North Stradbroke Island, colloquially Straddie or North Straddie, is an island that lies within Moreton Bay in the Australian state of Queensland, 30 kilometres southeast of the centre of Brisbane. Before 1896 the island was part of the Stradbroke Island. In that year a storm separated it from South Stradbroke Island, forming the Jumpinpin Channel; the Quandamooka people are the traditional owners of North Stradbroke island. The island is divided into four localities: Dunwich and Point Lookout are small localities centred on the towns of the same name, while the remainder of the island is in the locality of North Stradbroke Island. All the localities are within the City of Redland. At 275.2 square kilometres, it is the second largest sand island in the world. On the island there are three small towns, a number of lakes and beaches along most of the seaward coastline with rocky outcrops at Point Lookout. An Aboriginal presence on the island has been long and ongoing, resulting in a successful native title determination.
Tourism is a major and growing industry on the island. The island has been the site for sand mining for more than sixty years. Tourism and mining are the island's main industries. North Stradbroke Island is the second largest sand island in the world. North Stradbroke, South Stradbroke and Moreton Island act as a barrier between Moreton Bay and the Coral Sea; the island is about 38 kilometres long and 11 kilometres wide with an area of 275 square kilometres and a maximum elevation of 239 metres AHD . The climate of North Stradbroke Island is sub-tropical with warm, moist summers and mild winters. Average annual rainfall is 1,587 millimetres and mean annual maximum temperature is 25 °C; the population of the island at the 2011 census was 2026, comprising 883 in Dunwich, 678 in Point Lookout, 348 in Amity, 117 elsewhere on the island. The number of people on the island swells during the holiday season; the island is only accessible by vehicular or passenger ferries leaving from Cleveland. There are three townships on the island.
Dunwich is the largest and has most of the island's services including a school, medical centre, local museum and the University of Queensland's Moreton Bay Research Station. Point Lookout is on the surf side of the island and is the major tourist destination in the holiday season; the third is Amity Point, much smaller and a popular fishing spot on the island. Flinders Beach is a small settlement of holiday houses located on the main beach between Amity and Point Lookout; the whole of the island is part of the Redland City local government area, is incorporated as part of Division 2. The two largest lakes on the island are Brown Lake and Blue Lake. In January 2014, about 60% of the island's bushland was consumed by bushfires to regenerate. Five main beaches provide fishing and water opportunities on North Stradbroke Island; these are Main Beach, 32 kilometres long and good for surfing, Cylinder Beach, a protected swimming beach with a smaller swell, Home Beach, popular with swimmers, Frenchmans Beach/Deadmans Beach with rock pools but no lifesaving service and Flinders Beach which offers good swimming and beach camping.
Main Beach is the location of the entry to the Keyhole Track, one of the top 4WD tracks near Brisbane. The entrance is near Point Lookout to the south. North Stradbroke Island has over 100 freshwater lakes and wetlands and contains significant groundwater resources which are accessed by local communities and a sand mining company, Sibelco Australia. In addition, a significant volume of groundwater is exported to the mainland. There is a higher number of wetlands that have been in existence since the last ice age than anywhere else on the Australian mainland. While there is the potential for expanded groundwater use, because so little is known about groundwater-dependent water bodies and ecosystems any expanded groundwater use is suspended. Dependent ecosystems include freshwater and estuarine wetlands and paperbark communities, surface-water fauna. Many of the wetlands are places for threatened migratory wading birds, including 34 species listed by JAMBA and CAMBA Moreton Bay Ramsar area, migratory.
Blue Lake, one of the largest lakes on the island, is protected within the Naree Budjong Djara National Park and is of cultural significance to the Quandamooka people of Stradbroke Island. It is a spring-fed lake relying on the stable aquifer feeding it; this stable hydrology means it has been untouched by climate change and appears to be in the same condition as it was 7,500 years ago. Blue Lake has been an important climate'refuge' for the freshwater biota of the region, with appropriate management, the lake could continue unchanged for hundreds thousands of years to come. Brown Lake is a perched lake which retains its water due to a layer of leaves lining the lake floor and is of cultural significance to the Quandamooka people of Stradbroke Island; the precipitated matter forms an impermeable layer, preventing water from percolating to the watertable. The Eighteen Mile Swamp is the largest of its kind in the world and, in particular, is a fine and extensive representation of a coastal freshwater swamp.
