The Northeast Region of Brazil is one of the five official and political regions of the country according to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. For the socio-geographic area see Nordeste. Of Brazil's twenty-six states, it comprises nine: Maranhão, Piauí, Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Alagoas and Bahia, along with the Fernando de Noronha archipelago. Chiefly known as Nordeste in Brazil, this region was the first to be discovered and colonized by the Portuguese and other European peoples, playing a crucial role in the country's history. Nordeste's dialects and rich culture, including its folklore, cuisines and literature, became the most distinguishable across the country. To this day, Nordeste is recognized for its history and culture, as well as for its beautiful natural sights and its hot weather. Nordeste stretches from the Atlantic seaboard in the northeast and southeast and west to the Amazon Basin and south through the Espinhaço highlands in southern Bahia, it encloses the São Francisco River and drainage basin, which were instrumental in the exploration and economic development of the region.
The region lies within the earth's tropical zone and encompasses Caatinga, Atlantic Forest and part of the Cerrado ecoregions. The climate is hot and semi-arid, varying from xeric in Caatinga, to mesic in Cerrado and hydric in the Atlantic Forest; the Northeast Region represents 18% of Brazilian territory, has a population of 53.6 million people, 28% of the total population of the country, contributes 13.4% of Brazil's GDP. Nearly three quarters of the population live in urban areas clustered along the Atlantic coast and about 15 million people live in the hinterland, it is an impoverished region: 58% of the population lives in poverty, defined as less than $2/day. Each of the states' capitals are its largest cities, they include Recife, Fortaleza and São Luís, all lying on the Atlantic coast, each with a population above a million inhabitants. Nordeste has nine international airports, the region has the second largest number of passengers in Brazil; the Zona da Mata comprises the rainforest zones of Nordeste in the humid eastern coast, where the region's largest capital cities are located.
The forest area was much larger before suffering from centuries of exploration. For many years, sugar cane cultivation in this region was the mainstay of Brazil's economy, being superseded only when coffee production developed in the late 19th century; the sugar cane is cultivated on large estates and the owners of these had and maintain tremendous political influence. Since the escarpment does not generate any further rainfall on its slopes from the lifting of the trade winds, annual rainfall decreases inland. After a short distance, there is no longer enough rainfall to support tropical rainforest since the rainfall is erratic from year to year; this transitional zone is known as the agreste and because it is located on the steep escarpment, was not used whilst flatter land was abundant. Today, with irrigation water available, the agreste, as its name suggest, is a major farming region. Despite containing no major city, it contains well developed medium large cities such as Caruaru, Campina Grande and Arapiraca.
In Portuguese, the word sertão first referred to the vast hinterlands of Asia and South America that Lusitanian explorers encountered. In Brazil, the geographical term referred to backlands away from the Atlantic coastal regions where the Portuguese first settled in South America in the early sixteenth century. Geographically, the Sertão consists of low uplands that form part of the Brazilian Highlands. Most parts of the sertão are between 200 and 500 meters above sea level, with higher elevations found on the eastern edge in the Planalto da Borborema, where it merges into a sub-humid region known as agreste, in the Serra da Ibiapaba in western Ceará and in the Serro do Periquito of central Pernambuco. In the north, the Sertão extends to the northern coastal plains of Rio Grande do Norte state, whilst in the south it fades out in the northern fringe of Minas Gerais; because the Sertão lies close to the equator, temperatures remain nearly uniform throughout the year and are tropical extremely hot in the west.
However, the sertão is distinctive in its low rainfall compared to other areas of Brazil. Because of the cool temperatures in the South Atlantic Ocean, the intertropical convergence zone remains north of the region for most of the year, so that most of the year is dry. Although annual rainfall averages between 500 and 800 millimeters over most of the sertão and 1300 millimeters on the northern coast at Fortaleza, it is confined to a short rainy season; this season extends from January to April in the west, but in the eastern Sertão it occurs from March to June. However, rainfall is erratic and in some years the rains are minimal, leading to catastrophic drought; the drought duration has increased over the last 36 years. The drought occurred in 2012-2016 hit the longest drought in its drought history; because of this vulnerability to the climate, Sertão is known as a “polygon of drought.” More frequent and longer droughts are estimated to hit the region over the next 90 years under the effect of global warming.
