fenton signed for York City in May 1951 for a small fee, in his first season scored 31 goals, setting a new record for the club, held by Reg Baines, he was part of the team which played in the FA Cup semi-final in 1955. Fenton stayed with York City for several seasons, writing himself into the club's history books by scoring 124 goals in 278 games, making him the third highest goalscorer in the club's history after Norman Wilkinson and Keith Walwyn.

After leaving York, Fenton went on to play for another North Yorkshire side, whom he signed for in July 1958. He scored 12 goals in 29 appearances for the Midland League side in all competitions, including 10 goals in the league in the 1958–59 season. Fenton died in York at the age of 46 on 16 April 1973; the Billy Fenton Memorial Trophy is presented annually by his widow Margo to York City's Clubman of the Year. 1954-55 - FA Cup semi-finalist

Miami Rock Ridge

The Miami Rock Ridge is a continuous limestone outcrop which encompassed a large extent of far southern Florida, including portions of the Everglades ecosystem. The traditional base of the elevation ranges from northern Miami-Dade County, Florida southward to the upper Florida Keys, it extends southwest into Everglades National Park; the coastal ridge was traditionally a component of the endangered pine rocklands, which grew upon the length of the ridge. The environmental community consisted of a large and continuous expanse of South Florida Slash Pines, interspersed by tropical hardwood hammocks; the globally imperiled pine rockland community, which encompassed the Florida Keys and The Bahamas, supported numerous endemic plant species. The communities of the Miami Rock Ridge are maintained by wildfires, including natural fires caused by lightning strikes; the substrate—often consisting of marl—and climate affects the height of vegetation. Today the original communities have been removed by development, the remaining pieces of the ecosystems are scattered into tiny fragments in extreme southeast Florida.

Simpson Park Hammock and Alice Wainwright Park contain small fragments of tropical hardwood hammock