Carmen is an opera in four acts by French composer Georges Bizet. The libretto was written by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy, based on a novella of the same title by Prosper Mérimée; the opera was first performed by the Opéra-Comique in Paris on 3 March 1875, where its breaking of conventions shocked and scandalized its first audiences. Bizet died after the 33rd performance, unaware that the work would achieve international acclaim within the following ten years. Carmen has since become one of the most popular and performed operas in the classical canon; the opera is written in the genre of opéra comique with musical numbers separated by dialogue. It is set in southern Spain and tells the story of the downfall of Don José, a naïve soldier, seduced by the wiles of the fiery gypsy Carmen. José abandons his childhood sweetheart and deserts from his military duties, yet loses Carmen's love to the glamorous torero Escamillo, after which José kills her in a jealous rage; the depictions of proletarian life and lawlessness, the tragic death of the main character on stage, broke new ground in French opera and were controversial.
After the premiere, most reviews were critical, the French public was indifferent. Carmen gained its reputation through a series of productions outside France, was not revived in Paris until 1883. Thereafter, it acquired popularity at home and abroad. Commentators have asserted that Carmen forms the bridge between the tradition of opéra comique and the realism or verismo that characterised late 19th-century Italian opera; the music of Carmen has since been acclaimed for brilliance of melody, harmony and orchestration, for the skill with which Bizet musically represented the emotions and suffering of his characters. After the composer's death, the score was subject to significant amendment, including the introduction of recitative in place of the original dialogue; the opera has been recorded many times since the first acoustical recording in 1908, the story has been the subject of many screen and stage adaptations. In the Paris of the 1860s, despite being a Prix de Rome laureate, Bizet struggled to get his stage works performed.
The capital's two main state-funded opera houses—the Opéra and the Opéra-Comique—followed conservative repertoires that restricted opportunities for young native talent. Bizet's professional relationship with Léon Carvalho, manager of the independent Théâtre Lyrique company, enabled him to bring to the stage two full-scale operas, Les pêcheurs de perles and La jolie fille de Perth, but neither enjoyed much public success; when artistic life in Paris resumed after the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71, Bizet found wider opportunities for the performance of his works. Although this failed and was withdrawn after 11 performances, it led to a further commission from the theatre, this time for a full-length opera for which Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy would provide the libretto. Halévy, who had written the text for Bizet's student opera Le docteur Miracle, was a cousin of Bizet's wife, Geneviève. Bizet was delighted with the Opéra-Comique commission, expressed to his friend Edmund Galabert his satisfaction in "the absolute certainty of having found my path".
The subject of the projected work was a matter of discussion between composer and the Opéra-Comique management. It was Bizet. Mérimée's story is a blend of travelogue and adventure yarn inspired by the writer's lengthy travels in Spain in 1830, had been published in 1845 in the journal Revue des deux Mondes, it may have been influenced in part by Alexander Pushkin's 1824 poem "The Gypsies", a work Mérimée had translated into French. Bizet may first have encountered the story during his Rome sojourn of 1858–60, since his journals record Mérimée as one of the writers whose works he absorbed in those years. Cast details are as provided by Mina Curtiss from vocal score; the stage designs are credited to Charles Ponchard. Place: Seville and surrounding hills Time: Around 1820 A square, in Seville. On the right, a door to the tobacco factory. At the back, a bridge. On the left, a guardhouse. A group of soldiers relaxes in the square, waiting for the changing of the guard and commenting on the passers-by.
