Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA, trading as Norwegian, is a Norwegian low-cost airline and Norway's largest airline. It is the third largest low-cost carrier in Europe behind easyJet and Ryanair and the ninth-largest low-cost airline in the world, the largest airline in Scandinavia, the eighth-largest airline in Europe in terms of passenger numbers, it offers a high-frequency domestic flight schedule within Scandinavia and Finland, to business destinations such as London, as well as to holiday destinations in the Mediterranean and the Canary Islands, transporting over 30 million people in 2016. The airline is known for its distinctive livery of white with a red nose, with portraits of high achievers on the tail fins of its aircraft. Norwegian's flights are operated by itself as well as owned subsidiaries, including Irish-based Norwegian Air International, UK-based Norwegian Air UK, Swedish-based Norwegian Air Sweden, Norway-based Norwegian Long Haul; each airline holds a unique air operator's certificate but shares branding and commercial functions with the rest of the Group.
Until December 2019, Norwegian owned and operated Argentina-based Norwegian Air Argentina, which operated domestic flights within the country. Norwegian Air Shuttle was founded on 22 January 1993 to take over the regional airline services produced by Busy Bee for Braathens in Western Norway. Busy Bee, founded in 1966, was a subsidiary of Braathens that operated a fleet of Fokker 50 aircraft on charter services; this included the network of regional services between cities on the west coast of Norway operated on wet lease for the mother company. Following Busy Bee's bankruptcy in December 1992, NAS took over three leased Fokker 50 aircraft, started operating from Bergen Airport, Flesland to Haugesund Airport, Karmøy, as well as from Bergen to Molde Airport, Årø or Kristiansund Airport and onwards to Trondheim Airport, Værnes; the company was established and owned by former Busy Bee employees and had a workforce of fifty. It was based in Bergen, but established a technical base in Stavanger. From 1 April 1994, the airline began service from Bergen to Ålesund Airport, Vigra.
In 1995, the company received its fourth Fokker 50s, had a revenue of NOK 86.6 million and a profit of NOK 2.9 million. It flew 50 daily services. By 1999, the company flew 500,000 passengers on 20,000 flights; the company had a revenue of a profit of NOK 13 million. On 2 June 2000, NAS bought the helicopter operator Lufttransport from Helikopter Service. In 2000, the NAS fleet was expanded to seven Fokker 50s. From 2 January 2001, several Braathens routes were terminated, including the NAS-operated services from Kristiansund to Trondheim and Molde; the route from Bergen to Haugesund, Bergen–Molde–Trondheim were reduced. On 7 January 2002, NAS took over the route from Stavanger to Newcastle, flying two round trips per day. After Braathens was bought by Scandinavian Airlines System in November 2001, all contracts that Norwegian had with Braathens for the routes on the Norwegian west coast were cancelled by SAS, as it wanted its subsidiary SAS Commuter to take the routes over. NAS had an 18-month cancellation period in its contract with Braathens.
Following the purchase of Braathens by SAS, the subsequent termination of its contracts, NAS announced in April 2002 that it would start domestic scheduled services as a low-cost carrier on the busiest routes. From 1 September 2002, the airline re-branded as Norwegian; the airline opened its second hub at Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport in Poland, flying to Central European destinations. There were two Boeing 737 operating from Warsaw. Norwegian announced on 24 April 2007 that it had bought 100% of the Swedish low-cost airline FlyNordic from Finnair plc, becoming the largest low-cost airline in Scandinavia; as payment for the shares in FlyNordic, Finnair received a 5% share stake in Norwegian. On 30 August 2007, Norwegian ordered 42 new Boeing 737-800 aircraft, with options for 42 more, an order worth US$3.1 billion. This order was increased by six aircraft in November 2009. In July 2010 15 of the options were converted to orders, in June 2011 15 more options were converted, bringing the total order of new, owned 737-800s to 78 aircraft with 12 remaining options.
