Number 617 Squadron is a Royal Air Force aircraft squadron based at RAF Scampton in Lincolnshire and based at RAF Marham in Norfolk. It is known as the "Dambusters", for its actions during Operation Chastise against German dams during the Second World War. In the early 21st century it operated the Panavia Tornado GR4 in the ground attack and reconnaissance role until being disbanded on 28 March 2014; the squadron reformed on 18 April 2018, was equipped at RAF Marham in June 2018 with the Lockheed Martin F-35B Lightning, becoming the first squadron to be based in the UK with this advanced V/STOL type. According to the squadron's entry in Flying Units of the RAF by Alan Lake, No. 617 Squadron was allocated the unit identification code MZ for the period April to September 1939 though the unit did not exist at the time. The squadron was formed under great secrecy at RAF Scampton during the Second World War on 21 March 1943, it included Royal Canadian Air Force, Royal Australian Air Force and Royal New Zealand Air Force personnel and was formed for the specific task of attacking three major dams that contributed water and power to the Ruhr industrial region in Germany: the Möhne and Sorpe.
The plan was given the codename Operation Chastise and carried out on 17 May 1943. The squadron had to develop the tactics to deploy Barnes Wallis's "Bouncing bomb", undertook some of its training over the dams of the Upper Derwent Valley in Derbyshire, as the towers on the dam walls were similar to those to be found on some of the target dams in Germany; the squadron's badge, approved by King George VI, depicts the bursting of a dam in commemoration of Chastise. The squadron's chosen motto was "Après moi le déluge", a humorous double entendre on a famous saying of Madame de Pompadour to King Louis XV, made on the loss at the Battle of Rossbach by the French; the original commander of No. 617 Squadron, Wing Commander Guy Gibson, was awarded the Victoria Cross for his part in the raid. Guy Gibson owned a black Labrador named Nigger, the mascot of the squadron for some time. Nigger was killed outside the base on the evening of the raid. After the raid, Gibson went on a publicity tour. George Holden became commanding officer in July, but he was shot down and killed on his fourth mission, Operation Garlic in September 1943, in an attack on the Dortmund-Ems Canal.
H. B. "Mick" Martin took command temporarily, before Leonard Cheshire took over as CO. Cheshire developed and took part in the special target marking techniques required, which went far beyond the precision delivered by the standard Pathfinder units – by the end he was marking the targets from a Mustang fighter, he was awarded the VC. On 15 July 1943, 12 aircraft of the squadron took off from Scampton to attack targets in Northern Italy. All aircraft proceeded to North Africa without loss; the targets were San Polo Arquata Scrivia power stations. The operation met little opposition but the targets were obscured by valley haze and were not destroyed; the 12 crews returned to Scampton on 25 July from North Africa after bombing Leghorn docks on the return journey. The raid on Leghorn Docks was not a great success, due to mist shrouding the target. On 29 July 1943 nine aircraft took off from Scampton to drop leaflets on Milan, Bologna and Turin in Italy. All aircraft landed safely in Blida, North Africa.
The UK Government considered using No. 617 Squadron to target the Italian leader Mussolini in July or August 1943. The British believed, it would have been a flight carried out at low level with the targets of Mussolini's headquarters and residence in Rome. Neither of these targets were within 1,500 yards of the Vatican, which the Allies had promised not to damage; however within two weeks of the plan being suggested, Mussolini was ousted by his opponents and replaced by Pietro Badoglio, leading to an armistice with the Allies in September. Throughout the rest of the war, the squadron continued in a specialist and precision-bombing role, including the use of the enormous "Tallboy" and "Grand Slam" ground-penetrating earthquake bombs, on targets such as concrete U-boat shelters and bridges. Several failed attempts were made on The Dortmund-Ems Canal in 1943. In March 1945 the squadron used the Grand Slam bomb for the first time, against the Bielefeld viaduct, wrecking it; the viaduct had withstood 54 previous attacks without being permanently neutralized.
A notable series of attacks caused the disabling and sinking of Tirpitz, a major German battleship, moved into a fjord in northern Norway where she threatened the Arctic convoys and was too far north to be attacked by air from the UK. She had been damaged by an attack by Royal Navy midget submarines and a series of attacks from carrier-borne aircraft of the Fleet Air Arm, but both attacks had failed to sink her; the task was given to No. IX and No. 617 Squadrons. On 15 September 1944, the RAF bombers struck the battleship in the forecastle, which rendered her unseaworthy, so she was sent to the Tromsø fjord where temporary repairs were made so she was anchored as a floating battery; this fjord was in range of bombers operating from Scotland and from there, in October, she
The sarcastic fringehead is a small but hardy saltwater fish that has a large mouth and aggressive territorial behavior, for which it has been given its common name. When two fringeheads have a territorial battle, they wrestle by pressing their distended mouths against each other, as if they were kissing; this allows them to determine, the larger fish, which establishes dominance. They can be up to 30 centimetres long and slender, are scaleless with great pectoral fins and reduced pelvic fins; the swimming movements of these fish are complicated. Their swimming consists of short, dart-like movements, they are brown in color. Sarcastic Fringeheads are a species of tube blenny, therefore tend to hide inside shells or crevices, though some have been found living in man-made objects such as a soda can. After the female spawns under a rock or in clam burrows, the male guards the eggs. During squid spawning season, they eat large numbers of squid eggs, they are found in the Pacific, off the coast of North America, from San Francisco, California, to central Baja California.
