Electorates of the Australian states and territories
A State Electoral District is an electorate within the Lower House or Legislative Assembly of Australian states and territories. Most state electoral districts send a single member to a state or territory's parliament using the preferential method of voting; the area of a state electoral district is dependent upon the Electoral Acts in the various states and vary in area between them. At present, there are 409 state electoral districts in Australia. State electoral districts do not apply to the Upper House, or Legislative Council, in those states that have one. In New South Wales and South Australia, MLCs represent the entire state, in Tasmania they represent single-member districts, in Victoria and Western Australia they represent a region formed by grouping electoral districts together. There are five electorates for the Legislative Assembly, each with five members each, making up 25 members in total. There are 93 electoral districts in New South Wales. There are 25 single-member electoral divisions in the Northern Territory, 17 former divisions.
There are 93 electoral districts in Queensland, for the Legislative Assembly of Queensland. Information about the QLD electoral districts for the 2006 elections can be obtained from the Electoral Commission of Queensland website. There are 47 single-member electoral districts in South Australia, for the South Australian House of Assembly. There are 15 electoral divisions in Tasmania for the upper house Legislative Council. In the lower house the five federal divisions are used, but electing 5 members each There are 88 electoral districts in Victoria, for the Victorian Legislative Assembly. There are 59 single-member electoral districts in Western Australia for the Western Australian Legislative Assembly. 42 are in the Perth metropolitan area and 17 are in the rest of the state. Divisions of the Australian House of Representatives Local government in Australia Parliaments of the Australian states and territories
Central Coast (New South Wales)
The City of Central Coast, a peri-urban region in the Australian state of New South Wales, lies on the Tasman Sea coast north of Sydney and south of Lake Macquarie. The City of Central Coast has an estimated population of 325,082 as of June 2015, growing at 1% pa. making it the third-largest urban area in New South Wales and the ninth-largest urban area in Australia. Geographically, the Central Coast City is considered to include the region bounded by the Hawkesbury River in the south, the Watagan Mountains in the west and the southern end of Lake Macquarie in the north, it lies on the Sydney basin. Politically, the City of Central Coast has administered the area since 12 May 2016, when the Gosford City Council and the Wyong Shire Council merged. In September 2006, the New South Wales government released a revised long-term plan for the region that saw the Central Coast City classified as a regional city, along with Wollongong and the Hunter Region. Subsequently, a new junior ministerial post was established in the NSW State Parliament.
As of April 2015 Scot MacDonald served as the parliamentary secretary for the Hunter and Central Coast. In November 2015 both Gosford and Wyong councils controversially voted to merge after allegations of bullying as part of the state government's "Fit for the Future" plans. Amalgamation into a single Central Coast City local government area has now passed all administrative and legislative requirements; the new Central Coast City Council held elections in September 2017. The region has been inhabited for thousands of years by Aboriginal people; the local Guringai and Darkinjung people were some of the first Aboriginal people to come in contact with British settlers. An Aboriginal man from the region named Bungaree became one of the most prominent people of the early settlement of New South Wales, he was one of the first Aboriginal people to learn English and befriended the early governors Phillip and Macquarie. He accompanied explorer Matthew Flinders in circumnavigating Australia. Macquarie declared Bungaree "The King of the Broken Bay Tribes".
Post settlement disease and disruption reduced the numbers of Aboriginal people. In 1811, the Governor of New South Wales, Lachlan Macquarie, gave the first land grant in the region to William Nash, a former marine of the First Fleet. No further grants were made in the area until 1821; the region is a network of towns that have been linked in recent years by expanding suburban development. The main urban cluster of the region surrounds the northern shore of Brisbane Water and includes the Coast's largest population centre, stretching east to the retail centre of Erina. Other major commercial "centres" on the Coast are Wyong, Lakehaven, The Entrance and Woy Woy. Large numbers of people who live in the southern part of the region commute daily to work in Sydney; the Central Coast City is a popular tourist destination and a popular area for retirement. The Central Coast City has significant employment including services, manufacturing, building and industrial; as a result, the cultural identity of the region is distinct from that of the large and diverse metropolis of Sydney as well as from the Hunter region with its mining, heavy industry and port.
