New Mexico is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States of America. It is one of the Mountain States and shares the Four Corners region with Utah and Arizona. With a population around two million, New Mexico is the 36th state by population. With a total area of 121,592 sq mi, it is the fifth-largest and sixth-least densely populated of the 50 states. Due to their geographic locations and eastern New Mexico exhibit a colder, alpine climate, while western and southern New Mexico exhibit a warmer, arid climate; the economy of New Mexico is dependent on oil drilling, mineral extraction, dryland farming, cattle ranching, lumber milling, retail trade. As of 2016–2017, its total gross domestic product was $95 billion with a GDP per capita of $45,465. New Mexico's status as a tax haven yields low to moderate personal income taxes on residents and military personnel, gives tax credits and exemptions to favorable industries; because of this, its film industry contributed $1.23 billion to its overall economy.
Due to its large area and economic climate, New Mexico has a large U. S. military presence marked notably with the White Sands Missile Range. Various U. S. national security agencies base their research and testing arms in New Mexico such as the Sandia and Los Alamos National Laboratories. During the 1940s, Project Y of the Manhattan Project developed and built the country's first atomic bomb and nuclear test, Trinity. Inhabited by Native Americans for many thousands of years before European exploration, it was colonized by the Spanish in 1598 as part of the Imperial Spanish viceroyalty of New Spain. In 1563, it was named Nuevo México after the Aztec Valley of Mexico by Spanish settlers, more than 250 years before the establishment and naming of the present-day country of Mexico. After Mexican independence in 1824, New Mexico became a Mexican territory with considerable autonomy; this autonomy was threatened, however, by the centralizing tendencies of the Mexican government from the 1830s onward, with rising tensions leading to the Revolt of 1837.
At the same time, the region became more economically dependent on the United States. At the conclusion of the Mexican–American War in 1848, the United States annexed New Mexico as the U. S. New Mexico Territory, it was admitted to the Union as the 47th state on January 6, 1912. Its history has given New Mexico the highest percentage of Hispanic and Latino Americans, the second-highest percentage of Native Americans as a population proportion. New Mexico is home to part of the Navajo Nation, 19 federally recognized Pueblo communities of Puebloan peoples, three different federally recognized Apache tribes. In prehistoric times, the area was home to Ancestral Puebloans and the modern extant Comanche and Utes inhabited the state; the largest Hispanic and Latino groups represented include the Hispanos of New Mexico and Mexican Americans. The flag of New Mexico features the state's Spanish origins with the same scarlet and gold coloration as Spain's Cross of Burgundy, along with the ancient sun symbol of the Zia, a Puebloan tribe.
These indigenous, Mexican and American frontier roots are reflected in the eponymous New Mexican cuisine and the New Mexico music genre. New Mexico received its name long before the present-day nation of Mexico won independence from Spain and adopted that name in 1821. Though the name “Mexico” itself derives from Nahuatl, in that language it referred to the heartland of the Empire of the Mexicas in the Valley of Mexico far from the area of New Mexico, Spanish explorers used the term “Mexico” to name the region of New Mexico in 1563. In 1581, the Chamuscado and Rodríguez Expedition named the region north of the Rio Grande "San Felipe del Nuevo México"; the Spaniards had hoped to find wealthy indigenous Mexica cultures there similar to those of the Aztec Empire of the Valley of Mexico. The indigenous cultures of New Mexico, proved to be unrelated to the Mexicas, they were not wealthy, but the name persisted. Before statehood, the name "New Mexico" was applied to various configurations of the U.