Micaëla appears, seeking José. Moralès tells her that "José invites her to wait with them, she declines. José arrives with the new guard, greeted and imitated by a crowd of urchins; as the factory bell rings, the cigarette girls emerge and exchange banter with young men in the crowd. Carmen sings her provocative habanera on the untameable nature of love; the men plead with her to choose a lover, after some teasing she throws a flower to Don José, who thus far has been ignoring her but is now annoyed by her insolence. As the women go back to t
A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry. The annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists, the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest; the Grammys are the second of the Big Three major music awards held annually. It shares recognition of the music industry as that of the other performance awards such as the Academy Awards, the Emmy Awards, the Tony Awards, the Game Awards; the first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4, 1959, to honor and respect the musical accomplishments by performers for the year 1958. Following the 2011 ceremony, the Academy overhauled many Grammy Award categories for 2012; the 61st Annual Grammy Awards, honoring the best achievements from October 1, 2017 to September 30, 2018, were held on February 10, 2019, at the Staples Center in Los Angeles. The Grammys had their origin in the Hollywood Walk of Fame project in the 1950s; as the recording executives chosen for the Walk of Fame committee worked at compiling a list of important recording industry people who might qualify for a Walk of Fame star, they realized there were many more people who were leaders in their business who would never earn a star on Hollywood Boulevard.
The music executives decided to rectify this by creating an award given by their industry similar to the Oscars and the Emmys. This was the beginning of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. After it was decided to create such an award, there was still a question of, they settled on using the name of the invention of Emile Berliner, the gramophone, for the awards, which were first given for the year 1958. The first award ceremony was held in two locations on May 4, 1959 - Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverly Hills California, Park Sheraton Hotel in New York City, 28 Grammys were awarded; the number of awards given grew and fluctuated over the years with categories added and removed, at one time reaching over 100. The second Grammy Awards held in 1959, was the first ceremony to be televised, but the ceremony was not aired live until the 13th Annual Grammy Awards in 1971; the gold-plated trophies, each depicting a gilded gramophone, are made and assembled by hand by Billings Artworks in Ridgway, Colorado.
In 1990 the original Grammy design was revamped, changing the traditional soft lead for a stronger alloy less prone to damage, making the trophy bigger and grander. Billings developed a zinc alloy named grammium, trademarked; the trophies with the recipient's name engraved on them are not available until after the award announcements, so "stunt" trophies are re-used each year for the broadcast. By February 2009, a total of 7,578 Grammy trophies had been awarded; the "General Field" are four awards. Record of the Year is awarded to the performer and the production team of a single song if other than the performer. Album of the Year is awarded to the performer and the production team of a full album if other than the performer. Song of the Year is awarded to the writer/composer of a single song. Best New Artist is awarded to a promising breakthrough performer who releases, during the Eligibility Year, the first recording that establishes the public identity of that artist; the only two artists to win all four of these awards are Christopher Cross, who won all four in 1980, Adele, who won the Best New Artist award in 2009 and the other three in 2012 and 2017.
Other awards are given for performance and production in specific genres, as well as for other contributions such as artwork and video. Special awards are given for longer-lasting contributions to the music industry; because of the large number of award categories, the desire to feature several performances by various artists, only the ones with the most popular interest - about 10 to 12, including the four General Field categories and one or two categories in the most popular music genres - are presented directly at the televised award ceremony. The many other Grammy trophies are presented in a pre-telecast'Premiere Ceremony' earlier in the afternoon before the Grammy Awards telecast. On April 6, 2011, The Recording Academy announced a drastic overhaul of many Grammy Award categories for 2012; the number of categories was cut from 109 to 78. The most important change was the elimination of the distinction between male and female soloists and between collaborations and duo/groups in various genre fields.
