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Nimrod, a biblical figure described as a king in the land of Shinar, according to the Book of Genesis and Books of Chronicles, the son of Cush, the grandson of Ham and great-grandson of Noah. The Bible states that he was "a mighty hunter before the Lord... began to be mighty in the earth". Extra-biblical traditions associating him with the Tower of Babel led to his reputation as a king, rebellious against God. Attempts to match Nimrod with attested figures have failed. Nimrod may not represent any one personage known to history and various authors have identified him with several real and fictional figures of Mesopotamian antiquity, including the Mesopotamian god Ninurta or a conflation of two Akkadian kings Sargon and his grandson Naram-Sin, Tukulti-Ninurta I; the first biblical mention of Nimrod is in the Table of Nations. He is described as the son of Cush, grandson of Ham, great-grandson of Noah; this is repeated in the First Book of Chronicles 1:10, the "Land of Nimrod" used as a synonym for Assyria or Mesopotamia, is mentioned in the Book of Micah 5:6: And they shall waste the land of Assyria with the sword, the land of Nimrod in the entrances thereof: thus shall he deliver us from the Assyrian, when he cometh into our land, when he treadeth within our borders.

Genesis says that the "beginning of his kingdom" were the towns of "Babel, Erech and Calneh in the land of Shinar" —understood variously to imply that he either founded these cities, ruled over them, or both. Owing to an ambiguity in the original Hebrew text, it is unclear whether it is he or Ashur who additionally built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir and Calah. Sir Walter Raleigh devoted several pages in his History of the World to reciting past scholarship regarding the question of whether it had been Nimrod or Ashur who built the cities in Assyria. In Hebrew and Christian tradition, Nimrod is considered the leader of those who built the Tower of Babel in the land of Shinar, though the Bible never states this. Nimrod's kingdom included the cities of Babel, Erech and Calneh, in Shinar. Flavius Josephus believed that it was under his direction that the building of Babel and its tower began. Several of these early Judaic sources assert that the king Amraphel, who wars with Abraham in Genesis, is none other than Nimrod himself.

Since Accad was destroyed and lost with the destruction of its Empire in the period 2200–2154 BCE, the stories mentioning Nimrod seem to recall the late Early Bronze Age. The association with Erech, a city that lost its prime importance around 2,000 BCE as a result of struggles between Isin and Elam attests the early provenance of the stories of Nimrod. According to some modern-day theorists, their placement in the Bible suggests a Babylonian origin—possibly inserted during the Babylonian captivity. Judaic interpreters as early as Philo and Yochanan ben Zakai interpreted "a mighty hunter before the Lord" as signifying "in opposition to the Lord"; some rabbinic commentators have connected the name Nimrod with a Hebrew word meaning'rebel'. In Pseudo-Philo, Nimrod is made leader of the Hamites, while Joktan as leader of the Semites, Fenech as leader of the Japhethites, are associated with the building of the Tower. Versions of this story are again picked up in works such as Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius.

The Book of Jubilees mentions the name of "Nebrod" only as being the father of Azurad, the wife of Eber and mother of Peleg. This account would thus make Nimrod an ancestor of Abraham, hence of all Hebrews. Josephus wrote: Now it was Nimrod who excited them to such an affront and contempt of God, he was the grandson of Ham, the son of Noah, a bold man, of great strength of hand. He persuaded them not to ascribe it to God, as if it were through his means they were happy, but to believe that it was their own courage which procured that happiness, he gradually changed the government into tyranny, seeing no other way of turning men from the fear of God, but to bring them into a constant dependence on his power. He said he would be revenged on God, if he should have a mind to drown the world again, and that he would avenge himself on God for destroying their forefathers. Now the multitude were ready to follow the determination of Nimrod, to esteem it a piece of cowardice to submit to God, it was built of burnt brick, cemented together with mortar, made of bitumen, that it might not be liable to admit water.

