click links in text for more info

Paranomus abrotanifolius

Paranomus abrotanifolius known as the Bredasdorp sceptre, is a richly branching shrub to 90 cm high, with bisexual flowers that can be found from May to December, assigned to the protea family. It does not survive the periodic wild fires, it is pollinated by insects. The fruits are ripe and release the seeds about two months after flowering, the seeds are collected by ants, which take them to their underground nests to feed on their elaiosomes, a behaviour known as myrmecochory; this ensures that the seeds do not burn, so new plants can grow from them. It is a rare endemic species, only known from ten locations near the southern coast of the Western Cape province of South Africa, it grows on weathered sandstone on the Potberg in the Elim Flats. Paranomus abrotanifolius is a richly branching shrub that grows up to 90 cm high, with branches covered with soft, weak and separated hairs, alternately set with leaves that are all alike, 4–5 cm long, twice pinnately divided in the top half, soon losing the soft hairs, ending in slender segments that are circular in cross section with a stump tip and up to 1¼ cm long.

The flowers are grouped with four together in heads, the heads themselves in dense spikes of about 6⅓ cm long and 1¼ cm in diameter, the spikes are on their own or with a few together at the tip of the branches. The stem of each spike is covered in felty hairs; the narrow, awl-shaped, densely felty bract that subtends each group of four flowers is about 8½ mm long, while the papery bract supporting the individual flower is covered in dense long felty hairs on the outside, about 5 mm long and 2½ mm wide, oval in shape, with a pointed tip. Just before opening the flower is up to 8½ mm long, the corolla tube may have soft short hairs or not, while the four free lobes are 7⅓ mm long and coil when the flower opens; the anthers are directly attached to the inside of the corolla lobes with no discernible filament. The ovary, encircled by a row of hairs, is topped by a style of 8–10 mm long, with few soft hairs in the lower half, at the top converging into an elliptic, more or less stump stigma of about ¾ mm long.

The subtribe Proteinae to which the genus Paranomus has been assigned has a basic chromosome number of twelve. English plantsman Joseph Knight described the species in his 1809 work On the cultivation of the plants belonging to the natural order of Proteeae, calling it the southern wood-leaved paranomus, he reported it had been collected by one J. Niven in the mountains near Swellendam

Monifieth railway station

Monifieth railway station serves the town of Monifieth near Dundee, Scotland. The station was opened on 6 October 1838 on the Arbroath Railway; the original station buildings have since been demolished and recovered parts used for the Birkhill railway station building on the Bo'ness and Kinneil Railway. Monday to Saturday: There is an hourly service in each direction, to both Edinburgh via Dundee and Kirkcaldy, to Arbroath; this takes the daily number of services from 7 up to 28, as part of a service upgrade between Dundee and Arbroath. Sunday: There is no Sunday service. British Rail operated a local passenger service to the intermediate stations between Dundee and Arbroath until May 1990. Since these were discontinued, most of the intermediate stations have had only a sparse service, provided so as to avoid the difficulty of formal closure procedures. In July 2012, First ScotRail announced that they were increasing the number of services calling here from 2 per day to 6 per day from the December timetable change.

In the May 2016 timetable, a further northbound call has been provided to bring the total number of station stops here to seven. Northbound, two trains run through to Aberdeen, one to Arbroath and one to Carnoustie whilst the southbound trains run to Dundee and the others through to Edinburgh. No trains call here on Sundays. Transport Scotland announced in March 2016 that Monifieth would be one of several stations to benefit from a timetable upgrade that will see 200 additional services introduced across the Scotrail network from 2018; this has seen a hourly service in each direction to Dundee and Arbroath being introduced Mon-Sat. Nearly all southbound trains continue to Edinburgh. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt and stopping place and present. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd.

ISBN 978-1-85260-086-0. OCLC 22311137. RAILSCOT History of Station

Cabin Fever (Lenny Breau album)

Cabin Fever is an album by Canadian jazz guitarist Lenny Breau, released in 1997. Breau had continual drug problems from the mid-1960s, which he only managed to get under control during the last years of his life. At one point, his friend Glen McDonald claims he isolated Breau in a remote cabin to help him straighten out and it was during this time he recorded Breau, resulting in these informal tracks done on solo acoustic guitar; this issue, on Randy Bachman's Guitarchives label includes an interview with McDonald discussing the background of the recordings. Others close to Breau dispute the location and claim these are recordings made in the home studios of Don Thompson and Gary Binstead in Toronto. No recording date appears on the issued compact disc, but Breau's biographer places the time of the recording and Breau's stay at McDonald's cabin in the mid-1970s. Writing for Allmusic, critic Ken Dryden wrote in his review: "The lack of formal studio post-production adds to the appeal of this disc because the listener gets the feeling of being Breau's sole audience, so an occasional warmup passage or bit of conversation don't prove to be distracting... this CD is an excellent place to start an exploration of his brilliant musicianship."

