West Terrace, Adelaide
West Terrace is a street in Adelaide, South Australia. It is the western-most street of the Adelaide city centre, it ends at North Terrace and South Terrace, connects to Port Road and Anzac Highway. The southern end of West Terrace, where it connects to Goodwood Road and Anzac Highway, is home to a Rydges Hotel and the West Terrace Cemetery; the northern reaches are occupied by several car dealerships, hq, Adelaide's largest nightclub. The remainder of West Terrace is occupied by smaller shops; the Royal Adelaide Hospital is located near West Terrace, having moved from premises at the eastern end of North Terrace in 2018. West Terrace is the location of Adelaide High School, South Australia's oldest government high school. Traffic on West Terrace can be heavy, as it is a major route in and out of the city, some areas are designated traffic black spots. There is a tram stop at the junction of North Terraces near the Royal Adelaide Hospital. Australian roads portal
Sir Thomas John Mellis Napier was a judge of the Supreme Court of South Australia between 28 February 1924 and 28 February 1967, Chief Justice of South Australia from 25 February 1942 until 28 February 1967 and Chancellor of the University of Adelaide. He was born in Dunbar in East Lothian the son of Dr Alexander Disney Leith Napier FRSE and his wife Jessie Mellis; the family moved to London in 1887 and emigrated to Australia in 1896. He studied Law at the University of Adelaide graduating LLB in 1902. In 1903 he became Managing Clerk for "Kingston & McLachlan" and became a partner with McLachlan in 1906. On 24 October 1908 he married Dorothy Bell Kay at Walkerville. In 1912 he resuscitated the Law Society of South Australia, served as its Vice President in 1923. On 30 April 1942 he was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of South Australia, he was knighted in 1943 and became a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George in 1945. He was appointed a Knight of the Venerable Order of St John in 1949.
He was cremated. Knight Bachelor. Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George. King George V Silver Jubilee Medal. King George VI Coronation Medal. Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal. Knight of the Venerable Order of St John of Jerusalem; the Napier Mountains were named by Sir Douglas Mawson after Sir Mellis Napier. The Napier Mountains were first charted in January 1930 by the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition under Mawson; the South Australian Electoral district of Napier, from 1977 to 2018. His bust by John Dowie stands near the gates of Government House in Adelaide
Bonython Hall is the "great hall" of the University of Adelaide, located in the university grounds and facing North Terrace, Adelaide. The building is on the Register of the South Australian Heritage Register, it is used for University graduation ceremonies, examinations and public lectures and meetings to draw large audiences. The hall was built in the period 1933-1936 as a result of a donation of over £50,000 from Sir John Langdon Bonython. There are many local legends about the building, with two being resilient: Bonython Hall is opposite Pulteney Street. Folklore has it that the Bonython donation was made on the condition that a hall be built opposite Pulteney Street, thus blocking any future path through the parklands and preventing the division of the campus by a major thoroughfare. Folklore maintains that the Bonython family were conservative and did not want the building used as a dance hall. Hence, the hall was built with a sloping floor rather than flat floor. Beginning in 2005, the University has been conducting renovation works.
The quality of these works has been rewarded with an Award of Merit at the 2007 UNESCO Asia-Pacific Heritage Awards for Culture Heritage Conservation
The River Torrens is the most significant river of the Adelaide Plains and was one of the reasons for the siting of the city of Adelaide, capital of South Australia. It flows 85 kilometres from its source in the Adelaide Hills near Mount Pleasant, across the Adelaide Plains, past the city centre and empties into Gulf St Vincent between Henley Beach South and West Beach; the upper stretches of the river and the reservoirs in its watershed supply a significant part of the city's water supply. The river's long linear parks and a constructed lake in the lower stretch are iconic of the city. At its 1836 discovery an inland bend was chosen as the site of the Adelaide city centre and North Adelaide; the river is named after Colonel Robert Torrens, chairman of the colonial commissioners and a significant figure in the city's founding. The river is known by its native Kaurna name Karra wirra-parri; the river and its tributaries are variable in flow, together drain an area of 508 square kilometres. They range from sometimes raging torrents, damaging bridges and flooding city areas, to trickles and dry in summer.
