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Nikita Khrushchev

Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev was a Soviet statesman who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War as the first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964 and as chairman of the Council of Ministers from 1958 to 1964. Khrushchev was responsible for the de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union, for backing the progress of the early Soviet space program, for several liberal reforms in areas of domestic policy. Khrushchev's party colleagues removed him from power in 1964, replacing him with Leonid Brezhnev as First Secretary and Alexei Kosygin as Premier. Khrushchev was born in 1894 in the village of Kalinovka, close to the present-day border between Russia and Ukraine, he was employed as a metal worker during his youth, he was a political commissar during the Russian Civil War. With the help of Lazar Kaganovich, he worked his way up the Soviet hierarchy, he supported Joseph Stalin's purges, approved thousands of arrests. In 1938, Stalin sent him to govern the Ukrainian SSR, he continued the purges there.

During what was known in the Soviet Union as the Great Patriotic War, Khrushchev was again a commissar, serving as an intermediary between Stalin and his generals. Khrushchev was present at the bloody defense of Stalingrad, a fact he took great pride in throughout his life. After the war, he returned to Ukraine before being recalled to Moscow as one of Stalin's close advisers. On 5 March 1953, Stalin’s death triggered a power struggle in which Khrushchev emerged victorious upon consolidating his authority as First Secretary. On 25 February 1956, at the 20th Party Congress, he delivered the "Secret Speech", which denounced Stalin's purges and ushered in a less repressive era in the Soviet Union, his domestic policies, aimed at bettering the lives of ordinary citizens, were ineffective in agriculture. Hoping to rely on missiles for national defense, Khrushchev ordered major cuts in conventional forces. Despite the cuts, Khrushchev's rule saw the most tense years of the Cold War, culminating in the Cuban Missile Crisis.

Khrushchev's popularity was eroded by flaws in his policies. This emboldened his potential opponents, who rose in strength and deposed the Premier in October 1964. However, he did not suffer the deadly fate of previous Soviet power struggles, was pensioned off with an apartment in Moscow and a dacha in the countryside, his lengthy memoirs were smuggled to the West and published in part in 1970. Khrushchev died in 1971 of a heart attack. Khrushchev was born on 15 April 1894, in Kalinovka, a village in what is now Russia's Kursk Oblast, near the present Ukrainian border, his parents, Sergei Khrushchev and Xeniya Khrushcheva, were poor peasants of Russian origin, had a daughter two years Nikita's junior, Irina. Sergei Khrushchev was employed in a number of positions in the Donbas area of far eastern Ukraine, working as a railwayman, as a miner, labouring in a brick factory. Wages were much higher in the Donbas than in the Kursk region, Sergei Khrushchev left his family in Kalinovka, returning there when he had enough money.

Kalinovka was a peasant village. Nikita worked as a herdsboy from an early age, he was schooled for a total of four years, part in the village parochial school and part under Shevchenko's tutelage in Kalinovka's state school. According to Khrushchev in his memoirs, Shevchenko was a freethinker who upset the villagers by not attending church, when her brother visited, he gave the boy books, banned by the Imperial Government, she urged Nikita to seek further education. In 1908, Sergei Khrushchev moved to the Donbas city of Yuzovka. Yuzovka, renamed Stalino in 1924 and Donetsk in 1961, was at the heart of one of the most industrialized areas of the Russian Empire. After the boy worked in other fields, Khrushchev's parents found him a place as a metal fitter's apprentice. Upon completing that apprenticeship, the teenage Khrushchev was hired by a factory, he lost that job when he collected money for the families of the victims of the Lena Goldfields Massacre, was hired to mend underground equipment by a mine in nearby Rutchenkovo, where his father was the union organiser, he helped distribute copies and organise public readings of Pravda.