S. territory, to a Mexican state, to a province of New Spain, all in the same general area, but of varying extensions. With a total area of 121,699 square miles, the state is the fifth-largest state of the US, larger than British Isles. New Mexico's eastern border lies along 103°W longitude with the state of Oklahoma, 2.2 miles west of 103°W longitude with Texas. On the southern border, Texas makes up the eastern two-thirds, while the Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sonora make up the western third, with Chihuahua making up about 90% of that; the western border with Arizona runs along the 109° 03'W longitude. The southwestern corner of the state is known as the Bootheel; the 37°N parallel forms the northern boundary with Colorado. The states of New Mexico, Colorado and Utah come together at the Four Corners in New Mexico's northwestern corner. New Mexico has no natural water sources
Ellis County, Texas
Ellis County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 149,610; the county seat is Waxahachie. The county was founded in 1849 and organized the next year, it is named for Richard Ellis, president of the convention that produced the Texas Declaration of Independence. Ellis County is included in TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 952 square miles, of which 935 square miles is land and 16 square miles is water. Interstate 35E Interstate 45 U. S. Route 67 U. S. 77 U. S. 287 State Highway 34 State Highway 342 Dallas County Kaufman County Henderson County Navarro County Hill County Johnson County Tarrant County As of the census of 2000, there were 111,360 people, 37,020 households, 29,653 families residing in the county. The population density was 118 people per square mile. There were 39,071 housing units at an average density of 42 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 80.63% White, 8.64% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 7.90% from other races, 1.86% from two or more races.
18.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 37,020 households out of which 42.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.80% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.90% were non-families. 16.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.31. A Williams Institute analysis of 2010 census data found there were about 3.2 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county. In the county, the population was spread out with 30.20% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, 9.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $50,350, the median income for a family was $55,358.
Males had a median income of $37,613 versus $26,612 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,212. About 6.80% of families and 8.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.10% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over. Ellis is a staunchly Republican county in presidential elections; the last Democratic presidential candidate to carry the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976, since 2000, Republican presidential candidates have won with more than two-thirds of the vote. Ellis County is part of the Dallas/Fort Worth Television media market in North Central Texas. Local News media outlets are: KDFW-TV, KXAS-TV, WFAA-TV, KTVT-TV, KERA-TV, KTXA-TV, KDFI-TV, KDAF-TV, KFWD-TV, KDTX-TV. Cedar Hill Ferris Glenn Heights Grand Prairie Mansfield Ovilla Bristol Clyde Barrow of Bonnie and Clyde J. D. Grey, pastor of Tabernacle Baptist Church in Ennis, 1931-1934. 47 national/international fights in his professional career. 37 wins, 22 KOs. Won State Heavyweight Title in 1953 - contender for National Heavyweight Title, but lost to Sonny Liston.
Cassius Clay was Fleeman's last professional fight, took place in Miami, FL in 1961. This was Clay's 5th professional fight. Lecil Travis Martin, known more as Boxcar Willie List of museums in North Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Ellis County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Ellis County Ellis County government's website Ellis County Government Official Twitter Ellis County Government Official Facebook Ellis County from the Handbook of Texas Online Memorial and biographical history of Ellis county, Texas... published 1892, hosted by the Portal to Texas History The Texas spirit of'17: a pictorial and biographical record of the gallant and courageous men from Ellis County who served in the Great War, hosted by the Portal to Texas History
Clay County, Texas
Clay County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 10,752; the county seat is Henrietta. The county was founded in 1857 and organized in 1860, it is named in honor of Henry Clay, famous American statesman, Kentucky Senator and United States Secretary of State. Clay County is part of Metropolitan Statistical Area in North Texas. Several railroads once served Clay County, including the Wichita Falls Railway, one of the properties of Joseph A. Kemp and his brother-in-law Frank Kell, along with twenty-nine other stockholders; the Wichita Falls Railway linked Henrietta with Wichita Falls. Built in 1894-1895, it was sold in 1911 to the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad known as the Katy; the original eighteen miles of track was abandoned in 1970. The Wichita Falls rancher and philanthropist Joseph Sterling Bridwell owned a ranch in Clay County, among his multiple holdings. Clay County is represented in the Texas House of Representatives by the Republican James Frank, a businessman from Wichita Falls.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,117 square miles, of which 1,089 square miles is land and 28 square miles is water. Lake Arrowhead State Park, a 524-acre development on Lake Arrowhead in Clay County, encompasses 14,390-acre acres; the lakeshore extends 106 miles. Jefferson County, Oklahoma Montague County Jack County Wichita County Archer County Cotton County, Oklahoma As of the census of 2000, there were 11,006 people, 4,323 households, 3,181 families residing in the county; the population density was 10 people per square mile. There were 4,992 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.35% White, 0.42% Black or African American, 1.03% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.68% from other races, 1.42% from two or more races. 3.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,323 households out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.20% were married couples living together, 7.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.40% were non-families.
