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Northern Limestone Alps

The Northern Limestone Alps called the Northern Calcareous Alps, are the ranges of the Eastern Alps north of the Central Eastern Alps located in Austria and the adjacent Bavarian lands of southeastern Germany. The distinction from the latter group, where the higher peaks are located, is based on differences in geological composition. If viewed on a west-east axis, the Northern Limestone Alps extend from the Rhine valley and the Bregenz Forest in Vorarlberg, Austria in the west extending along the border between the German federal-state of Bavaria and Austrian Tyrol, through Salzburg, Upper Austria and Lower Austria and ending at the Wienerwald at the city-limits of Vienna in the east; the highest peaks in the Northern Limestone Alps are the Parseierspitze in the Lechtal Alps, the Hoher Dachstein. Other notable peaks in this range include the Zugspitze, located on the German-Austrian frontier and listed as the highest peak in Germany. Ranges of the Northern Limestone Alps according to the Alpine Club classification of the Eastern Alps: Limestone Alps Southern Limestone Alps Geography of the Alps

Willis R. Whitney

Willis Rodney Whitney was an American chemist and founder of the research laboratory of the General Electric Company. He was born in the son on John J. and Agnes Whitney. In 1890, he achieved a bachelor of science degree at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he worked as Assistant Instructor of Chemistry until 1892. After that, he studied at the University of Leipzig, under Wilhelm Ostwald, where in 1896, he achieved a Ph. D. title. Until 1908, he advanced his paused career at the MIT, specializing in electrochemistry and developing an electrochemical theory of corrosion. Since 1900, Whitney had been working part-time as an advisor at the newly founded research lab of General Electric, he moved away from the MIT and into a full job at the GE labs. In 1915, he had Irving Langmuir and William David Coolidge among them, they worked on vacuum- and gas-filled lamps, the wireless telegraph, X-ray technology. Whitney stepped down from his position in 1932, to be succeeded by William David Coolidge as director of the General Electric Research Laboratory.

He died at Schenectady, New York in 1958. Whitney was member of: the American Institute of Electrical Engineers the American Electrochemical Society and president the National Academy of Sciences the Institute of Metals the National Research Council the Advisory Committee to the National Bureau of Standards the Naval Consulting Board the Chemical Society and president Director of the Albany Medical College the Board of Governors of Union College Associate Editor of the Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry honorary Doctor of chemistry from the University of Pittsburgh Doctor of Science from Union College Willard Gibbs Medal Perkin Medal Gold Medal of the National Institute of Social Sciences Franklin Medal of the Franklin Institute Edison Medal "for his contributions to electrical science, his pioneer inventions, his inspiring leadership in research" Public Welfare Medal from the National Academy of Sciences, First recipient of the IRI Medal from the Industrial Research Institute Willis Rodney Whitney Award of NACE International Whitney, Willis Rodney Biographical Memoir of the National Academy of Sciences Willis Rodney Whitney August 22, 1868-January 9, 1958 By Guy Suits at NAS with Bibliography.

Biography "Whitney, Willis Rodney". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920

Ising critical exponents

This article lists the critical exponents of the ferromagnetic transition in the Ising model. In statistical physics, the Ising model describes a continuous phase transition with scalar order parameter; the critical exponents of the transition are universal values and characterize the singular properties of physical quantities. The ferromagnetic transition of the Ising model establishes an important universality class, which contains a variety of phase transitions as different as ferromagnetism close to the Curie point and critical opalescence of liquid near its critical point. From the quantum field theory point of view, the critical exponents can be expressed in terms of scaling dimensions of the local operators σ, ϵ, ϵ ′ of the conformal field theory describing the phase transition These expressions are given in the last column of the above table, were used to calculate the values of the critical exponents using the operator dimensions values from the following table: In d=2, the conformal field theory in question is the minimal model M 3, 4.

In d=4, it is the free massless scalar theory. These two theories are solved, the exact solutions give values reported in the table; the d=3 theory is not yet solved. This theory has been traditionally studied by the renormalization group methods and Monte-Carlo simulations; the estimates following from those techniques, as well as references to the original works, can be found in Refs. and. More a conformal field theory method known as the conformal bootstrap has been applied to the d=3 theory; this method gives results in agreement with the older techniques, but up to two orders of magnitude more precise. These are the values reported in the table. Kleinert, H. and Schulte-Frohlinde, V..

