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North Lincolnshire

North Lincolnshire is a unitary authority area in Lincolnshire, with a population of 167,446 at the 2011 census. There are three significant towns: Scunthorpe, the administrative centre and Barton-upon-Humber. North Lincolnshire was formed following the abolition of Humberside County Council in 1996, when four unitary authorities replaced it, North Lincolnshire and North East Lincolnshire, on the south bank of the river Humber, the East Riding of Yorkshire and Kingston upon Hull on the north bank, it is home to the Haxey Hood, a traditional event which takes place in Haxey on 6 January, a large football scrum where a leather tube is pushed to one of four pubs, where it remains until next year's game. In 2015, North Lincolnshire Council began discussions with the other nine authorities in the Greater Lincolnshire area as part of a devolution bid. If successful this would see greater powers over education, health and social care being devolved from central government; the 846 km2 council area lies on the south side of the Humber Estuary and consists of agricultural land, including land on either side of the River Trent.

It borders onto North East Lincolnshire, South Yorkshire and the East Riding of Yorkshire. The council's administrative base is at the Civic Centre in Scunthorpe. Before the creation of Humberside in 1974, it was part of Lincolnshire, becoming North Lincolnshire only in 1996, on the abolition of Humberside; until 1 April 1996, the area had been part of Humberside. The district was formed by a merger of the boroughs of Glanford and Scunthorpe, southern Boothferry. Alkborough, Amcotts, Ashby Barrow Haven, Barrow upon Humber, Barnetby-Le-Wold, Barton on Humber, Beltoft, Bottesford, Broughton, Burton upon Stather Cadney, Crowle, Croxton Dragonby Ealand, East Butterwick, East Halton, Elsham, Epworth Turbary Flixborough, Ferriby Sluice Gainsthorpe, Goxhill, Gunness Haxey, Horkstow, Howsham Keadby, Kingsforth, Kirton in Lindsey Manton, Melton Ross, Mill Place New Holland, North Killingholme Owston Ferry Redbourne, Roxby Sandtoft, Saxby All Saints, Scawby with Sturton, South End, South Killingholme, South Ferriby Thornton Curtis Ulceby, Ulceby Skitter Walcot, West Butterwick, West Halton, Winteringham, Wootton, Wrawby, Wressle Yaddlethorpe The Labour Party took control of the council, with a majority of 1, from the Conservatives after the 2007 election where the Labour Party had 22 councillors elected.

The Conservative Party held 18 seats, the Liberal Democrats held 1 seat and the Independents held two seats. After the 2011 election, the Conservatives regained control of the council with 23 seats, the Labour Party falling to 20 seats; the area is represented in parliament by three MPs. At the 2010 election the Labour Party retained the Scunthorpe seat and the Conservative Party won the Brigg and Goole seat and the Cleethorpes seat which includes the Barton area. North Lincolnshire operates under a Leader form of governance; the cabinet has eight members from the largest political party elected to the cabinet by the council of 43. Cabinet members make decisions on their portfolio individually; this is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of North and North East Lincolnshire at current basic prices published by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling. 2004 onwards published in 2007 Eastern Airways has its head office in the Schiphol House on the grounds of Humberside Airport in Kirmington, North Lincolnshire.

Scunthorpe is the home of the Tata owned Appleby-Frodingham steel plant, one of the largest and most successful plants in Europe. Port operations, green energy, logistics and food processing are important elements of the areas employment profile

Rytlock's Critter Rampage

Rytlock's Critter Rampage is a 2013 HTML5-based action-adventure game published by ArenaNet and programmed by Delly Sartika. While not an official sequel to the Guild Wars series, it takes place in the same canon realm known to Guild Wars 2 players as the Super Adventure Box, it was released worldwide on April 2013 for players to experience in web browsers everywhere. It was developed using the Construct 2 game engine; the gameplay of Rytlock's Critter Rampage focuses on exploration, the search for baubles that are used to purchase items such as potions, defeating foes, rescuing defenseless creatures known as quaggans. The game's story takes place some time before the events of Super Adventure Box, follows legionnaire Charr warrior Rytlock Brimstone as he goes on a rampage, destroying hostile creatures. Rytlock's Critter Rampage was an unexpected addition to the Super Adventure Box release, is considered by many players a prime example of ArenaNet going above and beyond with their game development and marketing strategy..

