Imperial College Faculty of Natural Sciences
The Faculty of Natural Sciences is one of the three main faculties of Imperial College London in London, England. It was formed in 2001 from the former Royal College of Science, a constituent college of Imperial College which dated back to 1848, the faculty consists of the original departments of the college. Undergraduate teaching occurs for all departments at the South Kensington campus, with research being split between South Kensington and the new innovation campus at White City. Students who study at the departments of the faulty are represented by the Royal College of Science Union, a constituent union of the college union which caters to students on natural science courses. Graduates who obtain an undergraduate degree, either BSc or MSci, from the faculty are awarded the Associateship of the Royal College of Science as an additional degree; the origins of the faculty lie in the Royal College of Chemistry, after being founded in 1845, moved to a new site in South Kensington in the early 1870s.
Incorporated into the Normal School of Science, the college was renamed the Royal College of Science in 1890, in 1907 became a constituent college of the newly formed Imperial College of Science and Technology. In 2001, Imperial College was restructured to form four new faculties, including the faculties of Physical Sciences and Life Sciences, which took over the role of the Royal College of Science; these faculties were re-merged over the course of 2005-2006 to form the Faculty of Natural Sciences, which comprises the same departments as the original Royal College of Science. The faculty includes five academic departments: Chemistry Mathematics Physics, The Blackett Laboratory Life Sciences Centre for Environmental Policy Imperial College Faculty of Natural Sciences website
Imperial College London
Imperial College London is a public research university located in London, England. In 1851, Prince Albert built his vision for a cultural area composed of the Victoria and Albert Museum, Natural History Museum, Royal Albert Hall, Royal Colleges, the Imperial Institute. In 1907, Imperial College was established by Royal Charter, bringing together the Royal College of Science, Royal School of Mines, City and Guilds College. In 1988, the Imperial College School of Medicine was formed through a merger with St Mary's Hospital Medical School. In 2004, Queen Elizabeth II opened the Imperial College Business School; the main campus is located with a new innovation campus in White City. The college has a research centre at Silwood Park, teaching hospitals throughout London. Imperial is organised through faculties of natural science, engineering and business, its emphasis is on the practical application of technology. With more than 140 countries represented on campus and 59% of students from outside the UK, the university has a international community.
In 2018–19, Imperial is ranked 8th globally in the QS World University Rankings, 9th in the THE World University Rankings, 24th in the Academic Ranking of World Universities, 8th in Reuters Top 100: World's Most Innovative Universities. Student and researcher affiliations include 14 Nobel laureates, 3 Fields Medalists, 1 Turing Award winner, 74 Fellows of the Royal Society, 87 Fellows of the Royal Academy of Engineering, 85 Fellows of the Academy of Medical Sciences; the college's origins can be traced back as far as the founding of the Royal College of Chemistry on Hanover Square in 1845, with the support of Prince Albert and parliament. Following some financial trouble, this was absorbed in 1853 into the newly formed Government School of Mines and Science Applied to the Arts, located on Jermyn Street; the school was renamed the Royal School of Mines a decade later. The medical school has roots in many different school across London, the oldest of which dates back to 1823, with the foundation of the teaching facilities at the West London Infirmary at Villiers Street.
Known as Charing Cross Hospital Medical School, it was designed to provide medical education for the needs of a university. This was followed in 1834 when Westminster Hospital surgeons started taking students under their care. Established on Dean Street, the school was forced to close in 1847, but was reopened in 1849 with a new specimen museum; the first teaching at St Mary's Hospital hospital in Paddington began in 1851, with St Mary's Hospital Medical School established in 1854. Proceeds from the Great Exhibition of 1851 were designated by Prince Albert to be used to develop a cultural area in South Kensington for the use and education of the public. Within the next 6 years the Victoria and Albert and Science museums had opened, joined by the Natural History Museum in 1881, in 1888 the Imperial Institute; as well as museums, new facilities for the royal colleges were constructed, with the Royal College of Chemistry and the Royal School of Mines moving to South Kensington between 1871 and 1872.
In 1881 the Normal School of Science was established in South Kensington under the leadership of Thomas Huxley, taking over responsibility for the teaching of the natural sciences and agriculture from the Royal School of Mines. The school was granted the name Royal College of Science by royal consent in 1890; as these institutions were not part of universities, they were unable to grant degrees to students, instead bestowed associateships such as the Associateship of the Royal College of Science. The Central Institution of the City and Guilds of London Institute, formed by the City of London's livery companies, was opened on Exhibition Road by the Prince of Wales, founded to focus on providing technical education, with courses starting in early 1885; the institution was renamed the Central Technical College in 1893, becoming a school of the University of London in 1900. At the start of the 20th century there was a concern that Britain was falling behind its key rivals – Germany – in scientific and technical education.