23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.98. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 25.90% from 45 to 64, 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,738, the median income for a family was $41,514. Males had a median income of $28,914 versus $20,975 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,361. About 8.10% of families and 10.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.70% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over. U. S. Highway 82 U. S. Highway 287 State Highway 79 State Highway 148 Bellevue Byers Dean Henrietta Jolly Petrolia Windthorst Prior to 1996, Clay County was Democratic in presidential elections.
The only Republican Party candidates who managed to win the county from 1912 to 1992 were Herbert Hoover thanks to anti-Catholic sentiment towards Al Smith as well as Richard Nixon & Ronald Reagan in their 49-state landslides of 1972 & 1984, respectively. Since 1996, the county has swung hard to the supporting Republican Party similar to all white-majority rural counties in the Solid South, with its presidential candidates winning by increasing margins in each passing election; as a testament to how Republican the county has swung, Donald Trump defeated Hillary Clinton by a margin of over 75 percent in 2016, compared to an only 7.4 percent margin Bob Dole won the county by 20 years prior at the start of its Republican trend. List of museums in North Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Clay County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Clay County Media related to Clay County, Texas at Wikimedia Commons Clay County Official Website See historic photos of Clay County from the Clay County Historical Society, hosted by the Portal to Texas History Clay County from the Handbook of Texas Online Clay County 1890 Jail Museum-Heritage Center
Cuisine of the Southern United States
The cuisine of the Southern United States developed in the traditionally defined American South, influenced by African, Scottish, French and Native American cuisines. Tidewater, Creole and Floribbean are examples of types of Southern cuisine. In recent history, elements of Southern cuisine have spread north, having an effect on the development of other types of American cuisine. Many elements of Southern cooking—squash and deep-pit barbecuing—are borrowings from southeast American Indian tribes such as the Caddo and Seminole. Sugar, flour and eggs come from Europe. Black-eyed peas, rice, sesame and melons, as well as most spices used in the South, are African; the South's fondness for a full breakfast derives from fry-up. Many Southern foodways in Appalachia, are Scottish or Border meals adapted to the new subtropical climate. Parts of the South have other cuisines, though. Creole cuisine is vernacular French, West African and Spanish. A traditional Southern meal is pan-fried chicken, field peas, mashed potatoes, cornbread or corn pone, sweet tea, dessert—typically a pie, or a cobbler.
Other Southern foods include grits, country ham, beignets, Southern styles of succotash, chicken fried steak, buttermilk biscuits, pimento cheese, boiled or baked sweet potatoes, pit barbecue, fried catfish, fried green tomatoes, bread pudding, butter beans, pinto beans. Fried chicken is among the region's best-known exports, it is believed that the Scots, Scottish immigrants to many southern states had a tradition of deep frying chicken in fat, unlike their English counterparts who baked or boiled chicken. Pork is an integral part of the cuisine. Stuffed ham is served in Southern Maryland. A traditional holiday get-together featuring whole hog barbecue is known in Virginia and the Carolinas as a "pig pickin'". Green beans are flavored with bacon and salt pork, turnip greens are stewed with pork and served with vinegar, ham biscuits accompany breakfast, ham with red-eye gravy or country gravy is a common dinner dish. Southern meals sometimes consist only of vegetables, with a little meat used in cooking but with no meat dish served.