"Lenny's Warm up and Improvisation of Autumn Leaves" – 7:05 ""Lenny's Mood" – 2:14 "East Side" – 1:34 "You Came to Me Out of Nowhere" – 4:29 "What Is This Thing Called Love?" – 7:48 "Days of Wine and Roses" – 10:33 "Lenny's Mode" – 6:56 "Here's That Rainy Day" – 6:30 "Celtic Dream Stream" – 5:19 "Interview with Glen McDonald" – 6:22 Lenny Breau – acoustic guitarProduction notes: Randy Bachman – executive producer, liner notes Dave Jewer – artwork, design Marty Kramer – research discography entry Guitarchives web site

Cody Scarp

The Cody Scarp or Cody Escarpment is located in north and north central Florida United States. It is a relict scarp and ancient persistent topographical feature formed from an ancient early Pleistocene shorelines of ~1.8 million to 10,000 years BP during interglacial periods. The Cody Scarp has a slope of 5% to 12%; the Cody Scarp runs from just east of the Appalachicola River to Alachua County. It is the boundary over that range between the Gulf Coastal Lowlands and the Northern Highlands of Florida; the Gulf Coast Lowlands have only a thin layer of soil over limestone, while the Northern Highlands consist of plateaus of sand and carbonate rock. The scarp rises about 100 feet from the Gulf Coastal Lowlands to the Northern Highlands; the Cody Scarp and the Gulf Coastal Lowlands are karst landscapes, with many sinkholes, underground streams, related features. The scarp, at 42.6 meters to 45.7 meters above sea level, is most prominent in Leon County, Florida where it runs east to west. It is a remnant of two Pleistocene interglacial shorelines.

The first shoreline is known as the Okefenokee Terrace. The second is known as the Wicomico Terrace. In Jefferson County to the east, the scarp coincides with the Wicomico Terrace with an elevation at 40–45 feet above mean sea level; the scarp separates the Hawthorn Group of fine to medium grained sandy clays and silty, clayey sands of the Red Hills Region of north Florida and southwest Georgia to the north from the fine to medium fine grained recrystallized, silty to sandy limestones of the Gulf Coastal Lowlands to the south. A dramatic difference in elevation is seen here as the Red Hills, at a maximum of 70 meters mean sea level, drops to the area known as the Woodville Karst Plain, an elevation of 50 to 80 feet within 15 miles. On the Woodville Karst Plain, the Suwannee Limestone of the Floridan Aquifer is shallow and exposed in many places; this is the primary recharge area for Wakulla Springs and where the aquifer is most vulnerable to pollution on the land surface. It is a zone of high sinkhole activity.

In Alachua County, Florida this westward-facing escarpment between an upland plateau to the east and a karst plain to the west has elevations up to 190 feet mean sea level. The Cody Scarp runs right through Florida. Red Hills & Gulf Coastal Lowlands Bioregions

Taiaroa (coral)

Taiaroa is a genus of deep-water, solitary marine octocorals in the family Taiaroidae. Taiaroa contains a single species, Taiaroa tauhou; the species was first described by the marine zoologists Frederick M. Bayer and Katherine Margaret Muzik in 1976; the scientific name derives from "Taiaroa", the submarine canyon off New Zealand in which the first specimens were found and "tauhou", the Maori word for "strange". In 1973, a new species of solitary octocoral was dredged from the seabed off the Otago Peninsula, New Zealand, at a depth of 720 m. At first it was believed to be a species of burrowing sea anemone and it was given to marine biologist Dr. Cadet Hand for examination, he realised it was an octocoral and sought the assistance of marine biologist Dr Frederick Bayer, who gave it the name Taiaroa tauhou. In 1976, the suborder Protoalcyonaria was re-established to accommodate it and further specimens, discovered; this higher-level taxon had been erected by Sydney Hickson in 1894 for non-colonial octocorals.

However, there was doubt whether these were solitary, or whether they were just the young forms of colonial species, it became redundant when the genera included in it were all transferred to other taxa. Taiaroa tauhou has a tall, cylindrical body held in place in soft substrate by numerous filaments attached to the base; the anthocodia, the upper part of the polyp bearing the eight pinnate tentacles and the mouth, can be retracted back into the anthostele, the rigid, lower part of the polyp. The anthostele is strengthened by spindle-shaped calcareous sclerites and has eight longitudinal ridges, it comprises more than half of the polyp's length. The largest individual examined had a maximum diameter of 6.5 mm. The retractible anthocodia measured 14.5 mm. The body wall is beige in colour; the filaments securing the polyp to the substrate are encrusted with sediment. Taiaroa tauhou is a solitary coral that reproduces by means of sexual reproduction, it may be a hermaphrodite, as one individual examined contained both eggs and spermaries, but other individuals only contained eggs or were male.

It is unclear. It may be that the males liberate spermaries which are ingested by the females, resulting in internal fertilisation, this would mean that the animals are not hermaphroditic