When God saw that they acted so madly, he did not resolve to destroy them utterly, since they were not grown wiser by the


Arsacia is a monotypic moth genus of the family Noctuidae. Its only species is Arsacia rectalis. Both the genus and species were described by Francis Walker, the genus in 1866 and the species in 1863, it is found from the Indo-Australian tropics of India, Sri Lanka to Queensland and the Solomon Islands. Palpi porrect, where the second joint thickly scaled, third joint minute and acute. Frontal tuft absent. Antennae simple in male. Thorax and abdomen smoothly scaled. Tibia naked. Forewings with quadrate apex. Outer margin rounded. Inner margin with slight tufts of hair near base and at outer angle. Veins 7, 8, 9 and 10 stalked; the wingspan is 14–18 mm. Adults have been recorded on wing in March. Head and thorax rufous. Abdomen fuscous. Forewings bright chestnut; the costa suffused with pink. There is an oblique line runs from apex to middle of inner margin, the area beyond it suffused with pink and with indistinct sub-marginal and marginal series of patches of dark scales. Hindwings dark fuscous; the larvae feed on the young leaves of Dalbergia species.

They form a shelter from two leaves tied together with silk. The larvae are darkish grass green with a yellowish-green head. Pupation takes place in a loose silken cocoon. Savela, Markku. "Arsacia Walker, ". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved January 13, 2019. Pitkin, Brian & Jenkins, Paul. "Search results Family: Noctuidae". Butterflies and Moths of the World. Natural History Museum, London

Naltar Valley

Naltar is a valley near Gilgit and Nomal in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan. Naltar can be reached by jeeps. Naltar is a forested region known for its dramatic mountain scenery. Ski competitions are held at Naltar ski resort. Naltar Bala and Naltar Pine are two villages of Naltar valley. Naltar Pine is at a distance of Naltar Bala at 40 kilometres from Gilgit. There is a main village known as Nomal between Naltar Gilgit. A road from Nomal goes to'The Silk Route' to China; the government has constructed an 18 MW hydropower plant, Naltar Hydropower Plant-IV, near Naltar Pine, in addition to three smaller hydel power generating plants there, to fulfill the power requirement of the area as well as Gilgit. Naltar-III and Naltar-V Hydropower Projects of 16 MW and 14 MW generation capacity are under construction; the Naltar Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area in the valley, established on 22 November 1975. The sanctuary is forested, there being a comfortable growth of mixed montane and coniferous forests at lower altitudes and montane coniferous forest higher up.

Coniferous species that are present include Juniperus. The trees present include Fraxinus, Pistacia, Betula, Salix and Krascheninnikovia ceratoides; some herbs that grow here and there include Artemisia and Stipa. A few number of Astor markhor and an endangered specie of wild goat lives in the reserve. Other large mammals present include the Alpine ibex, snow leopard, brown bear, grey wolf, red fox, beech marten and leopard cat. 35 species of birds have been recorded in the valley, including Brooks's leaf warbler. There are five lakes in the Naltar valley known as'Satrangi Lake' Halima Lake' Bodo Lake'Green Lake' &'Blue Lakes' at a distance of 13 kilometers from Naltar Bala; the road from village to the lakes is nonmetallic and narrow alongside a stream throughout this road coming from the mountains. In winter it is impossible to reach the lake through any vehicle due to the snow on the road. Naltar Valley is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Northern Pakistan; the valley offers a variety of fauna as well as natural scenery.

