The Nissan Primera is a large family car, produced by the Japanese automaker Nissan from 1990 to 2007, for the Japanese and European markets. In Japan, it replaced the Auster/Stanza, was exclusive to Nissan Prince Store locations. In North America, it was the entry level luxury sports sedan for the Infiniti brand; the word "primera" is Spanish for "first class" or "finest". Since 1986, Nissan had been building Bluebirds — a rebadged home market Auster/Stanza – for the European market at its factory in Washington and Wear, England. Nissan showcased the Primera X concept car at the 1989 Tokyo Motor Show and UV-X concept car at the 1989 International Motor Show Germany. In the end of 1990, Nissan replaced the United Kingdom's Bluebird with the smaller Primera, it had a conventional front wheel drive chassis and five speed manual gearbox, with some versions getting the option of a four speed automatic. Power came from 1.8 litre and 2.0 litre injection petrol engines. The 1.8 was a single point injection model.
The 1.8 litre version was not sold in the rest of Europe. Bodystyles were five door saloons. A five door estate was offered as the Primera Traveller, however, it received the different sheet metal of the Nissan Avenir, was only made in Japan. Nissan had targeted the car at the market in Europe; the Primera saw Nissan's multi-link front suspension applied to front-wheel drive for the first time. The 2.0 litre gasoline engine received a power upgrade in 1992, which gave the ZXe, 150 bhp from the standard 2.0 litre engine and a top speed of around 219 km/h. Some five door British, RHD Primeras were exported back to Japan and Ireland. In the United States, the version built in Japan of the Primera was rebadged as the Infiniti G20, part of Nissan's upper scale Infiniti brand; the Primera range came in six trim levels at launch: L, LS, SLX, GS, GSX and ZX. The 1.6 litre engine was available in L, LS and LSX trim and the 2.0 litre 115 bhp engine was available in LS, GS and GSX trim. The ZX model had a 2.0 litre 150 bhp engine.
From 1992 onwards, the range was facelifted and new L, LX, SLX, SGX and eGT trim levels replaced the original naming scheme. A 2.0 litre diesel version was available from 1992. The L cars were basic, had 1.6 litre petrol engines only. The LX was plusher, but 2.0 litre petrol and diesel versions were available. SLX was the mid range model, these had a choice of 1.6 and 2.0 petrol, or 2.0 diesel engines. The SGX trim level was the luxury specification version; the eGT was the sporting version, with a 2.0 litre 150 bhp engine. Engine power was increased during 1994, with the 1.6 model producing 102 bhp and the 2.0 model, 123 bhp. From 1994, the range received another facelift, the trim levels were the same. A rare AWD option was available, known with 150 bhp. At this time, the SE replaced the SGX. A new "hot hatch" version, the SRi joined the line up from 1994, this had a choice of 1.6 or 2.0 litre petrol engines. There was a rare version of the P10 built and tuned by Japanese tuning company AutechThese models came with special Autech suspension and interior packages and a tuned SR20DE 2.0 litre engine, making 180 PS.
The second generation Nissan Primera was launched in the end of 1995 in Japan, in the autumn of 1996 in Europe. Unique in its class, new Primera featured multi link beam rear suspension with multi-link front suspension; as before, in Europe the Primera was sold with 1.6 L and 2.0 L petrol engines and a 2.0 L diesel, with hatchback and estate bodystyles. While the estate was now based on the Primera's platform, it was assigned a model code of WP11. In Japan, the Primera was offered with the SR18DE, SR20DE and SR20VE-for Japan only engines, only as a sedan; the hatchback assembled in the United Kingdom was available only with the SR20DE engine and automatic transmission and began production from November 1997, a captive import known as the Primera UK GT. Estate began production from September 1997. Alongside the original Primera, the Nissan Primera Camino was launched as a badge engineered model for different dealer networks; the Japanese models introduced a CVT automatic transmission during the P11 series, including a six speed tiptronic version in the M6 G-V and Autech edition wagons and Te-V saloon.
Nissan Primera HP11 TE-V was equipped with CVT-M6 transmissions only. Nissan continued selling the Primera in the United States as the Infiniti G20 until 2002, when it was replaced by a rebadged version of the Nissan Skyline V35 as the Infiniti G35; the G20 used rear lamp alterations from the Primera Camino. In 1998, Nissan New Zealand released a limited edition Primera SMX with association with Steve Millen. Features include cross drilled brakes, a more aggressive body kit. There were a total of 26 made in five colour choices; this was because until 1998 Nissan had an automotive assembly operation in New Zealand, for a short time between 1997 and 1998 the P11 Primera was assembled in Wiri, Auckland. The
The Viking-class submarine was a planned class of submarines to be built by the Viking Submarine Corporation. Viking was a corporation jointly established by Kockums in Sweden, Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace in Norway and Odense Steel Shipyard in Denmark. Finland was an observer of the Viking project, as an eventual future buyer of additional Viking submarines; the idea was to develop modern successor to the Swedish Gotland class, that would have cost about 1/3 of the German Type 214. It was planned that the Swedish and Norwegian navies would purchase two and four Viking-class submarines each starting in 2005; when the Danish Navy announced that they would stop using submarines in the summer of 2004, the whole Viking project died out. Kockums is doing low-intensive continuous research, based on the Viking design, towards the A26 submarine for Sweden. On 2015 Damen Group and Saab Group announced that they have teamed up to jointly develop and build next-generation submarines that are able to replace the current Walrus-class submarines of the Royal Netherlands Navy.
