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Northern Alliance

The Afghan Northern Alliance known as the United Islamic Front for the Salvation of Afghanistan, was a united military front that came to formation in late 1996 after the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan took over Kabul. The United Front was assembled by key leaders of the Islamic State of Afghanistan president Burhanuddin Rabbani and former Defense Minister Ahmad Shah Massoud, it included Tajiks but by 2000, leaders of other ethnic groups had joined the Northern Alliance. This included Mohammad Mohaqiq, Abdul Qadir, Asif Mohseni and others; the Northern Alliance fought a defensive war against the Taliban government. They received support from Iran, Turkey, India and others, while the Taliban were backed by Pakistan. By 2001 the Northern Alliance controlled less than 10% of the country, cornered in the north-east and based in Badakhshan province; the US invaded Afghanistan, providing support to Northern Alliance troops on the ground in a two-month war against the Taliban, which they won in December 2001.

With the Taliban forced from control of the country, the Northern Alliance was dissolved as members and parties joined the new establishment of the Karzai administration. The United Front was formed in late 1996 against the Taliban government by opposition factions. Since early 1999, Ahmad Shah Massoud was the only main leader able to defend his territory against the Taliban, as such remained as the main de facto political and military leader of the United Front recognized by members of all the different ethnic groups. Massoud decided on the general military strategy of the alliance. A part of the United Front military factions, such as Junbish-i Milli or Hezb-e Wahdat, did not fall under the direct control of Massoud but remained under their respective regional or ethnic leaders. Military commanders of the United Front were either independent or belonged to one of the following political parties: the Sunni Tajik-dominated Jamiat-e Islami and Shura-e Nazar, led by Burhanuddin Rabbani and Ahmad Shah Massoud the Sunni Uzbek and Turkmen-dominated Junbish-i Milli, led by Abdul Rashid Dostum the Sunni Pashtun-dominated Eastern Shura, led by Haji Abdul Qadeer the Shia Tajik and Hazara-dominated Harakat-e Islami, led by Asif Mohseni the Shia Hazara-dominated Hezb-e Wahdat, led by Muhammad Mohaqiq and Karim KhaliliMilitary commanders and subcommanders of the United Front included From northern Afghanistan: Bismillah Khan Mohammadi, Atta Muhammad Nur, Mohammed Daud Daud, Mohammed Fahim, Gul Haidar, Muhammad Mohaqiq, Abdul Rashid Dostum, Qazi Kabir Marzban.

The two main political candidates in the 2009 Afghan presidential election both worked for the United Front: Abdullah Abdullah Hamid Karzai After the fall of the Soviet-backed communist Najibullah government in 1992, the Afghan political parties agreed on a peace and power-sharing agreement. The accords created the Islamic State of Afghanistan and appointed an interim government for a transitional period to be followed by general elections. According to Human Rights Watch: The sovereignty of Afghanistan was vested formally in the Islamic State of Afghanistan, an entity created in April 1992, after the fall of the Soviet-backed Najibullah government. With the exception of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar's Hezb-e Islami, all of the parties were ostensibly unified under this government in April 1992. Hekmatyar's Hezb-e Islami, for its part, refused to recognize the government for most of the period discussed in this report and launched attacks against government forces and Kabul generally. Shells and rockets fell everywhere.

Gulbuddin Hekmatyar received operational and military support from Pakistan. Afghanistan expert Amin Saikal concludes in Modern Afghanistan: A History of Struggle and Survival: Pakistan was keen to gear up for a breakthrough in Central Asia. Islamabad could not expect the new Islamic government leaders to subordinate their own nationalist objectives in order to help Pakistan realize its regional ambitions. Had it not been for the ISI's logistic support and supply of a large number of rockets, Hekmatyar's forces would not have been able to target and destroy half of Kabul. In addition, Saudi Arabia and Iran, as competitors for regional hegemony, supported Afghan militias hostile towards each other. According to Human Rights Watch, Iran was backing the Shia Hazara Hezb-e Wahdat forces of Abdul Ali Mazari in order to "maximize Wahdat's military power and influence". Saudi Arabia supported his Ittehad-e Islami faction. A publication by the George Washington University describes: utside forces saw instability in Afghanistan as an opportunity to press their own security and political agendas.

Conflict between the two militias soon escalated into a full-scale war. Due to the sudden initiation of the war, working government departments, police units or a system of justice and accountability for the newly created Islamic State of Afghanistan did not have time

2018 Kenyan Premier League

The 2018 Kenyan Premier League is the 15th season of the Kenyan Premier League since it began in 2003, the 55th season of top-division football in Kenya since 1963. It is scheduled to end on 7 October. Gor Mahia are the defending champions. Relegated from Premier LeagueMuhoroni Youth Western StimaPromoted from National Super LeagueVihiga United Wazito Seven of the participating teams are based in the capital, while Bandari is the only team based at the Coast; the table lists the positions of teams after each week of matches. In order to preserve chronological evolvements, any postponed matches are not included to the round at which they were scheduled, but added to the full round they were played afterwards. For example, if a match is scheduled for matchday 13, but postponed and played between days 16 and 17, it will be added to the standings for day 16. 2018 FKF President's Cup