Several categories for instrumental soloists were discontinued. Recordings in these categories now fall under the general categories for best solo performances. In the rock field, the separate categories for hard rock and metal albums were combined and the Best Rock Instrumental Performance category was eliminated due to a waning number of entries. In R&B, the distinction between best contemporary R&B album and other R&B albums has been eliminated, they now feature in general Best R&B Album category. In rap, the categories for best rap soloist and best rap duo or group have been merged into the new Best Rap Performance category; the most eliminations occurred in the roots category. Up to and including 2011, there were separate categories for various regional American music forms, such as Hawaiian music, Native American music and Zydeco/Cajun music. Due to the low number
Smash (U.S. TV series)
Smash is an American musical drama television series created by playwright Theresa Rebeck and developed by Robert Greenblatt for NBC. Steven Spielberg served as one of the executive producers; the series was broadcast in the US by NBC and produced by DreamWorks Television and Universal Television. The series revolves around a fictional New York City theater community and the creation of a new Broadway musical, it features a large ensemble cast, led by Debra Messing, Jack Davenport, Katharine McPhee, Christian Borle, Megan Hilty, Anjelica Huston. The show debuted on February 6, 2012, its first season ended on May 14, 2012, its second season premiered on February 5, 2013, ended on May 26, 2013. NBC announced a change in their lineup in March 2013 and moved the show to Saturdays starting April 6, 2013; the series was cancelled on May 10, 2013. Second-season executive producer-show runner Josh Safran said the final episode of season two worked as a series finale; the series the pilot episode, enjoyed critical success.
The first season received the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Choreography among four nominations. The series was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Television Series – Musical or Comedy and a Grammy Award for Best Song Written for Visual Media; the show revolves around a group of characters creating new Broadway musicals, where everyone must balance their chaotic personal life with the all-consuming demands of life in the theater. The series features original music by composers Marc Scott Wittman. Julia Houston and Tom Levitt, a Broadway writing team, came up with the idea of a new musical based on the life of Marilyn Monroe titled Bombshell. Producer Eileen Rand, in the midst of divorce proceedings from her philandering husband, jumps on board and brings with her Derek Wills, a difficult but brilliant director. Ivy Lynn is cast as Marilyn, but is forced to deal with competition from the talented, yet naive ensemble member Karen Cartwright. Julia's former lover Michael Swift is cast in the role of Joe DiMaggio.
However, when Julia and Michael's reunion causes serious trouble in her marriage to Frank, the decision is made to fire Michael. The role of Marilyn is recast with film star Rebecca Duvall, leaving Ivy devastated. After a somewhat disastrous out-of-town opening in Boston, Rebecca has fallen sick due to a peanut allergy and the actor playing Joe departs the production for a better gig. Derek subsequently casts Karen in the role of Michael is reinstated as Joe. Karen discovers Ivy has slept with her fiancé Dev, while Eileen finds out that her assistant Ellis was the one who poisoned Rebecca and fires him. Karen gets through her debut and the season ends with the closing number being applauded by the audience; as Bombshell works to open on Broadway in New York City, the show runs into legal and creative troubles which threaten its future. Meanwhile, the cast and crew attempt to find work. Karen meets two aspiring friends and partners and tries to get their work noticed by Derek. Derek works with Broadway star Veronica Moore.
Ivy gets the lead in a show based on the play Les Liaisons Dangereuses. Bombshell needs work. First, Peter Gillman, a dramaturg with whom Julia had a rocky relationship is hired in order to help re-write the show. Second, Jerry replaces Eileen as the show's producer after she had to step down when the federal authorities found out that she had financed Bombshell with illegal money. Jimmy and Kyle's show, called Hit List goes to the New York Fringe Festival and they meet a producer for an off-broadway theater called Manhattan Theatre Workshop. Karen quits Bombshell to be in Hit List. Ivy takes Karen's role as Marilyn Monroe in Bombshell. Hit List starts rehearsals. Karen and Jimmy's relationship starts to develop but may cause some disturbance in the work place with Derek's secret feelings for Karen. Hit List goes to Broadway produced by Jerry and Bombshell and Hit List go face to face at the Tony Awards. Hit List wins 7 Tonys, more than Bombshell, however Bombshell wins Best Musical and Best Actress in a Leading Role.