On 2 December 2005, the Central Coast City was recognised as a stand-alone region rather than an extension of Sydney or the Hunter Valley. The Central Coast City has a humid subtropical climate, with mild winters. Rainfall is spread evenly throughout the year, but is more frequent during autumn; the Australian Bureau of Statistics publishes population census data and regular population estimates on the Central Coast City under a Significant Urban Area. As at June 2015 the estimated population of this region was 325,082. Earlier, at the 2001 Census, the population was 304,753 with 157,827 females; the median age was 41. The ABS includes the Central Coast City region population wholly within Greater Sydney; the Central Coast City has a campus of the University of Newcastle located at Ourimbah. There are three campuses of the Hunter Institute of TAFE located at Gosford and Ourimbah; the Central Coast City has a large number of secondary school institutions. TelevisionThe Central Coast City has four broadcast translators across the region, located at Bouddi and Wyong,Mount Sugarloaf Due to the Central Coast City being split between the Sydney and Northern NSW licence areas, these translators carry stations from both areas.
In total eight television stations service the Central Coast City: ABC New South Wales SBS New South Wales Seven Sydney Nine Sydney Ten Sydney Prime7 Northern NSW - Seven Network affiliate Nine Northern NSW WIN Television Northern NSW - Network Ten affiliateEach station broadcasts a primary channel and several multichannels. Of the three main networks, NBN produces a bulletin containing regional and international news screening every night at 6:00pm on Channel 9. Both WIN Television and Prime7 produce short local updates to fulfill local content quotas. Foxtel is available via satellite. RadioThe Central Coast City has a number of local radio stations; the three large commercial stations are 107.7 2GO, Star 104.5, 101.3 SeaFM, all being part of national networks. The ABC has an outreach station on 92.5 FM that operates a locally produced mid-day show from 11am to 3pm weekdays, outside this it broadcasts Sydney programming from ABC 702 AM. The community radio station CoastFM 96.3 has a considerab
Freshwater, New South Wales
Freshwater is a suburb of northern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Freshwater is located 17 kilometres north-east of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of Northern Beaches Council and is part of the Northern Beaches region; the area was once home to the Kuring-gai people and evidence of their habitation remains today in the form of the indigenous Australian art such as rock engravings, open campsites, rock shelters. The first Crown grant of land in the area was to Thomas Bruin on 27 September 1815, consisted of 50 acres directly opposite the beach; the Manly Land Company subdivided and named the property Freshwater Estate in December 1884. In 1886 W M Gordon surveyed; the land, divided into two sections and south of Curl Curl Lagoon was offered for sale in August 1886. The Harbord Estate was named to honour the wife of New South Wales Governor Lord Carrington. Before her marriage, Lady Carrington was the Honourable Cecilia Margaret Harbord. For many years, the beach and the district behind it was known as Freshwater, named after the stream of fresh water that ran down to the beach.
However, some time after the naming of Harbord Estate, a number of residents began to believe that the holiday image of Freshwater should be upgraded by a name change to Harbord. The change of name attracted much controversy and debate and became quite heated; when the first local district school was built in 1912, a petition was sent to the Minister of Education requesting it should be called Harbord Public School. The Minister declined and opened the school as Freshwater Public School. Pressure was directed towards renaming the post office; the Postmaster-General accepted the views of those who wanted a residential image and Freshwater became Harbord on 1 September 1923. Freshwater Bay Post Office opened on 20 April 1909 and was renamed Freshwater in 1912. In 2003 the Harbord Chamber of Commerce submitted a request to Warringah Council to support an application to the Geographical Names Board of New South Wales to rename the suburb of Harbord to Freshwater. In public consultation 774 voted in favour and 161 voted against with the results recorded in council minutes on 8 March 2005.