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A supersonic wind tunnel is a wind tunnel that produces supersonic speeds The Mach number and flow are determined by the nozzle geometry. The Reynolds number is varied by changing the density level. Therefore, a high pressure ratio is required. Apart from that, condensation of moisture or gas liquefaction can occur if the static temperature becomes cold enough; this means that a supersonic wind tunnel needs a drying or a pre-heating facility. A supersonic wind tunnel has a large power demand, so most are designed for intermittent instead of continuous operation. Optimistic estimate: Pressure ratio ≤ the total pressure ratio over normal shock at M in test section: P t P a m b ≤ M 1 = M m Examples: Temperature in the test section: T m T t = − 1 with T t = 330 K: T m = 70 K at M m = 4 The velocity range is limited by reservoir temperature The power required to run a supersonic wind tunnel is enormous, of the order of 50 MW per square meter of test section cross-sectional area. For this reason most wind tunnels operate intermittently using energy stored in high-pressure tanks.
These wind tunnels are called intermittent supersonic blowdown wind tunnels. Another way of achieving the huge power output is with the use of a vacuum storage tank; these tunnels are called indraft supersonic wind tunnels, are used because they are restricted to low Reynolds numbers. Some large countries have built major supersonic tunnels. Other problems operating a supersonic wind tunnel include: starting and unstart of the test section adequate supply of dry air wall interference effects due to shock wave reflection and blockage high-quality instruments capable of rapid measurements due to short run times in intermittent tunnels Tunnels such as a Ludwieg tube have short test times high Reynolds number, low power requirements. Pope, A.. High-speed Wind Tunnel Testing. Krieger. ISBN 0-88275-727-X. Low speed wind tunnel High speed wind tunnel Hypersonic wind tunnel Ludwieg tube Shock tube Supersonic wind tunnel test demonstration with flat plate and wedge creating an oblique shock
Quinton is a village and civil parish in South Northamptonshire, England. It is about 5 miles south of Northampton town centre along the road from Wootton to Hanslope, near Salcey Forest; the parish borders the parishes of Wootton, Hartwell, Roade and Grange Park. The latter housing estate all but an urban expansion of Northampton, is only 500 yards away across some fields. Urban expansion of Northampton was being planned in October 2008 which would absorb the village in its entirety; the 2001 census shows a population of 194 people, 90 male, 104 female in 72 dwellings, increasing to 204 at the 2011 census. The Parish Church is dedicated to St John the Baptist remodelled in 1801, though the tower is 13th century and there are Norman parts. There is a notable monument to Eleanor Maccalum in the churchyard of terracotta with angels at the head and foot
The Honorable William Spencer was an American lawyer, judge and representative in the Vermont Legislature from Corinth in Orange County. He was born in Connecticut to Ashbel Spencer and Abigail Birdwell, he was a college graduate. He formed the law firm Spencer & Vilas with Levi Baker Vilas whose son William Freeman Vilas was a U. S. Senator and Postmaster General under President Cleveland, he was the 11th Judge of the Orange County Court. He studied law in the office of Samuel Miller Esq. of Middlebury and Judge Mattocks of Peacham, Vermont Samuel Mattocks or John Mattocks. In 1804, he was admitted to the bar of the county court, in 1807, to the Supreme Court. In 1804, he opened his law practice in Corinth, where he lived, he was Chief Justice of Orange County from 1820-1824 and an assistant judge from 1825-1830 after the system was changed. He was Judge Probate for the Bradford district from 1824-1839, he was postmaster for some time, a representative for Bradford in the Vermont Legislature. He was a trustee of the Bradford Academy from its organization.
He voted in the Freemen's meetings for more than 60 years. In 1828, he was listed as the first assistant justice for Orange County and Judge of Probate for the District of Bradford. In 1835, he is listed as Judge of Probate for the District of Bradford. In 1839, he is listed as Judge of Probate for the District of Bradford and as a justice of the Peace, he had 11 children, one of whom was Abner Nutting Spencer. He died in Corinth, is buried in the Meadows Meeting House Cemetery. William Spencer, son ofAshbel Spencer, son of Caleb Spencer, son ofObadiah Spencer, son of Obadiah Spencer, son of Thomas Spencer
Michael C. Williams is an American actor, famous for his role in the movie The Blair Witch Project. Williams acted in the television program Law & Order during February 2000 as a man whose ex-wife killed their son. In 2008 Williams appeared in the movie The Objective. Williams was born in The Bronx, New York, attended Westlake High School in Thornwood, New York, he graduated from SUNY New Paltz. He is a national member of Kappa Sigma Fraternity of New Paltz. Williams is the manager of the Big Blue Door Theater, based in New York. During 2009 it was reported. Williams now works as a guidance counselor in addition to running acting classes and directing school plays in Westchester, New York. Michael C. Williams on IMDb