The Nordic cross flag is any of certain flags bearing the design of the Nordic or Scandinavian cross, a cross symbol in a rectangular field, with the center of the cross shifted towards the hoist. All independent Nordic countries have adopted such flags in the modern period, while the Scandinavian cross is named for its use in the national flags of the Scandinavian nations, the term is used universally by vexillologists, in reference not only to the flags of the Nordic countries but to other flags with similar designs. However; the cross design represents Christianity, the characteristic shift of the center to the hoist side is early modern, first described the Danish civil ensign for merchant ships in a regulation of 11 June 1748, which specified the shift of the cross center towards the hoist as "the two first fields must be square in form and the two outer fields must be 6⁄4 lengths of those". The Danish design was adopted for the flags of Norway and Sweden, both derived from a common ensign used during the Union between Sweden and Norway 1818–1844, as well as Iceland and Finland.
The Norwegian flag was the first Nordic cross flag with three colours. All Nordic flags may be flown as gonfalons as well. Note that some of these flags are historical. Note that flag proportions may vary between the different flags and sometimes between different versions of the same flag; the Flag of Greenland is the only national flag of a Nordic country or territory without a Nordic Cross. When Greenland was granted home rule, the present flag - with a graphic design unique to Greenland - was adopted on June 1985, supported by fourteen votes against eleven who supported a proposed green-and-white Nordic cross. Historical Flag of the Kalmar Union, which united Denmark and Norway 1397 to 1523. No pictorial evidence survives of the Kalmar Union's Flag; the flag appearing here is a reconstruction based on references in 1430 letters by King Eric of Pomerania. These flags either do not represent various private entities, they have not been adopted and their use remains limited. Nordic flag designs similar to Denmark's, Sweden's, Norway's national flags were proposed as Germany's national flags in both 1919 and 1948, after World War I and World War II, respectively.
Today, the Nordic cross is coats of arms. A number of flags for localities in the United Kingdom are based on Nordic cross designs, intended to reflect the Scandinavian heritage introduced to the British Isles during the Viking Age and through the High Middle Ages. Flags of Central America Flag of Greenland Flag of Sámi Flag of Gran Colombia Pan-African colours Pan-Arab colours Pan-Slavic colours Southern Cross Flag Union Flag Tricolour Znamierowski, Alfred; the world encyclopedia of flags: The definitive guide to international flags, banners and ensigns. London: Hermes House. Pp. 103 and 134. ISBN 1-84309-042-2. Media related to Nordic Cross flags at Wikimedia Commons Extensive compilation of official and non-official Nordic Cross flags
Blitum californicum is a species of flowering plant in the amaranth family known by the common names California goosefoot and "Indian lettuce". It is native to California and Baja California where it can be found below 2,000 metres in open areas in a number of habitat types, such as grassland, chaparral and montane; this is a perennial herb producing a number of decumbent to erect stems which approach a meter in maximum height when growing upright. It grows from a fleshy caudex; when there are many stems the plant may form a clump or mat. The leaves grow on long petioles and are triangular or arrowhead-shaped and up to about 10 centimeters long; the edges are and toothed. The inflorescences are spherical; each dense cluster contains several rounded flowers, with each flower a series of flat lobes covering the developing fruit. The fruit is a reddish utricle layered around the surface of the seed. California goosefoot was used for a variety of purposes by Native Americans including use as a medicine and a source of soap, in addition to the use of the seeds for flour and the leaves and shoots as a cooked vegetable.
The 2017–18 Ekstraliga Kobiet season was the 43rd edition of the competition since its establishment. The Ekstraliga Kobiet is the top level women's football league of Poland. Medyk Konin were the defending champions. Sportowa Czwórka Radom were promoted from the southern group of the I liga having won the 2016–17 campaign. Unifreeze Górzno were promoted from the northern group after finishing second behind Medyk II Konin, a reserve team which cannot be promoted to the top tier; the campaign began on 5 August 2017. The winter break started after the 14th matchday; the first match of the spring was held on March 10. The campaign was concluded on 27 May 2018. During the regular season, each team played. After the 22nd round, based on their performance in the regular season, the clubs were split into two groups – the championship group and the relegation group. Afterwards, each team played 5 more matches bringing the total to 27; the points scored during both stages were added up. At the end of the season, the bottom two clubs were demoted to the I liga