The suburb of Harbord was named Freshwater on 12 January 2008. In December 1914, Duke Kahanamoku, the world sprint swimming champion, was touring Australia, he selected timber from a Sydney firm to fashion a board modelled on those used in his native Hawaii, during a demonstration to the press, introduced surf board riding to Australia at Freshwater Beach on Thursday 24 December. It was the first recorded time that anyone had surfed the clean waves beyond the break in Australian waters using this Hawaiian-style surfing technique, it was so popular that a second spur of the moment demonstration was given on a Sunday in January 1915. Duke topped the performance by taking a local young girl, Isabel Letham on the board with him to surf the waves. Isabel went on to become a pioneer of Australian surfing; the board has been kept on display in the Freshwater Surf Life Saving Club since 1952. There is now a statue of Duke Paoa Kahanamoku on the headland at Freshwater; the statue was sculpted by artist Barry Donohoo, one of the last works by the artist before his death.
In 2012, Warringah Council in partnership with Freshwater Surf Life Saving Club signed a Goodwill Beach City Agreement with the coastal community of Waikiki in Honolulu, Hawaii. The ceremony came as part of an annual celebration of Duke Kahanamoku, who introduced surfing to Australia at Freshwater beach in 1915; the signing by Warringah Mayor, Michael Regan and Honolulu Mayor, Peter Carlisle was a celebration and strengthening of historic ties between the two regions. At the 2016 census, there were 8,866 residents in Freshwater. 66.3% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were England 8.9%, New Zealand 2.7%, Brazil 1.3%, United States of America 1.2% and South Africa 1.2%. 82.3% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Portuguese 1.5% and Italian 1.3%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 38.5%, Catholic 25.2% and Anglican 15.5%. The median weekly household income of $2,268 was higher than the national median of $1,438.
51.0% of occupied private dwellings were flats or apartments, 44.3% were separate houses and 4.3% were semi-detached. The median monthly mortgage payment was $2,600. Freshwater is home to 2 primary education schools. Harbord Public School caters for students from years K-6 was established in 1912 and St John the Baptist Catholic School. In neighbouring suburb Curl Curl, Freshwater Senior Campus, part of Northern Beaches Secondary College, caters for year 11 and 12 students. Freshwater Beach lies on the Manly to Curl Curl Beach walk; the Harbord Beach Hotel is 200 metres from the beach and is known to locals as the "Harbord Hilton", due to its previous state of disrepair prior to renovations. Harbord Diggers, an RSL club, has bowling views of the ocean. Waikiki Honolulu, United States Freshwater Beach https://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/newslocal/manly-daily/gamble-breaux-from-rhom-reveals-sydney-summers-with-a-rhos/news-story/f1afe6c92b9726f22bf9ac1132848e51 Harbord Diggers
Fairlight, New South Wales
Fairlight is a suburb of northern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Fairlight is located 13 kilometres north-east of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of Northern Beaches Council and is part of the Northern Beaches region. Fairlight lies between Manly on both sides of Sydney Road; the suburb reaches north past Balgowlah Road and the western boundary is Hill Street. Fairlight takes its name from Fairlight House built by Henry Gilbert Smith on land he bought in 1853 from John Parker who had received a land grant in 1837; the house was named after Fairlight, East Sussex, a historic village in Hastings, on the south coast of England. Fairlight was only the area near the beach where Fairlight House once stood, the suburb at the top of the hill was called Red Hill, due to the pre World War II red gravel surface of Sydney Road; the Port Jackson & Manly Steamship Company has a tradition of naming its ferries after the suburbs of the Northern Beaches. In 1987 Strider and Black Shadow named the now legendary warez and demogroup Fairlight after this synthesizer company.