Winter and spring flooding has prompted the construction of flood reduction works. A constructed sea outlet, landscaped linear parks and three holding reservoirs contain peak flow; the river's flora and fauna have accidentally impacted since settlement. In the 19th century, native forests were cleared, gravel removed for construction and many foreign species introduced. With construction of the linear parks, many species native to the river have been replanted, introduced species have been controlled as weeds. Since European settlement the river has been a touted tourist attraction. During the early years of settlement, the river acted as both the city's primary water source and main sewer, leading to outbreaks of typhoid and cholera; the River Torrens runs westward from the Adelaide Hills, through the centre of Adelaide to the Gulf St Vincent. It originates close to the eastern fault scarp of the Mount Lofty Ranges, near Mount Pleasant 480 metres above sea level, it runs predominantly along faulted north-south ground structures, which were formed over 250 million years ago during the Paleozoic era further dislocated during the Cretaceous and earliest Tertiary.
There is a 400-metre subsidence along the Para Fault which affects the rivers flow. This subsidence was formed after the Pliocene era. From its origin to Birdwood the river follows rolling level country before entering a hilly section that continues to Gumeracha; the river follows sedimentary rock strata before entering a gorge after Cudlee Creek. It flows through the gorge to Athelstone, passing over the Eden Fault Zone of the Adelaide Hills face and associated escarpment. After the scarp it flows over sedimentary rocks of varying resistance to erosion, which has led to interspersed narrows and broad basins. From the base of the Adelaide Hills to Adelaide's central business district it runs in a shallow valley with a terraced floor down the slope of its own alluvial fan; the structure of this fan shows that the river entered Gulf St Vincent via the Port River. Over time the Torrens deposited sediment; the Torrens is fed by numerous seasonal creeks. There are five main creeks that join from the south side as it crosses the Adelaide Plains east of Adelaide, at least five more in its path through the Adelaide Hills.
The plains tributaries, known as First to Fifth Creeks, with First being the closest to Adelaide's city-centre and the rest numbered consecutively eastward, were named Greenhill, Todd and Ormsley rivulets respectively. They flow vigorously in winter and spring but are otherwise dry, except for small flows in limited areas upstream. "Moriatta" a Kaurna word meaning "ever flowing" is now the official name of Fourth Creek. This name has been adapted to Morialta, now the name of an electoral district and the Morialta Conservation Park through which the creek flows. First and Third Creeks have been heavily modified; some sections have been converted to concrete channels. Much of the original vegetation has disappeared from the creeks those closest to the city. Introduced species including Olives, boxthorn and blackberries have displaced native flora; the largest catchment of the Torrens is Sixth Creek in the Adelaide Hills, which joins the Torrens at Castambul on Gorge Road. At the time of European settlement the river was a summertime chain of waterholes bounded by large gum trees.
Flowing through the area where the city of Adelaide is sited the river was sometimes invisible beneath its gravel stream bed. It flooded in winter and did not reach the sea, instead ending at coastal dunes where its waters created a vast but shallow freshwater wetlands; these wetlands, known as The Reedbeds after the dominant vegetation, occupied a large area of the western Adelaide Plains and were fed by other waterways. The river only flowed to the sea through the Port River, Barker Inlet, Patawalonga River following heavy rain; the river's catchment area of 500 km2 is the largest of any waterway within the Adelaide region. The upper reaches are used to create a potable water supply for metropolitan Adelaide with the river supplying three of Adelaide's eight reservoirs; the upper catchment has an average annual rainfall
King William Street, Adelaide
King William Street is the part of a major arterial road that traverses the CBD and centre of Adelaide. It was named by the Street Naming Committee on 23 May 1837 after King William IV, the reigning monarch, who died within a month. King William Street is 40 metres wide, is the widest main street of all the Australian State capital cities, which are narrower by comparison, it is considered one of Adelaide's high streets, for its focal point of businesses and other prominent establishments. The name King William is applied several times to the continuous stretch of road that begins in the inner southern suburbs and terminates in North Adelaide. Where it runs through the Adelaide city centre, it is named "King William Street", it starts in the south as King William Road, at the north edge of Heywood Park in Unley Park, runs through Hyde Park and Unley to Greenhill Road. The road through the south parklands is named Peacock Road after Caleb Peacock, Mayor of Adelaide from 1875 to 1877. Through the Adelaide city centre it is King William Street and continues north from North Terrace as King William Road to Brougham Place, North Adelaide.
