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Nolina bigelovii.jpg
Nolina bigelovii
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Nolinoideae
Genus: Nolina

Roulinia Brongn.

Nolina is a genus of tropical xerophytic flowering plants, with the principal distribution being in Mexico and extending into the southern United States.[2][3][4][5][6]

Some botanists have included the genus Beaucarnea in Nolina. In the APG III classification system, it is placed in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae (formerly the family Ruscaceae).[7] Former alternative placements include Nolinaceae and Agavaceae. The genus is named for 18th century French arboriculturist Abbé C. P. Nolin.[3] Members of the genus are known as beargrasses,[8] some of which are cultivated as ornamental plants.


Nolina longifolia

Accepted species:[2][8][9]

  1. Nolina arenicola Correll – Trans-Pecos beargrass - western Texas
  2. Nolina atopocarpa Bartlett – Florida beargrass - Florida
  3. Nolina azureogladiata D.Donati - Oaxaca
  4. Nolina beldingi Brandegee - Baja California Sur
  5. Nolina bigelovii (Torr.) S.Watson – Bigelow's nolina - Sonora, Arizona, southern Nevada, southern California
  6. Nolina brittoniana Nash – Britton's beargrass - Florida
  7. Nolina cespitifera Trel. - Coahuila, Zacatecas, Nuevo León
  8. Nolina cismontana Dice – Peninsular beargrass - southern California
  9. Nolina durangensis Trel. - Chihuahua, Durango
  10. Nolina erumpens (Torr.) S.Watson – Foothill beargrass - Chihuahua, western Texas
  11. Nolina excelsa García-Mend. & E.Solano - Oaxaca
  12. Nolina georgiana Michx. – Georgia beargrass - Georgia, South Carolina
  13. Nolina greenei S.Watson ex Trel. – Woodland beargrass - New Mexico, southern Colorado, northwestern Texas, panhandle of Oklahoma
  14. Nolina hibernica Hochstaetter & D.Donati - Tamaulipas, Nuevo León
  15. Nolina humilis S.Watson - Guanajuato, San Luis Potosí
  16. Nolina interrata Gentry – Dehesa beargrass - San Diego County, northern Baja California
  17. Nolina juncea (Zucc.) J.F.Macbr. - northern Mexico
  18. Nolina lindheimeriana (Scheele) S.Watson – Devil's shoestring, Lindheimer nolina - central Texas
  19. Nolina matapensis Wiggins - Sonora, Chihuahua
  20. Nolina micrantha I.M.Johnst. – Chaparral beargrass - Coahuila, Chihuahua, western Texas, southern New Mexico
  21. Nolina microcarpa S.Watson – Palmilla Sacahuista - Chihuahua, Sonora, Arizona, New Mexico, southwestern Utah
  22. Nolina nelsonii Rose - Tamaulipas
  23. Nolina palmeri S.Watson - Baja California
  24. Nolina parryi S.Watson – Parry's beargrass - Arizona, southern California, Baja California, Sonora
  25. Nolina parviflora (Kunth) Hemsl. - central and southern Mexico
  26. Nolina pumila Rose - northern and central Mexico
  27. Nolina rigida Trel. - Mexico; apparently extinct
  28. Nolina texana S.Watson – Texas sacahuista - Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Chihuahua, Coahuila

Formerly placed here[edit]


  1. ^ "Genus: Nolina Michx". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2010-01-19. Retrieved 2010-03-31.
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ a b Hess, William J. "Nolina Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 207. 1803". Flora of North America. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
  4. ^ Hochstätter, F. (2010). The genus Nolina (Nolinaceae). Piante Grasse 2010(1, Suppl.): 1-48.
  5. ^ Biota of North America Program, 2013 county distribution maps
  6. ^ Trelease, William. 1911. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 50(200)
  7. ^ Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x
  8. ^ a b "Nolina". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
  9. ^ a b "GRIN Species Records of Nolina". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-03-31.

External links[edit]