Government has established a number of rest houses in the valley. GBPWD Rest house is the oldest rest house in the valley. FCNA, GB Scouts & PAF had their own rest houses to serve the purpose. There are a number of private accommodation facilities & hotels in the valley. Mehmaan Resort is the best facility in the valley. Muhammad Abbas - Participant of Vancouver Olympic Ifrah Wali - South Asian Winter Games gold medalist Amina Wali- South Asian Winter Games Silver medalist M Karim - Participant of Sochi Olympic Farjad Hussain- HEC Gold medalist Naltar ski resort 2015 Pakistan Army Mil Mi-17 crash Naltar Lakes Nomal Valley Photo of Naltar Valley Naltar Valley Gallery

In My Mind (film)

In My Mind is a 2017 British documentary film about Patrick McGoohan and the making of The Prisoner, the late 1960s allegorical science-fiction TV series. The documentary was created and narrated by Chris Rodley for the 50th anniversary of the release of the TV series in the UK; the film follows the events surrounding Rodley's visit to interview McGoohan in 1983 for a 1984 documentary about the making of the original series. It premiered at'Fall In', a celebration of the Prisoner TV series held at the original outdoor location of Portmeirion in north Wales and was released on Blu-ray Disc on 30 October 2017. In 1983, Channel 4, the newly created fourth television channel in the UK, replayed all 17 episodes of the original series of The Prisoner. Following the airing of the final episode - "Fall Out" - in 1984, the channel had arranged to create a special one-hour programme discussing the making of the series called Six Into One - The Prisoner File. During the creation of this programme, Chris Rodley flew to California to interview Patrick McGoohan, the co-creator of the TV series as well as acting, writing and producing the series.

Since the release of the series in 1967 McGoohan had given few interviews about what The Prisoner meant. Rodley had arranged to interview McGoohan in an empty house in Laurel Canyon in Los Angeles; the recording of this interview was not used and McGoohan requested that they reconvene and re-shoot the interview in Santa Monica. Excerpts from this interview were used in the Channel 4 programme, it was only after McGoohan's death in 2009 that Rodley revisited the original interview and created the'In My Mind' documentary about the process of interviewing McGoohan. The documentary includes unseen interviews, excerpts from the original series, portions of McGoohan's 1977 interview in Canada with Warner Troyer. Additionally interviews recorded in 1983 are included with Lew Grade who financed the series, David Tomblin who wrote the first script and produced the series, writer Lewis Greifer and art director Jack Shampan. Additionally, McGoohan's daughter, Catherine, is interviewed and gives insights into her father's time on the series.

McGoohan saw the cut of the Channel 4 documentary and hated it. He produced his own interview documentary, known as the L. A. Tape, excerpts of which are shown in the Rodley documentary; the Channel 4 programme Six Into One - The Prisoner File has never been repeated since first broadcast. Patrick McGoohan - actor, writer and producer Catherine McGoohan - daughter of Patrick McGoohan Lew Grade - ITC media owner David Tomblin - producer, writer Jack Shampan - art director Lewis Greifer - writer The documentary was premiered at the 50th anniversary gathering at Portmeirion, the village in north Wales, used to portray The Village, it was subsequently released by Network Distributing. In My Mind on IMDb In My Mind at Rotten Tomatoes Review by the Unmutual Website

James Wishart

Admiral Sir James Wishart was a Scottish admiral in the Royal Navy and Member of Parliament for Portsmouth. Wishart served at the Battle of Cadiz and the Battle of Vigo Bay in 1702 and at the Capture of Gibraltar. Wishart was born to Principal of Edinburgh University. James Wishart was not the eldest son and he joined the Dutch navy and reputedly commanded a Dutch vessel, his elder brother George became a baronet and a lieutenant colonel whilst his brother William Wishart became the Principal of Edinburgh University. Wishart returned to Great Britain with William of Orange and he was rewarded, as he became a captain of HMS Pearl in 1689 and he moved to HMS Mary Galley. Wishart captained HMS Swiftsure and became a favourite of Sir George Rooke after becoming his flag captain in 1695 on the renamed HMS Queen, he served at the Battle of Cadiz and the Battle of Vigo Bay in 1702. In 1703-4 Wishart was with Sir George Rooke at the Capture of Gibraltar. By 1704 Rooke was threatening to resign when he found out that William Whetstone who lacked Wishart's seniority had been promoted to rear-admiral of the blue in preference to his captain.