Eugène Manet

Eugène Manet was a French painter. He did not achieve the high reputation of his older brother Édouard Manet or his wife Berthe Morisot, devoted much of his efforts to supporting his wife's career. Manet was the middle of the three sons of Auguste Manet, an official at the French Ministry of Justice, he was born in Paris, 22 months after his older brother Édouard in January 1832, 16 months before his younger brother Gustave in March 1835. He was named after his mother Eugénie-Désirée; the brothers Édouard and Eugène took piano lessons from Suzanne Leenhoff from 1849. Eugéne served in the French Army, studied law, but did not follow his father into a legal career, he travelled to Italy with Édouard in 1853 to study Old Master paintings in Florence and Rome. Berthe Morisot developed a close relationship with Édouard Manet from 1868, but they could not be married. Instead, she married his brother Eugène in Passy on 22 December 1874, their wedding gift from Edgar Degas was a portrait of Eugène Manet.

Manet and Morisot had one daughter, Julie Manet, born on 14 November 1878. Manet was depicted by his brother in his paintings Music in the Tuileries, was a model for the right male figure in Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe, identified as either Eugène or his dark-haired younger brother Gustave Manet, may be a composite of the two. Eugène may be the chiffonnier to the right in his brother's painting Philosophers of 1865, was depicted with Édouard's wife Suzanne in On the Beach, he was painted several times by his wife. Like his brother Édouard, Eugène had Republican political sympathies, he published a semi-autobiographical novel, "Victimes!", in 1889. He died in Paris the following year, he was survived by his daughter. His older brother Édouard had died in 1883 and his younger brother Gustave in 1884. Manet and the Family Romance, Nancy Locke, p. 54–56

Ukit people

The Ukit people is a tribe found in Sarawak, Malaysia. They are a small minority people who until were nomads in the rain forests of Borneo; some were settled at Rumah Ukit on the upper reaches of the Batang Balui River. Most of the Ukits are found in the Upper Rajom and Tatau rivers, Sarawak; the Ukit people were regarded as a sub-group of the purported Klemantan people. The Ukit's population is small in numbers and suffer potential extinction due to many of the tribesmen being killed a long time ago. Heavy losses in war to stronger Dayak tribes in Borneo resulted them being chased out of their homelands. Intermarriage with other tribes is another factor for their decreasing population. Today, the Ukit population is estimated to be only about 120. However, there may still be an unknown number of Ukit living in their traditional way as forest nomads. In 1880 the Ukits were encountered by the English explorer Harry De Windt who described them as follows: O'Hanlon Redmond: Into The Heart of Borneo.

Pp. 143–4, 171–183. Penguin

California County Routes in zone A

There are 27 routes assigned to the "A" zone of the California Route Marker Program, which designates county routes in California. The "A" zone includes county highways in Lassen, Shasta and Tehama counties. County Route A1, more known as Route of the Olympic Torch, is a 35.3-mile county route in Lassen County, California. County Route A1 runs from Route 36 near Susanville to Route 139 near Eagle Lake, it was named Eagle Lake Road. Major junctions This route still exists as a bypass from Susanville for north–south motorists, but it is no longer signed as such; the entire route is in Lassen County. County Route A2 is a county route located in Lassen County, connecting SR 299 and SR 139. County Route A3 or Standish–Buntingville Road is a road in Lassen County connected to U. S. Route 395, functions as a bypass for northbound traffic around Susanville. At its northern end it is signed for Reno, its southern end for Lakeview via US 395; this route still is no longer signed as such. County Route A5 or Bowman Road is a road in Tehama County connecting State Route 36 in Rosewood and I-5 in Cottonwood County Route A6 is a road in Tehama County connecting Malton Road in Dales to Forward Road.

Along the way it has an intersection with SR 36. County Route A7 is a road in Tehama County connecting SR 36 in Red Bluff. County Route A8 is road in Tehama County connecting SR 36 in Red Bluff. County Route A9 is a road in Tehama County connecting Round Valley Road in Paskenta and SR 99 and Interstate 5 in Corning. County Route A10 is a 15.19-mile long county road in Siskiyou County near Mount Shasta. Known locally as "Everett Memorial Highway," it runs from Ski Village Drive in the town of Mount Shasta City to a dead end at the 8,000-foot level on 14,162-foot Mount Shasta; the highway, completed in 1958 at a cost of $980,000 and designated in 1959, was built to provide access to the Mount Shasta Ski Bowl, destroyed by an avalanche in 1978. Today, the highway provides access to Mount Shasta for climbers and anyone wanting access to the mountain. In wintertime, the road is kept open only to the U. S. F. S outpost at the 6,000-foot level. County Route A11 is a county route located in Tehama County and connecting Interstate 5 and CR A8 near Tehama.

