Hutsuls is an ethnic group spanning parts of western Ukraine and Romania. While they have been designated as a subgroup of Ukrainians, Hutsuls regard themselves as a part of a broader Rusyn ethnicity, alongside two other groups from the cross-border region of Transcarpathia: the Boykos and Lemkos; the origin of the name Hutsul is uncertain. The most common derivations are from the Romanian word for "outlaw", the Slavic kochul, a reference to the semi-nomadic shepherd lifestyle or the inhabitants who fled into the mountains after the Mongol invasion. Other proposed derivations include from the Turkic tribe of the Utsians or Uzians, to the name of the Moravian Grand Duke Hetsyla, among others; as the name is first attested in 1816, it is considered to be of recent origin and as an exonym, used by neighboring groups and not Hutsuls themselves, although some have embraced it. The region inhabited by Hutsuls is named as Hutsulshchyna, their name is found in the name of Hutsul Alps, Hutsul Beskyd, Hutsulshchyna National Park, National Museum of Hutsulshchyna and Pokuttya Folk Art.
Hutsuls inhabit areas situated between the south-east of those inhabited by the Boykos, down to the northern part of the Romanian segment of the Carpathians. Several hypotheses account for the origin of the Hutsuls, like all the Rusyns, they most have a diverse ethnogenetic origin, it is considered to be descendants of the White Croats, a Slavic tribe that inhabited the area Tivertsi, Ulichs who had to leave their previous home near the Southern Bug river under pressure from the Pechenegs. There is considered a relation to Vlach shepherds who immigrated from Transylvania, because of which some scholars like Romanian historian Nicolae Iorga argued that "huțuli" or "huțani" are denationalized Vlachs / Romanians. Hutsul is considered to be a dialect of Western Ukrainian with some Polish influences. Since the joining of Transcarpathia by Soviet Union compulsory education has been conducted only in standardized literary Ukrainian. In recent years there have been grassroots efforts to keep the traditional Hutsul dialect alive.
Traditional Hutsul culture is represented by the colorful and intricate craftsmanship of their clothing, architecture, metalworking, rug weaving and egg decorating. Along with other Hutsul traditions, as well as their songs and dances, this culture is celebrated and highlighted by the different countries that Hutsuls inhabit. Ukrainian Hutsul culture bears a resemblance to neighboring cultures of western and southwestern Ukraine Lemkos and Boykos; these groups share similarities with other Slavic highlander peoples, such as the Gorals in Poland and Slovakia. Similarities have been noted with some Vlach cultures such as the Moravian Wallachians in the Czech Republic, as well as some cultures in Romania. Most Hutsuls belong to the Ukrainian Orthodox Church. Hutsul society was traditionally based on forestry and logging, as well as cattle and sheep breeding. One of the main attributes of Hutsul males is a small head axe on a long handle, they use unique musical instruments, including the "trembita", a type of alpenhorn, as well multiple varieties of the fife, or sopilka, that are used to create unique folk melodies and rhythms.
Used are the bagpipe, the Jew's harp, the hammered dulcimer. The Hutsuls served as an inspiration for many writers, such as Ivan Franko, Lesya Ukrainka, Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky, Vasyl Stefanyk, Marko Cheremshyna, Mihail Sadoveanu and Stanisław Vincenz, painters such as Kazimierz Sichulski and Teodor Axentowicz—famous for his portraits and subtle scenes of Hutsul life—and Halyna Zubchenko. Sergei Parajanov's 1965 film Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors, based on the book by Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky, portrays scenes of traditional Hutsul life; every summer, the village of Sheshory in Ukraine hosts a three-day international festival of folk music and art. Two Hutsul-related museums are located in Kolomyia, Ukraine: the Pysanky museum and the Museum of Hutsul and Pokuttya Folk Art. Traditional Hutsul sounds and moves were used by the Ukrainian winner of the 2004 Eurovision song contest, Ruslana Lyzhychko; the Romanian Hutsuls have a Festival of Hutsuls at the Moldova-Sulița village in Suceava county. Matei Vişniec, playwright Aaron Husul, sports writer Thomas Bell, writer Oksana Beysiuk, folk artist Marko Cheremshyna, writer Oleksa Dovbush Vasile Hutopilă, painter Mickola Vorokhta, Merited Artist of Ukraine Volodymyr Ivasyuk, composer Elisabeta Lipă, multiple world and Olympic rowing champion Ivan Malkovych, publisher Yuri Shkriblyak, carver on tree Mariya Yaremchuk, singer Nazariy Yaremchuk, singer Eudokia Sorochaniuk, artist 49th Hutsul Rifle Regiment Hutsul Republic Hutsulka Kolomyjka hutsul.museum National Museum of Hutsulshchyna and Pokuttya Folk Art Romanian-Hutsul and Hutsul-English glossaries Huţuls of northern Moldavia Introduction to Hutsul Country Hutsul Portal Photo exposition about Hutsul people in Ukraine
Kentucky Route 340 is a 12.761-mile-long state highway in the U. S. state of Kentucky. The highway travels through rural areas of Butler County. KY 340 begins at an intersection with KY 70 within Butler County, it curves to the east-northeast before crossing over New Zion Creek. It enters Brooklyn. At an intersection with the western terminus of Brooklyn–Love Road, the highway turns left, to the north-northwest, it curves to the west-southwest and to the north-northeast. It curves to the north-northwest and intersects KY 79; the two highways travel concurrently to the southwest. When they split, KY 340 travels to the north-northeast, it travels through Casey. The highway curves to the west-northwest and crosses over East Prong Indian Camp Creek and curves to the north-northwest. In Oak Ridge, it curves to the north-northeast, it curves to the northwest and curves back to the north-northeast before it crosses over the Western Kentucky Parkway. It enters Neafus, where it meets its northern terminus, an intersection with Neafus Road.