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Hambantota Electoral District (1947–1960)

Hambantota electoral district was an electoral district of Sri Lanka between August 1947 and March 1960. The district was named after the city of Hambantota in Southern Province; the 1978 Constitution of Sri Lanka introduced the proportional representation electoral system for electing members of Parliament. The existing 160 single-member electoral districts were replaced with 22 multi-member electoral districts. Hambantota electoral district was replaced by the Hambantota multi-member electoral district at the 1989 general elections, the first under the PR system, though Hambantota continues to be a polling division of the multi-member electoral district. Key Independent Sri Lanka Freedom Party United National Party Results of the 1st parliamentary election held between 23 August 1947 and 20 September 1947 for the district: Results of the 2nd parliamentary election held between 24 May 1952 and 30 May 1952 for the district: Results of the 3rd parliamentary election held between 5 April 1956 and 10 April 1956 for the district

Songs of Europe (1981 concert)

Songs of Europe is a concert television programme commemorating the Eurovision Song Contest's twenty-fifth anniversary. The event was held in Mysen, Norway in 1981, featuring nearly all the winners of the Eurovision Song Contest from its first edition in 1956 to 1981, broadcast to more than 100 million viewers all over Europe; the concert, the largest in Norway at the time, still the largest in Mysen, was hosted by Norwegian television personalities Rolf Kirkvaag and Titten Tei, who led the two-hour live broadcast in English, French and Spanish. It is the biggest concert arranged to feature such an amount of Eurovision Song Contest artists and more winners performing at once, with 21 out of a total 29 winners attending to perform their past winning songs. Heavy rain interrupted some of the early performances; the songs were performed and shown in videos, in accordance to the chronological order of the Eurovision Song Contest's winners from the first edition in 1956 up to and including the 1981 edition.

Some snippets of earlier ESC performances intermingled into the show. 21 acts performed their winning songs live, including three out of the four winners of the 1969 Contest. The remaining eight winners, marked in light red, were shown in video footage of their performances in their respective editions of the Eurovision Song Contest, where available. Others were shown in still photographs or in clips taken from other broadcasts where no clip from the contest was known to exist. Abba's performance of Waterloo was taken from a televised concert the group had performed in Mysen in 1975. Notes: 1.^ Attended the show as a guest in the audience. 2.^ The song contains phrases in French. 3.^ The line up of Teach-in was different from the winning 1975 group, although still led by lead singer Getty Kaspers. 4.^ Gali Atari, part of Milk and Honey when they won, had by this point been replaced by Leah Lupatin. In the United Kingdom, a highlights programme was broadcast by BBC Two on 25 September 1981 and introduced by Terry Wogan.

BBC Radio 2 transmitted the concert on 26 December 1981. Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest Eurovision Song Contest's Greatest Hits

Chorley Old Hall

Chorley Old Hall is a moated manor house on the B5359 road to the southwest of Alderley Edge, England. The house is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building, the moated site is a scheduled monument, it is the oldest inhabited country house in Cheshire and consists of two ranges, one medieval and the other Elizabethan. The original part of the house was built around 1330 by Robert de Chorley. By 1523 the house was owned by the Davenport family and during the middle of the 16th century they constructed a half-timbered house adjoining the existing building's north-western corner. In the early 17th century the house was owned by the Stanley family who carried out alterations around 1640 and built a bridge across the moat; the two houses were joined by a brick link in the early 19th century. In 1915 the house was restored and further renovations were carried out in 1975; the house is L-shaped with a west ranges. The south range is the oldest part, built in buff sandstone rubble with some ashlar and brick.

It has a stone chimney. The range has three bays, each with a gable. In the upper storey of each bay is a five-light window, in the lower storey of the left bay is a four-light window and in the lower storey of the right bay is a six-light window. All these windows are mullioned and transomed. In the middle bay is an arched doorway; the timberwork in each gable is different. The west range is timber-framed on a stone plinth with a Kerridge stone-slate roof, a stone ridge and a massive lateral stone chimney, it has two bays with a central gable. In the left bay is a five-light window in each storey and the right bay has a four-light window in the upper storey with a door in the lower storey. All these windows are wooden and transomed; the timber decoration consists of chevrons on the ground floor, roundels and cross motifs above. The house is surrounded by a moat which widens at the northeast corner where there are two ornamental islands. South of the moat are fishponds; the bridge over the moat, the gate piers and wing walls to the bridge are both listed Grade II.