A departmental committee was set up at the Board of Education in 1904, to look into the future of the Royal College of Science. A report released in 1906 called for the establishment of an institution unifying the Royal College of Science and the Royal School of Mines, as well as – if agreement could be reached with the City and Guilds of London Institute – their Central Technical CollegeOn 8 July 1907, King Edward VII granted a Royal Charter establishing the Imperial College of Science and Technology; this incorporated the Royal College of Science. It made provisions for the Central Technical College to join once conditions regarding its governance were met, as well as for Imperial to become a college of the University of London; the college joined the University of London on 22 July 1908, with the Central Technical College joining Imperial in 1910 as the City and Guilds College. The main campus of Imperial College was constructed beside the buildings of the Imperial Institute, the new building for the Royal College of Science having opened across from it in 1906, the foundation stone for the Royal School of Mines building being laid by King Edward VII in July 1909.
As students at Imperial had to study separately for London degrees, in January 1919, students and alumni voted for a petition to make Imperial a university with its own degree awarding powers, independent of the University of London. In response, the University of London changed its regulations in 1925 so that the courses taught only at Imperial would be examined by the university, enabling students to ga
Prime Suspect is a British police procedural television drama series devised by Lynda La Plante. It stars Helen Mirren as Jane Tennison, one of the first female Detective Chief Inspectors in Greater London's Metropolitan Police Service, who rises to the rank of Detective Superintendent while confronting the institutionalised sexism that exists within the police force. Prime Suspect focuses on a no-nonsense female Detective Chief Inspector, Jane Tennison, an officer in the Metropolitan Police at the fictional Southampton Row police station; the series follows her constant battles to prove herself in a male-dominated profession determined to see her fail, with the support of her boss, Detective Chief Superintendent Mike Kernan, loyal Detective Sergeant Richard Haskons. In series, Tennison is reassigned to rotating duties, including a Vice Squad in Soho and a Gang Squad in Manchester, she is promoted to Detective Superintendent in series four, retires from policing at the end of series seven. Helen Mirren as Detective Chief Inspector Jane Tennison of Southampton Row Police Station in Central London Detective Superintendent in series four.
Mirren described Tennison as "extremely directed, ambitious and uncompromising. Therefore she is frustrated by her job. John Benfield as Detective Superintendent Michael Kernan, Tennison's supervisor Detective Chief Superintendent Richard Hawley as Detective Constable Richard Haskons Detective Sergeant Tom Bell as Detective Sergeant Bill Otley Jack Ellis as Detective Inspector Tony Muddyman Craig Fairbrass as Detective Inspector Frank Burkin Mossie Smith as Woman Police Constable Maureen Havers Ian Fitzgibbon as Detective Constable Jones Philip Wright as Detective Constable Lillie Andrew Tiernan as Detective Constable Rosper Gary Whelan as Detective Sergeant Terry Amson Stephen Boxer as Detective Chief Inspector Thorndike Stafford Gordon as Commander Traynor Mark Strong as Detective Inspector Larry Hall Detective Chief Superintendent in series 6 Robert Pugh as Detective Sergeant Alun Simms The first series features sexism in the workplace as a significant subplot and a barrier to the investigation.
Sequels have tended to downplay this theme, relying on straight procedure or on other subplots, such as institutional racism in Prime Suspect 2 and child sexual abuse and prostitution in Prime Suspect 3, but continued to demonstrate the determination of male peers and the police upper echelon to see her fail. Tennison's difficulty in achieving a balance between her work and her life outside the job and her difficulty in maintaining stable relationships are a recurring theme within the series. Toward the end of Prime Suspect 3 she arranges to have her pregnancy terminated; as the series progresses, she relies upon alcohol to help her cope. Prime Suspect is set in London and the outer areas, with series five being set in Manchester; each series of Prime Suspect follows a single case, runs around 3½ hours aired in two or four parts. Prime Suspect 4 is an exception at over five hours, with three separate cases; the first five series were produced annually from 1991 to 1995, until Mirren left the role to avoid typecasting.