The road continues north to National Highway 1 as O'Connell Street, but the name King William is not again used. The northern section called King William Road passes several of Adelaide's landmarks, including Government House, Elder Park, the Adelaide Festival Centre, Adelaide Oval and St Peter's Cathedral; the section from North Terrace over the Adelaide Bridge to Pennington Terrace was named King William Road at the opening of the bridge in 1877. Travelling north-south, the cross-streets alternate between being wide and narrow, with the exception that Grote and Wakefield Streets are up to 6-lanes wide. Note that in the south half of the city, in several places the Adelaide City Council has increased the widths of footpaths and changed the road markings so that traffic is restricted to use a lesser number of lanes than the full width of the road. Before the 1960s, trams in Adelaide used King William Street as a major backbone of the network, with a full grand union junction at North Terrace and only one pair of tracks missing between Grenfell and Currie Streets.
When most of the tram lines were dismantled, only the Glenelg tram remained, it used King William Street between South Terrace and its terminus in Victoria Square. In 2007, the tram line was extended to run the full length of King William Street again, turning left onto North Terrace and terminating at Adelaide railway station extended to Adelaide Entertainment Centre. Tram travel between South Terrace and the Entertainment Centre is free. In 2018, another expansion of the tram routes replaced the turn at the intersection of North Terrace and King William Street with a junction. Tracks go in all four directions. Between North Terrace and South Terrace, all east-west roads change their names as they cross King William Street, it is said this is because no one was allowed to "cross the path of a monarch". Travelling south from North Terrace, the street pairs are: King William Road was referenced in the John Schumann song "Hyde Park Calling" on the 1993 album True Believers. Australian Roads portal
South African War Memorial (South Australia)
The South African War Memorial is an equestrian memorial dedicated to the South Australians who served in the Second Boer War of 11 October 1899 to 31 May 1902. It was the first war in which South Australians fought, 1531 men were sent in nine contingents, with over 1500 horses to accompany them. Over 59 South Australians died in the war; the memorial is located in front of the main entrance to Government House, one of the most prominent buildings in Adelaide, on the corner of North Terrace and King William Road. It was constructed with a budget of £2,500 raised through public donations, was designed by the London-based sculptor Adrian Jones. While the statue itself was not intended to represent any particular soldier, there is evidence suggesting that the head of the rider was based on that of George Henry Goodall; the statue was unveiled by the Governor of South Australia, George Le Hunte, on 6 June 1904. It has since become one of the focal points for the Anzac day marches, as well as being regarded as one of the most "eye-catching" and significant statues in the city.
As such, it was added to the national heritage listing in 1990. In 1899, the Orange Free State and Transvaal declared war on Britain. South Australia, "fiercely" loyal to the British Empire and still "two years away from federation", joined the other Australian colonies in sending troops to support the Empire in the conflict. With the support of Adelaide's newspapers, nine contingents of South Australian troops were sent to the war during the three years of hostilities, totalling 1,531 men and 1,507 horses. Funding for the endeavour was garnered through the State and Imperial Governments in combination with funds raised through public subscriptions. In addition to the formal contingents, a number of Australians served as colonial troops, either having paid their way to Southern Africa after the conflict had begun or having been present in the region prior to the outbreak of hostilities. By the time hostilities ended on 31 May 1902, at least 59 South Australians had been killed in the war. A committee to build a memorial to those who served and died in the Second Boer War was formed shortly after the war was ended, spurred by a suggestion in July 1901 by J. Johnson to erect an equestrian statue.
Chaired by George Brookman, the committee raised £2,500 from public donations. With the assistance of the Agent-General, Henry A Grainger, a subcommittee consisting of members who were present in London at the time was engaged to find a sculptor who would be able to provide the statue that they desired; the original intent of the committee was to purchase a secondhand statue and to make alterations to suit. The Agent-General recommended Captain Adrian Jones, a veterinarian, military officer and sculptor who had an "affinity for animals", who had worked on equestrian projects. Jones made two offers to the committee: the first was to construct a replica of a work that he had entered into a South African competition, on the condition that it would be cast only if the original was accepted; the second option he priced at £1600, arguing that the reduced cost was acceptable as it would allow him to keep his staff in employment until the larger South African commission was finalized. The committee were quite taken by his sketch, looking no further.
