Lower North Philadelphia
Lower North Philadelphia is a section of Philadelphia, north of Center City and below Upper North Philadelphia and can be described as a section of Philadelphia, designated as a "Model City" target, that has overcome poverty and blight through key developments and a recipient of a federal funded program in 1966 to improve the neighborhood and extend the Center City district north of City Hall. It contains the Lower North Philadelphia Speculative Housing Historic District along Cecil B. Moore Avenue. Lower North Philadelphia consists of the Brewerytown, Cecil B. Moore, Fairhill, Hartranft, North Central, Spring Garden, South Lehigh, Strawberry Mansion, Yorktown and Northern Liberties neighborhoods; the demographics of Lower North Philadelphia shows that the area has a population density of 14,736 people per mile with an average household size of 3 and 30% of households had children. There is an 18% annual residential turnover rate with 42% of residents staying for more than 5 years, with an average of 5 years of residency
A side platform is a platform positioned to the side of a pair of tracks at a railway station, tram stop, or transitway. Dual side platform stations, one for each direction of travel, is the basic station design used for double-track railway lines. Side platforms may result in a wider overall footprint for the station compared with an island platform where a single width of platform can be shared by riders using either track. In some stations, the two side platforms are connected by a footbridge running above and over the tracks. While a pair of side platforms is provided on a dual-track line, a single side platform is sufficient for a single-track line. Where the station is close to a level crossing the platforms may either be on the same side of the crossing road or alternatively may be staggered in one of two ways. With the'near-side platforms' configuration, each platform appears before the intersection and with'far-side platforms' they are positioned after the intersection. In some situations a single side platform can be served by multiple vehicles with a scissors crossing provided to allow access mid-way along its length.
Most stations with two side platforms have an'Up' platform, used by trains heading towards the primary destination of the line, with the other platform being the'Down' platform which takes trains heading the opposite way. The main facilities of the station are located on the'Up' platform with the other platform accessed from a footbridge, subway or a track crossing. However, in many cases the station's main buildings are located on whichever side faces the town or village the station serves. Larger stations may have two side platforms with several island platforms in between; some are in a Spanish solution format, with two side platforms and an island platform in between, serving two tracks. Island platform Split platform
Cecil B. Moore, Philadelphia
Cecil B. Moore is a neighborhood in the North Philadelphia section of the city of Philadelphia, United States; the district is loosely arranged around the main campus of Temple University. The neighborhood has gentrified due to an influx of Temple students during the past several years; the controversial term “Templetown” was coined by former Temple president Peter J. Liacouras, but has only come into wide use after a real estate development company adopted the name; the neighborhood consists of 20,277 females. The median age is 25.49. The population has increased 6.7% from 2000 to 2014 and 1.1% from 2010 to 2014 to reach a total population of 37,289 in 2014. The Cecil B. Moore neighborhood loosely extends from 6th street to the east, York street to the north, 17th street to the west, Girard avenue to the south; the majority of its native residents are African Americans and Puerto Ricans, although Temple students of all races are a growing presence, with many living off campus and in the Cecil B. Moore community.
The renaissance of Progress Plaza shopping center can be attributed to the economic impact of students within these borders, furthering Temple's expansion further south down broad street towards Center City. Furthermore, the purchase of the closed-down William Penn High School by the university, after redevelopment, will extend the footprint further down Broad street towards Girard; the region was named after Cecil Bassett Moore, a Philadelphia lawyer, activists in the Civil Rights Movement who led the fight to integrate Girard College, president of the local NAACP, member of Philadelphia's City Council. Moore is best remembered for leading a picket against Girard College which led to the desegregation of that school, he was a champion of a wide range of causes central to the Civil Rights Movement, including integration of schools and trade unions, increased political and economic representation for poor African-Americans. He has been credited with helping to restore order after the unsettling vandalism and violence of the racially charged Columbia Avenue riot of 1964.
During his tenure, membership in the local NAACP chapter expanded from 7,000 in 1962 to more than 50,000 within a few years. The Templetown nickname was used due to the influence of Temple University; the name, was not approved by either Temple University or its surrounding community. In October 2014 the Templetown name began to experience backlash from longtime local residents that became disgruntled due to 60 years of economic stagnation along the Cecil B. Moore corridor; the complaints were strong enough. Temple University Girard College The Cecil B. Moore neighborhood is served by three railroad stations: Cecil B. Moore transit station by the Broad Street Line North Broad and Temple University stations by the SEPTA Regional RailThe area is served by Broad Street known as the Avenue of the Arts and Pennsylvania Route 611 going north and south. Cecil B. Moore Avenue connects to points west. List of college towns
The Reading Terminal is a complex of buildings that includes the former Reading Company main station located in the Market East section of Center City in the city of Philadelphia, United States. It is composed of the Reading Terminal Headhouse and Market. In 1889, the Philadelphia and Reading Railway decided to build a train depot, passenger station, company headquarters on the corner of 12th and Market Streets; the move came eight years after the Pennsylvania Railroad opened its Broad Street Station several blocks away at 15th and Market Streets, one year after the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad opened its 24th Street Station at 24th and Chestnut Streets. The chosen location was occupied by an open-air market, in continuous operation since 1853. After loud complaints and much negotiation, the railroad agreed to purchase the markets for $1 million and move them to a new structure: the Reading Terminal Market, located to the rear of the headhouse at 12th and Filbert Streets; this required the trainshed and all of its tracks to be constructed one story above street level, with the Ninth Street Branch to bring trains in and out.
