Regions of Denmark
The five Regions of Denmark were created as administrative entities at a level above the municipalities and below the central government in the public sector as part of the 2007 Danish Municipal Reform, when the 13 counties were abolished. At the same time, the number of municipalities was cut from 270 to 98; each region is governed by a popularly elected regional council with 41 members, from whom the regional chairman is chosen. The main responsibility of the regions is healthcare. Lesser powers of the regions include public transport, environmental planning, soil pollution management and some coordination of secondary education. In contrast to the former counties, the regions do not have municipal powers. Regions cannot levy taxes, but are financed by block grants from a tax levied by the central government until 2018 and by taxes collected by their constituent municipalities. Regions cannot decide their budgets independently, but must use the block grant for the purposes that are specified by the state.
As they are not municipalities, regions are not allowed to have coat of arms, but they do have modern logos. The small archipelago of Ertholmene to the northeast of Bornholm is not part of any region or municipality, its inhabitants do not pay municipal taxes, nor did they pay the central government's health care contribution tax or the tax levied by counties prior to 2007. The representative organisation Danske Regioner was set up on 23 March 2006, it is an advocacy and lobbying organisation speaking on behalf of all of the regions, including negotiating labour contracts, etc. The organization maintains an office in Brussels; as a central representation of the Danish healthcare system it has rather large, although unofficial, powers. Its equivalent before 2006 was the organisation of county representations. 1 The regions themselves use English names that are not a verbatim rendering of the Danish name.2 Area and population figures do not add up. Land area: 42,394 km². Inland water area: 500 to 700 km².
Ertholmene included in totals. Statistikbanken.dk/FOLK1A. Like their geographical areas, the names of several regions are neologisms; the term Syddanmark was known before the reform, but not in the present meaning. It was sometimes used to refer to Denmark proper as opposed to the North Atlantic parts of the Danish realm, the Faroe Islands and Greenland; the term Midtjylland was, in common use still is, used to describe the interior centre of Jutland, but never the coastal areas of the peninsula. The Regions of North Jutland and Central Jutland have chosen to market themselves internationally under the names of North Denmark Region and Central Denmark Region although in Denmark these geographical terms have no traditional use and may be confusing; the government most uses the Danish names in English-language publications or directly translated English names. Speaking, there is no authority defining the correct English names since the official names are stipulated in a law existing only in a Danish version.
Note: Numbers for the year 2006 are pro forma to be a reference, an example, to compare regions and changes in population numbers when the economy was expanding, growing, as opposed to when it was contracting. Health sector, including hospitals and health insurance, general practitioners and specialists. Health insurance for basic dental care. Regional development concerning nature and the environment, private sector economy, employment and culture, outlying areas and rural area development. Administrative assistance for private sector growth fora. Ground pollution surveillance and cleanup. Raw material mapping and planning. Permission for extraction, i.e. gravel pits. Social and educational institutions for people with special needs. Public transportation; the most important area of responsibility for the new regions is the public health service, accounting for 90% of the regions' expenditure. They are responsible for employment policies and public mass transit. However, in eastern Denmark the regions and 45 out of 46 municipalities share one employment region and transit is handled by a single transport agency, Movia.
Bornholm Regional Municipality because of its remote location in the Baltic Sea between Sweden and the westernmost part of Poland is its own employment region and is a 100% owner of its own mass transit agency, BAT, Bornholms Amts Trafikselskab until the island's county was abolished on 1 January 2003. Bornholm performs other tasks that are carried out by the regions in the rest of Denmark - thus the name Bornholm Regional Municipality: Bornholm in some respects forms a region by itself. From 1 January 2016 Ærø Municipality is responsible for public mass transit in the municipality. From 1 January 2018 Fanø Municipality will be the sole provider of public mass transit on the island of Fanø taking over the responsibilities from the Region of Southern Denmark; the regions own all public hospitals in their areas and control the primary care sector through contracts with general physicians and specialists. The name of the region is used on hospitals' letterheads and on doctors' and nurses' white coats.