"Beans and greens"—white or brown beans served alongside a "mess" of greens stewed with a little bacon—is a traditional meal in many parts of the South. Other low-meat Southern meals include beans and cornbread—the beans being pinto beans stewed with ham or bacon—and Hoppin' John. Coleslaw is popular, both as a side dish and on a variety of barbecued and fried meats. Apart from it, Southern cooking makes little use of cabbage. Chains serving Southern foods—often along with American comfort food—have had great success. Pit barbecue is popular all over the American South. Family-style restaurants serving Southern cuisine are common throughout the South, range from the humble and down-home to the decidedly upscale. Southern cuisine varies by region: In Southern Louisiana, there is Creole cuisine. Louisiana is the largest supplier of crawfish in the U. S. In the coastal areas of South Carolina, rice was an important crop, leading to local specialties like "Hoppin' John" and Charleston red rice. Texas specializes in barbecue and chili and Southern cuisine as well as a regional variation of Mexican food unique to Texas called Tex-Mex.
Arkansas produces Riceland rice and sweet corn, both of which are staples of the cuisine of Southeastern Arkansas. Virginia produces Smithfield Virginia peanuts. Carolina-style barbecue is common in North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, is made traditionally from pulled-pork and a vinegar-based sauce. Mississippi and Alabama produce the most catfish in the United States. Oklahoma has a reputation for many grain- and bean-based dishes, such as "cornbread and beans" or the breakfast dish biscuits and gravy. Mississippi specializes in farm-raised catfish, found in traditional "fish houses" throughout the state. Arkansas is the top rice-producing
Hood County, Texas
Hood County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 51,182, its county seat is Granbury. The county is named for John Bell Hood, a Confederate lieutenant general and the commander of Hood's Texas Brigade. Hood County is part of the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Granbury Micropolitan Area. Hood County was formed in 1866 from portions of Johnson County, it was named after John Bell Hood, a general of the Confederate Army and commander of Hood's Texas Brigade. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 437 square miles, of which 421 square miles is land and 16 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 377 State Highway 144 Parker County Johnson County Somervell County Erath County Palo Pinto County As of the census of 2000, there were 41,100 people, 16,176 households, 12,099 families residing in the county; the population density was 98 people per square mile. There were 19,105 housing units at an average density of 45 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 94.77% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.40% from other races, 1.32% from two or more races. 7.24% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 16,176 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.60% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.20% were non-families. 21.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.88. As of the 2010 census, there were about 3.4 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 26.60% from 45 to 64, 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.20 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $43,668, the median income for a family was $50,111. Males had a median income of $38,662 versus $23,723 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,261. About 6.00% of families and 8.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.00% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over. Hood County is part of the Dallas/Fort Worth Television media market in North Central Texas. Local News media outlets are: KDFW-TV, KXAS-TV, WFAA-TV, KTVT-TV, KERA-TV, KTXA-TV, KDFI-TV, KDAF-TV, KFWD-TV, KDTX-TV. Hood County is serviced by two news media sources, "Hood County Free Press", an online daily news publication, the bi-weekly newspaper, Hood County News; the following school districts serve Hood County: Bluff Dale ISD Glen Rose ISD Godley ISD Granbury ISD Lipan ISD Tolar ISD Hood County has become a Republican county since 1980. Brazos Bend Cresson DeCordova Granbury Lipan Tolar Canyon Creek Oak Trail Shores Pecan Plantation Acton Paluxy List of museums in North Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Hood County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Hood County Hood County Lawyer- Daniel Webb Site has some good links about Hood County.
Hood County government's website Hood County from the Handbook of Texas Online U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hood County, Texas
Fort Worth, Texas
Fort Worth is a city in the U. S. state of Texas. It is fifth-largest city in Texas, it is the county seat of Tarrant County, covering nearly 350 square miles into four other counties: Denton, Johnson and Wise. According to the 2017 census estimates, Fort Worth's population is 874,168. Fort Worth is the second-largest city in the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, the 4th most populous metropolitan area in the United States; the city of Fort Worth was established in 1849 as an army outpost on a bluff overlooking the Trinity River. Fort Worth has been a center of the longhorn cattle trade, it still embraces traditional architecture and design. USS Fort Worth is the first ship of the United States Navy named after the city. Fort Worth is home to the Van Cliburn International Piano Competition and several world-class museums designed by internationally known contemporary architects; the Kimbell Art Museum, considered to have one of the best art collections in Texas, is housed in what is regarded as one of the outstanding architectural achievements of the modern era.
