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Northern Mexico

Northern Mexico referred as El Norte, is an informal term for the northern cultural and geographical area in Mexico. Depending on the source, it contains some or all of the states of Baja California, Baja California Sur, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Sinaloa and Tamaulipas. In fact there is not a border. For some authors, only states that have a border with the US are considered as northern Mexico, i.e. Baja California, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Sonora and Tamaulipas. Others include Durango and Baja California Sur. Other people consider that the north starts above the Tropic of Cancer, but this description would include some parts of Zacatecas and San Luis Potosí that are not considered northern states.. It is not known when the first settlers came to Northern Mexico; the bad weather in the region limited the practice of agriculture, so ancient cultures developed a nomadic lifestyle dedicated to hunting and gathering. One of the most important native cultures at northern Mexico are the Tepehuanes in Durango, who are named the Odamis, meaning "people from the mountains".

Something similar has happened with the Raramuris in Chihuahua. Other important cultures are Mayos and Yaquis in Sonora, Laguneros in Coahuila. In Nuevo Leon, many nomads were exterminated for resisting the construction of Monterrey; the first city of the region was Durango, founded by a Basque explorer. During the colonial era, Durango and some parts of Sinaloa and Coahuila were a Basque colony named the Nueva Vizcaya. Now, most Duranguenses are Basque descendants. Other important cities like Monterrey were founded 50 years later. Northern Mexican culture is different from the culture in south and central Mexico. Northern Mexican opinion tends to be more conservative on average on cultural topics like abortion, gay marriage and legalization of marijuana, but more liberal on topics like business or technology. Another important difference between the North and the rest of Mexico is that Northern Mexicans tend to be more identified with their Spanish heritage. In early 2014, the Strategic Communication Cabinet, a statistical consulting services company, published a report called "Social Intolerance In Mexico", in which polls that covered several social issues were conducted in the 45 largest cities and municipalities of the country.

Aside from liberal Mexico City, the federal capital, the study found the strongest support for same-sex marriage in northern cities such as Tijuana and La Paz. As for adoption by same-sex couples, it was more accepted in the border cities of Tijuana and Ciudad Juárez, while the least support was found in Chihuahua and Durango. Support for abortion upon request, cannabis legalisation and euthanasia was the weakest in Northern Mexico. Nonetheless, Coahuila became the first state to legalise same-sex marriage in the country. For a long time, November 20; this has been changed by some politics implanted by the SEP making obligatory the celebrations of the September 16 and the Día de los Muertos, which are days that weren't celebrated in the region. Other important days in the north are July 8, the foundation of Durango City and the carnaval of Mazatlán, celebrated 6 days before Ash Wednesday; because of the American influence in the region, northern Mexicans celebrate some American traditions like Halloween and Saint Patrick's Day.

As well as the Spanish and the indigenous people, Northern Mexico has received Lebanese, Portuguese, Irish, German and Spanish immigrants. All this mixture of cultures have influenced the cuisine from the north. Northern Mexican gastronomy is based in beef and pig meat and flour tortillas, which are remnants of Jewish and Lebanese heritage; because of the German influence cheese and dairy products are important in the cuisine of the region. Quesadillas and burritos are the two most famous dishes from the north. One of the most famous customs from northern Mexico is to reunite family and friends on weekends to prepare barbecue, named Carne Asada by the Mexicans. A variation of this tradition is to prepare discada, a mixture of grilled meats cooked on an agricultural plow disk harrow. Association football, or soccer, is one of the region's most popular sports, as it hosts four out of the eighteen teams that play in the Liga MX, the country's top division of the domestic football league system. Major cities are home to these teams such as Monterrey and Tigres UANL, both based in Monterrey, Santos Laguna in Torreón and Tijuana in the border city of the same name.

Notably, Northern teams have dominated the Liga MX in the 2010s, winning a combined total of nine titles and reaching more than half of the decade's finals. Moreover, Northern teams that play in the Ascenso MX, the second professional level of the domestic football system, include Juárez, based in the homonymous border city, Dorados de Sinaloa from Culiacán, Cimarrones de Sonora in Hermosillo, Tampico Madero and Correcaminos UAT, both based in the state of Tamaulipas. Baseball is another popular sport in Northern Mexico in states such as Sinaloa and Sonora. Seven of the sixteen teams of the Triple-A Mexican League, the country's oldest running professional league, are based in the North: Sultanes de Monterrey, Saraperos de Saltillo, Acereros de Monclova, Algodoneros de Unión

Bose (crater)