Four of the regions have a university hospital, corresponding with the four medical faculties of Denmark. The Region of Zealand lacks a medical faculty but has in 2016 renamed its hospitals in Roskilde and Køge, close to Copenhagen, as university hospitals and will collaborate with the medical facul
Fjerritslev is a Danish town in Jammerbugt Municipality, Region Nordjylland. The town's population is 3,341; until 1 January 2007, Fjerritslev was the municipal seat of the former Fjerritslev Municipality. Fjerritslev is mentioned in 1552 under the name Fierittzløff, has emerged as a medieval village. In 1682, Fjerritslev had 20 farms and 14 houses with land, a total of 416.1 tonnes of land cultivated, it was Kollerup parish's largest village. The cultivation form was grassland without poultry. In the 1830s, the road was built from Nørresundby to Thisted, thus initiating the development of the site: Kollerup Inn was moved here, a post office was established, the city became the focal point for Nørresundby-Thisted and Fjerritslev-Aggersund dilution routes. Around 1875, the place had the telegraph station, the steam boiler and the inn. In 1887, a school, 1888, was established as a cooperative dairy. By the turn of the century, the town had boys and girls' schools, county hospital, district farmhouse, Fjerritslev Bank, mission house and telegraph station and a post office.
Fjerritslev Municipality was until January 2007 a municipality in North Jutland County, Denmark. The municipality covered an area of 290 km², had a total population of 8,480 with the town of Fjerritslev as the municipal seat, its last mayor was a member of the Venstre political party. It ceased to exist as the result of Kommunalreformen, it was merged with Brovst Municipality, Pandrup Municipality, Aabybro Municipality to form the new Jammerbugt Municipality. The rooster on the fleur-de-lis is taken from the arms of the former Han herred; the rooster symbolises strength, together with the sun, optimism and a glorious future. It is the coat of arm of the former Fjerritslev Municipality. Rikke Nielsen a former Danish handballer, she played 54 national games and scored 68 goals. Jammerbugt Municipality's official website. Aabybro Pandrup Brovst Aars Municipal statistics: NetBorger Kommunefakta, delivered from KMD aka Kommunedata. Municipal mergers and neighbors: Eniro new municipalities map
Hjørring is the main town and the administrative seat of Hjørring Municipality, Region Nordjylland, in Denmark, Scandinavia. The population is 25,071, it is one of Denmark's oldest towns, it celebrated its 750th anniversary as a market town in 1993. Archaeological discoveries show that the area was populated 10,000 years ago. A major fire burned down much of the town in 1819. There are good educational opportunities in the town including a gymnasium, a business and technical college and a nursing school. Hjørring has a large hospital. Dana Cup, one of the world's largest football tournaments, takes place in Hjørring at the end of July, with 17,000 footballers from all around the world; the tournament celebrated its 25th anniversary in 2006. The town is the home for the Hjørring Revue, a summer revue, a part of Hjørring's entertainment life since the 1920s and one more revue, the Lundergaard Revue; the latter revue celebrated its 25th anniversary in 2008. The revue has about 5000 guests a summer over.
Hjørring has been growing with new shops and franchises opening. The most recent addition to Hjørring is the new city shopping centre, which has led to a change in the city centre as one of Hjørring's main streets, Østergade, has been closed to vehicular traffic and is now open only for pedestrians and bicycles. Metropol, inaugurated in March 2008, is located on Østergade. Hjørring holds the headquarters of the regional museum of Vendsyssel Historical Museum, it is located in the city center. Apart from the exhibitions and museum itself, there is a small, publicly accessible park and garden area, that facilitates picnics. One of the two branches of Profession School University College North Jutland can be found in Hjørring. See EUC Nord. Hjørring railway station is the principal railway station of the town, it is located on the Vendsyssel Line between Aalborg and Frederikshavn and is the terminus of the Hirtshals railway line. It offers direct InterCity services to Copenhagen, regional train services to Frederikshavn and Aalborg and local train services to Hirtshals.