Players control Rytlock Brimstone, a fierce Charr warrior, a protagonist in the game Guild Wars 2. The goal is to survive the game world while collecting baubles and treasures. Combat includes many foes, Guild Wars 2 players will recognize from Super Adventure Box, such as snakes, beedogs and monkeys which can all be dealt with using Rytlock's kick attack. Players can rescue some friendly creatures, such as pink quaggans, which act as savepoints, purchase items like potions from shopkeepers; the game includes boss fights, which are a combination of bullet hell and platforming. The game's graphics are designed to appear like a halfway point between a retro 8-bit NES game and a SNES game though the game is coded to be experienced in flash, it was designed this way to make it appear as if the release of the Super Adventure Box was replacing the old fashioned SNES/NES-style gameplay with a new and mind-blowing graphic enhancements. The game features two game modes, Ten secret treasures players can find, a save feature, four different endings.

In addition to the retro style graphics, the game's music, composed by Maclaine Diemer, as well as sound effects are all designed to be retro as well. It should be noted that the music score used in this title is similar to the music Guild Wars 2 players will recognize from their adventures in the Super Adventure Box. There's not much to this piece, since it was designed to play in the background for just a couple of seconds, but I wanted it to at least fit well with the commercial's proper music. It's in the same key, the bass line is a modified version of the part that plays in the actual music; the melody is based on the second melody in the 8-bit version of the Guild Wars 2 theme. -Composer, Maclaine Diemer, in regards to the music of Rytlock's Critter Rampage. The game was intended to be nothing more than a prop for a Guild Wars 2 advertisement video making an appearance before the Super Adventure Box debut in the Adventure Box promotional video; the original plan was to create a couple of fake sprites, but one of the developers, Delly Sartika, decided that he would in-fact take the initiative and create an entire platformer.

The entire process took him about three weeks. We just wanted to build out a couple sprites to fake the game in After Effects, but one of the cinematic artists on my team has long harbored an interest in building his own retro platformer, so he volunteered to build out a playable version of our fake game. -Matthew Oswald, ArenaNet Cinematics Team Lead Rytlock's Critter Rampage was released as a free flash game and made available for everyone with internet access on April 19, 2013. It can be played here Stories of an April Fool's joke leading to a fun and challenging game, free and available to all, sparked the interest of several popular gaming sites such as PC Gamer, Giant Bomb and many others. Fans of the Guild Wars franchise and 2d platformers alike greeted the release of Rytlock's Critter Rampage with open arms. Many people who lost interest in the Guild Wars franchise, or had never displayed interest in the first place, had a spark of interest that ignited in both Guild Wars 2 and ArenaNet as a company.

Overall, ArenaNet accomplished what it set out to do, the game received positive reception from audiences - working wonders for the company's publicity. Some players find Rytlock's Critter Rampage to be a bit too challenging for their tastes, but do not commit negatively to the title, since it is free

Battle of Sukho Island

The Battle of Sukho Island known as Operation Brazil, was an amphibious operation and naval engagement in Lake Ladoga between the Soviet Navy and a German Luftwaffe naval detachment during World War II. Axis forces in Ladoga Lake, operated different units to harass the Soviet naval supply lines on the Lake directed to the besieged Leningrad: the force consisted in the Finnish Ladoga Naval Detachment, the Italian XII Squadriglia MAS (both operating alongside some Geran units into the Naval Detachment K and the independent German Einsatzstab Fähre Ost operated by Luftwaffe. Overhall this naval force had little success with their intended purpose. Despite the efforts, including the use of MAS boat torpedo attacks, this combined force proved unable to stop or seriously harm the supply route to Leningrad; the culmination of such operations was the raid against Sukho Island, located 20 km near the southern shore of the Lake and strategically important for covering the approaches of Soviet bases and the transit of supply lines.