Debra Messing as Julia Houston, a successful Broadway lyricist and the musical's co-writer. She is married with a son, but had an affair with Michael Swift, who played Joe DiMaggio in the initial Marilyn workshop. Houston is based on creator Theresa Rebeck. Jack Davenport as Derek Wills, the director of the musical, who will stop at nothing to make the show a success, he has an on-and-off relationship with Marilyn workshop star Ivy Lynn, though he has shown interest in Karen Cartwright and had a physical relationship with Rebecca Duvall during the Boston preview before she left the show. Katharine McPhee as Karen Cartwright, an ingenue from Iowa, who lands a successful audition and becomes a serious contender for the role of Monroe. Somewhat new to show business, her naiveté is scorned by her peers, though her talent is called into question, she played Marilyn for the Boston preview. In season 2, she helps Hit List get plays Amanda/Nina after she quits Bombshell. Christian Borle as Tom Levitt, a theatrical composer and Julia's longtime songwriting partner.
He and Derek Wills have an acrimonious relationship stemming from
MTV is an American pay television channel owned by Viacom Media Networks and headquartered in New York City. The channel was launched on August 1, 1981, aired music videos as guided by television personalities known as "video jockeys". At first, MTV's main target demographic was young adults, but today it is teenagers high school and college students. Since its inception, MTV has toned down its music video programming and its programming now consists of original reality and drama programming and some off-network syndicated programs and films, with limited music video programming in off-peak time periods. MTV had struggled with the secular decline of music-related subscription-based media, its ratings had been said to be failing systematically, as younger viewers shift towards other media platforms, with yearly ratings drops as high as 29%. In April 2016, then-appointed MTV president Sean Atkins announced plans to restore music programming to the channel. Under current MTV president Chris McCarthy, reality programming has once again become prominent.
MTV has spawned numerous sister channels in the U. S. and affiliated channels internationally, some of which have gone independent, with 90.6 million American households in the United States receiving the channel as of January 2016. Several earlier concepts for music video-based television programming had been around since the early 1960s; the Beatles had used music videos to promote their records starting in the mid-1960s. The creative use of music videos within their 1964 film A Hard Day's Night the performance of the song "Can't Buy Me Love", led MTV on June 26, 1999, to honor the film's director Richard Lester with an award for "basically inventing the music video". In his book The Mason Williams FCC Rapport, author Mason Williams states that he pitched an idea to CBS for a television program that featured "video-radio", where disc jockeys would play avant-garde art pieces set to music. CBS rejected the idea, but Williams premiered his own musical composition "Classical Gas" on the Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour, where he was head writer.
In 1970, Philadelphia-based disc jockey Bob Whitney created The Now Explosion, a television series filmed in Atlanta and broadcast in syndication to other local television stations throughout the United States. The series featured promotional clips from various popular artists, but was canceled by its distributor in 1971. Several music programs originating outside of the US, including Australia's Countdown and the United Kingdom's Top of the Pops, which had aired music videos in lieu of performances from artists who were not available to perform live, began to feature them by the mid-1970s. In 1974, Gary Van Haas, vice president of Televak Corporation, introduced a concept to distribute a music video channel to record stores across the United States, promoted the channel, named Music Video TV, to distributors and retailers in a May 1974 issue of Billboard; the channel, which featured video disc jockeys, signed a deal with US Cable in 1978 to expand its audience from retail to cable television.
The service was no longer active by the time MTV launched in 1981. In 1977, Warner Cable a division of Warner Communications and the precursor of Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment launched the first two-way interactive cable television system named QUBE in Columbus, Ohio; the QUBE system offered many specialized channels. One of these specialized channels was Sight on Sound, a music channel that featured concert footage and music-oriented television programs. With the interactive QUBE service, viewers could vote for their favorite artists; the original programming format of MTV was created by media executive Robert W. Pittman, who became president and chief executive officer of MTV Networks. Pittman had test-driven the music format by producing and hosting a 15-minute show, Album Tracks, on New York City television station WNBC-TV in the late 1970s. Pittman's boss Warner-Amex executive vice president John Lack had shepherded PopClips, a television series created by former Monkee-turned solo artist Michael Nesmith, whose attention had turned to the music video format in the late 1970s.