She returned to play the character in 2003, again in 2006. Prime Suspect was produced by Granada Television for the ITV network. Series four through seven were co-produced by WGBH Boston for its Masterpiece Mystery anthology series; the first five series were scored by Academy Award-winning composer Stephen Warbeck, nominated for a BAFTA TV Award for Prime Suspect series one. Prime Suspect was voted 68th in the list of 100 Greatest British Television Programmes as compiled by a poll given by the British Film Institute, in 2007 it was listed as one of Time magazine's "100 Best TV Shows of All-TIME." The series has won multiple BAFTA Awards, Emmy Awards, a Peabody Award. Prime Suspect won the BAFTA TV Award for Best Drama Serial over G. B. H. in 1991. Afterwards, four of the seven voting members of the jury raised a discrepancy to jury chairperson Irene Shubik, signed a public statement declaring that they had voted for G. B. H. to win. BAFTA Chairman Richard Price stated that the ballot papers passed on to him by Shubik had shown four votes for Prime Suspect and three for G.
B. H. Price claimed. Prime Suspect won Best Drama Serial once more for series three, was nominated four other times; the series won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Miniseries three times, was nominated twice more. Mirren has won three BAFTA TV Awards for Best Actress for the role, has been nominated three other times, she won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited Series or Movie twice, with four additional nominations. Prime Suspect 3 was awarded a Peabody Award in 1993 for its realistic scenes and dialogue. Writer/creator Lynda La Plante received an Edgar Award from the Mystery Writers of America for series one in the category of Best TV Feature or Miniseries; the following year, Allan Cubitt won in the same category for series two. Prime Suspect was nominated for series three and six. Many observers have viewed Prime Suspect as the inspiration for female characters
Department of Chemical Engineering, Imperial College London
The Department of Chemical Engineering, Imperial College London is the centre of teaching and research in chemical and process engineering at Imperial College London, occupying the Aeronautics and Chemical Engineering Extension and Roderic Hill buildings, on the South Kensington campus. Formally inaugurated in 1912, the department has over 40 faculty members, 100 postdoctoral researchers, 200 PhD researchers, 80 taught postgraduates, 500 undergraduates; the department ranks 7th on QS's 2018 world rankings. Following the grant of a Royal Charter for the formation of Imperial College in 1907, a Department of Chemical Technology was proposed in 1908 and formally opened in the year 1912, housed within the Department of Chemistry in the Royal College of Science. Professor William Bone was appointed the first head of the department and oversaw the construction of the new building on Prince Consort Road to house it. In 1931, the first Postgraduate Course in Chemical Engineering began, followed in 1937 by the first undergraduate degree in Chemical Engineering.
The first four-year undergraduate degrees were established in 1980 and in 1989, Professor Roger W. H. Sargent founded the Centre for Process Systems Engineering in the department. In 2003, the first MSc in Advanced Chemical Engineering was introduced; the department has a variety of labs and facilities in the Aeronautics and Chemical Engineering Extension building, including an analytical services lab with more than 20 major instruments, a mechanical workshop to design and manufacture prototype equipment and the college's Carbon Capture Pilot Plant. The £2 million Carbon Capture Pilot Plant, which opened in 2012, is housed in the department and is the most sophisticated of its kind in an academic institution in the world; the undergraduate program at the department is a 4-year integrated course leading to an MEng degree in Chemical Engineering, including an option to study a year abroad. There is the option of a specialist stream in Nuclear Engineering. All students graduating with the MEng degree automatically receive an Associateship of the City and Guilds of London Institute.
The department has a large research portfolio and offers a PhD degree programme, four full-time MSc programmes and one part-time course. The PhD in Chemical Engineering is a 3-year research degree which involves conducting work in one of the department's research laboratories, the Centre for Process Systems Engineering or the Qatar Carbonates and Carbon Storage Research Centre. All postgraduate students of the department are eligible for the Diploma of Imperial College, DIC, alongside their standard degree when graduating; the college ranks 10th in the world for engineering on the Times Higher Education subject rankings, the department in particular ranks tied 7th in the world, 3rd in the UK after Cambridge and Oxford, on the QS World University Rankings. Domestically, the department ranks 3rd on the Complete University Guide's 2019 chemical engineering table, 4th on The Guardian's 2019 chemical engineering university subject rankings. William A. Bone FRS - Head of the department from 1912 to 1936 and renowned fuel technologist and chemist.
