click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Northern and Southern dynasties

The Northern and Southern dynasties was a period in the history of China that lasted from 386 to 589, following the tumultuous era of the Sixteen Kingdoms and the Wu Hu states. It is sometimes considered as the latter part of a longer period known as the Six Dynasties. Though an age of civil war and political chaos, it was a time of flourishing arts and culture, advancement in technology, the spread of Mahayana Buddhism and Daoism; the period saw large-scale migration of Han Chinese to the lands south of the Yangtze. The period came to an end with the unification of all of China proper by Emperor Wen of the Sui dynasty. During this period, the process of sinicization accelerated among the non-Chinese arrivals in the north and among the indigenous people in the south; this process was accompanied by the increasing popularity of Buddhism in both northern and southern China and Daoism gaining influence as well, with two essential Daoist canons written during this period. Notable technological advances occurred during this period.

The invention of the stirrup during the earlier Jin dynasty helped spur the development of heavy cavalry as a combat standard. Historians note advances in medicine, astronomy and cartography. Intellectuals of the period include astronomer Zu Chongzhi. After the collapse of a united China under the Han dynasty in 220 due in large part to the Yellow Turban and the Five Pecks of Rice rebellions, China coalesced into the Three Kingdoms. Of these, Cao Wei was the strongest, followed by Eastern Wu and Shu Han, but they were in a stable formation. After a 249 coup by Sima Yi, the Sima family controlled Cao Wei and the conquest of Shu by Wei followed. Following a failed coup by the ruling Cao family against the Sima family, the final Cao ruler abdicated. Sima Yan founded the Jin Dynasty as Emperor Wu of Jin and the conquest of Wu by Jin occurred in 280, ending the Three Kingdoms period and reuniting China; the Jin dynasty was weakened after the War of the Eight Princes from 291–306. During the reigns of Emperor Huai and Emperor Min, the country was put into grave danger with the uprising of the northern non-Han people collectively known as the Five Barbarians.

Invading non-Han armies destroyed the dynasty in the Disaster of Yongjia of 311, when the Five Barbarians sacked Luoyang. Chang'an met a similar fate in 316. However, a scion of the royal house, Sima Rui, Prince of Langya, fled south of the Huai River to salvage what was left in order to sustain the empire, establishing himself as Emperor Yuan. Cementing their power in the south, the Jin established Jiankang on the existing site of Jianke as their new capital, renaming the dynasty as the Eastern Jin since the new capital was located southeast of Luoyang. In the north, the Five Barbarians established numerous kingdoms, leading to the period being known as the Sixteen Kingdoms; the Northern Wei conquered the rest of the northern states in 386. Although the Eastern Jin and successive southern dynasties were well-defended from the northern states by placement of naval fleets along the Yangtze, there were still various problems faced with building and maintaining military strength; the designation of specific households for military service in the tuntian system led to a falling out in their social status, causing widespread desertion of troops on many occasions.

Faced with shortage of troop numbers, Jin generals were sent on campaigns to capture non-Chinese people in the south in order to draft them into the military. The Eastern Jin dynasty fell not because of external invasion, but because General Liu Yu seized the throne from Emperor Gong and establishing himself as Emperor Wu of Liu Song, which began the Northern and Southern dynasties; the Northern dynasties began in 439 when the Northern Wei conquered the Northern Liang to unite northern China and ended in 589 when Sui dynasty extinguished the Chen dynasty. It can be divided into three time periods: Northern Wei; the Northern and Western Wei along with the Northern Zhou were established by the Xianbei people while the Northern Qi was established by Sinicized barbarians. In the Sixteen Kingdoms period, the Tuoba family of the Xianbei were the rulers of the state of Dai. Although it was conquered by the Former Qin, the defeat of the Former Qin at the Battle of Fei River resulted in the collapse of the Former Qin.

The grandson of the last prince of Dai Tuoba Shiyijian, Tuoba Gui restored the fortunes of the Tuoba clan, renaming his state Wei with its capital at Shengle. Under the rule of Emperors Daowu and Taiwu, the Northern Wei progressively expanded; the establishment of the early Northern Wei state and economy was greatly indebted to the father-son pair of Cui Hong and Cui Hao. Tuoba Gui engaged in numerous conflicts with the Later Yan that ended favorably for the Northern Wei after they received help from Zhang Gun that allowed them to destroy the Later Yan army at the Battle of Canhe Slope. Following this victory, Tuoba Gui conquered the Later Yan capital of Pingcheng; that same year he declared himself as Emperor Daowu. Due to Emperor Daowu's cruelty, he was killed by his son Tuoba Shao, but crown prince Tuoba Si managed to defeat Tuoba Shao and took the throne as Emperor Mingyuan. Though he managed to conquer Liu Song's province of Henan, he died soon afterwards. Emperor Mingyuan's son Tuoba Tao took the throne as Emperor Taiwu.

