SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Northwestern Hawaiian Islands

The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands or Leeward Islands are the small islands and atolls in the Hawaiian island chain located northwest of the islands of Kauai and Niihau. Politically, they are all part of Honolulu County in the U. S. state of Hawaii, except Midway Atoll, a territory distinct from Hawaii and grouped as one of the United States Minor Outlying Islands. The United States Census Bureau defines this area, except Midway, as Census Tract 114.98 of Honolulu County. Its total land area is 3.1075 square miles. All the islands except Nihoa are north of the Tropic of Cancer, making them the only islands in Hawaii that lie outside the tropics; the Northwestern or Leeward Hawaiian Islands include: Nihoa at 23°03′38″N 161°55′19″W Necker at 23°34′N 164°42′W French Frigate Shoals at 23°52.134′N 166°17.16′W Gardner Pinnacles at 25°01′N 167°59′W Maro Reef at 25.415°N 170.590°W / 25.415. It represents the southwestern part of the island's former volcanic cone. Ancient Hawaiians might have stayed here long-term.

40-acre Necker Island is 270 feet tall at its summit. Barren of vegetation, it was used by Ancient Hawaiians for religious purposes, but not for long-term habitation. French Frigate Shoals is the largest region of coral reefs in Hawaii, at 200 square miles; the atoll is composed of a dozen or so small islands, one of which contains an airport and human habitations. Gardner Pinnacles is made up of the last rocky island in Hawaii. While the island itself is tiny, the surrounding reef is diverse. 166-square-mile Maro Reef is an fertile reef system, described as a "coral garden". Laysan is a 913-acre, sandy island with a natural lake in its interior, one of only five such lakes in Hawaii, it has arguably the most diverse ecosystem in the NWHI, hosts about two million seabirds of seventeen species. Lisianski Island, only 400 acres, is geologically akin to Laysan, without the lake. Though the island is less biodiverse, the surrounding reef is fertile. Pearl and Hermes Atoll is an atoll similar to French Frigate Shoals, but with much less dry land.

For this reason, it was ignored by guano miners and feather hunters. Midway Atoll is the most known of the NWHI, is the largest; the Battle of Midway was fought here and in its surrounding waters, the island remains permanently inhabited, albeit by persons who are there in consequence of their service with the United States Government, not an indigenous population. Circular Kure Atoll contains the 236-acre Green Island, which used to host a LORAN station and a runway, but these have since been demolished. In terms of biodiversity, Kure is one of the less impressive of the NWHI; the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands were formed 7 to 30 million years ago, as shield volcanoes over the same volcanic hotspot that formed the Emperor Seamounts to the north and the Main Hawaiian Islands to the south. As the Pacific Plate moved north and northwest over the hot spot, volcanic eruptions built up islands in a linear chain; the isolated land masses eroded and subsided, evolving from high islands in the south, much like the Main Islands of Hawaii, to atolls north of the Darwin Point.

Each of the NWHI are in various stages of erosion. Nihoa and Gardner Pinnacles are rocky, basalt islands that have not eroded enough to form an atoll, or that lack a substantial coral reef. Laysan and Lisianski are sandy islands that have been eroded longer. French Frigate Shoals and Hermes, Kure are atolls. North of the Darwin Point, the coral reef grows more than the island's subsidence, as the Pacific Plate moves northwest, the island becomes a seamount when it crosses this line. Kure Atoll straddles the Darwin Point, will sink beneath the ocean when its coral reef cannot keep up with the rate of subsidence, a destiny that awaits every Hawaiian island; the Hawaiian Islands are about 2,500 miles from North America and 3,800 miles from Asia, it is because of this isolation that the Hawaiian Islands have extraordinary numbers of unique species. Only a species that could fly or swim immense distances could reach the archipelago, but whereas Polynesians, Europeans, have altered the ecosystem of the Main Hawaiian islands by introducing alien species, the ecosystems of the NWHI remain, for the most part, intact.

The extensive coral reefs found in Papahānaumokuākea are home to over 7,000 marine species. Of the many species that live here, over 1,700 species of organisms are endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. For this reason, the region has been dubbed "America's Galápagos". Though not subject to nearly as much extinction as the main islands, the Leeward Islands have had their share of abuse. From the late 19th to the early 20th centuries, guano miners, feather hunters killed most of the birds and sea life living in the NWHI. Rabbits were introduced to Laysan and Lisianski, where they multiplied and devoured most of the vegetation, permanently extinguishing several species. However, most of the damage

Service record

A service record is a collection of either electronic or printed material which provides a documentary history of a person's activities and accomplishments while serving as a member of a given organization. Service records are most associated with the military, but are found in other groups, such as large corporations or for use by employees of a civilian government. Service records for the Australian Army, are available at the National Archives of Australia website; the service records of the Royal Australian Navy and Royal Australian Air Force are available. World War I service records provide the dates when the person was "in the field", with his unit on active service, if and when they embarked for oversea service, the names of the units in which the person served; the service record documents other changes—promotions, time at base, the date and place of sickness or wounding, the names of hospital or clearing station where the person was treated. The records of Nazi Germany are extensive and the record keeping ability of the Nazi Party was considered to be meticulous.

Service records of Nazi organizations are maintained at the Berlin Document Center, in Berlin, with several microfiche copies of these records available at the National Archives and Records Administration in College Park, Maryland. Records of the Wehrmacht, the regular armed forces of Germany during World War II, are maintained at the Bundesarchiv in Berlin. Service records of the United States armed forces are considered vital documents both for historical reasons and to help secure veteran benefits for discharged or retired service members. In addition, service records of the U. S. military provide a chronology of a service member's career and thus ensure accurate tracking of accomplishments and promotions. Active duty U. S. military service records are maintained by the various branches of the U. S. armed forces. Retired and discharged service records are maintained at the Military Personnel Records Center in St. Louis, Missouri. After 2005, most U. S. military service records are retained by the military branch since most such records are electronically stored.

Typical makeup of a United States military paper service record DD Form 214 Master personnel folder Officer Qualification Record Evaluations and fitness reports Awards and citations Disciplinary data and court martial records Dependent and emergency contact records Clothing allowance and leave records Letters and various correspondence Security clearance information Reserve points and reserve service history Discharge Data Marine Corps Individual Records Administration Manual Forces War Records

Houston Baptist Huskies football

For information on all Houston Baptist University sports, see Houston Baptist Huskies. The Houston Baptist Huskies football program is the intercollegiate American football team for Houston Baptist University located in Houston, United States; the team competes in the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision as a full member of the Southland Conference. Houston Baptist's first football team was fielded in 2013 for a seven game developmental season; the Huskies finished 2013 with a 3-4 record. Since the 2013 games were played during a developmental season and statistics are considered unofficial; the team played most of its home games at Crusader Stadium in Houston, Texas that season with one home game being played at BBVA Compass Stadium. September 6, 2014 marked two firsts; the Huskies played their first game as an FCS team. The game against McMurry University marked the first game played in Husky Stadium, the new on-campus stadium; the Huskies are coached by Vic Shealy. 1 The 2013 season was a developmental season.

Records and statistics are unofficial. 2 The 2014 season is the official inaugural season. Official website