Bose is a lunar impact crater, located on the far side of the Moon, in the southern sphere hemisphere. It lies just to the northwest of the smaller crater Bhabha, southeast of Alder; the outer rim of Bose has become worn and the edges rounded by impacts, although the shape of the wall is still well-preserved. The small satellite crater Bose D lies across the east-northeastern rim, a smaller craterlet has impacted on the inner southeast wall; the inner floor is level with a low central peak offset to the southeast of the midpoint. There are several tiny craterlets marking the interior, including three to the east of the central peak; the crater is named after an eminent Indian polymath, Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose, for his works on wireless communication. By convention these features are identified in selenography by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint, closest to Bose. Mitra

Pearl City Express

The Pearl City Super Fast Express is a superfast overnight Express train of the Southern Railway zone of the Indian Railways. The Pearl City Super Fast Express runs between Thoothukudi and Chennai Egmore via Madurai, Tiruchchirappalli, Villupuram, Chengalpattu; the main cities and towns which are plentifully connected by this train are Kovilpatti, Virudhunagar, Dindigal, Vridhachalam and Chengalpattu. The train covers a distance of 656 km; the service has all class of coaches in Indian railways like 1 AC First cum Second AC Coach, 2 AC Two-tier coaches, 3 AC Three-tier coaches, 10 Sleeper Coaches,3 Unreserved and 2 luggage, brake cum generator van Pandian Express Silambu Express Pothigai Express Uzhavan Express Nellai Express Vaigai Express Chennai Egmore - Thoothukudi Link Express Guruvayur Express Cheran Express Bangalore City–Ernakulam Intercity Express Thiruchendur Express http://www.indianrail.gov.in http://www.indiarailinfo.com

Reconstruction

Reconstruction may refer to: Reconstruction, the transfer of a company's business to a new company Perestroika, a late 20th century Soviet Union political movement Critical reconstruction, a theory regarding the reconstruction of Berlin after the Berlin Wall Economic reconstruction Ministry of Reconstruction, a UK government department The Reconstruction era of the United States, the period after the Civil War, 1865–1877 The Reconstruction Acts, or Military Reconstruction Acts, addressing requirements for Southern States to be readmitted to the Union Reconstruction Finance Corporation, a United States government agency from 1932–1957 Reconstruction, a Romanian tragicomedy Reconstruction, about the 1959 Ioanid Gang bank heist in Romania Reconstruction, a Danish psychological romantic drama Reconstruction, featuring Jerry Garcia, Nick Kahner and John Kahn Reconstruction, 1970 Reconstruction, 1977 Reconstructions Reconstructions "Reconstruction" Red vs. Blue: Reconstruction, a machinima comedy series Reconstruction, a monthly edited by Allan L. Benson from 1919 to 1921 ReConStruction, a 2010 science fiction convention Memorial reconstruction, a hypothesis regarding the transcription of 17th-century plays Ancestral reconstruction, the analysis of organisms' relationships via genome data Cone beam reconstruction, a computational microtomography method Crime reconstruction Event reconstruction, the interpretation of signals from a particle detector Forensic facial reconstruction, the process of recreating the face of an individual from their skeletal remains Iterative reconstruction, methods to construct images of objects Reconstruction algorithm, an algorithm used in iterative reconstruction Reconstruction conjecture, in graph theory Reconstructive plastic surgery Shooting reconstruction Signal reconstruction, the determination of an original continuous signal from samples Single particle reconstruction, the combination of multiple images of molecules to produce a three-dimensional image Surface reconstruction, the process which alters atomic structure in crystal surfaces Tomographic reconstruction Vector field reconstruction, the creation of a vector field from experimental data 3D sound reconstruction Reconstruction, the act of rebuilding a destroyed structure Linguistic reconstruction Reconstructionism Doctor Who missing episodes§Reconstruction

Dunaverty Castle

Dunaverty Castle is located at Southend at the southern end of the Kintyre peninsula in western Scotland. The site was once a fort belonging to the Clan Donald. Little remains of the castle; the remains of Dunaverty Castle stand on a rocky head land on the south east corner of Kintyre, Scotland. The headland it was built on forms a natural stronghold with the sea on three sides and is only approachable from the north, it is attached to the mainland only by a narrow path. It is known. In 1248, Henry III, King of England allowed Walter Byset to buy stores from Ireland for Dunaverty Castle which he had seized and was fortifying in revenge for hospitality given by Alexander II, King of Scotland to certain English pirates; however during that same year the castle was taken by Allan, the son of the Earl of Atholl, Byset was taken prisoner. In 1263, Dunaverty Castle was garrisoned by Alexander III, King of Scotland during the Norwegian campaign of Hákon Hákonarson, King of Norway; the castle was surrendered to the Norwegian king, who in turn granted it to Dubhghall mac Ruaidhrí, one of his steadfast supporters in the Hebrides.