Sir Alfred Egerton FRS - Professor of Chemical Technology at Imperial College London from 1936 - 1952 and Secretary of the Royal Society from 1938-1948. John Coulson - Achieved his PhD from the department in 1935 and joined the academic staff thereafter, achieving the status of Reader, he is best known as the co-author of the textbook Coulson and Richardson's Chemical Engineering along with Jack Richardson. Jack Richardson - A BSc student of chemical engineering at the department, Jack Richardson achieved his PhD in 1949 before joining the academic staff where he would become Senior Lecturer, he is best known for his co-authorship of the Coulson and Richardson's Chemical Engineering series of books along with John Coulson. Dudley Newitt FRS - Head of Department from 1952 - 1961, he served as the scientific director of the Special Operations Executive during the Second World War developing espionage technology for the British Government. Alfred Ubbelohde FRS - Head of the department from 1961 - 1975.
Author of six books and over 400 publications, the Ubbelohde effect is named after him. He is credited with coining the term proton conductor. Roger W. H. Sargent FREng - Head of the department from 1975 - 1988. Regarded as the father of Process Systems Engineering due to his research and widespread influence on the field, he was a Founder Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering in 1976. Sir William Wakeham - Head of the department from 1988 - 1996 and chair of the Resource Audit Committee of the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council. Dame Julia Higgins FRS FREng - Acting Head of the department from 2000 - 2001 and continuing Emeritus Professor and Senior Research Investigator. Known for her studies on polymer molecules with many breakthroughs in the field, she is held in high esteem for her efforts in the advancement of women in the field of science engineering and technology. The Julia Higgins Medal and Awards at Imperial College London is named after her. Dame Judith Hackitt FREng - A graduate from the department in 1975.
She is the Chair of the Health and Safety Executive of the United Kingdom. Iain Conn - A graduate from the department, he is the CEO of Centrica and former Group Executive Office of BP from 2004-2014. Ian Read - A graduate from the department in 1974, Ian Read has served as the CEO of Pfizer since 2010. Department of Chemical Engineering website Imperial College London website
Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital
The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital is a specialist orthopaedic hospital located in Greater London, United Kingdom, a part of Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust. It provides the most comprehensive range of neuro-musculoskeletal health care in the UK, including acute spinal injury, complex bone tumour treatment, orthopaedic medicine and specialist rehabilitation for chronic back pain; the RNOH is a major teaching centre and around 20% of orthopaedic surgeons in the UK receive training there. The hospital was established by way of a merger of the Royal Orthopaedic Hospital and the National Orthopaedic Hospital in August 1905; the City Orthopaedic Hospital joined the merger in 1907. New facilities for the merged entities were built on Great Portland Street and were opened by King Edward VII in July 1909. During the First World War, the hospital in Great Portland Street became an emergency hospital for the military and from early 1918 accommodated discharged disabled soldiers; the Great Portland Street site continued to accommodate short-term in-patients after the war.
In 1922 the hospital management acquired the Mary Wardell Convalescent Home for Scarlet Fever in Stanmore and established its country branch there. The Duke of Gloucester laid the foundation stone for a major extension at the Stanmore site shortly thereafter; the Stanmore site started to accommodate long-term in-patients at this time. In April 1979, the Prince of Wales opened a Rehabilitation Assessment Unit at the Stanmore site, built with funds raised by the British Motor Racing Drivers Association in memory of Graham Hill who had once been a patient of the hospital. In March 1984 the Princess of Wales opened a spinal injuries unit at the Stanmore site; that year the lease on the building in Great Portland Street ended and services were transferred to the Stanmore site. The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital has had a central London out-patients clinic on Bolsover Street since 1909. In 2016 Norman Sharp, a 91-year-old British man, was recognised as having the world's oldest hip replacement implants.
The two vitallium implants had been implanted at the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital in November 1948. The 67-year-old implants had such an unusually long life because they had not required the typical replacement of such implants, but because of Mr Sharp's young age of 23 when they were implanted, owing to a childhood case of septic arthritis; as a national centre of excellence, the RNOH treats patients from across the country, many of whom have been referred by other hospital consultants for second opinions or for treatment of complex or rare conditions. It was named by the Health Service Journal as one of the top hundred NHS trusts to work for in 2015. At that time it had 1310 full-time equivalent staff and a sickness absence rate of 2.88%. 87 % of staff recommend it as a place for 71 % recommended it as a place to work. It expects to lose £15.2m in income, 11% of its turnover during 2016–17 under changes to the NHS tariff, more than a 25% of what it received last year for inpatient work.
In 2014 the Care Quality Commission recorded the Hospital as requiring improvement. Sir Herbert Seddon, Orthopaedic Surgeon and author of'Surgical Disorders of the Peripheral Nerves' Audrey Smith, cryobiologist List of hospitals in England List of NHS trusts The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust UCL Institute of Orthopedics and Musculoskeletal Science UCL School of Life & Medical Sciences University College London