Nikolaus Lenau

Nikolaus Lenau was the nom de plume of Nikolaus Franz Niembsch Edler von Strehlenau, a German-language Austrian poet. He was born at Schadat, now Lenauheim, Banat part of the Habsburg Monarchy, now in Romania, his father, a Habsburg government official, died in 1807 in Budapest, leaving his children in the care of their mother, who remarried in 1811. In 1819 Nikolaus went to the University of Vienna. Unable to settle down to any profession, he began writing verse; the disposition to sentimental melancholy inherited from his mother, stimulated by disappointments in love and by the prevailing fashion of the romantic school of poetry, descended into gloom after his mother's death in 1829. Soon afterwards, however, a legacy from his grandmother enabled him to devote himself wholly to poetry, his first published poems appeared in Johann Gabriel Seidl's Aurora. In 1831 he moved to Stuttgart, where he published a volume of Gedichte dedicated to the Swabian poet, Gustav Schwab, he made the acquaintance of Ludwig Uhland, Justinus Kerner, Karl Mayer and others.

His restless spirit longed for change, he determined to seek peace and freedom in America. In October 1832 he settled on a homestead in Ohio, he lived six months in New Harmony, with a group called the Harmony Society. Life in the primeval forest fell lamentably short of the ideal, he disliked Americans with their eternal English lisping of dollars, in 1833 returned to Germany. The appreciation of his first volume of poems revived his spirits. From on he lived in Stuttgart and in Vienna. In 1836 his Faust appeared. In 1838 his Neuere Gedichte proved. Of these new poems, some of the finest were inspired by his hopeless passion for Sophie von Löwenthal, the wife of a friend. In 1842 appeared Die Albigenser, in 1844 he began writing his Don Juan, a fragment of, published after his death. Soon afterwards he developed signs of mental ill-health. In October 1844, he jumped from a window one morning and ran down a street shouting "Revolt! Freedom! Help! Fire!". He was placed under restraint, for the remainder of his life.

He died in the asylum at Oberdöbling near Vienna and was buried in the cemetery of Weidling, near Klosterneuburg. On his grave is the replica of an open book with an extract from one of his poems inscribed on the left-hand page, while on the right-hand page there is the final stanza from his poem Vergangenheit; the city of Stockerau in Lower Austria has proclaimed itself "Lenau City", because Nikolaus Lenau went on extensive walks in the alluvial forests next to Stockerau and the Danube and was inspired to write one of his most famous lyric poems, "Schilflieder", during this time. He has the surrounding area named after him, his political poems, such as "By the Grave of a Minister," reveal Lenau's liberal sympathies with their attacks on the despotism of Metternich's reactionary system and the corruption of the Catholic Church. Lenau's fame rests upon his shorter poems, his excellent poem, "Herbst", expresses the sadness and melancholy he felt after his sojourn in the United States and his strenuous travels across the Atlantic to return to Europe.

In it, he mourns the passing of time and his own sense of futility. The poem is archetypal of Lenau's style and culminates with the speaker dreaming of death as a final escape from emptiness, he is the greatest modern lyric poet of Austria, the typical representative in German literature of that pessimistic Weltschmerz which, beginning with Lord Byron, reached its culmination in the poetry of Giacomo Leopardi. Lenau's Sämtliche Werke were first published in 4 vols. by Anastasius Grün in 1855, but there are several more modern editions, as those by Max Koch in Joseph Kürschner's Deutsche Nationalliteratur of 1888, E. Castle. Notturno, a 1933 song cycle by Othmar Schoeck which includes settings of nine poems by Lenau. Works by or about Nikolaus Lenau at Internet Archive Works by Nikolaus Lenau at LibriVox Internationale Lenau-Gesellschaft Poems of Nikolaus Lenau Nicolaus Lenau Links Free scores by Nikolaus Lenau in the Choral Public Domain Library Literature by and about Nikolaus Lenau in the German National Library catalogue Works by and about Nikolaus Lenau in the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek Nikolaus Lenau austria-forum Entry about Nikolaus Lenau in the database Gedächtnis des Landes on the history of the state of Lower Austria

Bangla (drink)

Bangla is an alcoholic beverage made from starch and sold in West Bengal. There are government licensed counters to sell this beverage. Bangla is a distilled country liquor. Notable Bengali liquor names are Uran, Pincon Bangla number one, Dada, etc. Bangla is most consumed by the people of murshidabad. According to liquor expert Sayan Choudhury, bangla liquor of Murshidabad is number one in the world. Bangla is made from grains such as sorghum and wheat. According to the government data of 2015, 48% of the West Bengal state's market share is Indian-made foreign liquor, 39% is the Bangla drink. 11% of the market share is beer and the remaining 2% are occupied by wine and other spirits. Bangla is consumed by those who cannot afford other more expensive alcohol; the market, has been increasing for domestic liquor. The vast majority of excise revenue in the state of West Bengal is coming from cheap Bengali liquor. In the 2014-15 fiscal year, the figure reached 3,600 crore

Glen Ashman

Glen Edward Ashman in New York City, New York) is a jurist, a judge in the Municipal Court of East Point, Georgia since 1988. He was last reappointed on July 2, 2007; the East Point City Court is one of the state's busier municipal courts, handling traffic, housing code, East Point City ordinance and other criminal cases. Ashman received his B. A. from Emory University and his Juris doctor cum laude from Walter F. George School of Law at Mercer University, where he was on the Mercer Law Review, he was admitted to practice law in Georgia in 1980. Ashman has a general civil practice in the Atlanta area, including divorce, bankruptcy and personal injury. In Georgia, part-time municipal judges may maintain a law practice, he has been in practice since 1980. Ashman is the author of the Georgia Municipal Judges Benchbook, updated annually and used by judges across the state as a basic reference, he has authored the Benchbook since 2002. The benchbook is published by the Institute of Continuing Legal Education in Georgia and the Georgia Council of Municipal Court Judges.

Ashman authored Random Searches at Public Concert Held Fourth Amendment Violation in the Mercer Law Review, Volume 30, Page 1093. Ashman is a long-time participant in the online world, hosting some of the longest lived forums on Delphi Forums, his Personal Law dates to the mid-1990s. He briefly served as a former member of the DelphiForums staff, his Personal Law's "Ask a Lawyer for Free" is one of the oldest legal help resources on the internet, dating back to 1994. He is active on's Ask a Lawyer service. One of Judge Ashman's more notable and unusual cases had the unexpected result of defining the law for appeals from municipal courts in Georgia. Russell v. City of East Point, 261 Ga. 213, 403 SE2d 50, an appeal of Judge Ashman's decision, dealt with how appellate courts handle appeals of Constitutional issues from local courts. Locally, it is more known as the kudzu case, dealt with an attorney's home being overgrown with the weed; the constitutional issue was whether a right to a jury trial applies in a local ordinance case in which the court has held that there is no possibility of incarceration.

East Point City Court website Glen Ashman website Glen Ashman's website Glen Ashman's forum AVVO