Their depth range is from 3 to 73 metres. The specific name honours Dr. S. B. Blanchard of San Diego, California who collected specimens of this blenny and passed them on to Girard who described it. University of Michigan Animal Diversity Web Strange Fish Identification Website
Roland Owen "Ron" McDole is a former American football defensive end. He played college football at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln and professionally in the National Football League and the American Football League. Nebraska graduated from DeVilbiss High School in Toledo, Ohio in 1957. McDole played at left defensive end for the Buffalo Bills of the American Football League from 1963 to 1970 after spending the 1962 season with the AFL's Houston Oilers, anchoring the left side of the Bills' great defensive line; the Bills finished tied with the Boston Patriots for the AFL's Eastern Division title in 1963, losing the playoff game to the Pats. They would win the division for the next three years, together with two American Football League championships, in 1964 and in 1965. McDole and his defensive linemates held the opposition without a rushing touchdown in 17 straight games over the 1964–1965 seasons. McDole was the defensive team captain during those years, an AFL All-Star in 1965 and 1967.
He was selected to the All-Time All-AFL second team. From 1971 through 1978, McDole was a key defensive player at left defensive end for the NFL Washington Redskins, under head coach George Allen from 1971 to 1977, and, in his final year, under head coach Jack Pardee. By that time, he was quite slow, not a big threat as a pass-rusher, but stout against the run out of position, quick to seize opportunities for turnovers. In 1972, the Redskins won the NFC championship game of the 1972–73 NFL playoffs against the Dallas Cowboys, when they limited the Cowboys to 3 points, 96 rushing yards on 21 carries, despite Roger Staubach as their quarterback, to 73 net passing yards, as McDole held his own against the opposing right offensive tackle, Rayfield Wright, a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame. However, though the defense allowed only 14 points, the team lost Super Bowl VII to the Miami Dolphins. McDole has the most interceptions by a lineman, with 12, he is ranked #44 on the all-time list of games played in the NFL.
Marina Aleksandrovna Borovskaya is a Russian economist. Professor, Doctor of Economical Sciences. Rector of Southern Federal University since 2012. President of the Counicl of Rectors of Southern Federal District, Vice-President of Russian Union of Rectors. Marina Aleksandrovna Borovskaya was born on 8 October 8 1964 in Sverdlovsk. In 1986 she graduated from the Economics Faculty of Rostov State University. In 1989 she enrolled in full-time postgraduate study at Rostov State University. In September 1991 she began working at Taganrog State Radio Engineering University as an Assistant at the Department of Economics. Since 1994 she worked as a senior specialist of the credit department in PromStroyBank in Rostov-on-Don. In 1996, she moved to work for the insurance company Soyuz, where she held the position of Chief financial specialist. In 1997, she defended her candidate, in 2002 — her doctoral thesis (topic — "Management of municipal property in the system of regional economy: a theoretical and an applied aspect".
From 2003 to 2007, she was in charge of the Department of Economics of Taganrog State Radio Engineering University. From 2007 to 2010 she worked as Deputy Rector. In 2010, she moved to work at the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia, until 2012, she held the post of Deputy Director of the Department for Organization of the Budget Process and Reporting. On 18 June 18 2012 by the decree of Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Medvedev Marina Borovskaya was appointed the Rector of Southern Federal University. In 2016 she was elected a Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Education; the volunteer community network Dissernet has discovered several cases of Marina Borovskaya's participation in awarding scientific degrees based on plagiarized theses, including one where her own thesis was plagiarized by the person she was supervising at the time
Omroep West is a Dutch regional broadcaster headquartered in The Hague. In 2012 the channel received 10 million Euro from the Dutch Government, it has 2 transmitters, Radio West founded in 1987 is broadcasting on 89.3 FM and TV West was founded in 1996. The two channels combined in 2002. Omroep West cooperates with Stadsomroep Den Haag in The Hague. TV West is the public TV-station for what happened in the South-Holland area with items as news, entertainment and local events like Leids Ontzet at 3 October in Leiden and KoninginneNach at 26 April in The Hague. Radio West plays music from the 60's till the 00's. At daytime the talking program is about the news in the region in combination with music. At night they played Non-Stop. Media related to Omroep West at Wikimedia Commons
Campaigns & Elections is a trade magazine covering political campaigns, focused on tools and techniques of the political consulting profession. The magazine was founded by Stanley Foster Reed in 1980, it is headquartered in Virginia. The magazine is an digital publication, it was published by Congressional Quarterly. The publication has an auxiliary website, The Political Pages, an annual directory of political firms and professionals; the magazine runs events focusing on political campaign skills and technology. The publication has a Spanish language sister publication, Campaigns & Elections Mexico; the publication presents the annual Reed Awards, first given in 2009, which award excellence in political campaigning, campaign management, political consulting, political design. Ron Faucheux, former editor and publisher Michael Wolff Official website