Additionally, Norwegian introduced leased Boeing 737-800 aircraft into the fleet. The first leased 737-800 arrived at Oslo Airport, Norway, on 26 January 2008. In April 2010, Norwegian started flights from Oslo-Gardermoen and Stockholm to Helsinki-Vantaa Airport. During early 2011, Norwegian had three aircraft stationed there, introducing domestic flights to Oulu Airport and Rovaniemi Airport on 31 March 2011. In May, flights to nine additional international destinations began. In October 2009, Norwegian had announced that it intended to start flights from Oslo to New York City and Bangkok, requiring new intercontinental aircraft. In 2010, it said it was considering up to 15 intercontinental destinations from Scandinavia, would consider services to South America and Africa. On 8 November 2010, Norwegian announced that it had contracted to lease two new Boeing 787 Dreamliners with delivery in 2012. On 25 January 2012, Norwegian announced the largest orders of aircraft in European history; the orders consisted of 22 Boeing 737-800 and 100 Boeing 737 MAX 8 aircraft with options for another 100 of the latter.
In late October 2012
Novelty Glass Company of Fostoria was one of over 70 glass manufacturing companies that operated in northwest Ohio during the region's brief Gas Boom in the late 19th century. The company made drinking glasses, bar goods, novelties. Organization of the firm began late in 1890, with banker Rawson Crocker as president and veteran glass man Henry Crimmel as plant manager. Production started in February 1891; the plant was built on the site of the former Buttler Art Glass Company, destroyed by fire in 1889. During the early 1890s, many manufacturers were producing novelties that honored the 400th anniversary of the voyages of Christopher Columbus. Novelty Glass Company's contribution included commemorative punch bowl sets and salt shakers; some of this glassware displayed Columbus with a beard—which was done. This commemorative work has subsequently become valuable to collectors. Like many companies during northwest Ohio’s brief Gas Boom, the Novelty Glass Company was short-lived; the plant was shut down with a restart planned for April.
The April restart did not happen, plant manager Henry Crimmel left the firm for the Sneath Glass Company in Tiffin, Ohio. In October of the same year, the Novelty plant was leased to the United States Glass Company, who purchased the company's inventory of molds and related equipment. Production began again, the Novelty works became known as Factory T in the United States Glass Company conglomerate. 100 people were employed making drinking glasses and stemware. The restart did not last however; the plant was destroyed by fire in April 1893. In early 1886, a major discovery of natural gas occurred in northwest Ohio near the small village of Findlay. Although small natural gas wells had been drilled in the area earlier, this well was much more productive than those drilled before. Soon, many more wells were drilled, the area experienced an economic boom as gas workers and factories were drawn to the area. In 1888, Findlay community leaders, assuming the supply of natural gas was unlimited, started a campaign to lure more manufacturing plants to the area.
Incentives to relocate to Findlay included free natural gas, free land, cash. These incentives were attractive to glass manufacturers, since the glass manufacturing process was energy-intensive, natural gas was a source of energy, superior to coal in the glassmaking process. Ohio had a glass industry located principally in the eastern portion of the state in Belmont County; the Belmont County community of Bellaire, located across the Ohio River from Wheeling, West Virginia, was known as "Glass City" from 1870 to 1885. The gas boom in northwestern Ohio enabled the state to improve its national ranking as a manufacturer of glass from 4th in 1880 to 2nd in 1890. Over 70 glass companies operated in northwest Ohio between 1880 and 1920. However, northwest Ohio’s gas boom lasted only five years. By 1890, the region was experiencing difficulty with its gas supply, many manufacturers were shutting down or considering relocating. Fostoria, Ohio, is located 12 miles east of Findlay, straddles three Ohio counties: Hancock and Wood.
The high-output gas well that changed the area’s economy was drilled on Karg property in Hancock County. After the Karg well discovery, geologists determined that natural gas would not be found in the immediate area around Fostoria. However, Fostoria government leaders constructed a pipeline from a nearby well in Wood County, this enabled Fostoria to participate in the rush to lure manufacturers to the area. Fostoria had a transportation advantage: five railroad lines ran through the city at that time; the first three glass factories established in Fostoria were the Mambourg Glass Company, the Fostoria Glass Company and the Buttler Art Glass Company. Fostoria had 13 different glass companies at various times between 1887 and 1920. Events at two other Fostoria glass factories led to the creation of Novelty Glass Company. First, the Buttler Art Glass plant, located at the corner of Buckley and Sandusky streets in Fostoria, burnt to the ground in November 1889. Owners of the plant decided to rebuild elsewhere, since the site had few fire hydrants and inferior water pressure.