The headhouse was designed in 1891 by Francis H. Kimball, the train shed by Wilson Brothers & Company. Construction began that same year, the station opened on January 29, 1893. At the time, the trainshed was one of the largest single-span arched-roof structures in the world; the following year, the Wilson Brothers would build an larger trainshed three blocks away, for the Pennsylvania Railroad's Broad Street Station. The Reading's trainshed is now the world's oldest such structure and the only one left in the United States; the complex was fronted on Market by an eight-story headhouse that housed the passenger station and company headquarters. Built in the Italian Renaissance style, the headhouse has brick bearing walls with cast-iron columns and timber floors. Interior finishes include molded ornamental marble with cast-iron detailing. Reading Terminal served the railroad's inter-city and regional rail trains, many of which are still running as part of the SEPTA Regional Rail system that connects Center City with outlying neighborhoods and suburbs to the north.
Many of those trains would be converted to electric power in a project that began in 1928 and completed in 1933, with the Newtown Branch being electrified to Fox Chase in 1966. Daily traffic peaked during World War II with up to 45,000 daily passengers declined in the 1950s with the advance of road and air travel; the terminal buildings declined with the railroad's fortunes. The Reading declared bankruptcy on November 23, 1971; the shed was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972 and was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1976. In 1976, Conrail took over the freight operations of the Reading and other northeastern lines; the railroad's regional rail service went to the regional transit authority for Philadelphia. Still, the Reading retained ownership of its Terminal complex. SEPTA gained control of the ex-PRR regional lines and consolidated all regional rail service; the agency launched the construction of the Center City Commuter Connection, an underground passenger rail tunnel to connect the former Reading Railroad commuter lines with the former Pennsylvania Railroad commuter lines at Suburban Station, the stub-end terminal of the ex-PRR network, located on the site of the former Broad Street Station.
Because the stations were to connect underground—Suburban Station's terminal is located beneath the former PRR headquarters—the Market East Station was built to replace the Reading Terminal with its elevated platforms. The new station is adjacent to and under Reading Terminal. Reading Terminal handled its last train, a specially made-up train using Blueliners from Lansdale, on November 6, 1984. Four days after final track connections were made to the Center City Commuter Connection tunnel, rail service on the ex-Reading Lines to and from Center City Philadelphia was via the Market East Station. In the years that followed, the Reading Terminal's fate was uncertain, with various proposals for replacement or adaptive reuse, its demolition was staved off by a group led by urban-renewal advocate Edmund Bacon, who pointed to its landmark status and its location within the Market Street East Redevelopment Area. This urban-renewal zone stretched along Market Street from City Hall to 6th Street. In 1993, the complex was chosen from among four candidates as the site for the new Pennsylvania Convention Center and purchased by the city's Redevelopment Authority of Philadelphia.
After renovations completed in 1997, designed by BLT Architects in a joint venture with CLA, the headhouse became the center's main entrance, while the trainshed became its Grand Hall and ballroom, with meeting rooms and a hallway. Built to accommodate the offices of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, this historic railroad facility is the linchpin of Philadelphia's burgeoning commercial district east of City Hall. Now renovated and remodeled street and concourse levels of the 175,000 sq ft building accommodate a variety of retail and food service operations; the remaining space on the concourse levels of the headhouse became retail space. The former Reading Railroad offices on the headhouse's upper floors were converted to meeting and ballroom facilities, it contains more than 200 rooms for the adjacent Marriott Hotel, to which it is connected by a skywalk and for which it serves as a secondary entrance. The Reading Terminal Market was spun off under i
University City station
University City station is a train station in the University City section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on the SEPTA Regional Rail system. The station serves the area around the University of Pennsylvania, is located at South Street and Convention Avenue. Located on the Media/Elwyn Line, it serves the Airport, Wilmington/Newark, Media/Elwyn, Manayunk/Norristown and West Trenton Regional Rail services. In 2013, this station saw 3091 boardings and 2950 alightings on an average weekday; the station is less than a block from the University of Pennsylvania's Franklin Field and the Palestra. In addition to the University of Pennsylvania campus, it is convenient to the medical campuses of the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania and the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia; the Drexel University campus, the Graduate Hospital campus and neighborhood across the Schuylkill River are nearby and accessible. University City station was conceived in 1979 by the City of Philadelphia as Civic Center, under which name it appeared on SEPTA informational maps of the 1980s.
