click links in text for more info

Norfolk County, Massachusetts

Norfolk County is a county located in the U. S. state of Massachusetts. At the 2010 census, the population was 670,850, its county seat is Dedham. The county was named after the English county of the same name. Two towns and Brookline, are exclaves. Norfolk County is included in MA-NH Metropolitan Statistical Area. Norfolk County is the 33rd highest-income county in the United States with a median household income of $81,899, it is the wealthiest county in Massachusetts. Norfolk County, Massachusetts was created on March 26, 1793 by legislation signed by Governor John Hancock. Most of the towns were part of Suffolk County, Massachusetts; the towns of Dorchester and Roxbury were part of Norfolk County when it was created but, as Boston annexed each town, they became part of Suffolk County again. Hingham and Hull were part of the Norfolk County legislation but petitioned to remain in Suffolk county and in June 1793 their removal to Norfolk county was repealed. In 1803, they were moved into Plymouth County, Massachusetts.

The county is the birthplace of four Presidents of the United States, resulting in the moniker "County of Presidents." There have been 21 sheriffs of Norfolk County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 444 square miles, of which 396 square miles is land and 48 square miles is water, it is the third-smallest county in Massachusetts by total area. The county is not contiguous. At the county's formation and Hull were to be part of it, but joined Plymouth County instead, leaving Cohasset as the initial exclave of Norfolk County and an enclave of Plymouth County. Brookline became the second exclave of Norfolk County in 1873 when the neighboring town of West Roxbury was annexed by Boston and Brookline refused to be annexed by Boston after the Brookline-Boston annexation debate of 1873. Middlesex County Suffolk County Plymouth County Bristol County Providence County, Rhode Island Worcester County Adams National Historical Park Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site As of the census of 2000, there were 650,308 people, 248,827 households, 165,967 families residing in the county.

The population density was 1,628 people per square mile. There were 255,154 housing units at an average density of 639 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 89.02% White or European American, 3.18% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 5.50% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.78% from other races, 1.37% from two or more races. 1.84 % of the population were Latino of any race. 28.6% were of Irish, 13.4% Italian, 7.7% English and 5.0% descendants of colonists ancestry according to Census 2000. 85.7% spoke English, 2.3% Chinese in any dialect, 2.0% Spanish, 1.0% Italian and 1.0% French as their first language. There were 248,827 households out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.20% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.30% were non-families. 26.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 31.60% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $63,432, the median income for a family was $77,847. Males had a median income of $51,301 versus $37,108 for females; the per capita income for the county was $32,484. About 2.90% of families and 4.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.40% of those under age 18 and 5.70% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 670,850 people, 257,914 households, 168,903 families residing in the county; the population density was 1,693.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 270,359 housing units at an average density of 682.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 82.3% white, 8.6% Asian, 5.7% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 1.3% from other races, 1.9% from two or more races.

Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.3% of the population. The largest ancestry groups were: Of the 257,914 households, 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.5% were non-families, 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.15. The median age was 40.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $81,027 and the median income for a family was $101,870. Males had a median income of $68,070 versus $51,870 for females; the per capita income for the county was $42,371. About 4.1% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over. The ranking of unincorporated c

Massachusetts Route 107

Route 107 is a 11.9-mile-long north–south Massachusetts state route located along the North Shore of Massachusetts. Route 107 runs from Route 16 in Revere to Route 1A at the Essex Bridge in Salem. Route 107 begins in Revere at an interchange with Route 16 just north of the Chelsea town line; the route serves as the main street through the city of Revere. The route intersects Route 60 at Brown Circle. From the rotary, the route continues through the Rumney Marsh Reservation as the Salem Turnpike, entering Saugus over the Pines River; the route continues through the marsh with little development along the straight, flat section of roadway. The road enters Lynn via the Belden Bly Bridge over the Saugus River. In Lynn, Route 107 becomes Western Avenue passing the General Electric River Works; the route continues through the city, passing the western end of Lynn Commons before intersecting Route 129. The route passes Bayridge Hospital and Fraser Field before meeting Route 129A, running concurrently for half a mile eastward until Route 129A turns southward.

