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Ninian Park

Ninian Park was a football stadium in the Leckwith area of Cardiff, the home of Cardiff City F. C. for 99 years. Opened in 1910 with a single wooden stand, it underwent numerous renovations during its lifespan and hosted fixtures with over 60,000 spectators in attendance. At the time of its closure in 2009, it had a capacity of 21,508. Cardiff City had been playing home fixtures at Sophia Gardens but the lack of facilities at the ground had prevented them from joining the Southern Football League. To combat this, club founder Bartley Wilson secured a plot of land from Cardiff Corporation, used as a rubbish tip and construction of a new ground began in 1909; the stadium was completed a year and named Ninian Park after Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Ninian Crichton-Stuart, who had acted as a financial guarantor for the build. A friendly match against Football League First Division champions Aston Villa was organised to open the ground, it was constructed with a single wooden stand and three large banks made of ash, but gradual improvements saw stands constructed on all sides of the pitch.

The four stands were named the Grange End, the Popular Bank and the Grandstand. The ground was used as the home stadium for the Wales national football team from 1911 until the late 1980s, hosting 84 international fixtures during its existence. Safety concerns led to the ground's capacity being drastically reduced and Cardiff Arms Park replacing the stadium as the preferred home venue for the national side; the Welsh national side holds the record attendance for a match at Ninian Park. Cardiff City's club record attendance of 57,893 came at the stadium during a Football League fixture against Arsenal on 22 April 1953; the ground hosted its last match on 25 April 2009 against Ipswich Town and was demolished soon after, being replaced by the adjacent newly constructed Cardiff City Stadium. The site was converted into a residential housing estate, named Ninian Park after the ground. Following the founding of the club in 1899, Cardiff City F. C. played. The club was becoming popular with local people, but the facilities at Sophia Gardens were deemed inadequate for this growing support due to the lack of turnstiles or an enclosed pitch.

The limitations meant the club was forced to turn down an invitation to join the newly formed Southern Football League Second Division in 1908. To capitalise on growing interest, Cardiff organised friendly matches against Crystal Palace, Bristol City and Middlesbrough that were held at Cardiff Arms Park and the Harlequins Ground, part of Cardiff High School; the attendances convinced club founder Bartley Wilson of the potential success of a professional football club in Cardiff, he approached the Bute Estate, a large landholder within the city, about securing a plot of land to build a new ground at Leckwith Common. The club was instead offered an area of waste ground by Councillor John Mander, known as Tanyard Lane with the incentive that Cardiff Corporation would assist in the construction of the ground. Located between Sloper Road and a local railway station, the area had been used as a rubbish tip and an allotment ground; the club chose an area of around five acres near a junction on Leckwith Road.

They were offered the ground on an initial seven-year lease with a yearly rent of £90. This was to be supported by guarantors should the club have financial difficulties and be unable to maintain payments. Local volunteers and workers were used to level the surface; the ground was surrounded by large mounds of ash and slag sourced from the furnaces of local companies and used to form banking for spectators. A white fence was erected around the outside of the ground. A small 200-seat wooden stand and changing rooms were added to complete the build. To secure the site, the club was required to provide two or more guarantors to back the deal. One of the guarantors who had agreed to support the project pulled out during development; this led the club's solicitor, Norman Robertson, to address a local council meeting, stating that "there had been difficulties in obtaining promises of support" due to the uncertain state of the coal industry. Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Ninian Crichton-Stuart, son of John Patrick Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute, stepped in to offer his financial support.

In appreciation of his contribution, the ground was subsequently named Ninian Park, replacing the original planned name Sloper Park. The other four guarantors for the site were David Alfred Thomas, 1st Viscount Rhondda, J. Bell Harrison and local councillors Charles Wall and H. C. Vivian. A further 24 people offered to become sureties if their contribution would be limited to £5. Harry Bradshaw, secretary of the Southern Football League, inspected the ground ahead of the 1910–11 season, he declared that Ninian Park had "the making of the finest football ground in the country" and allowed Cardiff City to join the Southern League's Second Division. Cardiff held two trial matches at the ground, the club's professional players competing against its amateur players in preparation for the opening match; the new ground was opened at 5:00 pm on 1 September 1910 with a friendly against Aston Villa, reigning champions of the Football League First Division, that attracted a crowd of around 7,000 people. The match began with a ceremonial kick-off performed by Lord Ninian and ended in a 2–1 defeat for Cardiff.

Jack Evans became the first player to score for the club at the ground. The first competitive match played at Ninian Park was the opening match of the 1910–11 season, which took place three weeks l

Camp Boiro

Camp Boiro or Camp Mamadou Boiro is a defunct Guinean concentration camp within Conakry city. During the regime of President Ahmed Sékou Touré, thousands of political opponents were imprisoned at the camp, it has been estimated that 5,000 people were executed or died from torture or starvation at the camp. According to other estimates, the number of victims was ten times higher: 50,000. Sékou Touré became president of Guinea when the country gained independence from France in 1958. Over the years that followed, his regime became repressive, persecuting opposition leaders and dissidents from within the ruling Guinean Democratic Party; the camp, situated in the center of Conakry, was called Camp Camyenne. It housed the Republican Guard under French colonial rule; the political prison block in the camp was constructed with assistance from the Czechoslovak government. In 1961 the commandant had the windows reduced in size; the camp was renamed Camp Mamadou Boiro in 1969 in honor of a police commissioner, thrown from a helicopter in which he was transporting prisoners from Labé to Conakry.