Due to Emperor Taiwu's energetic efforts

Tom Biscardi

Carmine Thomas Biscardi is a cryptozoology enthusiast, Las Vegas promoter, internet radio host, film producer. He describes himself as the "Real Bigfoot Hunter". Biscardi has been centrally involved in several hoaxes regarding Bigfoot that have garnered widespread international media attention. On his website, Biscardi writes, "I was watching John Carson in 1967, I saw the first 8mm footage that Roger Patterson took of the Bluff Creek incident. I said to myself,'How the hell can we send a man to the moon, but we can't find this creature'." Tom Biscardi got his start in the late 60s and early 70s when he met and was mentored by Ivan Marx, another well known Bigfoot hoaxer of the time. In 1981, Biscardi produced a documentary called In the Shadow of Bigfoot, it contained old Ivan Marx footage of the same pointy-headed, pointy-eared alleged Bigfoot seen in the earlier Marx films. Most of the Bigfoot community regarded it as laughably fake, he is the current CEO and founder of BIGFOOT Projects Investments Inc, which filed for an IPO in 2013.

Besides Bigfoot, Biscardi has investigated sightings of the Lizard Man of Scape Ore Swamp. Biscardi appears in the 2008 documentary Not Your Typical Bigfoot Movie, which focuses on the search for Bigfoot in Ohio. On July 14, 2005, Biscardi appeared on the radio program Coast to Coast AM and claimed he was "98% sure" his group would be able to capture a Bigfoot near Happy Camp, California. On August 19, he returned to say he knew of the location of a captured Bigfoot specimen, that he would air footage of the creature through a $14 web-cam service. However, on the day the footage was to be distributed, Biscardi claimed he was "hoodwinked" by a woman in Stagecoach and that the specimen did not exist. Coast to Coast AM host George Noory demanded that Biscardi refund the money to people who had paid for the web-cam subscription. Biscardi offered a refund on his website to those who had subscribed for the service after August 19. In August 2008, Matthew Whitton and Rick Dyer of Georgia announced that they had discovered the carcass of a 7-foot-7-inch, 500-pound Bigfoot-like creature while hiking through the northern mountains of their state.

They said. They claimed to have seen three similar creatures when they found the body. Biscardi teamed up with Whitton and Dyer to promote the claim that they had a Bigfoot corpse, promised the media DNA evidence; the three held a press conference in Palo Alto, where they showed photographs of the alleged creature. Whitton boasted, "Everyone who has talked down to us is going to eat their words." Biscardi tried to reassure the media of the corpse's authenticity, saying, "Last weekend, I touched it, I measured its feet, I felt its intestines."Whitton and Dyer have since admitted that it was a rubber costume. Whitton, a police officer in Clayton County, put his career in jeopardy after participating in the hoax. Clayton County Police Chief Jeff Turner said, "Once he perpetrated a fraud, that goes into his credibility and integrity, he has violated the duty of a police officer." Biscardi claimed that he was deceived, that he was seeking justice. Than, Ker. "Bigfoot Discovery Declared a Hoax". National Geographic.

Retrieved June 9, 2012

Mandya

Mandya is a City in the state of Karnataka. It is the headquarter of Mandya district and is located 45 kilometres from Mysore and 100 kilometres from Bangalore. Sugar factories contribute to the major economic output, it is called Sakkare Nadu because sugarcane is a major crop. Mandya city has districts office premises Mandya city is having 35 municipal wards of Mandya city municipal corporation; the Mandya railway station is located in the city centre well connected to mysore and Bangalore,and to daily train service to Chennai, Hyderabad,kochuveli, Mangalore belgavi,bagalkote,hubbali,ballary and other parts of the state,and weekly trains to Varanasi,darbanga, Jaipur,Ajmer. The city has the frequent service to Bangalore and Mysore; the NH 275 pass over the city. Mandya is located at 12.52°N 76.9°E / 12.52. It has an average elevation of 678 metres; as of 2001 India census, Mandya had a population of 131,211. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Mandya has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77%, female literacy is 68%.

