Northern Illinois University is a public research university in DeKalb, Illinois. It was founded as Northern Illinois State Normal School on May 22, 1895, by Illinois Governor John P. Altgeld as part of an expansion of the state's system for producing college-educated teachers. In addition to the main campus in DeKalb, it has satellite centers in Chicago, Hoffman Estates, Naperville and Oregon The university is composed of seven degree-granting colleges and has a student body of 25,000 with over 240,000 alumni. Many of NIU's programs are nationally accredited for meeting high standards of academic quality, including business, nursing and performing arts, all teacher certification programs. NIU is one of only three public universities in Illinois that compete in the National Collegiate Athletic Association at the highest levels of all sports, Division I; the university's athletic teams compete in the Mid-American Conference. Northern Illinois University was founded as part of the expansion of the normal school program established in 1857 in Normal, Illinois.
In 1895, the state legislature created a Board of Trustees for the governance of the Northern Illinois State Normal School, which would grow into what is today known as NIU. In July 1917, the Illinois Senate consolidated the boards of trustees for the five state normal schools into one state Normal School Board. Over the next fifty-eight years, the school and the governing board changed their names several times. In 1921, the legislature gave the institution the name Northern Illinois State Teachers College and empowered it to award the four-year Bachelor of Education degree. In 1941, the Normal School Board changed its name to the Teachers College Board. In 1951 the Teachers College Board authorized the college to grant the degree Master of Science in Education, the institution's Graduate School was established. On July 1, 1955, the state legislature renamed the college Northern Illinois State College and authorized the college to broaden its educational services by offering academic work in areas other than teacher education.
The Teachers College Board granted permission for the college to add curricula leading to the degrees Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science. On July 1, 1957, the Seventieth General Assembly renamed Northern Illinois State College as Northern Illinois University in recognition of its expanded status as a liberal arts university. In 1965, the Illinois State Teachers College Board became the Board of Governors of State Colleges and Universities and was reorganized to include Northeastern University, Governor's State, Chicago State Universities. In 1967 authority for Northern Illinois University, Illinois State University, Sangamon State University were passed on to a newly formed Board of Regents. In 1984, the Board of Regents created the position of Chancellor for the three regent universities, to act as a chief executive for all three schools; the Board of Regents and the Chancellor governed the three Regency universities until the end of 1995. On January 1, 1996, authority for each of the three regency universities was transferred to three independent Boards of Trustees, each concerned with one university.
On February 14, 2008, the university drew international attention when a gunman opened fire in a crowd of students on campus, killing five students and injuring 17 more people, before fatally shooting himself. 13 presidents have served at the university. NIU has seven degree-granting colleges that together offer more than 60 undergraduate majors, 70 minors, nine pre-professional programs, 79 graduate programs, including a College of Law, 24 areas of study leading to doctoral degrees. Many of NIU's academic programs are nationally accredited for meeting the highest standards of academic quality and rigor, including business, nursing and performing arts, all teacher certification programs. New interdisciplinary academic programs in Environmental Studies and Community Leadership and Civic Engagement were established in FY 2012. In 2014, Northern Illinois University was ranked the 30th top college in the United States by Payscale and CollegeNet's Social Mobility Index college rankings. NIU is classified as a "National University" by U.
S. News & World Report and ranked number 177 out of 206 ranked National Universities; the same publication ranked NIU as 41st best in the country for Public Affairs programs, within that field, NIU's program in City Management & Urban Policy was ranked 3rd in the nation and the Public Finance & Budgeting program at 12th. Forbes magazine placed NIU as number 561 on its list in 2015. NIU is a member of the Association of Land-Grant Universities. NIU is a member of the prominent Universities Research Association that manages several federal physics laboratories including Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, Illinois; the university is expanding its program in accelerator technology. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching recognizes Northern Illinois University as high-level research institution of higher education, based on breadth of research and academic programs. Carnegie categorizes Northern as: "RU/H: Research Universities." The Northern Illinois University Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry was listed in the American Chemical Society's trade journal Chemical & Engineering News on September 26, 2005, as one of the top 25 producers of ACS-certified Bachelo
Reelfoot Lake is a shallow natural lake located in the northwest portion of U. S. state of Tennessee, in Lake and Obion counties. Much of it is more of a swamp, with bayou-like ditches connecting more open bodies of water called basins, the largest of, called Blue Basin. Reelfoot Lake is noted for its nesting pairs of bald eagles. Public use of the lake and grounds has been preserved since it was acquired by the state of Tennessee in the early 1900s and the area established as Reelfoot Lake State Park. Lake Isom, a similar, smaller lake to the immediate south, has been designated as a National Wildlife Refuge area. In 1966, Reelfoot Lake was designated as a National Natural Landmark by the National Park Service. According to the United States Geological Survey, Reelfoot Lake was formed in northwestern Tennessee when the region subsided during the 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes, which were centered around New Madrid, Missouri; the earthquakes resulted in several major changes in the landforms over a widespread area, with shocks being felt as far away as Quebec, Canada.