Finding that he needed advice in regard to accoutrements and the attitude of Australian soldiers, Jones made inquiries about consulting with an Australian. George Henry Goodall, a South Australian veteran of the Second Boer War, was at the time serving as Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant with the Australian Corps engaged in London at the coronation ceremonies for King Edward VII. Goodall was "volunteered" to attend Jones in order to model and to provide advice. Goodall described how Jones had requested that he pose while the sculptor created a clay model of his head, but Simon Cameron observed that Jones's memoirs "do not mention any sittings." A 1940 memorandum, based on a conversation with Goodall, noted that "a comparison of a photograph of Mr Goodall, taken in 1902 with the statue itself indicates a strong facial likeness". In the same memorandum it was noted that Goodall only posed for the head, that he insisted that his selection to model for the statue was not based on any outstanding merit as a soldier.
With the choice of statues settled, a competition was run in Adelaide in 1903 to find the design for the pedestal. A total of 12 entries were received, with the submission by Garlick and Wooldridge being selected as the winner; the pedestal is 12 feet in height, was constructed from granite quarried from the nearby town of Murray Bridge. The bronze plaques which are mounted on the sides of the pedestal list the names of 59 South Australians who died in the conflict, were cast from gun plates by A. W. Dobbie and Company.. A further 16 South Australians died in relation to the Boer War, while an additional four died either during training or upon their return. Missing from the list is Harry "Breaker" Morant, who had served in the second contingent of troops to be sent from South Australia, was executed by the British after being found guilty by court martial of the murder of unarmed Boer troops. There was no controversy at the time in regard to his omission, although the decision not to include his companion Peter Handcock on the Bathurst, New South Wales, memorial was more problematic, was resci
Royal Adelaide Hospital
The Royal Adelaide Hospital is Adelaide's largest hospital. The RAH provides tertiary health care services for South Australia and provides secondary care clinical services to residents of Adelaide's city centre and inner suburbs; the Adelaide Hospital was founded in the Adelaide Park Lands on the north side of North Terrace between Frome Road and the Adelaide Botanic Gardens in 1856, was proclaimed "Royal" on 2 November 1939. It is adjacent to the University of South Australia, its campus is home to the University of Adelaide's Medical School, the Adelaide Dental Hospital, the Hanson Institute and SA Pathology. The facility houses C-Max, The Department of Radiation Oncology contains 5 bunkers containing Varian linear accelerators; the Burns Unit The Royal Adelaide Hospital is the only provider of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in South Australia. Its Hyperbaric Medical Unit has been in operation since 1985 and has been in its current location since 2001; the principal treatment equipment is a pair of multiplace hyperbaric chambers.
One of these chambers was the first rectangular steel chamber in Australia. The HMU co-ordinates the Divers Emergency Service, a telephone-based consultation service for diving-related matters within Australia, the Southern Pacific and Southeast Asia. Completed in 2017, the new Royal Adelaide Hospital is located on a 10 hectares site within the Adelaide Park Lands, on the north side of North Terrace, west of Morphett Street, it cost more than A$2 billion to construct, making it one of the most expensive buildings built. 6,000 staff are expected to work at the hospital, all rooms are single patient suites with private bathroom facilities. There are 40 operating theatres, each measuring 65m2; the nRAH will be Australia's most technologically advanced hospital, with a fleet of automated robotic vehicles to help move supplies and equipment around the hospital, a tailor made patient electronic medical record. The hospital has been designed with a target of 50% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions compared to equivalent hospitals.
A co-generation system uses waste heat from energy generators for the domestic hot water system. Orientation of the buildings is optimised to minimise solar thermal loads, with extensive daylight penetration to reduce artificial lighting requirements. Rainwater and stormwater harvesting is used to offset potable water requirements, along with extensive use of water sensitive landscaping and a water efficient thermal plant; the new RAH forms an integral part of Adelaide BioMed City. Other completed facilities include the South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, the University of Adelaide Health and Medical Sciences building, the University of South Australia's Health Innovation Building, Flinders University's John Chalmers Centre for Transforming Healthcare, including a Proton Therapy Unit. There are plans for Children's Hospital to be co-located at this site; the new RAH opened on 4 September 2017 and the Emergency Department opened on 5 September. On that date, the former Royal Adelaide Hospital closed.
The Dental Hospital has relocated to the new Hospital. The old RAH is being used by various entities, such as the Australian Defence Force and the Adelaide Fringe. Demolition has begun on some of the non-heritage buildings, such as the Hone Wing, Cobalt Wing, the bigger East Wing. List of hospitals in Australia Royal Adelaide Hospital Homepage