Fairlight has a cemetery in Griffiths Street. The Manly Fire Station is located on Fairlight. Fairlight Beach is located on the Manly Scenic Walkway on Sydney Harbour, which can be followed for some kilometres to Spit Bridge; the beach experiences light harbour swells and southerly winds. Though swells up to 2 metres were recorded following Hurricane Larry, it is not a surfing beach, as the shore is rocky and the break unpredictable; the beach has sand made up of shell grit, a small tidal swimming pool. The K-12 was a 611-ton ex-submarine of the Royal Netherlands Navy, bought by private buyers after World War II and leased to the Port Jackson & Manly Steamship Company, who set her up as a museum ship at a custom berth adjacent to Manly harbour pool; when storms struck in June 1949, an attempt was made by her owners to tow her to a safer berth in Neutral Bay, however the tow ropes broke, the submarine grounded on rocks near Fairlight Beach. The hull was lightened by salvagers re-floated on 7 January 1951, towed up the Parramatta River to Ryde Road bridge.
Some sources say that the engines and sections of the bow remain in Fairlight and are accessible by scuba divers. AIn the 2016 Census, there were 5,840 people in Fairlight. 63.6% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 11.8% and New Zealand 2.8%. 84.3% of people only spoke English at home. The most common responses for religion in Fairlight were No Religion 40.2%, Catholic 22.5% and Anglican 16.8%. The most common occupations in Fairlight included Professionals 38.4%, Managers 21.7%, Clerical and Administrative Workers 11.4%, Community and Personal Service Workers 8.2%, Sales Workers 8.1%. The median household weekly income was high at $2,620. Housing was expensive in Fairlight, with the median weekly rent being $648 and the median monthly mortgage payment was $3,000. Fairlight Beach is popular for swimming and snorkelling and as a vantage point to view harbour yacht races. Fairlight is home to the Manly Golf Golf Course. Shops and cafes are located in a shopping strip in Sydney Road.
Fairlight is home to an annual Christmas Lights fundraising competition on Edwin Street. Manly Council - History of each of the Streets in Fairlight Historical Photograph of Fairlight House John MacRitchie. "Fairlight". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 27 September 2015
Bayview, New South Wales
Bayview is a suburb in Sydney’s Northern Beaches region, in the state of New South Wales, Australia 31 kilometres north of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of Northern Beaches Council. Bayview is a hilly suburb, bounded by Broken Bay to the north. Bayview takes its name from a description of its location, providing a "view" across "Pittwater". Governor Arthur Phillip took a short journey of exploration from Manly to this area in March 1788 and named it Pitt Water after William Pitt, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom at the time. Captain John Hunter prepared a map showing the bays and inlets in 1792. One of the first settlers was Patrick Bryan, who built a house in 1821 on the current site of the Bayview Golf Links. A number of tetrahedron tank traps can be found off Pittwater Road on the water side in Bayview; these tank traps are a little-known remnant of WWII defence along Sydney's Northern Beaches. According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 3,620 residents in Bayview.
67.5% of residents were born in Australia, with the most common other country of birth being England. 87.0% of residents spoke only English at home. The most common responses for religious affiliation were No Religion 31.2%, Anglican 24.2% and Catholic 20.2%. Of the occupied private dwellings in Bayview. 58.5% were separate houses, 28.6% were semi-detached and 12.7% were flats or apartments. St Luke's Grammar School — Anglican Co-educational day school for children from Pre-Kindergarten to Year 6 Bayview is a residential area with limited commercial space. Bayview is home to Australia's largest yacht importer, largest yacht share fleet and Pittwater's largest yacht charter fleet. There are two owned floating marinas with attached yacht selling/renting companies and NSW Maritime offices. On the marinas there are a few restaurants. Between the marinas is Bayview Yacht Racing Association, used by local school students for their popular learn-to-sail programs. Bayview is a pet friendly neighbourhood and is home to a number of parks among the most loved in the Northern Beaches: Bayview Baths Bayview Park Bimbimbie Place Reserve Ilya Avenue Reserve Kamilaroi Park Kennedy Park Minkara Reserve Pindari Park Riddle Reserve Rowland ReserveThe most well-known being Roland Reserve, an open field dog park.