County Route A12, known locally as the "99-97 cutoff", or more "the 97 cutoff", is a two-lane rural highway with a length of 17.9 miles. A12 begins in the west at its junction with Old 99 Highway, once US 99. Just a few dozen yards to the east, it intersects Interstate 5, its eastern terminus is at US 97, 12 miles north of Weed. One mile east of the Interstate junction, it passes through the tiny village of Grenada, the only population center of any merit along the route. 7 miles further east is the burg Mayten, which consists only of a convenience store, a church, an elementary school. The route is used by travellers and truckers southbound on Interstate 5 who wish to use US 97 northbound en route to Klamath Falls and points north; this route saves over 13 miles than if the alternative routing via I-5 to Weed north on US 97 was used. Hence, the local name "97 cutoff"; the western two-thirds of the route passes through agricultural areas, is reminiscent of two-lane farm roads in California's Central Valley.

However, the eastern portion is scenic, passing through an area with towering dark red crags and buttes to the north. County Route A13 known as Walker Memorial Road, is a road in Plumas County connected to SR 36. County Route A14 is a road in Plumas County connecting Johnsville. County Route A15 is a road in Plumas County connecting SR 70 in Portola. On its northern end, after passing through the Old Town commercial district of Portola, A15 passes the Western Pacific Railroad Museum. County Route A16 or Platina Road is a county route located in Shasta County connecting SR 36 to SR 273 in Redding. Known locally as Ditch Grade Road. There is a rock formation some 6.5 miles from SR 36 known as The Lincoln Memorial. County Route A17 is a county route in the U. S. State of California, located in Shasta County and Tehama County, connecting I-5 and SR 44. County Route A18 is a road in Shasta County on the State Scenic Highway System connecting SR 273 in Redding and Shasta Dam. County Route A19 is a county route in Shasta County connecting SR 299 to SR 89.

County Route A20 is a county route located in Shasta County connecting SR 89 to CR A19. County route A21, or Mooney Rd. connects California State Route 147 to California State Route 44 and intersects California State Route 36 along the way. County Road A23 connects SR 49/SR 89 near Sattley to SR 70 near Beckwourth passing through the Sierra Valley on its west side. In the northerly direction, County Road A23 begins at the junction of SR 49/SR 89 at Sattley known as Church's Corners, a census-designated place in Sierra County; the road leaves Sattley as Westside Road. It passes near Calpine, a census-designated place in Sierra County where the road becomes Beckwourth-Calpine Road and continues to SR 70 near Beckwourth, a census-designated place in Plumas County; this short highway, paired with A26, services the Sierra Army Depot. This short highway, paired with A25, serves the Sierra Army Depot. County Route A28 is a two-lane rural highway. A28 begins at CR A12 in Grenada, connecting Grena

Wilbraham Road railway station

Wilbraham Road railway station was a station in Whalley Range, England, on the former Fallowfield Loop line from Manchester Central via Chorlton-cum-Hardy to Fairfield and Guide Bridge. The station was opened as Alexandra Park in 1892 by the Manchester and Lincolnshire Railway, it was near the junction of Alexandra Road South and Mauldeth Road West, near Alexandra Park, served the expanding residential suburb of Whalley Range. The railway line has since been converted into a cycle track. Alexandra Park station opened on 2 May 1892. From 1 August 1897 to 1 January 1923 the station was owned by the Great Central Railway; the GCR was absorbed by the London and North Eastern Railway during the Grouping of 1923. The station was renamed Wilbraham Road on 1 July 1923 to avoid possible confusion with the north London suburb of Alexandra Park on the same network; the naming was an unusual choice, since the station was about a 1⁄4 mile from the A6010 Wilbraham Road, was not visible from there. During 1918–19 the station goods yard was used to receive aircraft fuselages and other major components from Avro at Newton Heath and the National Aircraft Factory No. 2 at Heaton Chapel for assembly at the nearby Alexandra Park Aerodrome, which lay 300 yards to the south.

Passenger services on the Fallowfield Loop line were infrequent. By the 1930s the LNER had reduced the stopping services and used the line for express trains. After 1948, the line was under the ownership of the nationalised British Railways; the electrification of the line was considered but, the local stopping services were withdrawn and Wilbraham Road station was closed to passenger services by British Railways on 7 July 1958. However, SELNEC PTE continued to run a scheduled motor-bus service from the station, timed according to the now-defunct passenger timetable. Express services out of Manchester Central continued to use the line until that terminus was closed in 1969 following the Beeching cuts. For another two decades the line was used by freight trains until the line closed in 1988; the station buildings were demolished and today only some residual brickwork of the platform edges survives. The sidings at the other side of Alexandra Road South, remained in use by SPD Distribution until the line closed.

The track bed of the line crosses a road on the former site, the Station Master's house is still in use as a private residence. On 7 May 1964, Granada Television transformed the disused buildings into Chorltonville, a southern U. S.-style station, for a programme called Blues and Gospel Train with Muddy Waters, Otis Spann, Sonny Terry and Brownie McGhee, Sister Rosetta Tharpe, Rev. Gary Davis and Cousin Joe Pleasant; the Blues & Gospel Train on YouTube