Rooke suspected that Wishart had been passed over either to slight him or because of Wishart's Scottish ancestry. Rooke noted that Wishart had moved to Yorkshire with his wife as way of mitigation of Jacobite leanings. Rooke's protest resulted in Wishart being promoted to rear-admiral of the blue and it was backdated to the same date as his competitor was promoted. Rooke and Wishart were in the Mediterranean the same year and Wishart was given a knighthood on his return; the success was short-lived however as both Rooke and Wishart lost their positions the following year. Wishart was placed on half pay and it was not until 1710 that his career progressed further when he became an Admiralty Lord. After having been defeated as a Tory parliamentary candidate for Portsmouth in the 1710 election, he was returned on petition the following year, sitting until 1715. Wishart was sent to The Hague where he unsuccessfully lobbied the Dutch to form an alliance against the French, his last naval role was as Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Fleet taking over from Sir John Jennings in December 1713.

Wishart was always suspected of being of a Jacobite persuasion. When George I of England became king, Wishart lost his line management role and he died childless on 30 May 1723, he was an Admiral of the White Squadron. He lived at 53 High Street, Portsmouth, they had no children and his legacy of £20,000 went first to his wife. Wishart's will stipulated that anyone who owned his land or money needed to take his surname; the money went to his nephew William Wishart, Principal at Edinburgh University in 1736 or 1737. There is a memorial to Wishart, erected by his brother William in the Church of St. Mary & St. Nicholas, Leatherhead; the memorial features models of ships. He had his portrait painted by Michael Dahl; the Royal Navy has named the destroyer HMS Wishart, after James Wishart. Lord Louis Mountbatten was her commanding officer for a time, when he was trying to inspire their crew he joked that the ship had the best name in the navy making the pun, "Our Father Wishart in Heaven..."

HMS Saturn (1786)

HMS Saturn was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 22 November 1786 at Northam. The vessel served during the Napoleonic Wars with the Channel Fleet, taking part in the 1801 Battle of Copenhagen. With the beginning of the War of 1812, Saturn was modified to become a frigate designed to take on large American vessels of that type. Saturn was deployed as part of the blockading squadron of New York City from 1814 to 1815. From 1825, the vessel was in harbour service and was broken up in 1868. In 1801, she served in the Channel Fleet under the command of Captain Boyles. Under Captain Robert Lambert she sailed with Admiral Sir Hyde Parker's expedition to the Baltic, she was present at the Battle of Copenhagen as part of Admiral Parker's reserve. Saturn was cut down to create a rasée 58-gun spar-decked frigate in 1813 at the Plymouth dockyards in preparation for service in the War of 1812. Three 74-gun ships were treated in this manner to produce'super heavy frigates' that could take on the large American 44-gun frigates.

Retaining their 32-pounder main armament, supplemented by 42-pounder carronades, the resulting frigates were much more powerful than the American frigates they were intended to engage. The rasée frigates proved to be fast in heavy seas, but in lighter airs conventional frigates had a distinct advantage in speed. On 14 February 1814, under Captain James Nash, Saturn sailed for Bermuda, she served as part of the blockading-squadron off New York until the War of 1812 ended with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent in 1814. On 25 May 1814 Saturn captured the American privateer schooner Hussar, of 211 tons, at 40°8′N 73°28′W after a four-hour chase. Hussar was armed with one 12-pounder gun and nine 12-pounder carronades, eight of which she threw overboard during the chase, her complement consisted of 98 men. She had been in commission for only a week and had left New York the previous evening for her first cruise, bound for Newfoundland. Nash described her as "coppered, copper-fastened, sails remarkably fast".

Hussar had been launched in 1812 and had made previous cruises, but without success. She was under the command of Francis Jenkins. From January 1815, Captain Thomas Brown, assumed command of Saturn until Captain Nash returned to command in April 1815. From 1825 Saturn was on harbour service at Milford Haven, she was broken up in 1868. By that time she was the last survivor of her class of 12 ships