Peter Schneider is a German writer. Peter Schneider is the son of a composer, he spent his early childhood in Saxony. After gaining his Abitur in 1959 he studied German and Philosophy at the Universities of Freiburg and Munich. In 1962 he continued his studies at the Free University of Berlin. In the Federal election campaign of 1965 he worked together with a number of well-known writers in the Wahlkampfkontor of the SPD. During the 1960s Schneider experienced a political radicalisation that led him to become one of the spokespersons and organisers of the Berlin German student movement. In 1967 he was involved in the preparation of the so-called "Springer-Tribunal", he was a member of a group aiming to found a proletarian political party and rouse the working class. For this reason Schneider worked temporarily as an unskilled worker in one of the Bosch-factories, he taught in a private school and did freelance work in broadcasting. In 1972 he took his degree, but in 1973 the education authorities in Berlin refused to appoint him as a trainee teacher on account of his political activity.
That decision was overturned by a court in Berlin in 1976. Having in the meantime established himself as a writer, Schneider gave up the idea of teaching, his novel Lenz, published in 1973, had become a cult text for the German left, capturing the feelings of those disappointed by the failure of their utopian revolt. Since Peter Schneider has written novels, short stories and film scripts that deal with the fate of members of his generation. Other works deal with the situation of Berlin after German reunification. Schneider is a major essayist. Schneider has held posts as visiting professor or writer in residence at universities in the United States, including Stanford and Princeton. Since 2001 he has been the Roth Distinguished Writer-in-Residence at Georgetown University, he lives in Berlin. Peter Schneider is a member of the German PEN Club, he is a recipient of a Villa Massimo scholarship and the Förderpreis für Literatur des Kulturkreises of the Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrie. The Wall Jumper, New York 1984 The German Comedy, New York 1990 Couplings, New York 1996 Eduard's Homecoming, New York 2000 Berlin Now, Farrar and Giroux 2014 Alois Prinz: Der poetische Mensch im Schatten der Utopie, Würzburg 1990 Colin Riordan: Peter Schneider, Cardiff 1995 Markus Meik: Peter Schneiders Erzählung "Lenz", Siegen 1997 Elizabeth Snyder Hook: Family secrets and the contemporary German novel, Rochester, NY 2001 Gundula M. Sharman: Twentieth century reworkings of German literature, Rochester, NY 2002 Internetpräsenz von Peter Schneider Peter Schneider in the German National Library catalogue Biography Review of The Wall Jumper by Ian McEwan
María Aurelia Bisutti was an Argentine film and TV actress, with over 50 Argentine cinema and television credits between 1948 and 1993, as well as numerous roles in the theatre. Born in Buenos Aires, she received her first film roles in 1948 through a radio audition hosted by a popular variety show of the time, Diario del cine, first worked with directors Benito Perojo and Carlos Schlieper. Bisutti earned her first television role in a 1960 documentary on the lives of Paul Gauguin and Edgar Degas, she was given the lead role in Pedro Escudero's A puerta cerrada, starred in period piece filmmaker Leopoldo Torre Nilsson's Martín Fierro. Bisutti became well known on the radio, starring in a number of soap operas, she received a Martín Fierro Award for lifetime achievement in 1999. She continued to work on the airwaves, starring in the public radio series, Las dos carátulas, from 2002. 1997: De cara al cielo 1981: Seis pasajes al infierno 1980: El diablo metió la pata 1975: El inquisidor 1976: Allá donde muere el viento 1977: La nueva cigarra 1972: Nino 1970: Con alma y vida 1969: Kuma Ching 1968: Martín Fierro 1968: El derecho a la felicidad 1968: Lo prohibido está de moda 1966: Hotel alojamiento 1965: Canuto Cañete, detective privado 1963: La calesita 1962: A puerta cerrada 1961: Amorina 1961: Libertad bajo palabra 1960: Los de la mesa 10 1960: Culpable 1960: Plaza Huincul 1958: Alto Paraná 1957: Historia de una carta 1956: Sangre y acero 1954: Los ojos llenos de amor 1948: White Horse Inn 1948: La serpiente de cascabel Media related to María Aurelia Bisutti at Wikimedia Commons
Laura Jacobs is a novelist and critic. Jacobs is a regular contributor to The Wall Street Journal, where she reviews museum exhibitions on fashion. A staff writer at Vanity Fair since 1995, she has written award-winning pieces for the magazine on the subjects of design and the performing arts. Laura Jacobs hails from Chicago and holds a B. A. in English Literature from Northwestern University. Jacobs's most recent book, published in 2018 is Celestial Bodies:; the Bird Catcher, her second novel, was published in June 2009, by St. Martin's Press. In July, 2010 Picador released a paperback edition, her first novel, Women About Town, a Literary Guild selection, was published by Viking Press in 2002, with French and Polish editions, followed by a paperback from Penguin. Jacobs began writing at Vanity Fair in 1995, produced award-winning pieces on design and the performing arts, she has profiled the mid-century American designers Norman Norell, Charles James and Mainbocher, has made a specialty of writing about iconic American women, including Emily Post, Gypsy Rose Lee, Lilly Pulitzer, Grace Kelly, Suzy Parker and Julia Child.