He stated that he considered emigrating to the United States for better wages, but did not do so. When World War I broke out in 1914, Khrushchev was exempt from conscription because he was a skilled metal worker, he was employed by a workshop that serviced ten mines, he was involved in several strikes that demanded higher pay, better working conditions, an end to the war. In 1914, he married daughter of the lift operator at the Rutchenkovo mine. In 1915, they had a daughter, in 1917, a son, Leonid. After the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II in 1917, the new Russian Provisional Government in Petrograd had little influence over Ukraine. Khrushchev was elected to the worker's council in Rutchenkovo, in May he became its chairman, he did not join the Bolsheviks until 1918, a year in which the Russian Civil War, between the Bolsheviks and a coalition of opponents known as the White Army, began in earnest. His biographer, William Taubman, suggests that Khrushchev's delay in affiliating himself with the Bolsheviks was because he felt closer to the Mensheviks who prioritised economic progress, whereas the Bolsheviks sought political power.

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Gerd Kanter

Gerd Kanter is a retired Estonian discus thrower. He was the 2007 World Champion in the event and won the gold medal at the 2008 Summer Olympics, bronze in London 2012, his personal best throw of 73.38 m is the third best mark of all-time. He made his first Olympic appearance in 2004 and established himself a year by taking the silver medal at the 2005 World Championships, he was runner-up at the 2006 European Athletics Championships and won further medals at the World Championships in 2009 and 2011. He won the 2013 IAAF Diamond League in discus throw, he did not reach the final. The season 2005 was his breakthrough year as he won silver medals at the World Championships and World Athletics Final, took home a victory in the European Cup and won the World University Games, he threw more than 70 metres for the first time. On 4 September 2006 in Helsingborg, Kanter threw more than 70 metres in four different rounds; the best mark of 73.38 m was an Estonian record and the third best in history – only Jürgen Schult and Virgilijus Alekna have thrown further.

Kanter was the silver medalist at the 2006 European Athletics Championships, finishing behind Virgilijus Alekna, became the world champion in the discus at the 2007 World Championships in Athletics in Osaka. At the 2008 Beijing Olympics, he took Olympicgold medal with a throw of 68.82 meters, one meter ahead of second-place finisher Piotr Malachowski of Poland. In March 2009 he won the European Cup Winter Throwing event in Los Realejos, Spain with 69.70 m. On 22 March 2009, he set a world indoor best of 69.51 m in Sweden. At the 2009 World Championships in Athletics he returned to defend his world title, he had a best throw of 66.88 m, enough for the World bronze medal. He took victory in the Wexiö Indoor Throwing competition in 2010, although his winning throw was some way behind his indoor record set the previous year. Still, he started outdoors, having a long early-season throw of 71.45 m in California – the eleventh best throw at that point. He finished just outside the medals at the 2010 European Athletics Championships, coming fourth, but managed to win the silver medal at the 2011 World Championships in Athletics behind Robert Harting.

He ended that year with a season's best throw of 67.99 m at the Kamila Skolimowska Memorial. He retired from competition after the 2018 season. Estonian Sportsman of the Year: 2007, 2008, 2011 European Athlete of the Month: April 2009, April 2010, September 2014 Order of the Estonian Red Cross, 1st Class: 2009 Order of the White Star, 4th Class: 2006 Gerd Kanter at World Athletics KANTER rzutyiskoki.pl NBC Olympics – Athlete profile Gerd Kanter official page Gerd Kanter page

Annie Kemp Bowler

Annie Kemp Bowler was a popular stage actress and singer, best known for appearing in the original cast of The Black Crook in 1866. Born Annie Kemp, she played the role of Stalacta in that musical. In the original advertisements, she was billed as "Miss Annie Kemp, Prima donna Contralto from Covent Garden, her first appearance in America in six years." She married English tenor Brookhouse Bowler performed with the Richings company and other opera companies. She died on August 21, 1876 from injuries sustained from a fall five days earlier, while rehearsing the famed transformation scene of The Black Crook for a performance at Philadelphia's National Theater, she was buried at Mount Moriah Cemetery in Philadelphia. In New York unless otherwise stated: Linda di Chamounix Acis and Galatea by F. C. Burnand as Acis The Black Crook The White Fawn Fra Diavolo Macbeth as Hecate, in farewell performance of Charlotte Cushman at Booth's Theatre. Kemp's rendition of Auld Lang Syne to close out the night was noted at the time.

Annie Kemp Bowler at the Internet Broadway Database CDV of Bowler, at picturehistory.com