A land survey begun by Henry Rutherford in 1785 identified the existent waterway as the Reel Foot River. The now extinct river flowed into the Mississippi River prior to the earthquakes of 1811 and 1812. Jedidiah Morse, in 1797, described the river seven miles from the mouth. Eliza Bryan, an eyewitness to the earthquakes, wrote in 1816 from Missouri Territory that an enormous lake had grown on the other side of Mississippi River: Lately it has been discovered that a lake was formed on the opposite side of the Mississippi River, in the Indian country, upwards of one hundred miles in length, from one to six miles in width, of the depth of from ten to fifty feet, it has communication with the river at both ends, it is conjectured that it will not be many years before the principal part, if not the whole of the Mississippi, will pass that way. Samuel Cole Williams argued Bryan's dimensions were a "fantastic exaggeration typical of that time of excitement." On early maps, the new lake sometimes took the names of Wood Lake.
By 1834, Reel Foot River was identified as a north fork of the Obion River. The regional body of water identified as Wood Lake was located from the north line of Obion county extending south as a marshy swamp. Much of the old lower portion of the Bayou de Chien is submerged in the lake; the Mississippi River beheaded the Bayou de Chien near Hickman, Kentucky while the remaining southern portion feeds Reel Foot Lake along with contributions from Reelfoot Creek and Indian Creek. Radiocarbon dating of artifacts from the Otto Sharpe site indicate a Native American presence in the Reel Foot Lake Basin circa 1650 AD; the site includes European artifacts. Willard Rouse Jillson suggested the Reelfoot River Basin as the location of the Monsoupelea settlement during Jacques Marquette's exploration of the Mississippi River in 1673. An archaeological investigation for the Army Corps of Engineers in 1987 stated that Henry Rutherford's survey party encountered a small Native American settlement near the Bayou de Chien, named the river Reelfoot for the local leader of the village.
According to legend, the Reelfoot river - which gave its name to the lake - is said to be named for an Indian chief who had a deformed foot and was nicknamed "Reelfoot" by settlers in the early 19th century. A Chickasaw legend states that the name originated from a prince of a Chickasaw tribe inhabiting the present West Tennessee, born with a deformed foot and walked with a rolling motion, so was nicknamed Kolopin, meaning Reelfoot; when he became chief, Reelfoot determined to marry a Choctaw princess, but her father would not permit it. The Great Spirit warned Reelfoot that if he attempted to kidnap the maiden, his village and his people would be destroyed. Reelfoot disobeyed the Spirit, seized the princess by force and carried her to Chickasaw territory, where he arranged a marriage ceremony. In the middle of the ceremony, the Great Spirit stamped his foot in anger, causing the earth to quake, the Father of the Waters raised the Mississippi River over its banks, inundating Reelfoot's homeland.
The water flowed into the imprint left by the Spirit's foot, forming a beautiful lake beneath which Reelfoot, his bride, his people lie buried. Though the legend is about the Chickasaw and Choctaw tribes that once inhabited the area, these tribes left around the early 14th century, reserving this area as hunting grounds. Other origins are cited, for example, in his 1911 story "Fishhead," Irvin S. Cobb claimed the lake " its name from a fancied resemblance in its outline to the splayed, reeled foot of a cornfield Negro." Original landowners and their descendants retained title to ground under the water, but local people grew used to treating it as a common resource. Farmers and landowners all derived their livelihoods from the lake and nearby lands. In the early 20th century, outside parties began to try to take over control of the lake and its lands. A group of investors bought up most of the land around the shoreline, organized as the West Tennessee Land Company. In this period, major planters in both Kentucky and Tennessee, sometimes based in cities, were expanding large-scale cotton cultivation into this area.