In Mandya, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. There is a brief history of 75 years to Mandya. Mandya celebrated it 75th year in 2015; the magnificent KRS dam was built by Krishna Raja Wadiyar M. Visvesvaraya in Mandya. There are a lot of historical places of importance in Mandya. In 2016, Archaeological Survey of India excavated another 13 ft statue of Bahubali, a much revered figure among Jains, he was the son of Adinath, the first tirthankara of Jainism, the younger brother of Bharata Chakravartin, identified with the 3rd – 9th centuries in Arthipura, Mandya district. The excavation is expected to be completed by 2018; the Archaeological Survey of India has excavated an 8th-century statue of Bahubali in Arthipura, Mandya, 3 ft feet wide and 3.5 ft tall. Echagere Tourist Attractions in Mandya Homepage of Mandya

Glazing jack

A glazing jack or glazing machine is a type of machine used for polishing leather. The machine consists of a solid glass cylinder around two inches in diameter and six inches in length, mounted to the end of a rotating or reciprocating arm; the arm and draws the glass across the surface of the leather, with significant downward pressure, as the operator moves the leather underneath the arm. The repeated stroking of the leather smooths and compresses the surface and raises various color tones. Heat generated by friction during the glazing process can darken and harden the aniline finish of the leather, can raise oils in the leather to the surface; because no pigment is used, the porous structure of the leather remains visible, providing a depth to its appearance. The operator of the glazing jack can control the surface finish by varying the pressure of the tool and the number of strokes applied. To glazing, a copper or glass tool can be drawn across the leather by hand to create "sleeked" and "glassed" finishes, respectively.

Because jacking leather is a time-consuming and labor-intensive process, it is reserved for more expensive or exotic leathers, such as reptile leathers. Surface finishing

One Piece (season 7)

The seventh season of the One Piece anime series are produced by Toei Animation and directed by Kōnosuke Uda adapted from Eiichiro Oda's manga of the same name. The season was released in Japan as a single chapter, called "Escape! The Naval Fortress & The Foxy Pirate Crew", it deals with the Straw Hat Pirates' infiltration of and escape from a Marine fortress to reclaim their confiscated treasure. The Straw Hats meet Foxy the Silver Fox and his crew, who challenges them to the Davy Back Fight, a competition involving battles between Foxy's crew and Luffy's crew. Soon after, they encounter Admiral Aokiji, a Marine admiral, determined to capture Nico Robin, but spares the crew after defeating Luffy; the season began broadcasting on Fuji Television on June 20, 2004 and ended March 27, 2005, lasting 33 episodes. One Piece began airing in high definition, wide screen format with the premiere of the 207th episode. Despite this, the Japanese DVD release remained in 4:3 fullscreen format until the beginning of the 8th season.

The beginning of this season has had an English-language release by Funimation. In October 2011, Funimation announced they had acquired the remaining episodes of this season, along with the entirety of the following season for release as part of their own US "Season Four"; the press release stated that the episodes would be featured in 16:9 widescreen starting with episode 207 as had been broadcast. The press release mentioned that the episodes would be released in "HD" hinting at a possible Blu-ray release, but made no direct mention of the high definition disc format. Beginning with this season, One Piece made its return to Toonami, now a Saturday night block on Adult Swim. Continuing from episode 207, the season debuted on May 19, 2013; the episodes use four pieces of theme music throughout the series. The first opening theme, titled "Bon Voyage" by Bon-Bon Blanco, the ending theme, titled "Dreamship" and performed by Aiko Ikuta continues to be used for the beginning of the season; the second opening and ending themes, used from episode 207 onwards, are "Kokoro no Chizu" and "Mirai Koukai" performed by Boystyle and Tackey & Tsubasa.

In English speaking territories, "Mirai Koukai" was replaced with "Eternal Pose" due to music licensing issues. In North America, this season was recategorized as part of "Season Three" and "Four" for its DVD release by Funimation Entertainment; the Australian Season sets were renamed Collection 16 through 18. General Specific

Dudek V-1 Sportplane

The Dudek V-1 Sportplane is a low wing, conventional landing gear, homebuilt aircraft developed from the Piper J-2 Cub. Dudek used, he used a scale balsa model to engineer the conversion from a high-wing enclosed aircraft to a low wing open cockpit sportsplane rather than design drawings or blueprints. The fuselage is welded tube steel with wooden stringers. Landing gear was sourced from a Piper J-5. Wing struts were sourced from a Waco CG-4A; the first flight occurred on 11 March 1955. The prototype N35A was registered as late as 2006. Data from Sport AviationGeneral characteristics Crew: one Length: 17 ft 4 in Wingspan: 20 ft 10 in Height: 4 ft 10 in Empty weight: 582 lb Gross weight: 885 lb Powerplant: 1 × Continental A65, 65 hp Performance Cruise speed: 83 kn Stall speed: 35 kn Aircraft of comparable role and era LIPNUR Belalang