The town is served by the railway halts Kvægtorvet, Teglgårdsvej, Herregårdsparken and Vellingshøj. Hans Gram a Danish academic and historian Niels Peter Bornholdt a Danish shipping agent and landowner Benedicte Wrensted a notable Danish-American photographer, emigrated to the US in 1894, photographed the Shoshone native people in Idaho Ellen Osiier a Danish Olympic fencing foil champion Johan Kjær Hansen a member of the Danish resistance executed by the German occupying power Axel Borup-Jørgensen a Danish composer Knud Sørensen a Danish writer and novelist Hanne Kjærholm a Danish architect, taught at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts Hanne-Vibeke Holst an author and journalist Ann Eleonora Jørgensen a Danish film and stage actor Morten Middelfart a Danish entrepreneur and technologist. Encyclopædia Britannica. 1911
Nørresundby is a city in Aalborg Municipality, north of Limfjorden, in Vendsyssel, in Denmark. The urban area has a population of 21,761, it is located just north of Aalborg. Statistically its own urban area since 2006, it is still considered part of Aalborg, sometimes the name Greater Aalborg is used to describe the concept; the city is connected to Aalborg by Limfjordsbroen, a road bridge, an iron railway bridge, as well as a motorway passing it to the east and running under the Limfjord. Nørresundby is the site of the Lindholm Høje settlement and burial ground from the Germanic Iron Age and Viking times. There is a museum on the site. Nørresundby has many sports clubs, most notably Lindholm IF, whose highest ranking football team as of the 2013–14 season play at the fourth-highest Danish level, Danmarksserien. In 1865 a pontoon bridge by the name of Christian IX´s pontoon bridge was built. Six years in 1871 a railroad bridge was built, which still stands today. In 1933 the pontoon bridge was removed and a new bridge, called the Limfjords bridge, was built in its place.
Five years on 29 May 1938 Aalborg Airport opened. Through 1958-1960 the Limfjords bridge was expanded and in 1969 the Limfjords tunnel east of Nørresundby was opened; as a supplement to these bridges and the railway bridge, there have for several years been spoken about adding a fourth connection over the Limfjord although no direct action have been taken. Aalborg Airport is located west of Nørresundby. North Flying has its head office in the North Flying Terminal at Aalborg Airport in Nørresundby. Nørresundby is served by Lindholm railway station, located in the district of Lindholm in the western part of the city. Lindholm station is located on the Vendsyssel Line between Frederikshavn, it offers direct InterCity services to Copenhagen, regional train services to Aalborg and Frederikshavn, is the northern terminus of the Aalborg Commuter Rail service to Skørping. The city is connected to Aalborg by a road bridge Limfjordsbroen, as well as a motorway passing it to the east and running under the Limfjord.
Henry Nielsen a Danish middle- and long-distance runner, 3000 m world record holder 1934-1936 Verner Nielsen a Danish former football player, played 26 games for the Denmark national football team Søren Jessen-Petersen a Danish lawyer and UN civil servant Henning Jensen a Danish football player who played for Borussia Mönchengladbach Frank Aaen a Danish economist and Member of Parliament for Enhedslisten Orla Hav is the mayor and chairman of North Jutland County, member of the Danish Parliament Ole Bornedal a Danish film director and producer Mohamed Ali a Danish singer of mixed Egyptian and Iraqi origin Nørresundby Gymnasium & HF is an upper secondary school in the city of Nørresundby, in North Jutland in Denmark. The school offers the traditional three-year program but the so-called Higher Preparatory Examination, which takes two years to complete. Nørresundby Gymnasium & HF is a certified Cambridge & Science school and it is furthermore open for exchange students; the school offers 12 different streams of studies.
It is one of the only ones offering Greek as a subject
Hurup, in postal and railway terms Hurup Thy, is a railway town in the municipality of Thisted in northwestern Jutland, Denmark. It has a population of 2,765. Hurup is the second largest town in the traditional district of Thy. From 1970 to 2006, it was the administrative centre of Sydthy municipality. Hurup ows its existence to the Struer-Thisted railway, built in 1882; the larger village of Vestervig, 7 km further west, was the traditional centre of the area, but opted against getting a railway station. Today the biggest industries are Ideal Combi, with more than 500 employees, Huma and a furniture factory. Hurup was the home town of Lars Larsen, founder of the Jysk retail chain and one of Denmark's wealthiest persons. Hurup was in 1682 a village consisting of 3 houses with land. Hurup Station village developed after the construction of the Struer–Thisted railroad in 1882. By the turn of the century, which, in addition to the railroad, was favored by its location on the mainland road, by church, school, primary school, real school, Thylands Bank, catering, marketplace, grocery stores and iron foundry, woolen spinach, hot tub, export warehouse, cement factory and telegraph station.