The camp was used to dispose of Touré's opponents. Achkar Marof and former Guinean ambassador to the United Nations, was recalled to Guinea in 1968, arrested and jailed at Camp Boiro, he gained his freedom in the 1970 coup attempt. His family learned in 1985 that he had been shot on 26 January 1971; the so-called Labé plot, linked to French imperialism, was uncovered in February 1969. Touré used this plot to execute at least 13 people. A total of 87 people were detained in the camp. Two, Mouctar Diallo and Namory Keïta, died of starvation and dehydration only days after their arrest. Fodéba Keïta, former Minister of Defense, was arrested for alleged complicity in the Labé plot, he was shot after forced starvation on 27 May 1969. On 21 November 1970, the Portuguese Armed Forces based in the neighbor Portuguese Guinea, assisted by Guinean oppositionists, executed the Operation Green Sea, an amphibious raid against Conakry aimed to achieve several military and political objectives, including the liberation of Portuguese POWs and the attempt to overthrow the Touré regime.

They liberated the prisoners. The camp commandant Siaka Touré managed to hide, but General Lansana Diané, minister of Defence, was captured, he escaped and took refuge with the ambassador of Algeria. The coup attempt failed, in the aftermath many opponents of the regime were rounded up and imprisoned in Camp Boiro. On 23 December 1970, the Bishop of Conakry, Raymond-Marie Tchidimbo, was arrested, subsequently made a "confession". Tchidimbo wrote a book about his 8-year, 8-month stay at the camp. Alassane Diop, Senegalese in origin, a former Minister of Information in Guinea was arrested and held in Camp Boiro for ten years, returning to Senegal after his release; the prisoners were given little food other than a scrap of bread the size of a box of matches in the morning, a ladle of plain rice cooked in dirty water in the evening. There was never any meat except on days. Starting in January 1971 the prisoners were interrogated by a Revolutionary Committee headed by Ismaël Touré, half-brother of Sékou Touré and minister of the Economy.

Some prisoners were placed on the "black diet", meaning no water until they died. Prisoners could only show their courage by refusing to confess during torture sessions, refusing to beg for food when placed on the black diet. Loffo Camara, former Secretary of State for Social Affairs, was hanged on 25 January 1971, the only woman killed at that time. According to El Hadj Ibrahima Diane, an inmate for many years, from June 1972 until August 1973 at least four corpses were taken from the cells each day and thrown into mass graves in the rear yard of the prison. In 1975, France agreed to restore diplomatic relations after French prisoners were released from the camp; this reduced pressure on Touré. The book Prison D'Afrique by Jean-Paul Alata, a survivor from the camp, was banned from publication in France and had to be printed in Belgium. Further incarcerations followed in the ensuing years. Diallo Telli was a popular politician, loyal to the regime, former Secretary General of the Organization of African Unity.

He was appointed Minister of Justice. On 18 July 1976, Diallo Telli was imprisoned at Camp Boiro. In February 1977 five prominent prisoners were eliminated through the black diet: Diallo Telli, ex-ministers Barry Alpha Oumar and Dramé Alioune, army officers Diallo Alhassana and Kouyate Laminé; the next month five more people died of starvation. The arrests and deaths continued. In August 1979 Bah Mamadou, an expatriate from Labé who had moved to France, returned to visit his family. Entering the country from Senegal, all occupants of his vehicle were arrested and jailed at Camp Boiro. Eight of the travellers - all but Bah Mahmoud himself - had died of the black diet within a month. In September 1983 the government announced they had uncovered a plot to sabotage a meeting of the OAU planned to be held in Conakry the next year. Eighty one people were incarcerated in Camp Boiro. After the death of Sékou Touré in 1984, the military took power and released many of the political prisoners at Camp Boiro.

Many of the leaders of the former regime were imprisoned, executed. In the years that followed, the association of Victims of Camp Boiro fought for many years to maintain the memory of what had happened; the council of ministers issued a communique on 27 August 1991 for renovation of the camp and construction of a memorial to all the victims, but no action followed. The Associatio

Sacred Flesh

Sacred Flesh is a 1999 British nunsploitation horror film. It is set in an indeterminate past, consists of a series of loosely connected vignettes that depict pseudo-lesbian sexuality and some sado-masochistic activity. Sister Elizabeth, the mother superior of a medieval convent, has visions of Mary Magdalene and a skeletal dead nun. Father Henry, the abbot, his servant Richard are summoned by the convent's abbess to help with the hysteria spreading among the order. Elizabeth recounts the confessions and fantasies of the nuns, flagellating herself and becoming excited as she does so: Sister Sarah masturbates. Sister Catherine is violated by Fathers Peter. Sisters Jane and Helen engage in three-way sex and violate Sister Ann after tying her to a cross. Elizabeth writhes violently in her cell and, as she dies, is tormented by visions of a crucified woman and Christ's beating Sacred Heart. Mother Elizabeth and an demonic Mary Magdalene debate desire and chastity within what seems to be a heavenly antechamber.

Mary remarks to Elizabeth that, as her convent is full of repressed female desire, the Mother Superior too is enveloped within this voluptuous fold. Elizabeth details four fantasy vignettes; these are interspersed with conversations between the convent's former abbess, a priest, Abbess Elizabeth, an odd dead zombie nun and an actress Eileen Daly playing the spirit of Catechism.. The sex scenes conform to standard pornographic sequencing, they each start and culminate in erotic release at the end. There are scenes of the full lesbian sexual gamut, which extends from episodes of individual nuns' self-stimulation to non-monogamous lesbian sex to a final nun-centered crucifix-bondage scene, with copious use of the whip and the rope. Sacred Flesh on IMDb