Beginning in the spring of 1908, the Reelfoot area was marked by widespread lawlessness in western Kentucky and Tennessee as white farmers and residents organized as Night Riders to resist the acquisition by the West Tennessee Land Company of the lake and surrounding lands. They were reacting to the expansion of large-scale cotton production into this area, dominated by yeomen farmers; the troubles began when a gr
The 1969–70 season was Colchester United's 28th season in their history and their second successive season in the fourth tier of English football, the Fourth Division. Alongside competing in the Fourth Division, the club participated in the FA Cup and the League Cup. Colchester ended an injury blighted season in tenth position in the Fourth Division, while they were knocked out in the first round of the FA Cup by Newport County, in the second round of the League Cup by neighbours and rivals Ipswich Town in their heaviest defeat of the campaign. For the new season, manager Dick Graham employed a new policy of recruiting older, more experienced players, he said: He brought in Bobby Cram of West Bromwich Albion and hitherto playing in Canada, to become his capatain for the season, while paying £5,000 for Ken Jones from Millwall. An eleven-game unbeaten home run gave Colchester a chance for a promotion push, but an expanding injury list held back the U's progress. Trainer Dennis Mochan made a final appearance for the club during the campaign having taking up a coaching position at the end of the previous season.
The club finished while exiting both Cups in the early rounds. As of match played 28 April 1970. Total spending: ~ £10,000 Total incoming: ~ £10,000 Number of games goalkeepers kept a clean sheet. Players making their first-team Colchester United debut in a competitive match. List of Colchester United F. C. seasons Books Whitehead, Jeff. The Who's Who of Colchester United: The Layer Road Years. Derby: Breedon Books. ISBN 978-1-85983-629-3. White, Eric. 100 Years of Brentford. Redditch: Oldfield Press. ISBN 0951526200. Kent, Jeff; the Valiants' Years: The Story of Port Vale. Stafford: Witan Books. ISBN 0-9508981-4-7. Ambrosen, Tony. Amber in the Blood: A History Of Newport County. Uxbridge: Yore Publications. ISBN 978-1-874427-40-7. Websites "Colchester United football club match record: 1970". 11v11.com. Retrieved 24 April 2018. "Chester Fixtures 1969/70". Chester FC. Retrieved 5 February 2017
Mary Whitcher was an American Shaker trustee, school teacher, author at the Canterbury Shaker Village in the United States. Whitcher was born on March 1815 in Laurens, New York, she was the youngest of four children, with two sisters. When Whitcher was eleven years old her family moved to the Canterbury Shaker Village in New Hampshire; the site of the Canterbury community was the old homestead of Mary's grandfather, Benjamin Whitcher, who in 1782 dedicated his 100-acre farm to the Society as a basis and the nucleus for the people of the newly formed Shaker community. Whitcher became a part of the Canterbury Shakers in 1826. In time she became a trustee, family eldress, schoolteacher of the community, she served as a kitchen deaconess. According to The Farmer's Monthly Visitor agriculture journal in 1839 Whitcher is 25 years old and a schoolteacher instructing the girls of the Canterbury Shakers, she was a trustee in the Canterbury Society for some 20 years and became recognized as an ideal Shakeress.
Whitcher became an active leader in the Ministry of the Shakers. This was composed of two female members, it presided over the two Societies of Enfield. It was the highest office in the Society. Whitcher died on January 6, 1890, her exact age is recorded by The Manifesto published by the Shakers in the obituary section as 74 years, 9 months, 6 days. Whitcher contributed to the Shaker literature with poems. Historian Robinson says she could have been referred to as the Shaker poetess because of her poetic work; some example titles are "The Snow Storm", "First Morning Thought", this one titled "Assurance": Whitcher was well recognized nationally for her 34-page booklet titled Mary Whitcher's House-Keeper that has a drawing of her on the cover. It promoted Shaker medicines and philosophy, her booklet is the first Shaker cookbook published. It was printed in Boston in 1882 and gives a short history of the Shakers. Whitcher designed a cookbook that had a basic economical meal for each day of the week, different.