Since 2012 Jacobs has reviewed fashion exhibitions in museums for The Wall Street Journal. She contributes to the London Review of Books. Jacobs began writing dance criticism in Chicago at the Chicago Reader, she has written about dance for The Atlantic Monthly, held dance critic posts at The Boston Phoenix and The New Leader. Since 1994, Jacobs has been the dance critic at The New Criterion. In 2006 a collection of her New Criterion essays -- Landscape with Moving Figures: A Decade on Dance -- was published by Dance & Movement Press. From 1987 to 1995, Jacobs was the editor in chief of Stagebill, the national performing arts program magazine whose constituents included Lincoln Center, The Kennedy Center, Carnegie Hall, theater in Chicago, orchestras and opera companies around the country. During the late nineties, Jacobs wrote fashion criticism for both Modern Review and The New Republic, she collaborated with the fashion designer Geoffrey Beene on Beauty and the Beene and edited his last book, Beene by Beene.
Javier Viver is a sculptor, photographer and editor of photobooks. His work proposes a debate between the iconography and the inconoclasty as means of the invisible apparition. In 2015 publishes, with the editorial RM, the photobook Révélations about the iconography of Salpêtrière; this book received good critics and various prizes like the first prize for The Best Book of Art 2015 awarded by the Spanish Ministry of Culture and Sport and the prize Ars Libris Barcelona. In 2016 it is nominated for the Best Photobook in the Fotobookfestival of Kassel and is selected for the Prize PhotoEspaña for The Best Book of Photography 2016. In 2006 makes the series The Celebrities, a project about Narcissus and the loss of the face, which becomes the prize «Generaciones 2007». In 2005 designs the installation The Audience, an analogy of the play El gran teatro del mundo by Calderón de la Barca, his work Sic transit, where photography and cinematography join together, won the I Prize Plastics Arts of Madrid.
Between 2001 and 2003 he works in ESpHeM, a fictitious company which offer temporary systems of packaging to live in the world. It was good received by the critics and was rewarded with three prizes awarded by the Spanish Ministry or Foreign Affairs, the Spanish Fine Arts Circle and the Botin Foundation, he makes the degree of Fine Arts at the Complutense University of Madrid, where he became Doctor with a research about the Spanish producer José Val del Omar in the PLAT laboratory. The title is Laboratorio Val del Omar, was published as a documentary by Cameo within the Val del Omar. Elemental de España collection; as a consequence, he received the request of making an installation with Javier Ortiz Echagüe in the Reina Sofía National Museum during the exhibition Desbordamiento Val del Omar. Viver completes his education with residences in The Spanish Academy of Rome, in Location1 with the «International Residency Program», in Hangar, in the «ARtist residence project» at The Swatch Art Peace Hotel
The 2017 MercedesCup was a men's tennis tournament played on outdoor grass courts. It was the 40th edition of the Stuttgart Open, part of the ATP World Tour 250 series of the 2017 ATP World Tour, it was held at the Tennis Club Weissenhof in Stuttgart, from 12 June until 19 June 2017. Fourth-seeded Lucas Pouille won the singles title. 1 Rankings are as of May 29, 2017 The following players received wildcards into the singles main draw: Tommy Haas Maximilian Marterer Lucas PouilleThe following players received entry using a protected ranking: Jerzy JanowiczThe following players received entry from the qualifying draw: Márton Fucsovics Peter Gojowczyk Yannick Hanfmann Lukas Lacko Before the tournament Karen Khachanov →replaced by Jerzy Janowicz Jiří Veselý →replaced by Stéphane Robert Marcos Baghdatis Rankings are as of May 29, 2017 The following pairs received wildcards into the doubles main draw: Andre Begemann / Jan-Lennard Struff Tommy Haas / Florian Mayer Before the tournament Treat HueyDuring the tournament Tommy Haas Lucas Pouille defeated Feliciano López, 4–6, 7–6, 6–4 Jamie Murray / Bruno Soares defeated Oliver Marach / Mate Pavić, 6–7, 7–5, Official website ATP tournament profile