Grade I listed buildings in Cheshire East Listed buildings in Alderley Edge

The Finer Things (album)

The Finer Things is the debut studio album by American pop punk band State Champs. State Champs formed in Albany, New York in 2010; the band consist of Derek Discanio on vocals, Tyler Szalkowski and Tony Diaz on guitar, William Goodermote on bass and Evan Ambrosio on drums. The band released EP 2010 in August, followed up with the Apparently, I'm Nothing EP in January 2011. In April 2012, interest in a demo of "Critical" helped the band gain a recording contract, a management company and a booking agency. On April 19, it was announced. In addition, it was mentioned that group would release another EP during summer, with their debut album expected for in the year; the band subsequently released the Overslept EP in September. On April 9, 2013, it was announced the band had started recording their debut album with producer Sam Pura and co-producer and former New Found Glory guitarist Steve Klein at The Panda Studios in Fremont, California in May 2013. A month it was announced the band had finished recording.

All of the songs that were to feature on their debut album were written in Discanio's bedroom. The album has been described as pop punk. On July 31, 2013, The Finer Things was announced for release, with its track listing and artwork being revealed. On August 20, a music video was released for "Elevated", it was directed by Rob Soucy. The band supported Hit the Lights on their tour of Australia in September. In September and October, the group supported Bayside and Motion City Soundtrack on their co-headlining US tour. On September 17, "Nothing's Wrong" was made available for streaming. On September 26, "Easy Enough" was made available for streaming. On September 29, a music video was released after premiering on MTVu. On October 2, The Finer Things was made available for streaming, was released on October 8 through Pure Noise. In November, the band supported Chunk! No, Captain Chunk! on The Truffle Shuffle Tour in the US. Between February and April 2014, the band supported; the band went on the 2014 edition of Warped Tour.

In September, the group went on a co-headlining Australian tour with Neck Deep. They were supported by Sidelines. In October, the band released The Acoustic Things EP through Pure Noise; the EP features acoustic versions of several songs from The Finer Things. In October and November, the band co-headlined the Pure Noise Records Tour with Handguns, they were supported by Front Porch Step, Heart To Heart and Brigades. In November, the group supported New Found Glory on their Pop Punk's Not Dead tour in the UK, it charted at number 131 on the U. S. Billboard 200 chart and at number 2 on the Heatseekers Albums chart, it has sold 24,000 copies in the United States as of September 2015. The Finer Things was included on Rock Sound's "50 Best Albums of 2013" list at number 14. Rock Sound consider it one of the best pop punk albums of the decade; the album was included at number 43 on Rock Sound's "The 51 Most Essential Pop Punk Albums of All Time" list. "Elevated" – 3:29 "Deadly Conversation" – 3:08 "Hard to Please" – 3:03 "Prepare to Be Noticed" – 3:07 "Over the Line" – 3:24 "Simple Existence" – 3:45 "Remedy" – 3:24 "Nothing's Wrong" – 3:18 "Mind Bottled" – 2:54 "Critical" – 3:23 "Easy Enough" – 2:59 Citations Sources The Finer Things at YouTube

Operation Kitona

Operation Kitona was a Rwandan/Ugandan offensive that marked the beginning of the Second Congo War. Rwanda hoped to depose Laurent-Désiré Kabila and install a government more favorable to Rwanda's interests by taking control of Kinshasa and the strategic western province of Bas-Congo. On August 4, 1998, joint Rwandan and Ugandan forces launched a surprise attack on Kitona airbase in Western Congo using hijacked civilian airliners. While successful in taking control of major ports and infrastructure and Angolan intervention prevented the Rwandans and Ugandans from taking control of Kinshasa; the invading forces were forced to withdraw to the jungles of Angola until they were evacuated by air to Rwanda ending December 24, 1998. Today the operation is studied for its daring initial aerial assault, as well as the intelligence failures on the Rwandan side. In the aftermath of the First Congo War and other allied groups had installed Laurent-Désiré Kabila in May 1997 as leader of the newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo.

