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North Hollywood, Los Angeles

North Hollywood is a neighborhood in the east San Fernando Valley region of the city of Los Angeles. It is home to the NoHo Arts District and the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences, it has seven public and eight private schools. There is a recreation center; the neighborhood is an important transportation center for the region. North Hollywood was established by the Lankershim Ranch Land and Water Company in 1887, it was first named Toluca before being renamed Lankershim in 1896 and North Hollywood in 1927. The 2000 U. S. census counted 77,848 residents in the 5.87-square-mile North Hollywood neighborhood—or 13,264 people per square mile, about an average population density for the city but among the highest for the county. In 2008, the city estimated that the population had increased to 87,241. In 2000 the median age for residents was 30, considered an average age for city and county neighborhoods; the neighborhood was considered "moderately diverse" ethnically within Los Angeles. The breakdown was 57.7% Latino, 27% Non-Hispanic White, 5.7% Asian, 5.6 % black, 4% from other groups.

Foreign-born residents made up 46.4 % of a high percentage for Los Angeles. The percentages of never-married men and never-married women were among the county's highest; the median yearly household income in 2008 dollars was $42,791, considered average for the city but low for the county. The percentages of households that earned $40,000 or less were high for the county. Renters occupied 75.4% of the housing stock, house- or apartment-owners held 24.6%. North Hollywood is bordered on the north on the northeast and east by Burbank. Toluca Lake borders North Hollywood on the southeast and south, Studio City abuts it on the southwest, it is flanked by Valley Glen on the west. North Hollywood is not contiguous with Hollywood, being separated by other parts of the San Fernando Valley and the Hollywood Hills. North Hollywood displays a hot summer Mediterranean Climate. North Hollywood was once part of the vast landholdings of the Mission San Fernando Rey de España, confiscated by the government during the Mexican period of rule.

A group of investors assembled as the San Fernando Farm Homestead Association purchased the southern half of the Rancho Ex-Mission San Fernando. The leading investor was Isaac Lankershim, a Northern California stockman and grain farmer, impressed by the Valley's wild oats and proposed to raise sheep on the property. In 1873, Isaac Lankershim's son and future son-in-law, James Boon Lankershim and Isaac Newton Van Nuys, moved to the San Fernando Valley and took over management of the property. Van Nuys thought the property could profitably grow wheat using the dryland farming technique developed on the Great Plains and leased land from the Association to test his theories. In time, the Lankershim property, under its third name, the Los Angeles Farming and Milling Company, would become the world's largest wheat-growing empire. In October 1887, J. B. Lankershim and eight other developers organized the Lankershim Ranch Land and Water Company, purchasing 12,000 acres north of the Cahuenga Pass from the Lankershim Farming and Milling Company.

Lankershim established a townsite which the residents named Toluca along the old road from Cahuenga Pass to San Fernando. On April 1, 1888, they offered ready-made small farms for sale planted with deep-rooted deciduous fruit and nut trees—mostly peaches, pears and walnuts—that could survive the rainless summers of the Valley by relying on the high water table along the Tujunga Wash rather than surface irrigation; the land boom of the 1880s went bust by the 1890s, but despite another brutal drought cycle in the late 1890s, the fruit and nut farmers remained solvent. The Toluca Fruit Growers Association was formed in 1894; the next year the Southern Pacific opened a branch line slanting northwest across the Valley to Chatsworth. The Chatsworth Limited made one freight stop a day at Toluca, though the depot bore the new name of Lankershim. With the post office across the street being called Toluca, controversy over the town's name continued, the local ranchers used to quip, "Ship the merchandise to Lankershim, but bill it to Toluca."

In 1896, under pressure from Lankershim, the post office at Toluca was renamed "Lankershim" after his father, although the new name of the town would not be recognized until 1905. By 1903, the area was known as "The Home of the Peach". In 1912, the area's major employer, the Bonner Fruit Company, was canning over a million tons of peaches and other fruits; when the Los Angeles Aqueduct opened in 1913, Valley farmers offered to buy the surplus water, but the federal legislation that enabled the construction of the aqueduct prohibited Los Angeles from selling the water outside of the city limits. At first, resistance to the real-estate development and downtown business interests of Los Angeles remained strong enough to keep the small farmers unified in opposition to annexation. However, the fruit packing company interests were taken over by the Los Angeles interests; the two conspired to decrease prices and mitigate the farmers' profit margins, making their continued existence tenuous. When droughts hit the valley again, rather than face foreclosure, the most vulnerable farmers agreed to mortgage their holdings to the fruit packing company and banks in Los Angeles for the immediate future and vote on annexation.

West Lankershim agreed to be annexed to the City of Los Angeles in 1919. Lankershim proper joined in 1923. Much o

Gordon, Texas

Gordon is a city in Palo Pinto County, United States. The population was 478 at the 2010 Census. Gordon is located at 32°32′39″N 98°21′58″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0 square mile, all of it land. Gordon's history begins in 1864 with the founding of the community of Texas; the town of Gordon was planned by the Texas and Pacific Railway one mile south of Hampton in 1874. The new town was named Gordon after the civil engineer responsible for surveying the townsite land; the railroad was built through the area in 1880, the following year Hampton was moved to meet the railroad. The first classes at the Gordon School were held in 1882, the post office opened on October 17, 1883 with local businessman Robert Rogan serving as the community's first postmaster. Gordon High School was built in 1887, by 1889 Gordon possessed five general stores, three drug stores, three hotels, three cotton gins, a reported population of 300 residents. By 1901, Gordon had telephone service and the city got its own power plant in 1912.

In the U. S. Census of 1920, the burgeoning community reported 1,000 residents; the city has managed to survive as a point of commerce and shipping for local ranching and petroleum production. As of the 2000 Census, Gordon claimed 451 residents; as of the census of 2000, there were 451 people, 190 households, 128 families residing in the city. The population density was 467.2 people per square mile. There were 228 housing units at an average density of 236.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.23% White, 1.11% Native American, 0.44% Pacific Islander, 1.11% from other races, 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.10% of the population. There were 190 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.9% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.6% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.93. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, 20.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $33,056, the median income for a family was $41,750. Males had a median income of $40,156 versus $20,781 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,307. About 8.1% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 15.3% of those age 65 or over. The City of Gordon is served by the Gordon Independent School District. Former Olympic athlete and conservative political figure Bob Richards raises miniature horses in Gordon. Major League Baseball players Thurman Tucker and Pat Caraway were raised in Gordon.

Radio Personality Actor Musician Chris Dean Keith Gordon Texas web site Gordon United Methodist Church web site Gordon Longhorns Football web site Gordon Community Library & Museum web site

3D Stereo Caste

3D Stereo Caste is a Malayalam documentary film shot in digital format, directed by A S Ajith Kumar on the caste discrimination prevalent in the musical arena of Kerala. The documentary has been screened in various cities including in Azim Premji University and Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore and University of Hyderabad and English and Foreign Languages University in Hyderabad. Nideesh, a drum percussionist and Praseetha, a folk singer, are featured in the documentary. Production: Rupesh Kumar Direction: A S Ajith Kumar Cinematography: Dibin C Augustine Editing: Unni Gopan Graphics: Somesh, Sarath. S Trailer for 3D Stereo Caste Facebook