That name was no longer relevant by the time construction began in 1991. The station instead opened with the regionally descriptive name of University City on April 24, 1995; the station has a nod to Penn's colors. Since its inception, the station has been a stop for all trains on the five SEPTA rail lines which pass through the station, including rush-hour express trains on the Wilmington/Newark and Media/Elwyn lines. Though not all lines serve it, University City is listed in timetables and other SEPTA literature as one of the five Center City Philadelphia stations, falls within the CCP/Zone 1 Regional Rail fare zone; the station is served by SEPTA bus route 40 which runs along South Street, bus routes 30, 42 and the LUCY Green Loop from the nearby corner of Convention Avenue and Health Sciences Drive. The station made a brief appearance in the movie Unbreakable as Elijah falls down the stairs to the platform, it is portrayed as a subway station with turnstiles in the movie, though in reality.
The Convention Avenue Entrance has ADA Gates. University City has one high-level island platform serving both tracks. SEPTA - University City Station Station House from Google Maps Street View
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
The Lansdale/Doylestown Line is a SEPTA Regional Rail line connecting Center City Philadelphia to Doylestown in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. Until 1981, diesel-powered trains continued on the Bethlehem Branch from Lansdale to Quakertown and Allentown. Restored service has been proposed, but is not planned by SEPTA; the line is used by the East Penn Railroad, serving Quakertown's industrial complexes and distribution centers. The Lansdale/Doylestown Line utilizes what is known as the SEPTA Main Line, a four-track line, owned by SEPTA since 1983, the former Reading Railroad Doylestown Branch; the main part of the line, from Philadelphia north to Lansdale, was part of the Reading Railroad's route from Philadelphia to Bethlehem, to Wilkes-Barre and Scranton. Arriving and departing at the former Reading Terminal, now part of the Pennsylvania Convention Center, the line has, since 1985, been directly connected to the ex-PRR/Penn Central side by the Center City Commuter Rail Tunnel. Unlike the ex-PRR/Penn Central Paoli/Thorndale Line it is paired with for through-service, the ex-RDG line was not as built, as the RDG segregated its through-freight and passenger movements.
While the four-track section between the tunnel and Wayne Junction and the two-track section from Wayne Junction to Jenkintown are grade-separated, the two-track section from Jenkintown to Lansdale and the single track from Lansdale to Doylestown has both at-grade railroad crossings and over- and underpasses. Electrified service between Philadelphia and Hatboro, Lansdale and West Trenton was opened on July 26, 1931. Equipment consisted of dark green painted electric multiple unit cars built at the Reading's own shops; some of the cars were rebuilt during the 1960s receiving air conditioning, refreshed interior and a new blue paint scheme resulting in their being referred to as "Blueliners". Today, the line uses the Silverliner family of EMU cars which operate throughout SEPTA's Regional Rail system. Service to Bethlehem and the Lehigh Valley languished due to the post-World War II surge of the automobile as well as the opening of the Pennsylvania Turnpike Northeast Extension in 1957. Service north of Lansdale in the non-electrified territory was terminated by SEPTA on July 29, 1981.
Trackage north of Quakertown was dismantled after the railbed was leased for use as the interim Saucon Rail Trail. Between 1984–2010 the route was designated R5 Doylestown and R5 Lansdale as part of SEPTA's diametrical reorganization of its lines. Lansdale and Doylestown trains operated through the city center to the Paoli Line on the ex-Pennsylvania side of the system; the R-number naming system was dropped on July 25, 2010. As of 2018, most Lansdale/Doylestown Line trains continue through Center City to Malvern or Thorndale on the Paoli/Thorndale Line. On August 29, 2011, SEPTA adjusted the midday service pattern to encourage ridership at Colmar station, which had available parking capacity adjacent to Pennsylvania Route 309; every other train turned back at Lansdale. On December 18, 2011, SEPTA eliminated weekend service at Link Belt and New Britain due to low ridership. In the fall of 2012, New Britain was added back to the weekend schedule as a flag stop. A large parking garage is to be built at Lansdale station.
9th Street station opened nearby on November 15, 2015 as an alternate parking location during construction. SEPTA activated positive train control on the Lansdale/Doylestown Line from Doylestown to Glenside on June 13, 2016. Positive train control was activated from Glenside to Fern Rock on December 12, 2016 and from Fern Rock to 30th Street on January 9, 2017; the Lansdale/Doylestown Line makes the following station stops after leaving the Center City Commuter Connection. Between FY 2008–FY 2014 yearly ridership on the Lansdale/Doylestown Line has held steady at 4.6 million, save for a brief dip to 4.3 million in FY 2010–2011. "SEPTA – Lansdale/Doylestown line schedule"