The concurrency with Route 129A was the original alignment of Route 129 prior to the creation of Route 129A in 1996. The route crosses Floating Bridge Pond, so named because the original roadway was an actual floating bridge, before entering the city of Salem. Route 107 in Salem travels as Highland Avenue, heading uphill and passing the area of the North Shore Children's Hospital before the road meets Boston Street at Essex Street. Route 107 turns west along Boston Street before turning northward again along Bridge Street, not far from Gallows Hill Park, site of the hanging during the Salem witch trials; the route travels along the North River before crossing under Route 114 with ramp access to that route. The route passes the Salem MBTA station before meeting the new Bridge Street Bypass. Completed in 2008, Route 107 now follows the new bypass, keeping traffic from the MBTA station off of the busy Bridge Street, following just west of the MBTA commuter tracks before ending at Route 1A at the Salem end of the Veterans Memorial Bridge over the Danvers River.

Prior to the completion of the Bridge Street Bypass, Route 107's northern end was at the intersection of Bridge Street and Winter Street, north of Salem Commons, where Route 1A turns from Winter Street to Bridge Street northbound. Because of the moving of the northern end, the route was lengthened from 11.29 miles to 11.9 miles. Massachusetts Routes 100-109

Fujairah Fort

Fujairah Fort is a fort in the city of Fujairah, United Arab Emirates. Dating back to the 16th century, it is the among the oldest as well as the largest castles in the country, it is noted for playing significant roles in fighting back the wave of colonialism. Today, it is among the main tourist attractions in the city, it is the oldest fort in the UAE and was occupied by the Wahhabists. The fort is located about 2 km from central modern Fujairah in the old Fujairah region, on a small rocky hill which reaches 20 meters high, it is around 1 km away from the coast. The fort is part of a complex with a mosque, it is guarded by a square watchtower. The watchtowers and main building are connected by the walls, there is a central hall surrounded by these towers and wall; the irregular shape of the castle is due to the uneven surface of the rock. The building is built of local materials rocks, mud and plasters. Radiocarbon dating has identified the date of the construction as around 1500–1550, it was renovated during 1650–1700.

The British Navy destroyed three of the towers in 1925 during an action enforcing British anti-slavery policy.. The bombardment was by HMS Lawrence, resulting in the recovery of a fine of 1,500 rupees from the sheikh; the fort was restored by the Fujairah Administration of Antiquity and Heritage during 1997/2000 using the same materials with which it was built. Fujairah Museum, nearby Sakamkam Fort, to the north Media related to Fujairah Fort at Wikimedia Commons

New Westminster Royals

The New Westminster Royals was the name of several professional ice hockey teams based in New Westminster, British Columbia, first established in 1911 for the Pacific Coast Hockey Association. Though nominally based in New Westminster, the team played its home games at the Denman Arena in nearby Vancouver, as an arena was not available, they won the inaugural PCHA championship in 1912, though financial difficulties saw the team relocated to Portland, Oregon in 1914 and become the Portland Rosebuds. The first team played from 1912–1914 in the Pacific Coast Hockey Association, established in 1911; the team was notable as it was the inaugural champion of the PCHA when the league first started out in 1912. It would be the only league championship, their home arena was the Denman Arena in Vancouver. The name was revived for a club that played in the Pacific Coast Hockey League from 1945 to 1952 and the Western Hockey League from 1952 to 1959; the Royals won the President's Cup in 1949–1950 as PCHL champions.