The inspiration for PopClips came from a similar program on New Zealand's TVNZ network named Radio with Pictures, which premiered in 1976. The concept itself had been in the works since 1966, when major record companies began supplying the New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation with promotional music clips to play on the air at no charge. Few artists made the long trip to New Zealand to appear live. On Saturday, August 1, 1981, at 12:01 AM Eastern Time, MTV was launched with the words "Ladies and gentlemen and roll," spoken by John Lack and played over footage of the first Space Shuttle launch countdown of Columbia and of the launch of Apollo 11; those words were followed by the original MTV theme song, a crunching rock tune composed by Jonathan Elias and John Petersen, playing over the American flag changed to show MTV's logo changing into various textures and designs. MTV producers Alan Goodman and Fred Seibert used this public domain footage as a concept. A shortened version of the shuttle launch ID ran at the top of every hour in various forms, from MTV's first day until it was pulled in early 1986 in the wake of the Challenger disaster.
Screen Actors Guild Award
Screen Actors Guild Awards are accolades given by the Screen Actors Guild‐American Federation of Television and Radio Artists to recognize outstanding performances in film and prime time television. The statuette given, a nude male figure holding both a mask of comedy and a mask of tragedy, is called "The Actor", it is 16 inches tall, weighs over 12 pounds, is cast in solid bronze, produced by the American Fine Arts Foundry in Burbank, California. SAG Awards have been one of the major awards events in Hollywood since 1995. Nominations for the awards come from two committees, one for film and one for television, each numbering 2100 members of the union, randomly selected anew each year, with the full membership available to vote for the winners, it is considered an indicator of success at the Academy Awards. The awards have been telecast since 1998 on TNT, since 2007 have been simulcast on TBS; the inaugural SAG Awards aired live on February 25, 1995 from Universal Studios' Stage 12. The second SAG awards aired live from the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium, while subsequent awards have been held at the Shrine Auditorium.
On December 4, 2017, it was announced that the award show would have its first host in its twenty-four year history with actress Kristen Bell presiding over the ceremony. 1995: 1st Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 1994 1996: 2nd Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 1995 1997: 3rd Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 1996 1998: 4th Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 1997 1999: 5th Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 1998 2000: 6th Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 1999 2001: 7th Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 2000 2002: 8th Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 2001 2003: 9th Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 2002 2004: 10th Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 2003 2005: 11th Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 2004 2006: 12th Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 2005 2007: 13th Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 2006 2008: 14th Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 2007 2009: 15th Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 2008 2010: 16th Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 2009 2011: 17th Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 2010 2012: 18th Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 2011 2013: 19th Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 2012 2014: 20th Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 2013 2015: 21st Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 2014 2016: 22nd Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 2015 2017: 23rd Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 2016 2018: 24th Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 2017 2019: 25th Screen Actors Guild Awards, for the year 2018 Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role Outstanding Performance by a Stunt Ensemble in a Motion Picture Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Motion Picture Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Comedy Series Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Drama Series Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Drama Series Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Comedy Series Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Comedy Series Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie Outstanding Performance by a Stunt Ensemble in a Television Series Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award Note: Winners are indicated in bold type.
- Official website
Queen Sized is a Lifetime drama telefilm that premiered on January 12, 2008, starring Nikki Blonsky. The movie was made in Shreveport, LA. Maggie Baker is an overweight 17-year-old girl in a suburban town in South Carolina who suffers being taunted and ridiculed at school and badgered to lose weight by her overbearing mother, worried she will get diabetes like her late father. Maggie and her mother do not get along; the movie starts by showing. We discover that her best friend Casey is not as unpopular as Maggie due to her relationship with one of the popular guys. Casey is invited to a party by the boy and accepts the invite on the premise that Maggie is allowed to come as well; the popular boys don't say anything. At the party Casey is dragged away by her sort of boyfriend, leaving Maggie alone to be laughed at by the preppy clique, including Liz, a hated but feared girl at school. Liz is the mean girl. Maggie gets food down the front of her shirt and retreats to the kitchen to clean it off. From the kitchen she can see Casey and her boyfriend making out in the adjacent hallway before her friend Louis greets her.