With the evaporation of Norwegian sovereignty in the Hebrides after 1263, Alexander III appears to have retaken the castle. Late in 1306, the embattled Robert I, King of Scotland seems to have fled to the safety of Dunaverty Castle. According to The Bruce, the king was harboured there for three days by Aonghus Óg Mac Domhnaill, before sailing off to Rathlin Island. Contemporary sources reveal that the castle was under the king's control and that the king acquired it from a certain Maol Coluim in March. In September of that year, the castle fell to an English siege, the Scottish king was not to be found. In 1493 the fourth and last Lord of the Isles forfeited his title to King of Scotland. By 1494 the king had provisioned Dunaverty Castle, it is said that the MacDonalds, led by Sir John MacDonald whom the king had knighted, retook the castle before the King had departed to Stirling and that the dead body of the King's castle governor was hung over the castle walls in sight of the King and his departing entourage.

Sir John Macdonald however was captured by MacIain of Ardnamurchan. He was hanged on the Burgh Muir near Edinburgh; the castle was repaired by the crown between 1539 and 1542. In January 1544, a Commission in Queen Mary's name was given to the captain and keeper of the Castle of Dunaverty, to deliver it with its artillery and ammunition to the Earl of Argyll and in April of that year Argyll received a 12-year tack of North and South Kintyre, including the castle. In 1626, the Lordship of Kintyre was reconstituted in favour of the Earl of Argyll and Dunaverty Castle was denoted as its principal messuage. Argyll bestowed the Lordship of Kintyre on James, his eldest son by his second marriage, who, in 1635, at Dunaverty, granted a charter of the Lordship to Viscount Dunluce, eldest son of Randal MacDonnell, 1st Earl of Antrim; the transfer was set aside by the Scottish Privy Council, no doubt on a complaint by Argyll's eldest son, the Marquis of Lorn, who had bitterly resented his father's bestowal of the Lordship on his younger half-brother.

On 12 December 1636, Lorn received a charter, under the Great Seal, of the Lordship of Kintyre, with the Castle of Dunaverty as its principal messuage. During the Civil War Dunaverty was besieged in 1647 by Scottish supporters of Oliver Cromwell who were led by General David Leslie; the MacDonalds surrendered and 300 of them were massacred. This incident became known as the Battle of Dunaverty, or "Dunaverty Massacre"; the castle is nothing more than a ruin now, known as Blood Rock for the massacre which took place there. Scottish castles Barrow, GWS. Kingship and Unity: Scotland 1000–1306. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0 8020 6448 5

Virginia Durr Moment

Virginia Durr Moment is a phrase originating in developmental psychology which refers to an experience and "triggering event" which can foster the moral development of an individual. Characteristic of the experience is a serious challenge to an individual's value system; the book Some Do Care by developmental psychologists William Damon and Anne Colby, use the experience of Virginia Foster Durr to describe this phenomenon. Although Durr is known as a civil rights activist, in her early years she harbored racial prejudice—a result of her upbringing in the South; when Durr was a student at Wellesley College, her prejudiced value system was first challenged. On her first night at Wellesley, Durr refused to dine at the same table at which a Negro girl was sitting; the head of the house explained that the rules of Wellesley College required Durr to dine with the girl for one month, that if Durr did not comply, she would have to withdraw from the college. As Damon and Colby explain "this was the first time Virginia's values had been challenged and she stayed awake all night long worrying about the dilemma".

They go on to quote Durr "That was the first time I became aware that my attitude was considered foolish by some people and that Wellesley College wasn't going to stand for it. That experience had a tremendous effect on me.". The book Educating Citizens: Preparing America's Undergraduates for Lives of Moral and Civic Responsibility describes the developmental significance of Durr's challenge from Wellesley: "he incident lodged in Virginia's memory, creat a fracture in her convictions about race that contributed to their destruction". A Virginia Durr Moment refers to those experiences which—when used correctly—foster moral development. A Virginia Durr Moment presents one with the opportunity for growth via the evolution of one's value system via challenging one's value system in a manner which causes one to reflect on and, as a result of this reflection, reject it in whole or in part; when used the signature causal sequence of a Virginia Durr Moment consists in: serious challenge-->self-reflection-->modification of value system-->moral development.

It is up to the individual to use the Moment to promote growth and further his/her moral development. In the United Kingdom, some circles understand Paul McCartney's Blackbird as describing the moral development fostered by the proper usage of a Virginia Durr Moment. An individual may experience a Virginia Durr Moment and fail to use its power, thereby remaining in a condition of developmental stasis and moral immaturity; some Do Care: Contemporary Lives of Moral Commitment by Anne Colby and William Damon. ISBN 0029063566 Outside the Magic Circle: The Autobiography of Virginia Foster Durr, edited by Hollinger F. Barnard. ISBN 0-671-63855-6 Educating Citizens: Preparing America's Undergraduates for Lives of Moral and Civic Responsibility, by Anne Colby, Thomas Ehrlic, Elizabeth Beaumont and Jason Stephens. ISBN 0-7879-6515-4 Oral History Interviews with Virginia Foster Durr, from Oral Histories of the American South