It is unusual for its size and dimensions, covering 30 square kilometres and is considered to be young compared with similar swamps. On 27 March 2011, the area was declared a national park, named Naree Budjong Djara National Park, My Mother Earth, by the Quandamooka people, the Traditional Owners of Minjerribah, who
Mystery Writers of Japan is an organization for mystery writers in Japan. The organization was founded on 21 June 1947 by Edogawa Rampo, it is chaired by Bin Konno and claims about 600 members. It presents the Mystery Writers of Japan Award to writers every year, it presents the Edogawa Rampo Prize to amateur writers who has had few or no novels published commercially. On 21 June 1947, Edogawa Rampo founded the Detective Fiction Writers Club, based in Tokyo. In 1954, the Club merged with the Detective Fiction Writers Club of Kansai, the counterpart based in Kansai region, changed its name to the Detective Fiction Writers Club of Japan. On 31 January 1963, the club changed its name to Mystery Writers of Japan; the MWJ presents two annual awards. Mystery Writers of Japan Award Best Novel Best Short Story Best Critical/Biographical Work Edogawa Rampo Prize: sponsored by Kodansha and Fuji Television, open to anyone who has had few or no novels published commercially; the winner receives a prize of 10,000,000 yen.
The novel of the winner is published by Kodansha. The members of the selection committee of 2012 are Natsuo Kirino, Natsuhiko Kyogoku, Ira Ishida, Bin Konno and Keigo Higashino. Detective Fiction Writers Club Edogawa Rampo Udaru Oshita Takataro Kigi Keisuke Watanabe Mystery Writers of Japan Edogawa Rampo Seichō Matsumoto Kazuo Shimada Yo Sano Toru Miyoshi Masao Yamamura Kawataro Nakajima Jiro Ikushima Takashi Atoda Kenzo Kitakata Go Osaka Arimasa Osawa Keigo Higashino Bin Konno The MWJ started compiling the annual anthology of members in 1948; the Best Mysteries 2001 The Best Mysteries 2002 The Best Mysteries 2003 The Best Mysteries 2004 The Best Mysteries 2005 The Best Mysteries 2006 The Best Mysteries 2007 The Best Mysteries 2008 The Best Mysteries 2009 The Best Mysteries 2010 The Best Mysteries 2011 The Best Mysteries 2012 Shimpo, Hirohisa, "Nihon Suiri Sakka Kyōkai". Nihon Misuteri Jiten, Tokyo Japanese detective fiction Mystery Writers of America Crime Writers' Association Honkaku Mystery Writers Club of Japan Official site Official English site
Boston University West is a station on the MBTA's Green Line "B" Branch located in Boston, Massachusetts. The station is located on Commonwealth Avenue near Amory Street, just to the west of the BU Bridge. Boston University West consists of two side platforms; as part of the MBTA's Arts on the Line program, six new station signs were put up in 2010 featuring illustrations by BU College of Fine Arts graduate Andy Bell. In 2006, the signs had featured "Open Space", an exhibition of cloudscapes by undergraduate Seth Gadsden. Both installations were collaborations between the MBTA and the Boston University College of Fine Arts, located adjacent to the station. In October 2014, the MBTA began holding meetings for a proposal to consolidate four stops - Boston University West, St. Paul Street, Pleasant Street, Babcock Street - located near Boston University's West Campus; the four stops, which are not handicapped accessible, would be turned into two accessible stops as part of a planned redesign of Commonwealth Avenue between the BU Bridge and Packard's Corner.
Boston University West and St. Paul Street would be consolidated into one station in the block between Amory Street and St. Paul Street. Work was delayed by the need to complete other roadwork on Commonwealth Avenue; as of August 2019, construction on the new stations is expected to begin in January 2020. MBTA - Boston University West Green Line B Branch Consolidation Station from Google Maps Street View