The New Westminster Royals name was revived for a junior-level franchise in Pacific Coast Junior Hockey League in 1962, merged into the British Columbia Junior Hockey League. The BCJHL franchise played on-and-off from 1962 to 1991 in the years when the New Westminster Bruins were not playing. Jimmy Gardner Pete Muldoon


Kepler-40b known as KOI-428b, is a hot Jupiter discovered in orbit around the star Kepler-40, about to become a red giant. The planet was first noted as a transit event by NASA's Kepler spacecraft; the Kepler team made data collected by its satellite publicly available, including data on Kepler-40. The planet, Kepler-40b, is twice the mass of Jupiter and larger than it in size, making it as dense as Neptune; the planet is nearly thirteen times hotter than Jupiter and orbits five times closer to its star than Mercury is from the Sun. Kepler-40 was first observed by the Kepler spacecraft, a NASA satellite that searches for planets in transit their host stars, from May 13, 2009, to June 15, 2009 in its first days of operation; the resulting light curve was made available to the public by the Kepler science team, revealing four transit events over 33.5 days. A team composed of astronomers from France and Switzerland used the SOPHIE échelle spectrograph at the Haute-Provence Observatory in southern France to examine Kepler-40.

SOPHIE uses radial velocity measurements to examine stars for exoplanets. After background light was removed and alternative causes for radial velocity variations were disproved, the team used SOPHIE to analyze the properties of the actual star; the astronomers observing the star found. The establishment of stellar parameters helped the astronomers extrapolate the exoplanet's parameters and prove the existence of Kepler-40b; the discovered planet was the sixth transiting planet to have been discovered in orbit around stars with a radius of more than 1.8 times that of the Sun, after planets including Kepler-5 and Kepler-7. The discovery of Kepler-40b demonstrated that smaller telescopes, such as SOPHIE, are effective when used as follow-ups to space missions like Kepler; the team of astronomers spent what amounted to one night on a 1.93d-meter telescope and gathered all the data needed to establish Kepler-40b's existence and parameters. Kepler-40b was published in the journal Astronomy and Astrophysics on January 4, 2011, after it was sent to the journal on September 15, 2010.

Kepler-40 is an F-type star located in the Cygnus constellation. The star is 1.48 times the mass of the Sun and 2.13 times its radius. With an effective temperature of 6510 K, Kepler-40 is larger, more massive, more diffuse, hotter than the Sun is; the metallicity of Kepler-40, = 0.10, means that it has 25.9 % more iron than is measured in the Sun. Kepler-40 is nearing the main sequence turn-off. Kepler-40 hosts the sixth planetary system to be discovered in the orbit of a star with a mass of over 1.8 solar masses. It lies 2500 parsecs away from Earth,==Characteristics== Kepler-40b is a Hot Jupiter, estimated to be 2.2 times the mass of Jupiter, but 1.17 times Jupiter's radius. Thus, the planet has a density of 1.68 grams per cubic centimeter, similar to that of Neptune. The planet's equilibrium temperature is estimated to be 1620 K, thirteen times hotter than Jupiter's equilibrium temperature. Kepler-40b orbits its star every 6.87 days at an average distance of 0.081 AU. It has an orbital inclination of 89.7°, meaning that it can be seen nearly edge-on with respect to Earth.

In comparison, Mercury orbits the Sun every 87.97 days at an average distance of 0.387 AU.

Zygaena laeta

Zygaena laeta, the bloodword burnet, is a moth of the family Zygaenidae. It is found in South-Eastern Europe. In Z. laeta the collar and patagia as well as the apical half of the abdomen are red: the wings are testaceous red except some black spots on the forewing. Larva of light bluish green, with while dorsal and lateral lines, along which there are blackdots. Pupa yellow, anteriorly dark brown, in a whitish cocoon; the wingspan is 26–34 mm. The moth flies from July to August, depending on the location, on dry hill-sides, During their slow flight the red abdomen is conspicuous, the flying insect bearing on that account a distant resemblance to certain southern Hemiptera; the larva feed on Eryngium campestre. Zygaena laeta laeta Zygaena laeta orientis Burgeff, 1926 Images representing Zygaena laeta at Bold