The importance of parks within the Bayview is the preservation of Spotted Gum Forests considered to be of nature conservation significance at State level and provides habitat for the threatened Glossy Black-cockatoo as well as provides habitat for birds, mammals and acts as a stepping stone between larger areas of habitat due to its diversity. Bayview boasts the following boat launching: Rowland Reserve two concrete ramps 14.4m x 20m. Bayview Park one concrete ramp 10.8m x 4m. Riddle Reserve one concrete ramp 3m x 10m near dinghy storage and one concrete ramp 3m x 11m beside BYRA Yacht Club. Maybanke Cove one concrete ramp 3m x 10m near dinghy storage. Bayview is home to the Bayview Golf Course, an 18-hole course with a clubhouse in Mona Vale nearby to Pittwater and Broken Bay
Electoral district of Manly
Manly is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales, covers a large portion of the Northern Beaches Council local government area. Created in 1927, although it has tended to be a Liberal-leaning seat, Manly has had a history of independent local members, it is represented by James Griffin for the Liberal Party, was represented by the former Premier of New South Wales, Mike Baird. On 23 January 2017, Baird resigned as Premier and member for Manly, triggering a by-election in the district, held on 8 April and won by Liberal candidate James Griffin. "Manly". New South Wales Electoral Commission. Retrieved 30 April 2015
Collaroy, New South Wales
Collaroy is a suburb in northern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Collaroy is 22 kilometres north-east of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of Northern Beaches Council, it is part of the Northern Beaches region. Nicknamed "The Roy" by many of the locals; this area was part of Narrabeen but was renamed after the S. S. Collaroy ran aground on the beach in 1881, it was refloated and wrecked on the Californian coast in 1889. Most of Collaroy’s development has occurred since the mid twentieth century. Collaroy Beach Post Office opened on 12 February 1923. Collaroy Plateau Post Office opened on 1 April 1949 and closed in 1988. Collaroy Plateau West Post Office opened on 1 November 1967 and was renamed Collaroy Plateau in 1996; the beach and housing near the beach on Pittwater Road were badly affected by weather in early June 2016. A strip of houses were left in danger of collapse. Collaroy’s surf beach joins Narrabeen Beach at Wetherill Street making one continuous 3.4 km surf beach.
Four Surf Lifesaving Clubs provide swimming supervision/surf rescue services. Collaroy is home to one of the Salvation Army's largest conference and outdoor education centres in the area; the centre caters for many conferences of the Salvation Army as well as other churches, community groups and businesses. It can cater for up to 440 people and has catered camp programs. According to the 2016 census, there were 7,870 residents in Collaroy; the most common ancestries were English 27.9%, Australian 23.7%, Irish 9.7%, Scottish 7.5% and Italian 4.8%. 68.8% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 6.1% and New Zealand 2.1%. 80.8% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Italian 1.7% and Portuguese 1.5%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 31.2%, Catholic 27.5% and Anglican 17.4%. Collaroy's shopping precinct is centred along Pittwater Road, which runs north-south through the suburb. Small retail businesses include cafes, takeaway bars, a pharmacy, a newsagent/post office, several hairdressers, a day spa, a YHA youth hostel, real estate agents, Collaroy cinema, the Collaroy Services club and "The Collaroy", known as the Surf Rock Hotel, re-opened in November 2014.
Collaroy's public transport consists of buses operated by State Transit south through to the CBD, North Sydney, north to the suburbs from Narrabeen to Palm Beach. Collaroy is in the federal seat of Mackellar; the seat is held by Jason Falinski of the Liberal Party. The seat has been held continuously by the Liberal Party since its creation in 1949. Collaroy is in the NSW state electorate of Wakehurst, a seat held by Brad Hazzard of the Liberal Party. Collaroy/Narrabeen is frequented by diverse bird and aquatic animal life including Sea Eagles, Terns, Yellow-crested Cockatoo. Dolphins and whales can be seen during migrating season. In 2005 a young New Zealand Fur Seal was discovered washed up on the beach. Exhausted but alive, the Seal was nursed back to health by wildlife officers and released. A similar incident, with another New Zealand fur seal coming ashore, occurred in August 2014; the Pittwater House Schools About Collaroy Beaches. Http://www.warringah.nsw.gov.au/community/collaroy.aspx