The German attacking force consisted in a number of Siebel landing crafts with heavy or light weapons: 7 heavy artillery ferries, 4 light artillery ferries, 3 transport ferries with 70 men, one headquarters ferry, one hospital ferry, 7 infantry boats of which 5 were detached for landing troops. Italian motor torpedo boat MAS-526 provided distant escort. Soviet minesweeper TSch-100 observed by chance the landing barges, spoiling the effect of surprise and alerting the headquarters: this is evaluated as major factor of the attack's failure; the minesweeper engaged in battle. Artillery ferries begun shelling the Island while the 70 men troop landed and destroyed two of the three 100mm guns located on the island: they failed to destroy the third gun and while damaging the lighthouse it was not conquered. Loss of radio contact and losses forced the landing party to pull back; the same geography of the waters around the island proved a key obstacle for the Germans: SF-12 accidentally grounded on the rocks, soon followed by SF-13 that has come in assistance.

The survived Soviet artillery gun on the island scored a direct hit on SF-22 causing heavy damages and having lost ability to sail, the ferry grounded too. Ferries SF-14 and SF-26 suffered the same fate, accidentally grounding while trying to assist SF-22. One Soviet patrol boat was retreated under smoke screen; the arrival of other Soviet naval units forced the Germans to retreat having recovered SF-14 and SF-22: during the retreat phase, the German flotilla suffered prolonged naval and air attacks into a running battle however they suffered only splinter damages after fire from Soviet gunboats while they claim to have scored four hits on one of the Soviet units. Soviet motor torpedo boats TK-61 and TK-71 scored no success. With some units of the flotilla slowed by technical issues, the heavy artillery barge SF-21 sailed back to cover the retreat opening fire against the remaining 100mm gun on the island until it was silenced, however she suffered a series of leaks due to pump failures and began sinking: Germans abandoned the ferry and scuttled her, alongside the infantry-boat I-6.

Overhall, of 23 German vessels taking part in the operation, 17 were sunk or damaged. Total losses were four different artillery ferries and one infantry boat, while SF-22 suffered heavy damages. Human losses were heavy for the Germans with 57 wounded and 4 missing. There are scarce details about the Soviet losses, except the naval ones, 6 prisoners were taken on the island by Germans; the operation resulted in high losses for the Germans with little result and marked the effective end of offensive Axis operations on Ladoga

Boris Nikolov (footballer)

Boris Nikolov or Boris Nikolof, nicknamed The Bear, was a Bulgarian footballer and football manager. In the inceptive years of leading Turkish football club Galatasaray S. K. which he co-founded, Nikolov was both first captain. In autumn 1905, Nikolov was, along with Ali Sami Yen, among the thirteen founders of Galatasaray. In Galatasaray's all-time debut game, against Cadi-Keuy FC, Nikolov scored a goal for Gaatasaray's 2–0 victory. Nikolov's height and strength led to him receiving the nickname The Bear; as player-manager, Nikolov took part in Galatasaray's first league game of the 1906–07 Istanbul Football League, against HMS Imogene FC. Nikolov scored Galatasaray's only goal in a 1–1 draw. Out of nationalist concerns, the name of Nikolov had been erased from the official list of founders of Galatasaray as the Balkan Wars commenced in 1912, along with the names of several other non-Turkish founders. However, the original list with Nikolov's name on it was reinstated after the foundation of the modern Republic of Turkey by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in 1923.

The signature of one Boris Nikolov stands on the second copy of Bulgarian football club PFC Slavia Sofia's record of foundation from the early 1930s, reconfirming the club's original establishment in 1913. An article from the Bulgarian-language sports portal theorizes about this Boris Nikolov being the same person as the co-founder, first manager and first captain of Galatasaray. The article recognizes the lack of any further evidence, other than the fact that multiple Bulgarian footballers returned to that country from Istanbul as the Balkan Wars began and were members of the pioneering football teams of Sofia

P. V. Parabrahma Sastry

P. V. Parabrahma Sastry was an archeologist, historian and numismatist who held the rank of a Deputy Director in the Archaeology Department of United Andhra Pradesh Government. Sastry was a native of Pedda Konduru in Guntur district, his ancestors had settled in Hyderabad. Sastry was selected for the National Fellowship of the Indian Council of Historical Research. Sastry was one of the two persons selected for the fellowship in the year 2015; the ICHR is a premier historical research body under the HRD ministry. Dr Sastry was awarded a PhD by Karnataka University for his work on the history of the Kakatiya dynasty and early socio-economic conditions of Andhra Pradesh from 500 BC to 1000 AD, he worked with the Department of Archaeology and Museums until 1981. He conducted village-wise epigraphical surveys in the Telangana districts, his contributions to Telugu historical research was mentioned in the pre-release events of the movie Gautamiputra Satakarani based on the archaeological and historical research on the Satavahana dynasty that he conducted.

