The North Caucasus, or Ciscaucasia, is the northern part of the Caucasus region between the Sea of Azov and Black Sea on the west and the Caspian Sea on the east, in Russia. Geographically, the Northern Caucasus includes the Russian republics and krais of the North Caucasus; as part of the Russian Federation, the Northern Caucasus region is included in the North Caucasian and Southern Federal Districts and consists of Krasnodar Krai, Stavropol Krai, the constituent republics from west to east: the Republic of Adygea, Karachay–Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria, North Ossetia–Alania, Ingushetia and the Republic of Dagestan. Geographically, the term North Caucasus refers to the northern slope and western extremity of the Caucasus Major mountain range, as well as a part of its southern slope to the West; the northern part of the North Caucasus is considered part of Eastern Europe. The Forecaucasus steppe area is also encompassed under the notion of "Ciscaucasus", thus the northern boundary of the Forecaucasus steppe is considered to be the Manych River.
Ciscaucasus was covered by the Pontic steppe on fertile calcareous chernozyom soils, completely tilled and grazed. It is bounded by the Sea of Azov on the west, the Caspian Sea on the east. According to the Concise Atlas of the World, Second Edition, the Ciscaucasus region lies on the European side of the "commonly-accepted division" that separates Europe from Asia. Much of the Northern Caucasus seceded from Russia in March of 1917 as the Chechen-dominated Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus, taking advantage of the instability caused by the February Revolution and becoming a minor participant in the Russian Civil War. Mountainous Republic troops engaged in fierce clashes against the invading White General Anton Denikin's Volunteer Army, before the latter's defeat at the hands of the Red Army; the region was informally occupied by the Soviet Union shortly afterwards, the republic was forced into accepting a nonviolent annexation in January of 1921. It was reformed into the Mountainous ASSR, dissolved in October of 1924, replaced by a series of autonomous Okrugs and Oblasts.
The outer border of the Soviet Union's North Caucasus Krai was the same as that of present-day North Caucasus Economic Region which includes an oblast, two krais, seven republics. The former North Caucasus Military District included Astrakhan Oblast, Volgograd Oblast, the Republic of Kalmykia, its administrative center was Rostov-on-Don until 10 January 1934, Pyatigorsk until January 1936 Ordzhonikidze and, from 15 December 1936, Voroshilovsk. In 2011, the Russian government has put forward plans to create a "North Caucasian version of Silicon Valley", at a cost of 32 billion rubles as part of ongoing efforts to generate opportunities in the region. Caucasus North Caucasus economic region North Caucasian Federal District North Caucasian Krai North Caucasian Military District Southern Federal District Kuban People's Republic Confederation of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus Mountain Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic North Caucasian Soviet Republic North Caucasian Federal University North Caucasian Railway List of clashes in the North Caucasus Dolmens of North Caucasus In Quest for God and Freedom: Sufi Responses to the Russian Advance in the North Caucasus by Anna Zelkina Russia in the Modern World: A New Geography by Denis J. B.
Shaw, Institute of British Geographers Media related to North Caucasus at Wikimedia Commons North Caucasus travel guide from Wikivoyage Relations between The North and South Caucasus. Articles in the Caucasus Analytical Digest No. 27
Henri Charles Jules Claude was a French psychiatrist and neurologist born in Paris. He studied medicine under Charles-Joseph Bouchard, was an assistant to Fulgence Raymond at the Salpêtrière Hospital. From 1922 until 1939, he served as chair of mental illness and brain diseases at the Hôpital Sainte-Anne in Paris, where he was succeeded by Maxime Laignel-Lavastine. Henri Claude played a leading role in introducing Freudian theories of psychoanalysis into French psychiatry, he was responsible for the creation of the first laboratory of psychotherapy and psychoanalysis at the school of medicine at the University of Paris. His name is lent to the eponymous "Claude syndrome", a midbrain syndrome characterized by oculomotor palsy on the side of the lesion and ataxia on the opposite side. "Claude's hyperkinesis sign" is named after him — a medical sign used to describe reflex movements of paretic muscles elicited by painful stimuli. Scottish Medical Journal Claude's Syndrome Answers.com Henri Claude
Yeo Seo-jeong is a South Korean artistic gymnast. She is the 2018 Asian Games champion on vault. Yeo Seo-jeong was born on 20 February 2002 in Yongin-si. Both of Yeo's parents are retired gymnasts, her mother won a team bronze medal in the 1994 Asian Games, her father, Yeo Hong-chul, was the 1996 Olympic silver medalist on vault. Yeo Seo-jeong said. Yeo won the all-around at the South Korean National Championships in addition to winning vault and floor, she won the silver medal on uneven bars. She made her senior international debut at the Guimaraes Challenge Cup and won the gold medal on vault, she was selected to competed at the 2018 Asian Games alongside Ham Mi-ju, Kim Ju-ry, Lee Eun-ju, Yun Na-rae. The team finished in fourth place. Individually, Yeo won the gold medal on vault, she placed ninth in the all-around, eighth on beam, seventh on floor, she competed at the World Championships where she placed fifth on vault. Her final meet of the season was the Voronin Cup where she won vault gold, all-around silver, floor exercise bronze, she placed eighth on bars and beam.
Yeo won the gold medal on vault at the Melbourne World Cup. According to the Korea Gymnastics Association, it was the first time that a Korean female gymnast won a gold medal in the FIG World Cup series. At the 2019 Korea Cup, Yeo became the first women to land the handspring double twist vault, she said of the new vault, "I was afraid, but once I started focusing on the competition, my fear disappeared. I am so happy. I wanted to land the new vault regardless of my final rankings today, everything went my way."