The second event involved the Fostoria Glass Company. Owners of this company began planning to move to Moundsville, West Virginia in 1890. Plant manager Henry Crimmel was involved in a lawsuit. Although a temporary restraining order was granted, the company moved to Moundsville during December 1891. During 1890, planning began to organize a new glass works that would be built on the site of the former Buttler Art Glass Company; the new glass works was to be called Novelty Glass Company. The seven incorporators of the company were Rawson Crocker, Andrew Emerine, Charles Olmsted, C. German, George Flechtner, A. Clyde Crimmel, Henry Crimmel; the company’s directors were Crocker, Emerine, Henry Crimmel, Charles Foster. The Crimmels provided the glass making expertise, worked at the Fostoria Glass Company. Crocker and Emerine were prominent Fostoria capitalists. Charles Foster was a former governor of Ohio, son of Fostoria’s namesake. Rawson Crocker was Foster’s cousin, an officer of a local bank, president of the Crocker Window Glass Company.
Rawson Crocker was named president of the new company, Andrew Emerine was treasurer. A. C. Crimmel was company secretary; the company was expected to employ about 150 people, produce blown glassware. Pressed glassware was part of the planning. In late 1890
Smilets Point is the rocky point on the southwest side of the entrance to Hall Cove, projecting 500 m north-northwestwards from the northwest coast of Nelson Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. The area was visited by early 19th century sealers; the point is named after Czar Smilets of Bulgaria, 1292-1298. Smilets Point is located at 62°15′58.6″S 59°11′23″W, 5.24 km northeast of Harmony Point and 2.85 km southwest of Retamales Point. British mapping in 1968. Livingston Island to King George Island. Scale 1:200000. Admiralty Nautical Chart 1776. Taunton: UK Hydrographic Office, 1968. South Shetland Islands. Scale 1:200000 topographic map No. 3373. DOS 610 - W 62 58. Tolworth, UK, 1968. Antarctic Digital Database. Scale 1:250000 topographic map of Antarctica. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research. Since 1993 upgraded and updated. Smilets Point. SCAR Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica. Bulgarian Antarctic Gazetteer. Antarctic Place-names Commission. Smilets Point. Copernix satellite imageThis article includes information from the Antarctic Place-names Commission of Bulgaria, used with permission
Gennaro Favai was an Italian artist. Gennaro Favai was born in Venice in son of Luigi Favai and contessa Teresa Albrizzi. In his formative years Favai studied the old masters. Around 1895, shortly after enrolling in the Academy of Fine Arts in Venice, Favai was expelled, he continued to study under Vittore Zanetti Zilla, formed a long lasting friendship with Mario de Maria. In 1898 Favai first exhibited work in the Società Promotrice Firenze, Italy. Favai received increasing exposure through the 1904 St Louis Exposition, in the Paris Salon Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts 1905 exposition, the 1907 Venice Biennale. In 1912, art critic Charles Louis Borgmeyer wrote an article on Favai’s early works in the Fine Arts Journal. Favai lived in Taormina and Syracuse from 1915 through 1917, followed by Capri in 1919; the exposure to these environs are central to his development of a new expression of landscape. Representation of this period is presented in the works published under the title Costa amalfitana: 50 disegni and 56 disegni dell'isola di Capri nel 1930.
Favai continued to work until his death in 1958. His works have been thematically divided into three main groups: The Venetian Views, The Core, The Birds Eye View; the first theme, referred to as the Venetian views are composed of street scenes and Venetian nightlife. Second theme, The Core, is influenced Favai’s travels between the Amalfi Coast, Syracuse, Capri and Algiers; the exposure of these trips resulted in a new expression of the landscape and is marked by intense colors and strong contrasts between light and dark. The last theme, "The Birds Eye View," is represented by cityscapes of Venice. 2012 - Museo del Paesaggio / Utopia del Sembiant: Il Paesaggio nei paesaggi 2012 - Ca’ Pesaro International Gallery of Modern Art / Gennaro Favai: visioni e orizzonti 1879-1958 2015 - Palazzo Roverella / Il Demone Della Modernità
The Way is the self-titled debut album recorded by Jesus music band The Way, released in 1973 on Maranatha! Records; the Way – producer Buck Herring – engineer Buddy King – engineer Buddy King Studio, Huntington Beach, California – recording location Mama Jo's, North Hollywood California – recording location for "New Song" and "Song of Joy" and remixing location Chuck Johnson – remixer Gary Arthur – design Neal Buchanan – art Woody Blackburn – photography Tracy Guthrie – clay sculptures for front cover Tom Stipe – special thanks Chuck Butler – special thanks Tom Coomes – special thanks Chuck Girard – special thanks Mike Callahan. "Maranatha! Album Discography". Both Sides Now Publications. Retrieved 2010-11-13. Powell, Mark Allan. Encyclopedia of Contemporary Christian Music. Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers. P. 1026. ISBN 1-56563-679-1; the Way. 1973 Maranatha! Music. HS 777/7
The South Bačka District is one of seven administrative districts of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. Geographically it lies in northern part of Syrmia. According to the 2011 census results, it has a population of 615,371 inhabitants; the administrative center of the district is the city of Novi Sad, the capital and the largest city of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. In the 9th century, the area was ruled by the Bulgarian-Slavic duke Salan. From 11th to 16th century, during the administration of the medieval Kingdom of Hungary, the area was part of the Bacsensis County, with small northern parts of it in the Bodrogiensis County and Csongradiensis County. In 1526-27, the area was ruled by the independent Serb ruler, emperor Jovan Nenad, while during Ottoman administration, it was part of the Sanjak of Segedin. During Habsburg administration, the area was divided between the Bodrog County, Batsch County and the Military Frontier; the two counties were joined into single Batsch-Bodrog County in the 18th century.