Sastry has in collaboration with other historians. His works include: Epigraphia Andhrica Rural Studies in Early Andhra in which he traced the historical origins of the Kamma caste. Unknown Coins Researches In Archaeology, History & Culture In The New Millennium - Dr. P. V. Parabrahma Sastry Felicitation Volume Telugu lipi, āvirbhāva vikāsālu Kākatīya caritra Kākatīya coins and measures Inscriptions of Andhra Pradesh: Karimnagar District The Kākatiyas of Warangal Select epigraphs of Andhra Pradesh Siddhōdvāha of Nr̥isiṁha Sastry died at the age of 96 on 27 July 2016, due to prolonged illness, he is survived by his wife, three daughters and a son

Clarrie O'Shea

Clarence Lyell O'Shea, more known as Clarrie O'Shea, was the Victorian State Secretary of the Australian Tramway and Motor Omnibus Employees' Association, jailed in 1969 by Sir John Kerr for contempt of the Industrial Court when he disobeyed a court order that his union pay $8,100 in fines, under the penal sections of the Conciliation and Arbitration Act. A lifelong Communist, O'Shea was a leading member of the pro-China Communist Party of Australia at the time he was imprisoned. O'Shea's jailing triggered the largest postwar national strike organised by left unions when one million workers stopped work over six days to demand "Free Clarrie and repeal the penal powers". On the sixth day O'Shea was released when the fines were paid by a man who claimed to have won the New South Wales lottery. Over the previous five years, the Tramways Union had militantly defended and improved the conditions of its members; the union had accumulated 40 fines totalling $13,200 imposed on it by the Conciliation and Arbitration Court.

Due to the inaction of Melbourne Trades Hall, twenty seven left wing unions had caucused together in response to the perceived attacks on unionism by the widespread application of fines. They called a mass delegates meeting for the day of the hearing, attended by 5,000 delegates. After the meeting the delegates marched to the courthouse led by Clarrie O'Shea. In court O'Shea refused to take the oath refused to present the union books, in line with the wishes of the members of his union, was formally arrested and sentenced for contempt of court on Thursday 15 May 1969 and taken to HM Prison Pentridge; this led to immediate walk outs on the Thursday, a general strike which paralysed Victoria on the Friday. There were two 24-hour stoppages in Victoria, involving 40 unions. All trains and trams stopped, delivery of goods was restricted, the power supply was cut and TV and radio broadcasts were disrupted. Protests and strike action occurred in regional Victoria with the Geelong Trades Hall Council supporting the strikes and similar action in Bendigo and the Latrobe Valley.

All together, about 500,000 workers struck across Australia on 16 May. The Trades and Labour Council of WA, the Queensland Trades and Labour Council and the United Trades and Labour Council of South Australia all called statewide general strikes. In Queensland, mass meetings or strikes occurred in 20 cities, while Trades and Labour Councils in Newcastle and Canberra called out members of affiliated unions; the Tasmanian Trades and Labour Council refused to sanction any action, while 22'rebel' affiliated unions representing 50,000 workers organized a general stoppage. Protests calling for O'Shea's release occurred outside HM Prison Pentridge in Coburg over the weekend. On Tuesday 20 May, Dudley MacDougall, a former advertising manager for the Australian Financial Review, acting on "behalf of a public benefactor", paid the union's fines. Kerr ordered O'Shea to be released. Although the penal laws were not repealed, they have never been used again. John Merritt,'The Trade Union Leader Who Went to Jail', Canberra Historical Journal, no 59, p 8.

After the Strikes are Over, London, 6 June 1969. P8 as published in A Documentary History of the Australian Labor Movement 1850-1975, Brian McKinley, ISBN 0-909081-29-8 Court exchange between Clarrie O'Shea and Mr Justice Kerr, The Independent Australian, Vol 2 No 3, as published in A Documentary History of the Australian Labor Movement 1850-1975, Brian McKinley, ISBN 0-909081-29-8 Arrowsmith, Abolish the penal powers: freedoms fight of'69, 1969, on the Reason in Revolt - Source documents in Australian Radicalism website A photo of Clarrie O'Shea can be seen here