click links in text for more info

Northumberland County, Virginia

Northumberland County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,330, its county seat is Heathsville. The county is located on the Northern Neck and is part of the Northern Neck George Washington Birthplace AVA winemaking appellation; the area was occupied at the time of English settlement by the Algonquian-speaking historic tribes of the Wicocomico and Chickacoan. The county was created by the Virginia General Assembly in 1648 during a period of rapid population growth and geographic expansion. Settlement began in this area of the Northern Neck around 1635. Known as the Indian district Chickacoan, the area was first referred to as Northumberland in the colonial records in 1644; the following year, John Mottrom served as the first burgess for the territory in the House of Burgesses, which met at the capital of the Virginia Colony at Jamestown. The colonial court ordered the two tribes to merge and by 1655, assigned them a reservation of 4,400 acres near Dividing Creek, south of the Great Wicomico River.

By the early 1700s, the Wicocomico tribe was reduced, English colonists took control of their lands. They were believed to be extinct as a tribe as, they disappeared from the historical record. Descendants of the last weroance are working to regain recognition as a tribe, the Wicocomico Indian Nation; the size of the county was drastically reduced in 1651 and 1653 when the colonial government organized Lancaster and Westmoreland counties from it. Of the 172 counties that have existed in Virginia's history, Northumberland ended up being an "ancestor" to 116 of these –– more than the current 95 counties. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 286 square miles, of which 191 square miles is land and 94 square miles is water; the county is located between the Rappahannock River to Potomac River to the north. Chesapeake Bay is east of the county. Lancaster County - east Richmond County - west Westmoreland County - northwest St. Mary's County, Maryland - north As of the census of 2000, there were 12,259 people, 5,470 households, 3,785 families residing in the county.

The population density was 64 people per square mile. There were 8,057 housing units at an average density of 42 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 72.18% White, 26.58% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.33% from other races, 0.56% from two or more races. 0.93 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 5,470 households out of which 20.11% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.80% were non-families. 27.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.70. In the county, the population was spread out with 18.60% under the age of 18, 4.80% from 18 to 24, 20.20% from 25 to 44, 30.10% from 45 to 64, 26.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.20 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,129, the median income for a family was $49,047. Males had a median income of $30,151 versus $24,116 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,917. 12.30% of the population and 8.10% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 17.00% are under the age of 18 and 10.70% are 65 or older. The county is governed by a Board of Supervisors, elected every four years, one from each of five districts; the county has an elected school board, elected every four years, one from each of the five supervisor districts. The school board appointed by the Board of Supervisors, manages local education policy; the county has all located on one campus near Heathsville. There is no police department in the county. Instead, law enforcement is the responsibility of the county Sheriff, a commonwealth constitutional officer elected every four years, with support from the Virginia State Police.

The Northumberland County Sheriff's Office is located in Heathsville. Northumberland County has two courthouses: an antebellum building and a new building constructed in the late 1990s behind the older structure; the county courts, along with the Clerk of the Circuit Court and the Commonwealth's Attorney, both commonwealth constitutional officers, are located in the new building. The Commissioner of Revenue and the County Treasurer, both commonwealth constitutional officers, have offices in the older building. Northumberland County is one of the few counties left in Virginia that has all-volunteer emergency services; the county is served by two fire departments, Callao Volunteer Fire Department in Callao and Fairfield Volunteer Fire Department with buildings in Reedville and Burgess. There are three rescue squads that serve the county: Callao Volunteer Rescue Squad in Callao, Mid-County Volunteer Rescue Squad in Heathsville, Northumberland County Rescue Squad in Reedville and Burgess; the county has a water rescue service, Smith Point Sea Rescue


Earthspan is an album released by The Incredible String Band in 1972 on Island Records. It features Mike Heron, Robin Williamson, Licorice McKechnie, Malcolm Le Maistre; the core of Robin Williamson and Mike Heron remained intact, but was faltering due to musical indifference. Licorice McKechnie, the remainder of the former girlfriends, would depart after the release of the album; this album, compared to its predecessors, is a more generic folk album. The band was continuing its exploration into progressive rock and synthesizers in order to create a more commercial-oriented sound; this was due more to Heron's influence over the band. As a result, the band would lose much of their trademark style that made them popular in the British counterculture of the 1960s. Most of the tracks on the album take inspiration from American tradition. Past albums included such a theme alongside eastern culture. "Black Jack David" called "Black Jack Davy" had earlier been recorded by The Incredible String Band on their album I Looked Up on Elektra Records in 1970.

Making Time


Togetherland was intended to be Seal's fourth album and was to be released in 2001. The tracks were written and recorded at Seal's home studio in Los Angeles in 1999. Songwriters Guy Gershoni and Dave Palmer were brought in at two-week intervals for eight months of intensive collaboration efforts; the outcome of these writing sessions were experimental, underground club tracks reflective of Seal's early career and roots. Such a divergence from the Seal brand today, that there was discussion about releasing the tracks under a pseudo-name, as not to disrupt or confuse Seal's established fan base. Henry Jackman was contracted to produce and help create a mainstream sounding album, before it was presented to the label; these are the versions. Contrary to various reports, Warner Bros. Records turned down the album due to their dissatisfaction with the final record. Seal decided to release Seal in its place, he put Togetherland into a "vault", where the album has remained since. Over the years, fans have been able to listen to 30-second clips as well as streamed, full versions of some of the album's songs, to which many of those songs received high praise.