Since the abolishment of the Theiß-Marosch section of the Military Frontier in 1751, part of that territory was included into Batsch-Bodrog County. The only part of the area that remained within Military Frontier was Šajkaška region. From 1751 to 1848, northeastern part of the area belonged to the autonomous District of Potisje. In the 1850s, the area was part of the Novi Sad District, with some northern parts in the Sombor District. After 1860, the area was again included into Batsch-Bodrog County. In 1873, the Military Frontier in Šajkaška region was abolished and that area was included into Bács-Bodrog County. During the royal Serb-Croat-Slovene administration, the area was a part of the Novi Sad County. Between 1922-29, it was divided between Bačka Oblast and Belgrade Oblast, while from 1929-41 it was part of the Danube Banovina. During the Hungarian-German Axis occupation, the area was included into Bács-Bodrog County. Since 1944, the area was part of autonomous Yugoslav Vojvodina; the present-day districts of Serbia were defined by the Government of Serbia's Enactment of 29 January 1992.
District is divided into 11 municipalities and City of Novi Sad, divided into two urban municipalities: Srbobran Bač Bečej Vrbas Bačka Palanka Bački Petrovac Žabalj Titel Temerin Beočin Sremski KarlovciCity of Novi Sad is divided into municipalities of: Novi Sad PetrovaradinNote: for municipalities with Hungarian and Slovak relative or absolute majority names are given in these languages. There are 76 towns and villages, 1 city in South Bačka; the largest settlements in the district are: According to the last official census done in 2011, the South Bačka District has 615,371 inhabitants. There are 9 municipal areas with Serbian ethnic majority: City of Novi Sad, Sremski Karlovci, Titel, Žabalj, Beočin, Srbobran, Bačka Palanka and Vrbas. One municipality in the district has a Slovak majority: Bački Petrovac or Báčsky Petrovec in Slovak, 2 are mixed: Bač, with relative Serb majority and Bečej or Óbecse in Hungarian, with relative Hungarian majority; the first Serbian primary school was founded in Bečej and Zmajevo in 1703, while the first grammar school was established in Sremski Karlovci in 1791.
Novi Sad is home to the oldest cultural and scientific institution of the Serbian people - the Matica Srpska, founded in 1826 in Budapest, transferred to Novi Sad in 1864. The Serbian National Theatre was founded in Novi Sad in 1861. Within the district the following industries prevail: chemical, machines and electrical porcelain, textile and construction industry. By the Serbian government's 2006 Regulation of the administrative districts the names of all districts were changed from okrug to upravni okrug. District is governed by the prefect, appointed by the central government. Prefects of the South Bačka District were: 19?? - 1997: Jovo Ubibarip 1997 - 12 April 2001: Obrad Milošević 12 April 2001 - 28 June 2002: Arsen Kurjački 28 June 2002 - 29 April 2004: Branko Bjelajac 29 April 2004 - 3 November 2005: Darko Mandić 3 November 2005 - 6 July 2007: Svetlana Selaković 6 July 2007 – present: Darija Šajin Administrative divisions of Serbia Districts of Serbia Note: All official material made by Government of Serbia is public by law.
Information was taken from official website. Official website