Wilderness (miniseries)

Wilderness is a 1996 British mini-series directed by Ben Bolt. It is based on a novel of the same name by Dennis Danvers; the horror series was produced by Red Rooster Film & Television Entertainment in association with Carlton Television for the ITV network. A disturbed young woman has trouble convincing her lover that she's a wolf, her psychiatrist is sure he's discovered a new complex that will make his name, she moves to a retreat in Scotland. Amanda Ooms as Alice White Owen Teale as Dan Somers Michael Kitchen as Luther Adams Gemma Jones as Jane Garth Johanna Benyon as Serena Molly Bolt as Dan's daughter Mark Caven as Chuck Jim Dunk as Butcher David Gillespie as Maurice Mary Healey as Nurse Terence Hillyer as Carl Catherine Holman as Young Alice Brigitte Kahn as Alice's mother Val Lehman as Vet Nicholas Lumley as Alice's father Rosalind March as Eleanor Philip McGough as Marcus Liz Moscrop as Luther's receptionist Gerard O'Hare as Kevin Catherine Russell as Deborah Nina Thomas as Sarah Rupert Vansittart as Jeremy Daniel Wilson as Darren Wilderness on IMDb

Tracked loader

A tracked loader is an engineering vehicle consisting of a tracked chassis with a loader for digging and loading material. The history of tracked loaders can be defined by three evolutions of their design; each of these evolutions made the tracked loader a more viable and versatile tool in the excavation industry. These machines are capable in master of none. A dozer, excavator, or wheel loader will out perform a tracked loader under a set of conditions, but the ability of a tracked loader to perform every task on a job site is why it remains a part of many companies' fleets; the first tracked loaders were built from track tractors with scratch built loaders. The first loaders were cable operated like the bulldozers of the era; these tracked loaders so did the dozers of the day. They were used for moving stockpiled material and loading trucks and rail cars; the first major design change to tracked loaders came with the integration of hydraulic systems. Using hydraulics to power the loader linkages increased the power of the loader.

More the loaders could apply down pressure to the bucket, vastly increasing their ability to dig compacted ground. Most of the tracked loaders were still based on a bulldozer equivalent; the weight of the engine was still on the front half of the tracks along with the heavy loader components. This caused many problems with heavy wear of the front idler wheels and the undercarriage in general; the Caterpillar 983 tracked loader, the second largest tracked loader built, was notorious for heavy undercarriage wear. The hydrostatic drive system was the second major innovation to affect the design of tracked loaders. Tracked loaders have become sophisticated machines, using hydrostatic transmissions and electro-hydraulic controls to increase efficiency; until the rise in popularity of excavators, tracked loaders had little competition in regards to digging and loading jobs. Drott Manufacturing Company Media related to Tracked loaders at Wikimedia Commons

Caliente, Nevada

Caliente known as Culverwell and Calientes, is a city in Lincoln County, United States. Its elevation is 4,300 feet; the population was 1,130 at the 2010 census, making it the least populated incorporated city in Nevada. The city's name originated from the nearby hot springs, as "caliente" is the Spanish word meaning "hot". Caliente was founded in 1901 on Culverwell Ranch, built on land owned by William and Charles Culverwell; the town was given the name of Calientes, due to the hot springs present in the area, but in the year a post office was erected and workers removed the "s" from the name of the town. In 1905, the Union Pacific railroad was completed, followed by the construction of the train depot in the style of Spanish mission architecture; the train depot, built in 1923, is now home to some city and county offices and a museum that exhibits historical information. The town once reached a peak of over 5,000 residents; the town declined in the late 1940s as a result of rail dieselization.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.9 square miles, all of it land. Caliente has high-desert typical for a location around 4,000 ft in elevation. Winters are only moderately cold. Summers are characterized by blazing sunshine, long days, cool nights, high diurnal temperature range. January highs average in the mid 40s. A majority of precipitation occurs in the winter months due to the yearly dip of the jetstream bringing Pacific storms. Temperatures in summer are warm to hot; the July average of 95.4 degrees Fahrenheit means that 100-degree days are a common occurrence in a typical summer. The elevation and clear skies allow intense radiative cooling in midsummer; this means. Southerly monsoon rains during Mid-July through September bring thunderstorms, increased dew points, flash flooding; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,123 people, 408 households, 241 families residing in the city. The population density was 603.7 people per square mile. There were 479 housing units at an average density of 257.5 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the city was 87.27% White, 1.96% Black or African American, 3.03% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 3.56% from other races, 3.47% from two or more races. 7.30 % of the population were Latino or of any type of race. There were 408 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.9% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.12. In the city, the population was spread out with 39.1% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 17.5% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $25,833, the median income for a family was $38,667.

Males had a median income of $39,500 versus $24,688 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,555. About 17.3% of families and 22.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.4% of those under age 18 and 17.9% of those age 65 or over. Caliente is located near the Kershaw–Ryan State Park; this park contains hiking trails, volleyball courts, picnic pavilions, horseshoe pits, a playground, a small natural swimming pool. The Caliente Railroad Depot is a two-story Union Pacific Railroad depot next to the rail line, it houses the city's offices, a library, a gallery. Caliente at the Nevada Commission on Tourism, travelnevada.com