No. 125 Squadron RAF

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No. 125 (Newfoundland) Squadron RAF
CountryUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
BranchAir Force Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Air Force
RoleFighter Command.
Motto(s)Latin: Nunquam domandi
("Never to be tamed") [1]
AircraftBolton-Paul Defiant
Bristol Beaufighter
de Havilland Mosquito
Hawker Hurricane
Gloster Meteor
de Havilland Venom
Battle honoursWorld War II
• Home Defence
• Operation Overlord
Squadron Badge heraldryOn a mount, a caribou.[1]
The caribou is the official animal of Newfoundland
Squadron CodesFN Allocated Apr 1939 - Sep 1939
VA Jun 1941 - Nov 1945

No. 125 (Newfoundland) Squadron was a Royal Air Force squadron active during and after World War II.

World War I[edit]

Like a number of Squadrons, No. 125 was initially formed during the later months of the first World War but never became operational before the Armistice.

World War II[edit]

No. 125 Squadron was reformed on 16 June 1941 at RAF Colerne equipped with Bolton-Paul Defiant night fighters.[2] The squadron became operational at the end of September covering western England and South Wales.

The squadron was raised as a result of a War Loan raised by the Newfoundland Commission on Government. The Commission presented the British Government with $500,000 to establish the squadron with the hope that it would be manned by Newfoundlanders.[3]

In September 1941 the squadron moved to RAF Fairwood Common and became fully operational, with the Defiant proving to be a more than effective night fighter. By March 1942, 125 Squadron started converting to the twin-engined Beaufighter. Defiants and Hawker Hurricanes were also used to supplement the Beaufighters. Aircrew named some of their aircraft in recognition of its Newfoundland heritage. St, John's, Corner Brook, Deer Lake and Buchans were some of the names used.[3]

November 1943 saw the squadron move to RAF Valley in Wales to enable patrols to take place over the Irish Sea. With a conversion to Mosquitos in February 1944, No. 125 moved to RAF Hurn in preparation to cover the Operation Overlord landings in Normandy. It also participated in intercepting Operation Steinbock raids from January to May 1944. With the commencement of V-1 attacks on London the squadron moved to RAF Middle Wallop to assist in the defence and to fly patrols from RAF Bradwell Bay over the Low Countries. A move to RAF Coltishall saw the squadron defend against enemy intruders and flying bomb carriers. whilst undertaking reconnaissance to locate the remainder of German shipping. No. 125 transferred to Yorkshire, where it was disbanded on 20 November 1945.

Post war[edit]

No. 125 Squadron reformed with Meteor night fighters on 31 March 1955 at RAF Stradishall. The de Havilland Venom NF.3 replaced the Meteors in late 1955 and remained with the squadron until it was disbanded on 10 May 1957.


  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ Berryman, David (2006). Somerset airfields in the Second World War. Newbury: Countryside Books. pp. 34–49. ISBN 1-85306-864-0.
  3. ^ a b

External links[edit]