This was a novelty for most of the New England homes of the nineteenth century. Many of the recipes she obtained from her friends, she hoped. The first meal was on the last on Saturday. After this she gave many miscellaneous recipes including several deserts and credited many to whom she obtained the recipe or desert from. Whitcher brings up some pointers of etiquette for the dinner table at the end of her cookbook. Millennial Praises, was the first Shaker hymn book published. Thomas Corbett, whose medicines Whitcher promoted Miller, Amy Bess Williams. Shaker Medicinal Herbs: A Compendium of History and Uses. Storey Books. ISBN 1-58017-040-4. Miller, Page Putnam. Landmarks of American Women's History. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-514501-1. Paterwic, Stephen J.. Historical Dictionary of the Shakers. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-6255-7. Paterwic, Stephen J.. The A to Z of the Shakers. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-7056-8. Robinson, Charles Edson. A Concise History of the United Society of Believers Called Shakers.
Robinson. Sprigg, June. Simple Gifts: A Memoir of a Shaker Village. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-679-45504-3. Weatherford, Doris. A history of women in the United States. Grolier Academic Reference. ISBN 0-7172-5805-X. Whitcher, Mary. Mary Whitcher's Shaker house-keeper. Weeks & Potter
Atsuko Maeda is a Japanese actress and singer known for her work in the Japanese idol group AKB48. Maeda was one of the most prominent members in the group, placed first among all AKB48 and sister group candidates in the group's general 2009 and 2011 elections, second in the 2010 election, she was regarded as "eternal center" and "face of AKB" when she was in the group. Many of AKB48's singles have her distinct solo parts, she appeared on many of its album covers. On March 25, 2012, she announced her graduation from AKB48, she has since continued with a solo acting career. Maeda was born in Chiba. At age 14, she became a member of AKB48's first group, Team A, which composed of 24 girls and debuted on December 8, 2005. In 2009, Maeda won the first edition of AKB48's annual general elections, which are described as a popularity contest; as a result, she was the headlined performer for the group's 13th single, "Iiwake Maybe". The following year, she placed second overall, but still had a significant choreography position in the lineup for "Heavy Rotation".
That year, AKB48 employed a rock-paper-scissors tournament to determine the top spot of AKB48's 19th major single "Chance no Junban". Maeda placed 15th. Maeda won the group's third general election held in 2011. Maeda was one of the members, her streak of A-side appearances ended in 2011, when she lost to Team K captain Sayaka Akimoto at a rock-paper-scissors tournament which determined the featured members for the group's 24th single "Ue kara Mariko". On March 25, 2012, during an AKB48 Concert at the Saitama Super Arena, Maeda announced that she would leave the group; this caused a large buzz in the Japanese news, spawned a rumor that a student from University of Tokyo had committed suicide over the announcement. AKB48 announced that Maeda would leave after the Tokyo Dome concerts, her farewell performance and ceremony occurred on August 27 at the AKB48 theater, was streamed live on YouTube. On April 23, 2011, Maeda announced that she would make her solo debut with her debut single "Flower", released on June 22.
It was met with commercial success in Japan, debuting at number 1 on the Oricon Charts with first week sales of 176,967 copies. The follow-up single "Kimi wa Boku Da", released in June 2012, was Maeda's last solo single while still a member of AKB48, it debuted at number two on the Oricon charts and reached number one on the Billboard Japan Hot 100. On June 15, 2013, at AKB48's handshake event held at Makuhari Messe, AKB48 announced that Maeda would appear as a special guest at the group's summer concert series at the Sapporo Dome on July 31. There], she performed her third single, "Time Machine Nante Iranai", released on September 18, it was selected to be the theme song for the live-action adaptation of Yamada-kun to 7-nin no Majo. Maeda hoped it would liven up the show. "Time Machine Nante Iranai" peaked at number one on the Oricon Daily charts, number two on the Oricon Weekly chart. On Billboard's Japan Hot 100, it debuted at number one and stayed there for just the week of September 30. Maeda's 4th single "Seventh Code" was released on March 5, 2014.