About 1920, Hurup was designated as a "Growing Parish and Station City" with church, mission house, schools and real school, cooperative bank, power station, marketplace, several major grocery stores and industrial plants such as dairy, machine plant and iron foundry, cement factories, sawmills etc. as well as place of election for the county's 2nd parliamentary district, station on the Thisted-Struer course and post office. In 1930, the city had a technical school, police station for 54. Politikreds, doctors, Thylands Bank, 2 hotels, utility association, cooperative dairy, margarine factory and telegraph station, fire station for a set up fire zone and with own fire extinguisher. In the town a memorial hall was placed with memorial to guestgiver Nyeboe and wife who had donated the plant. Jens Søndergaard painter Johnny Hansen musician, member of the band Kandis Bjørn Hansen musician, member of the band Bjørn & Okay Lars Larsen owner of Jysk
Thisted is a town in the municipality of Thisted in the North Denmark Region of Denmark. It is located in Thy, in northwestern Jutland; the town name could be translated as Tyr's Stead. Market town status was given to Thisted in 1500. During the Jutland Peasant rebellion of 1441, Christopher of Bavaria, King of Denmark, approached the rebel camp at Husby Hole near St. Jørgen's Hill in northern Jutland and sent word that anyone who left the camp and went home, would not be punished for rebellion; the men from Thisted, as well as those of Mors, left for which they were afterwards called cowards and traitors. Thisted is home of the Brewery Thisted Bryghus known for its high quality organic beer. Langdos, the largest bronze age burial mound in Denmark, is located in Thisted; the burial mound is 175 meters long and was built between 1800 and 1000 BC. Thisted features a church Gothic-style church, the exterior of which contains a stone with Runic inscriptions. There are several educational institutions in Thisted.
There are three schools, Østre skole and Tingstrup skole. There's a gymnasium, Higher Preparatory Examination, Higher Commercial Examination Programme and Higher Technical Examination Programme. Thisted is served by Thisted railway station, it is located on the Thy railway line and offers direct InterCity services to Copenhagen and local train services to Struer. Thisted has a football team Thisted FC in the Danish 1st Division Conrad Malte-Brun a Dano-French geographer, coined the name Oceania Hendrik Pontoppidan a Danish merchant and philanthropist Christen Mikkelsen Kold a Danish teacher, created the Danish high-school system Knud Graah a Danish born, Norwegian industrialist and pioneer in the Norwegian textile industry J. P. Jacobsen a Danish novelist and scientist Peter Tom-Petersen a Danish painter and graphic artist of cityscapes and interiors Grethe Rask a Danish physician and surgeon in Zaïre, one of the first non-Africans to die of AIDS Yutte Stensgaard a Danish actress, known for her role in Hammer's Lust for a Vampire Mogens Dahl a Danish conductor, founded Mogens Dahl Concert Hall Kato Thomas Kato Vittrup better known as Kato a Danish disc jockey and music producer Junior Senior a pop duo from Thisted, Denmark Annette Jørgensen a Danish swimmer, competed in the 1988 Summer Olympics Jesper Grønkjær raised in Thisted, is a former Danish professional footballer Mads Agesen a Danish footballer, captain at Randers FC Frederikke Thøgersen a Danish professional football player, plays for Fortuna Hjørring and the Denmark women's national football team Hans Ditlev Bendixsen an American shipbuilder, developed the merchant marine industry on the West Coast of the United States Lawrence Waldemar Tonner companion and personal secretary of composer and pianist Francis Grierson for more than 40 years Andrew Petersen was a patternmaker and foundry company executive who served as a U.