In turn, Kabila appointed many Rwandans as key officials in armed forces. For over a year Rwandan soldiers and officials supported the Kabila Government, using the influence to export numerous raw materials to Rwanda. By mid-1998, internal ethnic tensions convinced Kabila that Rwandan influence was a threat to his power. On July 13, he removed all Rwandans from government positions and on July 27 ordered all remaining RPA and UPDF soldiers to leave the country. Kabila replaced these losses with friends, local militias, surviving Hutu Génocidaires. Banyamulenge were removed from power as they were thought to be Rwandan sympathizers; these actions angered many in the Rwandan government, as it posed a threat to their influence in the Congo as well as the safety of Tutsis in both the DRC and Rwanda. Paul Kagame, Rwandan Minister of Defence, concerned of these outcomes for months, had begun drawing up plans for a second invasion of the Congo in April 1998. After his return to Kigali, Kabarebe proposed a plan intended to swiftly depose Kabila to Kagame, who accepted and began preparations for the attack.

Kabarebe proposed flying Rwandan troops over 1,900 km to Kitona Air Base in western Congo, only 320 km from Kinshasa. Here they would be able to take control of the economically important Bas-Congo province, home to Congo's only seaports, as well as the Inga Dams, the main source of electricity for western Congo. In the ensuing chaos, they would march to Kinshasa, depose Kabila, install another Pro-Rwandan regime. Kabarebe's experience in the Congo convinced him that various local dissidents, from interned Banyamulenge to ex-FAZ soldiers, would join the Rwandans and help swiftly depose the Kabila government. On August 2 in Goma, Congolese General Sylvain Mbuki took control of a local radio station, announcing his intention to overthrow Kabila; the following day, Rwandan HCU commandos took control of Goma International Airport, hijacking four civilian aircraft, 2 Boeing 727s and 2 Boeing 707s, sitting on the runway. On August 4, the commandos were joined by more Rwandan and Ugandan soldiers, including a Ugandan light artillery unit, numbering over 500 soldiers in total.

The pilots were ordered at gunpoint to fly west to Kitona Air Base. On the morning of August 4, the two 727s landed first, using their airstairs to discharge the HCU commandos as the aircraft were still taxing; the defended Kitona Air Base was captured, the remaining two 707s landed and offloaded their troops and supplies. The four aircraft continued to fly between Kitona and Rwanda, by August 5 over 3,000 Rwandan and Ugandan troops had been airlifted into Kitona. After the airfield was secured, Kabarebe convinced and bribed local Congolese army units to join his invasion force; these new recruits added over 2,000 Congolese Rebels, as well as Type 59 and Type 62 tanks and ZU-23 anti-aircraft cannons. This force overwhelmed local Congolese forces loyal to Kabila. By August 5, the nearby oil infrastructure at Moanda and the port of Banana had been captured. Widespread rape and looting ensued in areas occupied by the Rwandans. August 7 saw the capture of Boma, 100 km inland of Kitona. On August 10, Congo's most important seaport fell to the invaders.

Three days on August 13, the Inga Dams, a key early objective of the operation, were secured. Upon arrival, Kabarebe ordered the turbines shut down cutting off power to the city of Kinshasa. By this point, Kabila's government was in chaos; this caused panic among the government and general population throughout Kinshasa. Kabila's government and media outlets called upon the population to mobilize to protect the capital and root out those disloyal to the regime. Banyamulenge, political opponents, as well as ordinary citizens believed to be enemies were subject to property seizures, rape and summary execution. Kabila had been in talks with Zimbabwe since before the outbreak of war, on August 4 Robert Mugabe, the president of Zimbabwe, Kabila signed a military cooperation treaty. On August 8 a contingent of Zimbabwean SAS led by Air Marshal Perence Shiri arrived at N'Djili Airport outside of Kinshasa; this action, code-named Operation Sovereignty Legitimacy, marked the start of Zimbabwean involvement in the Second Congo War.

By August 12, over 800 Zimbabwean Paratroopers and several Cascavel armored cars had been airlifted t