On July 1, 2007, a book titled The Greatest Music Never Sold was released and makes mention of Togetherland as well as other popular artists whose music has been kept hidden away. The original versions have not been leaked to the public; the only song from Togetherland to be released commercially is "This Could Be Heaven", featured on the soundtrack of the motion picture The Family Man. The recording of the track, however, is different from the version, recorded for Togetherland. " Step Away" "Keep On" "Love Is Better" "Elise" "Under the Sun" "Heaven" "English Lover" "Breathe" "All I Wanted to Say" "Let It Ride" "Togetherland"

Molgula occulta

Molgula occulta is a species of solitary tunicate in the family Molgulidae. It is native to the North Sea and the Mediterranean Sea; the specific name occulta means "tailless" and refers to the tunicate's larva, which lacks the tail found in some other species in the genus Molgula. Molgula occulta is a solitary, oval-globular tunicate with a broad, shallow six-lobed oral siphon and a similar-sized four-lobed atrial siphon, both near the apex, it resembles a kiwifruit in size and appearance. The rather stiff tunic wall is coated with shell fragments, mud particles and grains of sand; this distinguishes it from the otherwise similar species Molgula oculata which has a bare patch around and between its siphons to which sediment does not adhere. Molgula occulta is found in the north eastern Atlantic and its range extends from Norway and Sweden to the Iberian Peninsula and the Mediterranean Sea. In the British Isles, it is common on west and east facing coasts, on the lower shore or in the shallow subtidal zone where it buries itself in sand or mud with just its siphons protruding.

Molgula occulta is a filter feeder. It draws in water through its oral siphon, passes it through its gut, removing the edible bacteria and other planktonic particles on the way, expelling it through the atrial siphon; the larvae of tunicates are known as tadpole larvae because of their resemblance to amphibian tadpoles. The larva of the related species Molgula oculata has a tail but that of Molgula occulta does not. Nor does it have an otolith, a sensory organ connected with balance, which the former possesses. Molgula occulta hatches into a tailless larva from the chorion in twelve hours and develops four ampullae or dilatations before metamorphosing into a juvenile, it appears that the tailed larva is the ancestral state in the Molgulidae and that loss of the tail has occurred on at least four separate occasions independently. Without tail or otolith, the larva is unable to swim or orient itself and so is unable to disperse to new locations, it is hypothesized that living as it does on sand flats, the larva is passively dispersed by waves and currents

The Ninety and Nine

The Ninety and Nine was a 1922 silent drama starring Colleen Moore made shortly before she gained fame as a film flapper. The film was presumed lost, although a 10 minute condensed 16 mm home movie version was discovered, has since been released with a music score by Ben Model, in his latest compilation Accidentally Preserved No.4. Tom Silverton is a wrongly accused man, he was engaged to society girl Kate Van Dyke. When there is a murder in the Van Dyke home, Bradbury is the primary suspect, he departs before the police can apprehend him and goes to the out-of-the way town of Marlow where he takes the name Tom Silverton. He appears to be a simple drunkard, she is ostracized by the rest of the town as a result. When Kate and Mark come to town, they spot Tom but before he can escape a forest fire surrounds the town. Tom is the only one who kows how to operate the locomotive, but in operating it he will reveal his true identity, he does so. He is exonerated of marries Ruth. Warner Baxter as Tom Silverton / Phil Bradbury Colleen Moore as Ruth Blake Lloyd Whitlock as Mark Leveridge Gertrude Astor as Kate Van Dyke Robert Dudley as Abner Blake Mary Young as Rachel Arthur Jasmine as Bud Bryson Ernest Butterworth as Reddy Aggie Herring as Mrs. Dougherty Dorothea Wolbert as Mrs. Markham Rex Hammel as Eric Van Dyke Charles R. Moore as Sam Grant Previously shot as a Vitagraph Blue Ribbon Feature in 1916, the original production of The Ninety and Nine had been adapted from a 1902 stage play by Ramsay Morris.

The play had been based on the hymn The Ninety and Nine, which had been, in its own turn, inspired by Luke 15:7. The play concerned the redemption of a fallen man; the new version was intended to be a big production. "Miss Moore will have as her leading man Warner Baxter. Vitagraph is planning to make Ninety and Nine a big special and extra attraction." Notes BibliographyCodori, Jeff. Colleen Moore. McFarland Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7864-4969-9. Archived from the original on 2011-08-04; the Ninety and Nine on IMDb The Ninety and Nine at AllMovie

Forensic video analysis

Forensic video analysis is the scientific examination, comparison and/or evaluation of video in legal matters. This definition is attributed to American Academy of Forensic Science, it is the preferred definition by LEVA. LEVA is the most recognized trainer for military and law enforcement agencies seeking to become certified in video forensics. Forensic video analysis has been used in a variety of high profile cases, international disagreements, conflict zones. Video forensics is necessary to show that images and videos used in court and media are verifiably true. Video forensics is important when media and governments use video coming from areas of state failure. Much of the video realized from inside Yemen and Syria have caused great political and public concern. Teams at the United Nation as well as within the governments around the world have utilized software and technical knowledge to ensure the information is accurate. Forensic audio Scientific Working Group on Imaging Technologies Video content analysis American Academy of Forensic Science International Association for Identification International Association for Pattern Recognition, Technical Committee on Computational Forensics Law Enforcement and Emergency Video Services Association National Technical Investigators’ Association