S. Representative from New York State Østerild Wind Turbine Test Field
Geologically, a fjord or fiord is a long, narrow inlet with steep sides or cliffs, created by a glacier. There are many fjords on the coasts of Alaska, British Columbia, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, Kamchatka, the Kerguelen Islands, New Zealand, Novaya Zemlya, Nunavut, Quebec, South Georgia Island, Washington state. Norway's coastline is estimated at 29,000 kilometres with nearly 1,200 fjords, but only 2,500 kilometres when fjords are excluded. A true fjord is formed when a glacier cuts a U-shaped valley by ice segregation and abrasion of the surrounding bedrock. According to the standard model, glaciers formed in pre-glacial valleys with a sloping valley floor; the work of the glacier left an overdeepened U-shaped valley that ends abruptly at a valley or trough end. Such valleys are fjords. Thresholds above sea level create freshwater lakes. Glacial melting is accompanied by the rebounding of Earth's crust as the ice load and eroded sediment is removed. In some cases this rebound is faster than sea level rise.
Most fjords are deeper than the adjacent sea. Fjords have a sill or shoal at their mouth caused by the previous glacier's reduced erosion rate and terminal moraine. In many cases this sill causes large saltwater rapids. Saltstraumen in Norway is described as the world's strongest tidal current; these characteristics distinguish fjords from rias, which are drowned valleys flooded by the rising sea. Drammensfjorden is cut in two by the Svelvik "ridge", a sandy moraine that during the ice cover was under sea level but after the post-glacial rebound reaches 60 m above the fjord. Jens Esmark in the 19th century introduced the theory that fjords are or have been created by glaciers and that large parts of Northern Europe had been covered by thick ice in prehistory. Thresholds at the mouths and overdeepening of fjords compared to the ocean are the strongest evidence of glacial origin, these thresholds are rocky. Thresholds are related to sounds and low land where the ice could spread out and therefore have less erosive force.
John Walter Gregory argued that fjords are of tectonic origin and that glaciers had a negligible role in their formation. Gregory's views were rejected by subsequent research and publications. In the case of Hardangerfjord the fractures of the Caledonian fold has guided the erosion by glaciers, while there is no clear relation between the direction of Sognefjord and the fold pattern; this relationship between fractures and direction of fjords is observed in Lyngen. Preglacial, tertiary rivers eroded the surface and created valleys that guided the glacial flow and erosion of the bedrock; this may in particular have been the case in Western Norway where the tertiary uplift of the landmass amplified eroding forces of rivers. Confluence of tributatry fjords led to excavation of the deepest fjord basins. Near the coast the typical West Norwegian glacier spread out and lost their concentration and reduced the glaciers' power to erode leaving bedrock thresholds. Bolstadfjorden is 160 m deep with a treshold of only 1.5 m, while the 1,300 m deep Sognefjorden has a threshold around 100 to 200 m deep.
Hardangerfjord is made up of several basins separated by thresholds: The deepest basin Samlafjorden between Jonaneset og Ålvik with a distinct treshold at Vikingneset in Kvam. Hanging valleys are common along U-shaped valleys. A hanging valley is a tributary valley, higher than the main valley and were created by tributary glacier flows into a glacier of larger volume; the shallower valley appears to be ` hanging' above a fjord. Waterfalls form at or near the outlet of the upper valley. Hanging valleys occur under water in fjord systems; the branches of Sognefjord are for instance much shallower than the main fjord. The mouth of Fjærlandsfjord is about 400 m deep; the mouth of Ikjefjord is only 50 meters deep while the main fjord is around 1,300 m at the same point. During the winter season there is little inflow of freshwater. Surface water and deeper water are mixed during winter because of the steady cooling of the surface and wind. In the deep fjords there is still fresh water from the summer with less density than the saltier water along the coast.
Offshore wind, common in the fjord areas during winter, sets up a current on the surface from the inner to the outer parts. This current on the surface in turn pulls dense salt water from the coast across the fjord threshold and into the deepest parts of the fjord. Bolstadfjorden has a threshold of only 1.5 m and strong inflow of freshwater from Vosso river creates a brackish surface that blocks circulation of the deep fjord. The deeper, salt layers of Bolstadfjorden are deprived of oxygen and the seabed is covered with organic material; the shallow threshold creates a strong tidal current. During the summer season there is a large inflow of river water in the inner areas; this freshwater gets mixed with saltwater creating a layer of brackish water with a higher surface than the ocean which in turn sets up a current from the river mouths towards the ocean. This current is more salty towards the coast and right under the surface current there is a reverse current of saltier water from the coast.
In the deeper