The museum was designed by the American architect Louis Kahn, with an addition designed by world-renowned Italian architect Renzo Piano opening November 2013. Of note is the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, designed by Tadao Ando; the Amon Carter Museum of American Art, designed by Philip Johnson, houses one of the world's most extensive collections of American art. The Sid Richardson Museum, redesigned by David M. Schwarz, has one of the most focused collections of Western art in the U. S. emphasizing Frederic Remington and Charles Russell. The Fort Worth Museum of Science and History, designed by famed architect Ricardo Legorreta of Mexico, engages the diverse Fort Worth community through creative, vibrant programs and exhibits; the city is stimulated by several university communities: Texas Christian University, Texas Wesleyan, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Texas A&M University School of Law, many multinational corporations, including Bell Helicopter, Lockheed Martin, American Airlines, BNSF Railway, Pier 1 Imports, XTO Energy and RadioShack.
The Treaty of Bird's Fort between the Republic of Texas and several Native American tribes was signed in 1843 at Bird's Fort in present-day Arlington, Texas. Article XI of the treaty provided that no one may "pass the line of trading houses" without permission of the President of Texas, may not reside or remain in the Indians' territory; these "trading houses" were established at the junction of the Clear Fork and West Fork of the Trinity River in present-day Fort Worth. At this river junction, the U. S. War Department established Fort Worth in 1849 as the northernmost of a system of 10 forts for protecting the American Frontier following the end of the Mexican–American War; the city of Fort Worth continues to be known as "where the West begins." A line of seven army posts were established in 1848–49 after the Mexican War to protect the settlers of Texas along the western American Frontier and included Fort Worth, Fort Graham, Fort Gates, Fort Croghan, Fort Martin Scott, Fort Lincoln, Fort Duncan.
10 forts had been proposed by Major General William Jenkins Worth, who commanded the Department of Texas in 1849. In January 1849, Worth proposed a line of 10 forts to mark the western Texas frontier from Eagle Pass to the confluence of the West Fork and Clear Fork of the Trinity River. One month Worth died from cholera in South Texas. General William S. Harney assumed command of the Department of Texas and ordered Major Ripley A. Arnold to find a new fort site near the West Clear Fork. On June 6, 1849, advised by Middleton Tate Johnson, established a camp on the bank of the Trinity River and named the post Camp Worth in honor of the late General Worth. In August 1849, Arnold moved the camp to the north-facing bluff, which overlooked the mouth of the Clear Fork of the Trinity River; the United States War Department named the post Fort Worth on November 14, 1849. Native American attacks were still a threat in the area, as this was their traditional territory and they resented encroachment by European-American settlers, but people from the United States set up homesteads near the fort.
E. S. Terrell from Tennessee claimed to be the first resident of Fort Worth; the fort was moved to the top of the bluff. The fort was abandoned September 17, 1853. No trace of it remains; as a stop on the legendary Chisholm Trail, Fort Worth was stimulated by the business of the cattle drives and became a brawling, bustling town. Millions of head of cattle were driven north to market along this trail. Fort Worth became the center of the cattle drives, the ranching industry, it was given the nickname of Cowtown. During the Civil War, Fort Worth suffered from shortages of money and supplies; the population began to recover during Reconstruction. By 1872, Jacob Samuels, William Jesse Boaz, William Henry Davis had opened general stores; the next year, Khleber M. Van Zandt established Tidball, Van Zandt, Company, which became Fort Worth National Bank in 1884. In 1875, the Dallas Herald published an article by a former Fort Worth lawyer, Robert E. Cowart, who wrote that the decimation of Fort Worth's population, caused by the economic disaster and hard winter of 1873, had dealt a severe blow to the cattle industry.
Added to the slowdown due to the railroad's stopping the laying of track 30 miles outside of Fort Worth, Cowart said that Fort Worth was so slow th