It was used as the theme song of the movie "Seventh Code". It debuted at number 4 on the Oricon charts and reached number three on the Billboard Japan Hot 100. On December 12, 2015, it was announced that Maeda's first album would be released the next year; the album was set to be released on June 22, 2016. In 2007, Maeda played a supporting role in the film Ashita no Watashi no Tsukurikata, her debut as an actress, she appeared in Nobuhiro Yamashita's 2012 film Kueki Ressha. She starred in Hideo Nakata's 2013 horror film The Complex, it was announced that she will co-star with Tony Leung Chiu-wai in Kiyoshi Kurosawa's film 1905. In 2013, Maeda starred in a series of 30-second station ID videos for Music On! TV where she played Tamako, a Tokyo university graduate who does not find a job and lives at home where she just eats and sleeps, over the course of the four seasons; this became a TV drama special, has been developed into a full-fledged film, Tamako in Moratorium, the last of, planned for a theater release in November 2013.
Maeda starred in the film Seventh Code, in which she plays a Japanese woman in Russia, trying to track down a guy she met. The film was shown at the Rome Film Festival in November 2013, was released for a short theater run in January 2014, she released a single of the same name on March 5. In May 2015, it was announced that Maeda had been cast in the role of Kyoko Yoshizawa, the female lead of the anime and manga series Dokonjō Gaeru, in a live-action version of the story set to air on Nippon TV in July. In 2016, she took the lead role of the drama "Busujima Yuriko no Sekirara Nikki" on TBS; the first episode is set to air on April 20, 2016. Maeda is married to actor Ryo Katsuji, she gave birth to their first child, a son on March 4th, 2019. A listing of Maeda's participation in AKB48's theatre programs, called stages: 2005-2006: Team A 1st Stage: "Party ga Hajimaruyo" small group songs: "Skirt, Hirari" and "Hoshi no Ondo" 2006: Team A 2nd Stage: "Aitakatta" small group songs: ""Nageki no Figure", "Nagisa no Cherry", "Senaka kara
Poor finishing and excellent goalkeeping from Kyaw Zin Phyo kept Thailand off the sheet until the second half. Both teams named unchanged lineups, they had met twice before the tournament in warm-up friendlies, Thailand won both 1–0 on 18 March 2015 and 4–0 on 19 May 2015. Thailand were dominant and Myanmar only had one shot on target all game, outside effort by captain Nay Lin Tun in the fourteenth minute. In the sixth minute Nurul Sriyankem found. In the fifteenth minute Nurul blasted way over the bar despite being unmarked, was latter denied by Kyaw when his free-kick was saved. Rungrath Poomchantuek was unmarked in the thirty sixth minute but his header was straight at the Burmese goalkeeper. In what was the best chance of the first half in the 43rd minute Chanathip found Thitipan Puangchan with a great pass but the latter was denied by an better save from the excellent Kyaw in goal; the second had begun much as the first, with Myanmar sitting deep and threatening on the break but Thailand in total control.
Chananan should have scored in the fifty-second minute but was once again denied by Kyaw. The goal was coming as Thailand made their dominance count, a Thai corner was cleared only as far as Tanaboon Kesarat, the midfielder rifled his shot into the net. Chananan was still unable to score, as he was denied in the 58th and 62nd minute by the excellent Kyaw. Chananan did get his goal in the sixty-fourth as he ran onto Chanathip's defense-splitting pass and slotted the ball past the onrushing goalkeeper and into the bottom right corner. With that goal Chananan joined Võ Huy Toàn with five goals for the tournament. Substitute Pinyo Inpinit added gloss to the scoreline as he latched onto a superb lofted ball from his captain Sarach Yooyen and side-footed the ball past the rooted Zin Phyo. Thailand set several records during the tournament. During the course of the completion the Thai team conceded only one. Not only that but every player in the 20 strong squad played at least 90 minutes, with 12 of those players scoring.
For Myanmar under Kyi Lwin could be proud, having spurred some real shocks with their victories over Indonesia and Vietnam. The Burmese team can be pleased that they did well despite missing their most talented youth players such as superstar Aung Thu and Than Paing, Nanda Kyaw, Nyein Chan Aung, Kyaw Min Oo who were representing Myanmar at the 2015 FIFA U-20 World Cup