It is clear that Louis has a thing for vice versa. Louis leaves and Casey appears at the same time as Tara the sweet Queen Bee at school to wipe food off her shirt as well. Tara asks if Maggie is as klutzy as she is which Maggie confirms that she is, saying "No, my blouse was just hungry." After she leaves Casey makes a remark about how Tara is only nice so she can win Homecoming Queen to which Maggie replies that it would be nice if she herself were to win Homecoming Queen and not somebody like Tara or her friends. Liz decides to nominate Maggie as a joke, they would take her off the ballot so her friend Tara will take the crown since she is a shoo in to win. The joke is on her though as many students who are sick of the popular kids get excited about Maggie being the queen, including Tara, who is, of course, nominated herself. Maggie collects 150 signatures to put her on the ballot and becomes an official nominee. Maggie starts campaigning but gets upset one day when she sees Tara's posters out in the hallway and imagines her mom praising Tara's thinness and beauty.
She runs home to find comfort food. Meanwhile, Liz vandalizes Tara's posters so the principal will think it's Maggie and take her out of the race; the plan does not work and Tara begins to suspect that her best friend is trying to sabotage Maggie. At voting time, Maggie wins Homecoming Queen, the popular clique is shocked and rudely sit and glare at Maggie, but Tara looks genuinely happy for the plus-sized beauty queen, it is revealed that Tara voted for Maggie and not herself. Maggie is bombarded with offers from the press. However, the popular kids are not ready to accept Maggie's win without a fight and plan to get her to resign. Tara's boyfriend Liz plot to ruin Maggie's homecoming float; when Maggie sits on it the float busts, making it look like Maggie's weight broke it. Tara is outraged as the prank could have injured Maggie and breaks up with Trip not only because of the prank but because she is fed up with his shallow ways and his inability to look at life beyond High School popularity.
She discovers that Liz only hangs out with her because she's popular and ends their friendship. The other popular girls stop speaking to Liz as well. Maggie goes on television to discuss her win but comes off sounding rude and ungrateful towards her friends and supporters, she has been ignoring Casey, trying to ask Maggie for advice on whether or not she should consummate her relationship with her now boyfriend. Angry, Casey spews out some harsh insults and Maggie shoves her into a row of bikes, getting herself suspended. Maggie has alienated from her friends and no longer wishes to be Homecoming Queen although the school tells her she can. Maggie realizes that her harshest critic is herself, she decides to go through being Homecoming Queen though the reception will most be bad and asks Louis to be her King. She reconciles with Casey who eagerly cheer her on at the game. Although many people boo her a lot of people cheer for her too. Maggie realizes that she changed herself as well. Nikki Blonsky as Maggie Baker, an obese 17-year-old girl who hates her body but goes through a self-acceptance process over the course of the movie Annie Potts as Joan Baker, Maggie's overbearing mother Lily Holleman as Casey, Maggie's best friend Fabian C.
Moreno as Louis Rodriguez, Maggie's friend and love interest Kim Matula as Tara Conner, the school's most popular girl, who hates futility and admires Maggie Liz McGeever as Liz McDonavan, Tara's best friend and mean girl. She hates envies Tara. Jackson Pace as William "Will" Baker, Maggie's younger brother Ryan Bartley as Emily Dosik, one of Tara's friends and ball organizer Kelsey Schultz as Camille, one of Tara's friends Kyle Clements as Trip, Tara's boyfriend Philip Searcy as Devon, Casey's boyfriend Laurel Whitsett as Principal Zash Tiger Sheu as Jared, the school punk Jessika Brodosi as Serena, the school gothic Cody Linley, one of Devon's best friends Jabari Thomas as Dorian, one of Devon's best friends Libby Whittemore, Joan's best friend Queen Sized was released on DVD for the first time on August 5, 2008 from Starz Home Entertainment Queen Sized on IMDb